Any person lawfully practicing podiatry in this state under a certificate of registration granted under s. 448.13
, 1973 stats., may continue to so practice until one year after June 15, 1976, and may apply for and be granted a license to practice podiatry without further examination and without payment of an additional fee, provided that such application is made to the board within one year after June 15, 1976.
(4) Massage and hydrotherapy.
Any person who, on July 11, 1953, was practicing massage and hydrotherapy in this state under a certificate of registration issued pursuant to s. 147.185
, 1951 stats., as it existed prior to July 11, 1953, or who had applied for a certificate of registration in massage and hydrotherapy before said date, shall have the right to continue to so practice under such certificate, and the term "massage and hydrotherapy" shall be deemed to include the use of galvanic generator, diathermy, infrared ray and ultraviolet light for massage purposes. Nothing contained in this subsection shall limit the existing authority of the board to revoke such certificate for cause, and in addition, the board may require the holder of such certificate to demonstrate by examination fitness to use the instrumentalities enumerated in this subsection. A lack of such fitness shall constitute cause for revocation of such certificate. No such certificate holder shall treat a specific disease except on the advice of a licensed physician.
Any person who, on May 7, 1953, was practicing midwifery in this state under a certificate of registration issued by the examining board may continue to so practice under such certificate but subject to the provisions of ch. 150
, 1951 stats., as in effect prior to such date and subject to the other provisions of this chapter.
If it appears upon complaint to the board by any person or if it is known to the board that any person is violating this chapter, or rules adopted by the board under this chapter, the board or the attorney general may investigate and may, in addition to any other remedies, bring action in the name and on behalf of the state against any such person to enjoin such person from such violation. The attorney general shall represent the board in all proceedings.
History: 1975 c. 383
Anyone practicing medicine, surgery, osteopathy, or any other form or system of treating the sick without having a license or a certificate of registration shall be liable to the penalties and liabilities for malpractice; and ignorance shall not lessen such liability for failing to perform or for negligently or unskillfully performing or attempting to perform any duty assumed, and which is ordinarily performed by authorized practitioners.
History: 1975 c. 383
Biennial training requirement. 448.13(1)
Each physician and each podiatrist shall, in each 2nd year at the time of application for a certificate of registration under s. 448.07
, submit proof of attendance at and completion of continuing education programs or courses of study approved for at least 30 hours of credit by the board within the 2 calendar years preceding the calendar year for which the registration is effective. The board may waive this requirement if it finds that exceptional circumstances such as prolonged illness, disability or other similar circumstances have prevented a physician or a podiatrist from meeting the requirement.
Each occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant shall, in each 2nd year at the time of application for a certificate of registration under s. 448.07
, submit proof of completion of continuing education requirements promulgated by rule by the board.
Council on physician assistants; duties. 448.20(1)(1)
Recommend certification and practice standards.
Within 3 months after the selection of all its initial members, the council on physician assistants shall develop and recommend to the examining board certification and practice standards for physician assistants. In developing the standards, the council shall consider the following factors: an individual's training, wherever given; experience, however acquired, including experience obtained in a hospital, a physician's office, the armed services or the federal health service of the United States, or their equivalent as found by the examining board; and education, including that offered by a medical school and the technical college system board.
(2) Advise board of regents.
The council shall advise and cooperate with the board of regents of the university of Wisconsin system in establishing an educational program for physician assistants on the undergraduate level. The council shall suggest criteria for admission requirements, program goals and objectives, curriculum requirements, and criteria for credit for past educational experience or training in health fields.
(3) Advise board.
The council shall advise the board on:
Revising physician assistant certification and practice standards and on matters pertaining to the education, training and certification of physician assistants.
Developing criteria for physician assistant training program approval, giving consideration to and encouraging utilization of equivalency and proficiency testing and other mechanisms whereby full credit is given to trainees for past education and experience in health fields.
(4) Adhere to program objectives.
In formulating standards under this section, the council shall recognize that an objective of this program is to increase the existing pool of health personnel.
History: 1975 c. 383
; 1993 a. 105
Physician assistants. 448.21(1)
No physician assistant may perform patient services, except routine screening, in:
The practice of dentistry or dental hygiene within the meaning of ch. 447
The practice of chiropractic within the meaning of ch. 446
The practice of acupuncture within the meaning of ch. 451
(2) Employe status.
No physician assistant may be self-employed. The employer of a physician assistant shall assume legal responsibility for any patient care undertaken by the physician assistant during the employment. The employer of a physician assistant, if other than a licensed physician, shall provide for and not interfere with supervision of the physician assistant by a licensed physician.
Information on alternate modes of treatment.
Any physician who treats a patient shall inform the patient about the availability of all alternate, viable medical modes of treatment and about the benefits and risks of these treatments. The physician's duty to inform the patient under this section does not require disclosure of:
Information beyond what a reasonably well-qualified physician in a similar medical classification would know.
Detailed technical information that in all probability a patient would not understand.
Risks apparent or known to the patient.
Extremely remote possibilities that might falsely or detrimentally alarm the patient.
Information in emergencies where failure to provide treatment would be more harmful to the patient than treatment.
Information in cases where the patient is incapable of consenting.
History: 1981 c. 375
A one to three in 100 chance of a condition's existence is not an "extremely remote possibility" under sub. (4) where very serious consequences could result if the condition were present. Martin v. Richards, 192 W (2d) 156, 531 NW (2d) 70 (1995).
A doctor has a duty under this section do advise of alternative modes of diagnosis as well as of alternative modes of treatment for diagnosed conditions. Martin v. Richards, 192 W (2d) 156, 531 NW (2d) 70 (1995).
