221.1005 Refusal to permit inspection. If an officer in charge of a bank refuses to submit the books, papers and concerns of the bank to the inspection of the division, or refuses to be examined under oath touching the concerns of the bank, the division may inform the attorney general. The department of justice shall then institute an action to procure a judgment dissolving the bank. In order to carry out this section, the division may commence and maintain in the division's name any action necessary or proper to enforce this section.
221.1006 Fees for certified copies. If a certified copy of a record filed in the division is lawfully required to be furnished by the division, the division may assess a reasonable fee as determined by the banking review board. These fees shall be deposited in the general fund.
221.1007 Legal process; how served. Legal process against a bank may be served upon the bank in the manner provided by law for service on other corporations organized under the laws of this state.
221.1008 Record search. A bank is entitled to reimbursement for expenses and costs incurred in searching for, reproducing and transporting books, papers, records and other data required to be produced by legal process, unless otherwise prohibited by law from collecting these expenses and costs or unless the person seeking the production is a government unit, as defined in s. 108.02 (17). The expenses and costs shall be paid by persons seeking such production. If a bank is entitled to reimbursement under this section, a bank may not be required to produce books, papers, records and other data in response to legal process unless the expenses and costs, identified in an itemized invoice to be provided by the bank, are paid or unless payment is tendered to the bank in cash or by certified check or draft.
BANK SERVICE CORPORATIONS
221.1101 Bank service corporations. (1) Definitions. In this subchapter:
(a) "Bank service corporation" means a corporation organized to perform bank services for 2 or more banks, each of which owns part of the capital stock of the corporation.
(b) "Bank services" means check and deposit sorting and posting, computation and posting of interest and other credits and charges, preparation and mailing of checks, statements, notices and similar items, or any other clerical, bookkeeping, accounting, statistical or other similar functions performed for a bank.
(c) "Invest" includes any advance of funds to a bank service corporation, whether by purchase of stock, the making of a loan, or otherwise, except a payment for rent earned, goods sold and delivered, or services rendered prior to the making of the payment.
(2) Investments in bank service corporations. (a) Two or more banks may invest not more than 10% of the capital of each of the banks in a bank service corporation.
(b) If stock in a bank service corporation is held by 2 banks, and one of the banks ceases to utilize the services of the corporation and ceases to hold stock in it, and leaves the other as the sole stock holding bank, the corporation may nevertheless continue to function as a bank service corporation and the other bank may continue to hold stock in it.
(3) Services to competitive banks. (a) Except as provided in par. (b), if a bank, referred to in this subsection as the "applying bank", applies for a type of bank service for itself from a bank service corporation that supplies the same type of bank service to another bank, and the applying bank is competitive with a bank that holds stock in the bank service corporation, the bank service corporation must offer to supply the service by doing at least one of the following, at the option of the applying bank:
1. Issuing stock to the applying bank and furnishing the bank service to it on the same basis as to the other banks holding stock in the bank service corporation.
2. Furnishing the bank service to the applying bank at a rate no higher than necessary to fairly reflect the cost of the service, including the reasonable cost of the capital provided to the bank service corporation by its shareholders.
(b) The bank service corporation need not offer to supply the bank service to the applying bank under par. (a) if the service at competitive overall costs are available to the applying bank from another source, or if the furnishing of the bank service sought by the applying bank would be beyond the practical capacity of the bank service corporation. In any action or proceeding to enforce the duty imposed by this subsection, or for damages for the breach of this section, the bank service corporation has the burden of showing the applicability of this paragraph.
(4) Permitted activities of bank service corporations. A bank service corporation may not engage in any activity other than the performance of bank services for banks.
(5) Contracting for bank services. A bank may cause to be performed, by contract or otherwise, any bank service for itself, whether on or off its premises, if the bank and the party performing the service provide the division with assurances, satisfactory to the division, that the performance of the service will be subject to regulation and examination by the division to the same extent as if the service was being performed by the bank itself on its own premises.
221.1201 Stock in bank-owned banks. A bank, or, subject to the limitations of s. 221.0901, a bank holding company, may, with the approval of the division, acquire and hold stock, in an aggregate amount not exceeding 10% of its capital, in one or more of the following:
(1) A bank chartered under s. 221.1202.
