Date of enactment: December 1, 1995
1995 Senate Bill 151 Date of publication*: December 15, 1995
* Section 991.11, Wisconsin Statutes 1993-94: Effective date of acts. "Every act and every portion of an act enacted by the legislature over the governor's partial veto which does not expressly prescribe the time when it takes effect shall take effect on the day after its date of publication as designated" by the secretary of state [the date of publication may not be more than 10 working days after the date of enactment].
1995 WISCONSIN ACT 100
An Act to renumber 767.001 (1); to amend 343.15 (2) (a), 767.24 (6) (b), 767.45 (5) (b), 767.455 (5g) (intro.), 767.455 (5g) (c) 7., 767.455 (5r), 767.458 (1) (c), 767.458 (1) (d), 767.458 (1m), 767.458 (2), 767.46 (1), 767.46 (4), 767.465 (2) (a), 767.47 (1) (c), 767.47 (1) (d), 767.47 (3), 767.48 (title), 767.48 (1) (a), 767.48 (1) (b), 767.48 (1m), 767.48 (2), 767.48 (4), 767.48 (5) (intro.), 767.48 (5) (a), 767.48 (5) (b), 767.48 (6), 767.48 (7), 767.51 (3), 767.52 (2m), 767.62 (3), 885.23 and 948.01 (1g); and to create 767.001 (1m) of the statutes; relating to: allowing genetic testing for paternity determinations.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do enact as follows:
100,1 Section 1. 343.15 (2) (a) of the statutes is amended to read:
343.15 (2) (a) In this subsection, "custody" does not mean joint legal custody as defined in s. 767.001 (1) (1s).
100,2 Section 2. 767.001 (1) of the statutes is renumbered 767.001 (1s).
100,3 Section 3. 767.001 (1m) of the statutes is created to read:
767.001 (1m) "Genetic test" means a test that examines genetic markers present on blood cells, skin cells, tissue cells, bodily fluid cells or cells of another body material for the purpose of determining the statistical probability of an alleged father's paternity.
100,4 Section 4. 767.24 (6) (b) of the statutes is amended to read:
767.24 (6) (b) Notwithstanding s. 767.001 (1) (1s), in making an order of joint legal custody, the court may give one party sole power to make specified decisions, while both parties retain equal rights and responsibilities for other decisions.
100,5 Section 5. 767.45 (5) (b) of the statutes is amended to read:
767.45 (5) (b) An action under this section may be joined with any other action for child support and shall be governed by the procedures specified in s. 767.05 relating to child support, except that the title of the action shall be "In re the paternity of A.B." The petition shall state the name and date of birth of the child if born or that the mother is pregnant if the child is unborn, the name of any alleged father, whether or not an action by any of the parties to determine the paternity of the child or rebut the presumption of paternity to the child has at any time been commenced, or is pending before any judge or court commissioner, in this state or elsewhere. If a paternity judgment has been rendered, or if a paternity action has been dismissed, the petition shall state the court which rendered the judgment or dismissed the action, and the date and the place the judgment was granted if known. The petition shall also give notice of a party's right to request a blood genetic test under s. 767.48.
100,6 Section 6. 767.455 (5g) (intro.) of the statutes is amended to read:
767.455 (5g) Notice. (intro.) The notice to respondent shall be attached to the summons. The notice shall be in boldface type and substantially the following form:
NOTICE TO RESPONDENT
1. You have been named in a petition alleging paternity. A judgment of paternity would legally designate the child as your child, grant parental rights to you, create the right of inheritance for the child, obligate you to pay child support until the child reaches the age of 18, or the age 19 if the child is enrolled full-time in high school or its equivalent, and make your failure to pay child support punishable by imprisonment as a contempt of court or as a criminal violation.
2. You have the right to be represented by an attorney. If you are unable to afford an attorney, the court will appoint one for you subject to certain limitations. One limitation is that representation by the appointed attorney will end if during the proceedings all of the blood genetic tests show that you are excluded as the father or that the statistical probability of your being the father is 99.0% or higher. In order to determine whether you are entitled to have an attorney appointed for you, you may call the following telephone number .... .
3. You may request blood genetic tests which will indicate the probability that you are or are not the father of the child. The court will order blood genetic tests on request by you, the state or any other party. Any person who refuses to take court-ordered blood genetic tests may be punished for contempt of court.
4. The petitioner has the burden of proving by a clear and satisfactory preponderance of the evidence that you are the father. However, if blood genetic tests show that you are not excluded as the father and that the statistical probability of your being the father is 99.0% or higher, you are rebuttably presumed to be the father.
5. The following defenses are available to you:
100,7 Section 7. 767.455 (5g) (c) 7. of the statutes is amended to read:
767.455 (5g) (c) 7. If you fail to appear at any stage of the proceeding, including a scheduled blood genetic test, the court will enter a default judgment finding you to be the father. A default judgment will take effect 30 days after it is served on or mailed to you at your address on file with the court, unless within those 30 days you present to the court evidence of good cause for your failure to appear or your failure to have undergone a blood genetic test. You need not appear at the time and place specified in the summons if you complete the attached waiver of first appearance statement and deliver it to the court by the date specified in the waiver of first appearance statement.
