Knowledge of morality and the individual's responsibility as a social being, including the responsibility and morality of family living and the value of frugality and other basic qualities and principles referred to in article I, section 22, of the constitution
insofar as such qualities and principles affect family and consumer education.
Knowledge of the prevention of accidents and promotion of safety on the public highways, including instruction on the relationship between highway safety and the use of alcohol and controlled substances under ch. 961
The skills needed to make sound decisions, knowledge of the conditions which may cause and the signs of suicidal tendencies, knowledge of the relationship between youth suicide and the use of alcohol and controlled substances under ch. 961
and knowledge of the available community youth suicide prevention and intervention services. Instruction shall be designed to help prevent suicides by pupils by promoting the positive emotional development of pupils.
Knowledge of effective means by which pupils may recognize, avoid, prevent and halt physically or psychologically intrusive or abusive situations which may be harmful to pupils, including child abuse, sexual abuse and child enticement. Instruction shall be designed to help pupils develop positive psychological, emotional and problem-solving responses to such situations and avoid relying on negative, fearful or solely reactive methods of dealing with such situations. Instruction shall include information on available school and community prevention and intervention assistance or services and shall be provided to pupils in elementary schools.
History: 1983 a. 412
; 1985 a. 29
; 1989 a. 31
; 1995 a. 27
; s. 13.93 (2) (c).
Reading instruction. 118.015(1)(1)
Purpose and intent.
It is the purpose and intent of this section to provide for a developmental reading program for pupils at all grade levels.
(2) Employment of reading specialists.
Each school district shall employ a reading specialist certified by the department to develop and coordinate a comprehensive reading curriculum in grades kindergarten to 12. At the discretion of the department, a school district may contract with other school districts or cooperative educational service agencies to employ a certified reading specialist on a cooperative basis.
Effective date note
Sub. (2) is shown as amended eff. 1-1-96 by 1995 Wis. Act 27
. The treatment by Act 27 was held unconstitutional and declared void by the Supreme Court in Thompson v. Craney, case no. 95-2168
-OA. Prior to Act 27 it read:
Effective date text
(2) Employment of reading specialists. Each school district shall employ a reading specialist certified by the department to develop and coordinate a comprehensive reading curriculum in grades kindergarten to 12. At the discretion of the state superintendent, a school district may contract with other school districts or cooperative educational service agencies to employ a certified reading specialist on a cooperative basis.
(3) Duties of reading specialist.
The reading specialist shall:
Develop and implement a reading curriculum in grades kindergarten to 12.
Act as a resource person to classroom teachers to implement the reading curriculum.
Work with administrators to support and implement the reading curriculum.
Conduct an annual evaluation of the reading curriculum.
Coordinate the reading curriculum with other reading programs and other support services within the school district.
(4) School board duties.
The school board shall:
Develop a program of reading goals for the district for grades kindergarten to 12.
Make an assessment of existing reading needs in grades kindergarten to 12 in the district based on the reading goals established under par. (a)
Make an annual evaluation of the reading curriculum of the school district.
History: 1977 c. 29
; 1995 a. 27
s. 9145 (1)
Foreign language instruction. 118.017(1)
All instruction shall be in the English language, except:
Those programs established under subch. VII of ch. 115
where instruction shall be in the English language and in the non-English language of the bilingual-bicultural education program.
The school board may cause any foreign language to be taught to pupils who desire it.
The school board may cause any course to be taught in a foreign language if the purpose is to facilitate the instruction of English speaking pupils in that language.
A school board may grant foreign language credit to a pupil who has satisfactorily completed a high school course in American sign language.
History: 1983 a. 412
; Stats. 1983 s. 118.017; 1989 a. 280
Human growth and development instruction. 118.019(1)(1)
The purpose of this section is to encourage all school boards to make available to pupils instruction in topics related to human growth and development in order to promote accurate and comprehensive knowledge in this area and responsible decision making and to support and enhance the efforts of parents to provide moral guidance to their children.
A school board may provide an instructional program in human growth and development in grades kindergarten to 12. If provided, the program shall offer information and instruction appropriate to each grade level and the age and level of maturity of the pupils. The program may include instruction in any of the following areas:
Self-esteem, responsible decision making and personal responsibility.
Human sexuality; reproduction; contraception, including natural family planning; human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; prenatal development; childbirth; adoption; available prenatal and postnatal support; and male responsibility.
(3) Distribution of curriculum to parents.