A national bank chartered under 12 USC 27
(3) A bank holding company wholly owning a bank described under sub. (1) or (2).
221.1202 Bank-owned banks. (1) Establishment and ownership. The division may authorize the establishment of, and issue a charter to, a bank, all of the stock of which is owned by 2 or more depository institutions or depository institution holding companies. Notwithstanding any other requirement of this section, the division may authorize, by rule, up to 10% of the stock to be held by other persons to accommodate operational needs of the bank.
(2) Status and powers. A bank established under sub. (1) is a state bank chartered under this chapter for all purposes, except that its functions are limited solely to doing the following:
(a) Providing banking and banking-related services to or for depository institutions, subsidiaries of depository institutions, depository institution holding companies, subsidiaries of depository institution holding companies and directors, officers and employes of other depository institutions.
(b) Providing correspondent banking services at the request of other depository institutions or depository institution holding companies, and to depository institution trade associations.
(3) Stock issuance. A bank established under sub. (1) may authorize and hold authorized but not issued stock.
336, s. 25
Chapter 223 (title) of the statutes is amended to read:
TRUST COMPANY BANKS
and other fiduciaries
336, s. 26
Subchapter I (title) of chapter 223 [precedes 223.01] of the statutes is created to read:
Trust company banks
336, s. 27
223.01 of the statutes is amended to read:
223.01 Trust company banks, capital. Trust company banks may be organized pursuant to ch. 221, entitled "State Banks," and shall be subject to all the provisions, requirements, and liabilities of chs. 220 and 221, so far as applicable, except ss. 221.29 and 221.32, that trust company banks may not accept deposits other than trust deposits and except as otherwise hereinafter provided. The capital stock of any such corporation shall be fixed and limited by the articles of incorporation, and must be at least $100,000, and not to exceed $5,000,000, except that in cities of less than 100,000 inhabitants it may be less than $100,000, but it shall not be less than $50,000. The division may, with the approval of the banking review board, establish minimum capital requirements for a trust company bank.
223.02 Indemnity fund deposit; errors and omissions insurance. Before any trust company bank may commence business in this state, the trust company bank shall do one of the following:
(1) Indemnity fund deposit. Deposit at least $100,000 with the state treasurer or the state treasurer's agent in accordance with the following provisions:
(a) The deposit may be securities eligible for trust investments under ch. 881 and approved by the division or be cash. The trust company bank may from time to time withdraw securities or cash, if the value of the balance of the deposit remains at least $100,000.
(b) The state treasurer or the state treasurer's agent shall pay over to the bank trust company the interest, dividends or other income on deposit or may authorize the bank trust company to collect the interest, dividends or other income. The state treasurer shall issue a certificate stating that a deposit has been made with the state treasurer or the state treasurer's agent in the manner provided in this section.
(c) The state treasurer or the state treasurer's agent shall hold the deposit as security for the faithful execution of any trust which may be lawfully imposed upon and accepted by the trust company bank. The cash or securities shall remain in the possession of the state treasurer or the state treasurer's agent until otherwise ordered by a court of competent jurisdiction, unless released pursuant to par. (d).
(d) The securities and cash deposited by a trust company bank may be released by the state treasurer or the state treasurer's agent and returned to the bank, if the division certifies to the state treasurer that the bank no longer exercises trust powers and that the division is satisfied that there are no outstanding trust liabilities.
(e) The state treasurer may designate a banking corporation, having an authorized capital of $1,000,000 or more, to act as an agent to hold the cash or securities in safekeeping. The agent shall furnish to the state treasurer a safekeeping receipt for all cash and securities received by it. The agent shall pay the cash and securities to the state treasurer on demand without conditions.
(2) Errors and omissions insurance policy. Obtain and maintain adequate insurance against loss, expense and liability resulting from errors, omissions or neglect in the performance of any trust which may be lawfully imposed upon and accepted by the trust company bank. The trust company bank shall file a copy of the policy with the division.
336, s. 30
223.03 (6) of the statutes is repealed and recreated to read:
223.03 (6) To act as trustee, executor, administrator, registrar of stocks and bonds, custodian, agent, guardian of estates, assignee, receiver, and in any other fiduciary capacity authorized by the division.