What constitutes informed consent emanates from what a reasonable person in the patient's position would want to know. What a physician must disclose is contingent on what a reasonable person would need to know to make an informed decision. When different physicians have substantially different success rates with a procedure and a reasonable person would consider that information material, a court may admit statistical evidence of the relative risk. Johnson v. Kokemoor, 199 W (2d) 615, 545 NW (2d) 495 (1996).
The doctrine of informed consent is limited to apprising the patient of risks that inhere to proposed treatments. It does not impose a duty to apprise a patient of any knowledge the doctor may have regarding the condition of the patient or of all possible methods of diagnosis. McGeshick v. Choucair 9 F (3d) 1229 (1993).
The board may promulgate rules to carry out the purposes of this chapter.
The board shall promulgate all of the following rules:
Establishing standards for acceptable examination performance by an applicant for certification as an occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant.
Establishing continuing education requirements for certificate renewal for an occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant under s. 448.13 (2)
Establishing standards of practice for occupational therapy, including criteria for referral.
Establishing the criteria for the substitution of uncompensated hours of professional assistance volunteered to the department of health and family services for some or all of the hours of continuing education credits required under s. 448.13
for physicians specializing in psychiatry. The eligible substitution hours shall involve professional evaluation of community programs for the certification and recertification of community mental health programs, as defined in s. 51.01 (3n)
, by the department of health and family services.
PHYSICAL THERAPISTS AFFILIATED
In this subchapter:
"Affiliated credentialing board" means the physical therapists affiliated credentialing board.
"Licensee" means a person who is licensed under this subchapter.
"Physical therapist" means an individual who has been graduated from a school of physical therapy and holds a license to practice physical therapy granted by the affiliated credentialing board.
"Physical therapy" means that branch or system of treating the sick which is limited to therapeutic exercises with or without assistive devices, and physical measures including heat and cold, air, water, light, sound, electricity and massage; and physical testing and evaluation. The use of roentgen rays and radium for any purpose, and the use of electricity for surgical purposes including cauterization, are not part of physical therapy.
History: 1993 a. 107
License required. 448.51(1)(1)
Except as provided in s. 448.52
, no person may practice physical therapy or designate himself or herself as a physical therapist or use or assume the title "physical therapist" or "physiotherapist" or "physical therapy technician" or append to the person's name the letters "P.T.", "P.T.T." or "R.P.T." or any other title, letters or designation which represents or may tend to represent the person as a physical therapist unless the person is licensed under this subchapter.
In this subsection, "advertisement" includes advertisements that appear on outdoor signs, in print or electronic media, and in material mailed to a person other than a patient or prospective patient who has requested the material.
Except as provided in par. (c)
, no person may claim to render physical therapy or physiotherapy services unless the person is licensed under this subchapter.
A chiropractor licensed under ch. 446
may claim to render physical therapy or physiotherapy services only as follows:
If, anytime before October 17, 1995, the chiropractor claimed in an advertisement to render physical therapy or physiotherapy services, the chiropractor may continue to claim to render physical therapy or physiotherapy services in an advertisement until the rules promulgated under ss. 446.02 (10)
The chiropractor may claim to render physical therapy or physiotherapy services in private communications with an individual who is a patient or prospective patient until the rules promulgated under ss. 446.02 (10)
take effect. This subd. 2. b.
also applies to an employe or agent of the chiropractor who claims that the chiropractor renders physical therapy or physiotherapy services.
History: 1993 a. 107
; 1995 a. 166
This subchapter does not require a license under this subchapter for any of the following, if the person does not claim to render physical therapy or physiotherapy services as prohibited under s. 448.51 (2) (b)
Any person lawfully practicing within the scope of a license, permit, registration or certification granted by this state or the federal government.
Any person assisting a physical therapist in practice under the direct, on-premises supervision of the physical therapist.
A physical therapist assistant assisting a physical therapist in practice under the general supervision of the physical therapist. In this subsection, "physical therapist assistant" means an individual who has graduated from a physical therapist assistant associate degree program approved by the American physical therapy association. The affiliated credentialing board shall promulgate rules defining "general supervision" for purposes of this subsection.
A physical therapy student practicing physical therapy within the scope of the student's education or training.
A physical therapist who is licensed to practice physical therapy in another state or country and is providing a consultation or demonstration with a physical therapist who is licensed under this subchapter.
History: 1993 a. 107
; 1995 a. 166
Rules concerning claims to render physical therapy or physiotherapy services. 448.525(1)
The affiliated credentialing board and the chiropractic examining board acting under s. 446.02 (10)
shall jointly promulgate rules that establish the circumstances under which and the extent to which a chiropractor licensed under ch. 446
may claim to render physical therapy or physiotherapy services within the scope of the practice of chiropractic.
The affiliated credentialing board may promulgate rules relating to the circumstances under which and the extent to which a chiropractor licensed under this chapter [ch. 446
] may claim to render physical therapy or physiotherapy services within the scope of the practice of chiropractic only as provided under sub. (1)
NOTE: The bracketed language indicates the correct cross-reference. Corrective legislation is pending.
History: 1995 a. 166
Licensure of physical therapists. 448.53(1)
The affiliated credentialing board shall grant a license as a physical therapist to a person who does all of the following:
Submits an application for the license to the department on a form provided by the department.
Subject to ss. 111.321
, submits evidence satisfactory to the affiliated credentialing board that the applicant does not have an arrest or conviction record.
Submits evidence satisfactory to the affiliated credentialing board that the applicant is a graduate of a school of physical therapy approved by the affiliated credentialing board, unless the affiliated credentialing board waives this requirement under sub. (3)
The affiliated credentialing board may promulgate rules providing for various classes of temporary licenses to practice physical therapy.