After the department has artificially acidified the lake, it may allow and monitor the natural restoration of the lake and its aquatic life as part of the experiment.
At the conclusion of the experiment or in the event of an unanticipated occurrence that requires that the lake be restored before the conclusion of the experiment, the department shall do all of the following to the fullest extent possible given available technology:
Artificially restore the lake to its original acid level if the lake has not been naturally restored to the original acid level during the experiment.
Artificially reestablish the lake's aquatic life if the aquatic life has not been naturally reestablished during the experiment.
(5) Exemption from certain statutes and rules.
Activities of the department in conducting the lake acidification experiment are exempt from any prohibition, restriction, requirement, permit, license, approval, authorization, fee, notice, hearing, procedure or penalty specified under s. 29.29 (3)
or chs. 281
or specified in any rule promulgated, order issued or ordinance adopted under any of those sections or chapters.
NOTE: Sub. (5) is shown as affected by two acts of the 1995 legislature and as merged by the revisor under s. 13.93 (2) (c).
(6) Compliance with environmental impact statute.
The department shall comply with the requirements under s. 1.11
in conducting the experiment authorized by this section. The department shall initiate compliance by preparing and reviewing, under the procedures it has established under s. 1.11
, an environmental assessment for this experiment.
NOTE: 1983 Wis. Act 421
, which created this section, has "legislative findings" in section 1.
Water resources development projects.
The department may cooperate with and enter into agreements with the appropriate federal agencies for the purpose of constructing, maintaining and operating water resources development projects. Such agreements may contain any indemnification provisions required by federal law.
History: 1987 a. 27
General permits. 30.206(1)(1)
For activities which require a permit or approval under ss. 30.12 (3) (a)
and 30.19 (1) (a)
, the department may issue a general permit authorizing a class of activities, according to rules promulgated by the department. Before issuing general permits, the department shall determine, after an environmental analysis and notice and hearing under ss. 227.17
, that the cumulative adverse environmental impact of the class of activity is insignificant and that issuance of the general permit will not injure public rights or interest, cause environmental pollution, as defined in s. 299.01 (4)
, or result in material injury to the rights of any riparian owner.
A general permit may include any conditions determined by the department to be reasonably necessary to prevent environmental pollution and to protect the public interest and public rights in navigable waters and the rights of other riparian owners.
A person wishing to proceed with an activity authorized by a general permit shall apply to the department not less than 20 business days before commencing the activity authorized by a general permit. The department may request additional information from the applicant to determine whether the activity is within the scope of a general permit and shall inform the applicant in writing of its determination within 10 business days after receipt of adequate information.
The department may not authorize a person to proceed under a general permit if it determines under sub. (3)
that the proposed activity may not comply with the criteria specified for general permits in sub. (1)
. Upon such a determination, the applicant may request an individual permit under the applicable provisions of this chapter or ch. 31
Upon receipt of the department's determination that the proposed activity is authorized by a general permit, the applicant may proceed without further notice, hearing, permit or approval if the activity is carried out in compliance with all conditions of the general permit.
Failure of an applicant to follow the procedural requirements of this section may result in forfeiture but may not, by itself, result in abatement of the activity.
A person proposing an activity for which a general permit has been issued may request an individual permit under the applicable provisions of this chapter or ch. 31
in lieu of seeking authorization under the general permit.
History: 1987 a. 374
; 1995 a. 227
Use of beds of Great Lakes by public utilities. 30.21(1)(1)
Water intake facilities.
Upon compliance with such applicable regulations as may be imposed by the government of the United States and subject to chs. 196
and rules and orders of the public service commission issued pursuant thereto, any public utility may, pursuant to permit granted by resolution of the governing body of any city, village or town situated on any waters of Lake Michigan or Lake Superior or in the Great Lakes basin, construct, maintain and operate, upon and under the bed thereof adjoining such city, village or town, all cribs, intakes, basins, pipes and tunnels necessary or convenient for securing an adequate supply of water suitable for the purposes of such utility, provided only, that concurrently with the construction of facilities for the withdrawal of water from the lakes, the city, town or village must construct sewage treatment and disposal works adequate to treat completely all sewage of the municipality. Any city, village or town, the limits of which are within 50 miles of any such waters and any public utility serving the same shall be deemed to be situated on such waters within the meaning of this section and such municipality or public utility serving the same shall, subject to this section, have authority to acquire and own or lease sufficient real estate, not to exceed 50 miles beyond the corporate limits of such municipality, for the purpose of constructing, maintaining and operating thereon or thereunder, transmission facilities and structures, including cribs, intakes, basins, pipes and tunnels, necessary or convenient for securing an adequate supply of water suitable for the purposes of such municipality or utility. Such facilities shall be so constructed, maintained and operated as to avoid material obstruction to existing navigation or the use of private property not owned by such utility.