336, s. 32
223.03 (11) of the statutes is repealed.
336, s. 33
223.03 (12) of the statutes is repealed.
223.03 (14) To establish and maintain a branch trust company bank with the approval of the division. Section 221.04 (1) (jm) 2. to 8., as it applies to bank branch offices under that paragraph, applies to trust company bank branch offices under this subsection to the same extent and in the same manner that a state bank may establish and maintain a branch bank under s. 221.0302.
336, s. 35
223.04 of the statutes is repealed.
223.07 (1) Any trust company bank may, with the approval of the division, establish and maintain a trust service office at any office in this state of a state or national bank depository institution, as defined in s. 221.0901 (2) (i), if the establishment of the trust service office has been approved by the board of directors of the state or national bank at a meeting called for that purpose.
223.07 (3) If the state or national bank depository institution at which a trust service office is to be established has exercised trust powers, the trust company bank and the state or national bank depository institution shall enter into an agreement respecting those fiduciary powers to which the trust company bank shall succeed and shall file the agreement with the division. The trust company bank shall cause a notice of the filing, in a form prescribed by the division, to be published as a class 1 notice, under ch. 985, in the city, village or town where the state or national bank depository institution is located. After filing and publication, the trust company bank establishing the office shall, as of the date the office first opens for business, without further authorization of any kind, succeed to and be substituted for the state or national bank depository institution as to all fiduciary powers, rights, duties, privileges and liabilities of the bank depository institution in its capacity as fiduciary for all estates, trusts, guardianships and other fiduciary relationships of which the bank depository institution is then serving as fiduciary, except as may be otherwise specified in the agreement between the trust company bank and the
state or national bank depository institution. The trust company bank shall also be deemed named as fiduciary in all writings, including, but not limited to, wills, trusts, court orders and similar documents and instruments naming the state or national bank depository institution as fiduciary, signed before the date the trust office first opens for business, unless expressly negated by the writing or otherwise specified in the agreement between the trust company bank and the state or national bank depository institution. On the effective date of the substitution, the state or national bank depository institution shall be released and absolved from all fiduciary duties and obligations under such writings and shall discontinue its exercise of trust powers on all matters not specifically retained by the agreement. This subsection does not effect a discharge in the manner of s. 701.16 (6) or other applicable statutes and does not absolve a state or national bank depository institution exercising trust powers from liabilities arising out of any breach of fiduciary duty or obligation occurring prior to the date the trust service office first opens for business at the bank depository institution. This subsection does not affect the authority, duties or obligations of a bank depository institution with respect to relationships which may be established without trust powers, including escrow arrangements, whether the relationships arise before or after the establishment of the trust service office.
336, s. 38
223.08 of the statutes is amended to read:
223.08 Name of corporation; penalty. The word "trust" shall form part of the name of every corporation organized under this chapter, but the word "bank" shall may not be used as a part of the name. All persons, partnerships, associations, or corporations not organized under the provisions of this chapter, except state banks vested with trust powers under s. 221.04 (6)
221.0316 and nonprofit corporations organized for the advancement of historic preservation or for the protection of land for public conservation purposes, are prohibited from using the word "trust" in their business, or as a portion of the name or title of
such the person, partnership, association, or corporation. Any
A person who violates this section, either individually or as an interested party in any partnership, association, or corporation, may be fined not less than $300 nor more than $1,000 or imprisoned for not less than 60 days nor more than one year in the county jail or both.
336, s. 39
Subchapter II (title) of chapter 223 [precedes 223.10] of the statutes is created to read:
acting as fiduciaries
336, s. 40
223.11 of the statutes is renumbered 223.21 and amended to read:
223.21 Consolidation of trust company banks. Any trust company bank organized, continued or reorganized under this chapter may consolidate with any other similar corporation in the manner provided for the consolidation of banks under s. 221.25 221.0702; and in the event of such consolidation the consolidated corporation, by whatever name it may assume or be known, shall be a continuation of the entity of each and all of the corporations so consolidated for all purposes whatsoever, including holding and performing any and all trusts and fiduciary relations of whatsoever nature of which the corporations so consolidating, or either or any of them, was fiduciary at the time of the consolidation, and also including its appointment in any fiduciary capacity by any court or otherwise, and the holding, accepting and performing of any and all trusts and fiduciary relations whatsoever as to or for which either or any one of the corporations so consolidating may have been appointed, nominated or designated by any will or conveyance or otherwise, whether or not the trust or fiduciary relation shall have come into being or taken effect at the time of the consolidation.
