It is unlawful for a wholesaler to engage or offer to engage in any unfair trade practice described in sub. (2)
, directly or indirectly, through a broker.
Except as provided in subd. 2.
, a manufacturer or processor of selected dairy products shall pay a fee under par. (c)
on its sales of those selected dairy products to which all of the following apply:
2. Subdivision 1.
does not apply to the operator of a retail food establishment licensed under s. 97.30
who manufactures or processes selected dairy products at that establishment solely for retail sale at that establishment.
The first person in this state to receive selected dairy products that are manufactured or processed outside of this state and that are packaged for sale to consumers shall pay a fee under par. (c)
on sales of those selected dairy products to persons in this state.
The fee under this subsection is 5.49 cents per hundred pounds of ice cream products and 0.44 cent per hundred pounds of other dairy products or such other amount as specified by the department by rule. The fee shall be paid to the department by the 25th day of each month for sales made during the preceding month.
The failure to pay fees under this subsection within the time provided under par. (c)
is a violation of this section. The department may also commence an action to recover the amount of any overdue fees plus interest at the rate of 2% per month for each month that the fees are delinquent.
The department shall keep confidential information obtained under this subsection concerning the amount of dairy products sold by specific manufacturers and processors.
The provisions of ss. 133.04
shall not apply to any conduct either permitted, required or prohibited under this section.
It is the duty of the department to investigate, ascertain and determine whether this section or lawful orders issued hereunder are being violated and for such purposes the department shall have all the powers conferred by ch. 93
This section shall apply to transactions, acts or omissions which take place in whole or in part outside this state. In any action or administrative proceeding the department has jurisdiction of the person served under s. 801.11
when any act or omission outside this state by the defendant or respondent results in local injury or may have the effect of injuring competition or a competitor in this state or unfairly diverts trade or business from a competitor, if at the time:
Solicitation or service activities were carried on within this state by or on behalf of the defendant or respondent; or
Selected dairy products processed, serviced, distributed or manufactured by the defendant or respondent were received for resale in this state at retail or wholesale without regard to where sale or delivery takes place.
Any person violating this section shall forfeit not less than $100 nor more than $5,000 for each violation.
The department, after public hearing held under s. 93.18
, may issue a special order against any person requiring such person to cease and desist from acts, practices or omissions determined by the department to violate this section. Such orders shall be subject to judicial review under ch. 227
. Any violation of a special order issued hereunder shall be punishable as a contempt under ch. 785
in the manner provided for disobedience of a lawful order of a court, upon the filing of an affidavit by the department of the commission of such violation in any court of record in the county where the violation occurred.
The department, in addition to or in lieu of any other remedies herein provided, may apply to a circuit court for a temporary or permanent injunction to prevent, restrain or enjoin any person from violating this section or any special order of the department issued hereunder, without being compelled to allege or prove that an adequate remedy at law does not exist.
The provisions of s. 93.06 (7)
shall be applicable to violations of this section insofar as permits, certificates, registrations or licenses issued by the department for the manufacture, distribution, and sale of selected dairy products are concerned, provided that any suspension or revocation thereof pursuant to s. 93.06 (7)
can be ordered only for failure to comply with any special order issued pursuant to par. (b)
or with any permanent injunction issued pursuant to par. (c)
, should such failure continue after such order or such injunction becomes final on the completion of any review proceedings. In such proceedings the department shall follow the hearing procedure set forth in s. 93.18
for special orders. Judicial review shall be as provided in ch. 227
Any person suffering pecuniary loss because of any violation of this section may sue for damages therefor in any court of competent jurisdiction and shall recover treble the amount of such pecuniary loss, together with costs, including a reasonable attorney's fee.