(2) Harbor facilities; public utility structures.
Pursuant to the authority and conditions specified in sub. (1)
, any such utility may also:
Improve the navigability of any of the waters specified in sub. (1)
and construct upon the shore and the adjoining bed of such waters, harbor facilities adapted for the reception, docking, unloading and loading of vessels carrying supplies required for the operation of such utility.
Place any public utility structure, including all or part of any plant for the generation of electricity and the appurtenances, upon the bed of any of the waters specified in sub. (1)
, provided the utility first obtains approval under this chapter and obtains the approval of the public service commission as required by s. 196.49
or rules or orders of the public service commission issued pursuant thereto, and also obtains the approval of the department to the making of any payment to be made to the municipality with respect to the erection of such structure.
(3) Compliance with other permit requirements. 30.21(3)(a)(a)
Each public utility operating under a permit under this section on January 1, 1986, shall comply with s. 281.35 (2)
, if applicable.
On and after January 1, 1986, no city, village or town may issue a permit under sub. (1)
unless the public utility applying for the permit complies with s. 30.18 (2) (b)
, if applicable.
History: 1985 a. 60
; 1995 a. 227
Wolf River protection. 30.25(1)
Except as provided under sub. (2)
, no person may make any effort to improve the navigation on the Wolf River north of the southern boundary of Shawano County nor shall any dam be authorized for construction in that portion of the Wolf River. Any permit issued or in effect by virtue of or under authority of any order or law authorizing the construction of any dam in the Wolf River in Langlade County is void. This declaration does not affect permits for or the operation or maintenance of any dam in existence on August 24, 1963.
A person may engage in a minor dredging project to improve access to or to improve the aesthetics of the Wolf River in Shawano County if a permit issued by the department under s. 30.20
authorizes the project.
History: 1987 a. 374
In order to afford the people of this state an opportunity to enjoy natural streams, to attract out-of-state visitors and assure the well-being of our tourist industry, it is in the interest of this state to preserve some rivers in a free flowing condition and to protect them from development; and for this purpose a system of wild rivers is established, but no river shall be designated as wild without legislative act.
The Pike River in Marinette County, and the Pine River and its tributary Popple River in Florence and Forest counties are designated as wild rivers and shall receive special management to assure their preservation, protection and enhancement of their natural beauty, unique recreational and other inherent values in accordance with guidelines outlined in this section.
(3) Duties of department.
The department in connection with wild rivers shall:
Provide active leadership in the development of a practical management policy.
Consult other state agencies and planning committees.
Collaborate with county and town boards and local development committees or boards in producing a mutually acceptable program for the preservation, protection and enhancement of the rivers.
Seek the cooperation of the U.S. forest service, timber companies, county foresters and private landowners in implementing land use practices to accomplish the objectives of the management policy.
Act as coordinator under this subsection.
Lower St. Croix River preservation. 30.27(1)
The Lower St. Croix River, between the dam near St. Croix Falls and its confluence with the Mississippi River, constitutes a relatively undeveloped scenic and recreational asset. The preservation of this unique scenic and recreational asset is in the public interest and will benefit the health and welfare of the citizens of Wisconsin. The state of Wisconsin is therefore determined that the Lower St. Croix River be included in the national wild and scenic rivers system under the wild and scenic rivers act, as amended, 16 USC 1271
, and the Lower St. Croix River act of 1972, 16 USC 1274
(a) (9). The purpose of this section is to ensure the continued eligibility of the Lower St. Croix River for inclusion in the national wild and scenic rivers system and to guarantee the protection of the wild, scenic and recreational qualities of the river for present and future generations.
As soon as possible after May 7, 1974, the department shall adopt, by rule, guidelines and specific standards for local zoning ordinances which apply to the banks, bluffs and bluff tops of the lower St. Croix river. The guidelines shall designate the boundaries of the areas to which they apply. In drafting the guidelines and standards, the department shall consult with appropriate officials of counties, cities, villages and towns lying within the affected area. The standards specified in the guidelines shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
Prohibition of new residential, commercial and industrial uses, and the issuance of building permits therefor, where such uses are inconsistent with the purposes of this section.
Establishment of acreage, frontage and setback requirements where compliance with such requirements will result in residential, commercial or industrial uses which are consistent with the purposes of this section.