336, s. 45
Subchapter III (title) of chapter 223 [precedes 223.20] of the statutes is created to read:
Trust company bank
consolidation and reorganization
223.20 Reorganization of a trust company bank. (1)
Conversion into a state bank. A trust company bank may, by amendment to its articles of incorporation, duly adopted by its stockholders and approved by the division, in the manner provided under s. 221.0211, convert its corporate organization into that of a state bank with all the powers of a state banking corporation under the statutes under such name as shall be declared by such amendment and approved by the division, which name may include the word "trust".
(2) Powers of a converted trust company bank. The converted trust company bank continues to have all the powers previously held by it as a trust company bank and shall be a continuation, for all purposes, of the trust company bank so converted into a state bank. These powers include holding and performing all trusts and fiduciary relations for which the trust company bank was fiduciary at the time of the conversion. These powers also include the converted trust company bank acting in any fiduciary capacity by any court or otherwise, and the holding, accepting and performing of trusts and fiduciary relations as to or for which the trust company bank may have been appointed, nominated or designated by any will or conveyance or otherwise, whether or not the trust or fiduciary relation came into being and took effect at the conversion.
(3) Surrender of trust powers. If a converted trust company bank has been fully discharged of all trusts committed to it, it may, by amendment to its articles of incorporation, duly adopted by its stockholders and approved by the division, surrender its powers to act in a fiduciary capacity. A trust company bank that surrenders its trust powers under this subsection shall eliminate from its corporate name the word "trust;" and may thereupon withdraw from the state treasurer all securities and cash that it has deposited with the state treasurer pursuant to s. 223.02.
336, s. 47
224.08 of the statutes is repealed.
336, s. 50
404.213 (4m) of the statutes is repealed.
336, s. 51
701.19 (2) (d) of the statutes is amended to read:
701.19 (2) (d) Except as otherwise provided in s. 223.03 (10), a A trustee may not sell individually owned assets to the trust unless the sale is authorized in the creating instrument, made with the written consent of all beneficiaries or made with the approval of the court upon notice and hearing.
"Racketeering activity" means any activity specified in 18 USC 1961
(1) in effect as of April 27, 1982 or the attempt, conspiracy to commit, or commission of any of the felonies specified in: chs. 161 and 945 and ss. 49.49, 134.05, 139.44 (1), 180.0129, 181.69, 184.09 (2), 185.825, 215.12, 221.17, 221.31, 221.39, 221.40, 221.0625, 221.0636, 221.0637, 221.1004,
551.41, 551.42, 551.43, 551.44, 553.41 (3) and (4), 553.52 (2), 940.01, 940.19 (3) to (6), 940.20, 940.203, 940.21, 940.30, 940.305, 940.31, 941.20 (2) and (3), 941.26, 941.28, 941.298, 941.31, 941.32, 943.01 (2) or (2g), 943.012, 943.013, 943.02, 943.03, 943.04, 943.05, 943.06, 943.10, 943.20 (3) (b) to (d), 943.23 (1g), (1m), (1r), (2) and (3), 943.24 (2), 943.25, 943.27, 943.28, 943.30, 943.32, 943.34 (1) (b) and (c), 943.38, 943.39, 943.40, 943.41 (8) (b) and (c), 943.50 (4) (b) and (c), 943.60, 943.70, 944.21 (5) (c) and (e), 944.32, 944.33 (2), 944.34, 945.03, 945.04, 945.05, 945.08, 946.10, 946.11, 946.12, 946.13, 946.31, 946.32 (1), 946.48, 946.49, 946.61, 946.64, 946.65, 946.72, 946.76, 947.015, 948.05, 948.08, 948.12 and 948.30.
(1) Bank names. The treatment of section 221.0403 of the statutes first applies to banks that are created or that change their name on the effective date of this subsection.
(1) This act takes effect on July 1, 1996, or on the day after publication, whichever is later.