100,8 Section 8. 767.455 (5r) of the statutes is amended to read:
767.455 (5r) Waiver of first appearance. The waiver of first appearance statement shall be attached to the summons. The waiver of first appearance statement shall be in boldface type and substantially the following form:
WAIVER OF FIRST APPEARANCE
1. I understand that by signing this waiver and agreeing to its terms I am not required to appear at the time and place specified in the summons. If I do not sign this statement, I am required to appear at the time and place specified in the summons.
2. I understand that I will be notified by the court of all future stages in the proceeding and agree to appear at those stages. If I fail to appear at any stage, including a scheduled blood genetic test, the court will enter a default judgment finding me to be the father. A default judgment will take effect 30 days after it is served on or mailed to me, unless within those 30 days I present to the court evidence of good cause for my failure to appear or my failure to have undergone a blood genetic test.
3. I enter the following plea (check only one):
.... I agree that I am the child's father.
.... I deny that I am the child's father.
.... I agree that I am the child's father, subject to confirmation by a blood genetic test.
If I enter a plea agreeing that I am the child's father, a judgment of paternity will be entered against me. If I enter a plea denying that I am the child's father or a plea agreeing that I am the child's father, subject to a blood genetic test, I agree to undergo a blood genetic test.
4. I have read the summons and the notice or have had them read to me.
5. This waiver of first appearance statement is valid only if it is delivered to the court on or before .....
6. I will keep the clerk of court informed of my address at all times. The following is my current address:
....................................................
Street address and apartment number
............................................
City State Zip Code
...... ....................................
Date Signature of Respondent
100,9 Section 9. 767.458 (1) (c) of the statutes is amended to read:
767.458 (1) (c) Except as provided under sub. (1m), the respondent may request the administration of blood genetic tests which either demonstrate that he is not the father of the child or which demonstrate the probability that he is or is not the father of the child;
100,10 Section 10. 767.458 (1) (d) of the statutes is amended to read:
767.458 (1) (d) Except as provided under sub. (1m), the court will order blood genetic tests upon the request of any party; and
100,11 Section 11. 767.458 (1m) of the statutes is amended to read:
767.458 (1m) In an action to establish the paternity of a child who was born to a woman while she was married, where a man other than the woman's husband alleges that he, not the husband, is the child's father, a party may allege that a judicial determination that a man other than the husband is the father is not in the best interest of the child. If the court or court commissioner under s. 757.69 (3) (g) determines that a judicial determination of whether a man other than the husband is the father is not in the best interest of the child, no blood genetic tests may be ordered and the action shall be dismissed.
100,12 Section 12. 767.458 (2) of the statutes is amended to read:
767.458 (2) At the first appearance, if it appears from a sufficient petition or affidavit of the child's mother that there is probable cause to believe that any of the males named has had sexual intercourse with the mother during a possible time of the child's conception, the court may, or upon the request of any party shall, order any of the named persons to submit to blood genetic tests. The tests shall be conducted in accordance with s. 767.48.
100,13 Section 13. 767.46 (1) of the statutes is amended to read:
767.46 (1) A pretrial hearing shall be held before the court or a court commissioner under s. 757.69 (3) (g). A record or minutes of the proceeding shall be kept. At the pretrial hearing the parties may present and cross-examine witnesses, request blood genetic tests and present other evidence relevant to the determination of paternity.
100,14 Section 14. 767.46 (4) of the statutes is amended to read:
767.46 (4) If a party or the guardian ad litem refuses to accept a recommendation made under this section and blood genetic tests have not yet been taken, the court shall require the appropriate parties to submit to blood genetic tests. After the blood genetic tests have been taken the court shall make an appropriate final recommendation.
100,15 Section 15. 767.465 (2) (a) of the statutes is amended to read:
767.465 (2) (a) Except as provided in sub. (2m), if a respondent is the alleged father and fails to appear at the first appearance, unless the first appearance is not required under s. 767.457 (2), scheduled blood genetic test, pretrial hearing or trial, the court shall enter an order adjudicating the respondent to be the father and appropriate orders for support, legal custody and physical placement. The orders shall be either served on the respondent or mailed by regular, registered or certified mail, to the last-known address of the respondent. The orders shall take effect 30 days after service or 30 days after the date on which the orders were mailed unless, within that time, the respondent presents to the court or court commissioner under s. 757.69 (3) (g) evidence of good cause for failure to appear or failure to have undergone a blood genetic test.
100,16 Section 16. 767.47 (1) (c) of the statutes is amended to read:
767.47 (1) (c) Blood Genetic test results under ss. 767.48 and or 885.23.
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