Any retailer or wholesaler may file a written verified complaint with the department alleging facts which, if proved, would support a charge that a person named therein is engaging in unfair trade practices as defined in this section. Whenever such a complaint is filed it is the duty of the department to proceed to hearing and adjudication as provided in par. (b)
A final judgment, decree or order hereafter rendered in any civil or criminal action or special proceeding, or in any special order proceeding under par. (b)
, brought by or on behalf of the state under this section to the effect that a defendant or respondent has violated said law shall be prima facie evidence against such defendant or respondent in any action or special proceeding brought by any other party against such defendant or respondent under said law, as to all matters respecting which said judgment, decree or order would be an estoppel as between the parties thereto but this subsection shall not apply to judgments, decrees or special orders entered by consent.
(10) Removal or sale of equipment.
Any equipment furnished by wholesalers to retailers prior to August 17, 1963, shall be removed from the retailers' premises or sold pursuant to sub. (2) (d)
by January 1, 1964. The minimum selling price of such equipment, if fully depreciated in accordance with sub. (2) (e)
, shall not be less than $10 per unit.
(11) Rule making.
The department may promulgate rules which are necessary for the efficient administration of this section. The department may also promulgate rules which set standards for the nondiscriminatory sale and furnishing of services or facilities in connection with the sale or distribution of selected dairy products and for the good faith meeting of competition.
Contracts in violation void.
All contracts and agreements made in violation of s. 100.201
Motor vehicle rustproofing warranties. 100.205(1)(a)
"Advertisement" means any oral, written, printed or graphic statement, claim or representation concerning rustproofing which is made in connection with the solicitation or sale of rustproofing.
"Retail customer" means the person for whom rustproofing is ultimately intended.
"Rustproofing" means the application of materials and processes intended or represented to prevent or control rusting or corrosion of a motor vehicle as defined in s. 340.01 (35)
"Seller" means any person who sells rustproofing to a retail customer, including a person who sells a motor vehicle which has rustproofing listed as an element of the total selling price, whether or not ordered by the retail customer.
"Warranted party" means the retail customer or another person to whom warranty rights have been assigned or transferred under the warranty.
"Warrantor" means any person who gives or offers to give a warranty.
"Warranty" means any written representation, made to a retail customer, which asserts that the rustproofing will meet a specified level of performance or duration or establishes conditions under which the warrantor will compensate the retail customer or rectify any failure to meet the specified level of performance or duration.
All rustproofing warranties shall be in writing and contain the following provisions:
Clear identification of all warrantors and their addresses, the name and address of the person to whom warranty claims are to be made and the place where inspection of the warranted motor vehicle is to be made.
Each condition limiting the warranted party's rights under the warranty.
The name and address of the insurer of the warranty in the event of the warrantor's insolvency or bankruptcy.
No rustproofing warranty may contain:
A limit on the number of claims which can be made under the warranty.
A warrantor's option of returning the purchase price in lieu of other remedies under the warranty.
A limit on the liability of the warrantor for any reason relating to misapplication of the rustproofing product.
An invalidation of the warranty on failure of the retail customer or the seller to register the warranty with the warrantor, if the retail customer or the seller has documentary proof that the rustproofing was paid for.
An exclusion of warranty coverage for manufacturer defects unless the part of the motor vehicle excluded and the basis for exclusion is specified in the warranty.
A limit on the transferability of a warranty during the specified term of the warranty.
Nothing in this section prevents a warrantor from designating a representative to perform duties under the warranty or relieves a warrantor of his or her responsibilities to a warranted party. A representative designated to perform duties under a warranty is not a warrantor unless he or she gives or offers to give a warranty.
No person may make any warranty advertisement which is untrue, deceptive or misleading as provided in s. 100.18
The specified term of a warranty shall be limited to that period preceding an inspection by the warrantor which is required to maintain the validity or original coverage of the warranty.
Use of "lifetime" or similar terms may not be used in an advertisement or warranty unless the term refers to the motor vehicle receiving the rustproofing and is not limited by the transfer of ownership of the motor vehicle.
No warrantor may fail to have a motor vehicle inspected within 30 days after receiving a claim under the warranty, if the warranted party makes the motor vehicle available for inspection to the warrantor or the warrantor's designee within that period. The inspection shall be within 30 miles of the place of business of the seller of the rustproofing, unless waived by the warranted party.