The standards established under par. (a)
shall be consistent with but may be more restrictive than any pertinent guidelines and standards promulgated by the secretary of the interior under the wild and scenic rivers act. If it appears to the department that the purposes of this section may be thwarted or the wild, scenic or recreational values of the river adversely affected prior to the implementation of rules under this section, the department may exercise its emergency rule-making authority under s. 227.24
, and such rules shall be effective and implemented and enforced under sub. (3)
until permanent rules are implemented under sub. (3)
Counties, cities, villages and towns lying, in whole or in part, within the areas affected by the guidelines adopted under sub. (2)
are empowered to and shall adopt zoning ordinances complying with the guidelines and standards adopted under sub. (2)
within 30 days after their effective date. If any county, city, village or town does not adopt an ordinance within the time limit prescribed, or if the department determines that an adopted ordinance does not satisfy the requirements of the guidelines and standards, the department shall immediately adopt such an ordinance. An ordinance adopted by the department shall be of the same effect as if adopted by the county, city, village or town, and the local authorities shall administer and enforce the ordinance in the same manner as if the county, city, village or town had adopted it. No zoning ordinance so adopted may be modified nor may any variance therefrom be granted by the county, city, village or town without the written consent of the department, except nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit a county, city, village or town from adopting an ordinance more restrictive than that adopted by the department.
Scenic urban waterways. 30.275(1)
In order to afford the people of this state an opportunity to enjoy water-based recreational activities in close proximity to urban areas, to attract out-of-state visitors and to improve the status of the state's tourist industry, it is the intent of the legislature to improve some rivers and their watersheds. For this purpose a system of scenic urban waterways is established, but no river shall be designated as a scenic urban waterway without legislative act.
The following waters are designated scenic urban waterways and shall receive special management as provided under this section:
The Illinois Fox River and its watershed and the Fox River, extending from Lake Winnebago to Green Bay, and its watershed.
The Rock River consisting of all of the following:
The river from the point that the river flows into the city of Watertown to the point that it flows out of the city of Watertown.
The river from the point it flows into the city of Jefferson to the point it flows out of the city of Fort Atkinson.
The river from the point it flows into the city of Janesville to the Illinois border.
(3) Duties of department.
The department in connection with scenic urban waterways shall:
Provide active leadership in the development of a practical management policy.
Consult with other state agencies and planning committees and organizations.
Collaborate with municipal governing bodies and their development committees or boards in producing a mutually acceptable program for the preservation, protection and enhancement of the rivers and watersheds.
Seek the cooperation of municipal officials and private landowners in implementing land use practices to accomplish the objectives of the management policy.
Develop the Wisconsin Fox River scenic urban waterway, as designated in sub. (2)
, as a historic and recreational site.
(4) Department authority.
The department in connection with scenic urban waterways may:
Acquire and develop land for parks, open spaces, scenic easements, public access, automobile parking, fish and wildlife habitat, woodlands, wetlands and trails.
Undertake projects to improve surface water quality and surface water flow.
Provide grants to municipalities, lake sanitary districts, as defined in s. 30.50 (4q)
, and public inland lake protection and rehabilitation districts to undertake any of the activities under pars. (a)
(5) Use of Wisconsin conservation corps.
To the greatest extent practicable, the department shall encourage and utilize the Wisconsin conservation corps for appropriate projects.
Urban rivers grant program. 30.277(1)
Beginning in fiscal year 1992-93 and ending in fiscal year 1999-2000, from the appropriation under s. 20.866 (2) (tz)
, the department shall award grants to municipalities to assist municipalities in projects on or adjacent to rivers that flow through urban areas. For each fiscal year, except as provided in s. 23.0915 (1r) (c)
, the department shall designate for expenditure $1,900,000 for grants under this section and for grants under s. 23.096
for the purposes under sub. (2) (a)
Grants awarded under this section shall be used for projects that emphasize the preservation or restoration of urban rivers or riverfronts for the purposes of economic revitalization and encouraging outdoor recreation activities that involve the enjoyment of the state's natural resources. These outdoor recreation activities include, but are not limited to fishing, wildlife observation, enjoyment of scenic beauty, canoeing, boating, hiking and bicycling.
A grant awarded to a municipality under this section may be used to acquire land. For purposes of this paragraph, "land" includes rights in land.
(3) Criteria for grants.
The department shall consider all of the following criteria in awarding grants for projects under this section:
The extent to which diverse outdoor recreational opportunities will be made available to all segments of the population.
The extent of preservation or restoration, under the project, of an urban riverfront.
The project's potential for increasing tourism.
Whether significant planning has occurred in the municipality prior to its request for a grant under this section.
The level of support for the project demonstrated by the municipality, including financial support.
Whether the project involves a joint effort by 2 or more municipalities.
The potential benefits of the project to the overall economy of the municipality.