Each school board that provides an instructional program in human growth and development shall annually provide the parents of each pupil enrolled in the school district with an outline of the human growth and development curriculum used in the pupil's grade level and information regarding how the parent may inspect the complete curriculum and instructional materials. The school board shall make the complete human growth and development curriculum and all instructional materials available upon request for inspection at any time, including prior to their use in the classroom.
(4) Exemption for individual pupils.
No pupil may be required to take instruction in human growth and development or in the specific subjects under sub. (2)
if the pupil's parent files with the teacher or school principal a written request that the pupil be exempted.
(5) Advisory committee.
In any school district that offers a human growth and development curriculum, the school board shall appoint an advisory committee composed of parents, teachers, school administrators, pupils, health care professionals, members of the clergy and other residents of the school district. The advisory committee shall develop the human growth and development curriculum and advise the school board on the design, review and implementation of the advisory committee's human growth and development curriculum. The advisory committee shall review the curriculum at least every 3 years.
Special observance days.
On the following days when school is held the day shall be appropriately observed: January 15, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day; February 12; February 15, Susan B. Anthony's birthday; February 22; March 4, Casimir Pulaski Day; April 13, American Creed Day; April 22, Environmental Awareness Day; September 16, Mildred Fish Harnack Day; September 17, U.S. Constitution Day; September 28, Frances Willard Day; October 9, Leif Erikson Day; October 12; November 11; and Wednesday of the 3rd week in September, as part of Wonderful Wisconsin Week under s. 14.16 (8)
, Wisconsin Day. If any such day falls on a Saturday or Sunday, the observance shall be on a school day immediately preceding or following. If school is held on June 14, that day shall be appropriately observed as Robert M. La Follette, Sr. Day. If the governor by proclamation sets apart one day to be designated as Arbor and Bird Day, under s. 14.16 (1)
, that day shall be appropriately observed; otherwise, the last Friday in April shall be observed as Arbor Day.
Arbor day observance.
A school principal may request one free tree provided from state forest nurseries by the department of natural resources under s. 28.06
for each 4th grade pupil in the school for planting in conjunction with an annual observance and celebration of arbor day.
History: 1981 c. 59
The school board shall adopt all the textbooks necessary for use in the schools under its charge. The list of the adopted books shall be filed with the school district clerk.
The school board may purchase textbooks and sell them to the pupils at cost or it may designate agents of the school district to sell the textbooks to the pupils. The agents, at stated times, shall make settlement with the school district for books sold. The agents may add a selling commission which shall not exceed 10% of the net price.
No dealer in textbooks may sell any books at a price to exceed 15% above the net list prices, transportation added thereto.
Any person violating this section may be fined not less than $25 nor more than $100.
History: 1983 a. 412
Any school board may elect to operate summer classes or to permit pupils to attend summer classes operated by another school district on a tuition basis if the school district of operation will accept them. Sections 118.15
shall not apply to summer classes. Every school board electing to operate summer classes:
Shall make rules governing attendance and cause them to be spread on the school board minutes.
May accord to children living in the school district during the summer session the status of residents of the school district for the purpose of attendance at summer classes, even though the children were not regular residents of the school district during the preceding regular school session, but any such children who are not legal residents of the state shall not be counted in computing the state aid to which the school district is entitled.
May permit children from another school district to attend summer classes upon payment of nonresident tuition.
Shall not charge tuition for attendance at summer classes of pupils who are residents of the school district if the school board receives aid for such classes under s. 121.14
. The school board may establish and collect reasonable fees for social, recreational or extracurricular summer classes and programs which are neither credited toward graduation nor aided under s. 121.14
History: 1983 a. 27
School conservation camps. 118.05(1)
To promote an understanding of geology, geography, conservation, nature study and other aspects of general knowledge which are learned best by actual contact with nature itself, any school district may establish, operate and maintain and levy taxes to support individually or in cooperation with other school districts or municipalities a school conservation camp. The camp need not be within the school district.
The school board of any such district may operate, contribute to the operation of, participate in the joint operation of, pay or charge fees for the operation of the school conservation camp. The school board may admit nonresident pupils as well as resident pupils of the school district. The school board shall determine age and other entrance requirements and the program to be offered. The camp may be operated in summer or at any other time that the school board determines.
The school board may acquire, rent or accept the free use of facilities and equipment to operate the camp and may accept private contributions of any kind.
The school board may conduct the camp on property under the custody of other municipal, state or federal agencies when permission is granted or on private property with consent of the owner.
Every state agency shall cooperate in making their staff and facilities available to further the objectives of this program.