No warrantor may fail to notify a warranted party in writing within 30 business days after inspecting the motor vehicle whether the warranty claim will be allowed or denied. If a claim is denied in whole or in part, the reason for that denial shall be stated in writing. Notification is effective on mailing the warrantor's determination to the last address supplied to the warrantor by the warranted party or on personal delivery to the warranted party.
No warrantor may fail to comply with the terms of its warranty.
No warrantor or seller may impose a charge or require the purchase of any additional service by the warranted party in order to have an inspection completed if the continued validity of the warranty requires the inspection.
Every warrantor shall purchase a policy of insurance covering the financial integrity of its warranties. The policy of insurance shall be on a form approved by the commissioner of insurance under s. 631.20
and shall have the following minimum provisions:
The insurer shall be licensed to do business in this state or shall be an unauthorized foreign insurer, as defined in s. 600.03 (27)
, accepted by the office of the commissioner of insurance for surplus lines insurance in this state.
Each warranty issued in this state shall be covered by a policy of insurance.
In case of insolvency or bankruptcy of the warrantor, a warranted party may file a claim directly with the insurer.
In case of insolvency or bankruptcy of the warrantor, the insurer, upon receipt of a claim, shall cause a warranted party's vehicle to be inspected at the insurer's expense.
The termination provision shall state that the insurance provided shall continue with respect to all warranties issued before the date of termination.
The department, or any district attorney on informing the department, may commence an action in circuit court in the name of the state to restrain by temporary or permanent injunction any violation of this section. The court may, before entry of final judgment and after satisfactory proof, make orders or judgments necessary to restore to any person any pecuniary loss suffered because of a violation of this section. The department may conduct hearings, administer oaths, issue subpoenas and take testimony to aid in its investigation of violations of this section.
The department or any district attorney may commence an action in the name of the state to recover a forfeiture to the state of not more than $10,000 for each violation of this section.
In addition to other remedies, any person injured by a violation of this section may bring a civil action for damages under s. 100.20 (5)
Any person injured by a breach of a contract for rustproofing may bring an action against the warrantor or its insurer or both to recover damages, costs and disbursements, including reasonable attorney fees, and other relief determined by the court.
Wisconsin law authorizes but does not require commissioner of insurance to demand periodic reports from insurer relating to rustproofing warranties it insures. Commissioner has authority to require an insurer to increase amount of insurance backing a rustproofer's warranties in Wisconsin. This section was not intended to negate the application of general insurance law to rustproofing warranties. 78 Atty. Gen. 113
Remedies for motor vehicle purchasers. Nicks, WBB March, 1985.
Telecommunications services. 100.207(1)
In this section, "telecommunications service" has the meaning given in s. 196.01 (9m)
(2) Advertising and sales representations.
A person may not make in any manner any statement or representation with regard to the provision of telecommunications service, including the rates, terms or conditions for telecommunications service, which is false, misleading or deceptive, or which omits to state material information with respect to the provision of telecommunications service that is necessary to make the statement not false, misleading or deceptive.
A person may not engage in negative option billing or negative enrollment of telecommunications services, including unbundled telecommunications services. A person may not bill a customer for any telecommunications service that the customer did not affirmatively order unless that service is required to be provided by law, the federal communications commission or the public service commission. A customer's failure to refuse a person's proposal to provide a telecommunications service is not an affirmative request for that telecommunications service.
A person may not charge a customer for telecommunications service provided after the customer has canceled that telecommunications service.
A person shall provide a customer who has ordered a telecommunications service through an oral solicitation with independent confirmation of the order within a reasonable time.
A person may not misrepresent that local exchange service may be disconnected for nonpayment of other telecommunications service.
A person may not unreasonably refuse to provide a detailed listing of charges for telecommunications service upon the request of a customer.
(5) Territorial application. Subsections (2)
apply to any practice directed to any person in this state.
If a person fails to comply with this section, any person or class of persons adversely affected by the failure to comply has a claim for appropriate relief, including damages, injunctive or declaratory relief, specific performance and rescission.
A person or class of persons entitled to relief under subd. 1.
is also entitled to recover costs and disbursements.