Flag and pledge of allegiance. 118.06(1)
Every school board and the governing body of every private school shall cause the U.S. flag to be displayed in the schoolroom or from a flagstaff on each school ground during the school hours of each school day.
Every public and private school shall offer the pledge of allegiance in grades one to 8 at the beginning of school at least one day per week. No pupil may be compelled, against the pupil's objections or those of the pupil's parents or guardian, to recite the pledge.
History: 1993 a. 492
Safety requirements. 118.07(1)(1)
Every school board and the governing body of every private school shall provide a standard first aid kit for use in cases of emergency.
Once each month, without previous warning, the person having direct charge of any public or private school shall drill all pupils in the proper method of departure from the building as if in case of fire, except when the person having direct charge deems that the health of the pupils may be endangered by inclement weather conditions.
Annually the person having direct charge of any public or private school shall file a report pertaining to such drills on forms furnished by the department of commerce. Such reports shall be made to the department of commerce and, in each community having a recognized fire department, to the chief of the fire department. When no fire drill is held during any month, the person having direct charge of the school shall state the reasons therefor in the report.
School zones; crossings. 118.08(1)
On any street or highway which borders the grounds of any public or private school in which school is held for a term of not less than 6 months, the authority in charge of the maintenance of the street or highway shall erect black and yellow "school" warning signs. The authority may also designate school crossings across any street or highway, whether or not the street or highway borders on the grounds of a school.
All signs required by this section and their installation shall comply with standards adopted by the department of transportation.
Every school district maintaining a school outside the corporate limits of a city or village shall provide at the school site a zone which will provide safety for pupils from vehicular traffic during loading and unloading of pupils at the school. The zone may consist of a widening toward or into the schoolyard of the traveled portion of the adjacent highway so as to permit a vehicle to stop in the extended area completely clear of such traveled portion or may be constructed wholly within the schoolyard with connecting roads to the adjacent highway. The zone and approaches from the highway for use of vehicles shall be graveled or hard-surfaced.
The school district shall cooperate with the agency of the town, county or state having jurisdiction of the highway to the end that matters pertaining to the highway will be properly protected. Contracts for the necessary materials and construction and maintenance, including snow removal, of zones may be entered into with the county or town or with private persons. If the contracting party does not have jurisdiction over the highway, the contract shall be approved by the agency of the state, county or town having jurisdiction over the highway before any work is commenced thereunder.
All loading and unloading of pupils at the school, whether transported by a public or private vehicle, shall take place in the safety zone. The operator of a vehicle under contract to transport pupils to the school shall have necessary police powers so that pupils will be properly safeguarded in loading and unloading at the zone and while the operator's vehicle is approaching and leaving the zone. The operator shall first alight before loading or unloading pupils at the zone, and while at stops on the operator's highway route to load and unload pupils, the operator shall exhibit the vehicle's stop sign.
Private schools shall comply with this section to the same extent as school districts.
History: 1993 a. 492
School safety patrols.
Any school board may organize school safety patrols and, with the permission of the parents, appoint pupils as members thereof for the purpose of influencing and encouraging the other pupils to refrain from crossing public highways at points other than at regular crossings and for the purpose of directing pupils not to cross highways at times when the presence of traffic would render such crossing unsafe. Nothing in this section authorizes or permits the use of any safety patrol member for the purpose of directing vehicular traffic, nor may any safety patrol member be stationed in that portion of the highway intended for the use of vehicular traffic, but this section shall not affect any plan in operation on July 11, 1939, under which a junior police patrol directs traffic under the authorization, supervision and control of either the sheriff's department or of the chief of police or traffic department of the police department of any city, town or village. No liability shall attach to the school district or any individual, school board member, school district administrator, teacher or other school authority by virtue of the organization, maintenance or operation of a school safety patrol organized, maintained and operated under this section.
Control of traffic on school premises. 118.105(1)
Any school board may request local authorities to control motor vehicle and pedestrian traffic on off-highway school premises located within the jurisdiction of such local authorities.
If the governing body of any town, city or village by ordinance regulates the operation and parking of motor vehicles on off-highway public school premises, school drives or parking lots or pedestrian traffic on any such drives or parking lots, the school board may enter into written agreements with such governing body for reimbursement of the cost of enforcing such ordinance.
Nothing in this section shall preclude the governing body of any town, city or village from repealing ordinances regulating the operation or parking of motor vehicles on off-highway public school premises, drives or parking lots or regulating pedestrian traffic on such drives or parking lots without prior consent of a school board which requested enactment of such ordinance.