Sub. (2) applies to actions for review under ch. 227. Shopper Advertiser v. Department of Rev. 117 W (2d) 223, 344 NW (2d) 115 (1984).
Borrowing court files regulated.
The clerk shall not permit any paper filed in the clerk's office to be taken therefrom unless upon written order of a judge of the court. The clerk shall take a written receipt for all papers so taken and preserve the same until such papers are returned. Papers so taken shall be returned at once upon request of the clerk or presiding judge, and no paper shall be kept longer than 10 days.
Sup. Ct. Order, 67 W (2d) 585, 745 (1975); 1993 a. 486
Clerks of court may not send original records of criminal cases to public defender prior to appeal unless judge authorizes release. 69 Atty. Gen. 63.
A circuit judge of the circuit court of any county may appoint and remove at any time, any retired or former circuit or county court judge to act, in matters referred by the judge and in conciliation matters. When a matter for conciliation is referred for such purpose, the conciliator shall have full authority to hear, determine and report findings to the court. Such conciliators may be appointed court commissioners as provided in s. 757.68
The circuit judges of such county shall make rules, not inconsistent with law, governing procedure before and pertaining to such conciliators and the county board shall fix and provide for their compensation.
Sup. Ct. Order, 67 W (2d) 585, 746 (1975); 1975 c. 218
; 1977 c. 187
; 1977 c. 323
Settlements in behalf of minors; judgments. 807.10(1)(1)
A compromise or settlement of an action or proceeding to which a minor or mentally incompetent person is a party may be made by the general guardian, if the guardian is represented by an attorney, or the guardian ad litem with the approval of the court in which such action or proceeding is pending.
A cause of action in favor of or against a minor or mentally incompetent person may, without the commencement of an action thereon, be settled by the general guardian, if the guardian is represented by an attorney, with the approval of the court appointing the general guardian, or by the guardian ad litem with the approval of any court of record. An order approving a settlement or compromise under this subsection and directing the consummation thereof shall have the same force and effect as a judgment of the court.
If the amount awarded to a minor by judgment or by an order of the court approving a compromise settlement of a claim or cause of action of the minor does not exceed $5,000 (exclusive of interest and costs and disbursements), and if there is no general guardian of the ward, the court may upon application by the guardian ad litem after judgment, or in the order approving settlement, fix and allow the expenses of the action, including attorney fees and fees of guardian ad litem, authorize the payment of the total recovery to the clerk of the court, authorize and direct the guardian ad litem upon the payment to satisfy and discharge the judgment, or to execute releases to the parties entitled thereto and enter into a stipulation dismissing the action upon its merits. The order shall also direct the clerk upon the payment to pay the costs and disbursements and expenses of the action and to dispose of the balance in one of the manners provided in s. 880.04 (2)
as selected by the court. The fee for the clerk's services for handling, depositing and disbursing funds under this subsection is prescribed in s. 814.61 (12) (a)
Sup. Ct. Order, 67 W (2d) 585, 746 (1975); 1975 c. 218
; 1981 c. 317
See s. 880.125
for provision requiring a court approving settlements to be satisfied as to the sufficiency of the guardian's bond.
Orders: rendition and entry. 807.11(1)
An order is rendered when it is signed by the judge.
An order is entered when it is filed in the office of the clerk of court.
History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 W (2d) 585, 747 (1975).
Oral order of state court that injunction be issued was valid even though case was removed to federal court before order was signed. Heidel v. Voight, 456 F Supp. 959 (1978).
Suing by fictitious name or as unknown; partners' names unknown. 807.12(1)(1)
When the name or a part of the name of any defendant, or when any proper party defendant to an action to establish or enforce, redeem from or discharge a lien or claim to property is unknown to the plaintiff, such defendant may be designated a defendant by so much of the name as is known, or by a fictitious name, or as an unknown heir, representative, owner or person as the case may require, adding such description as may reasonably indicate the person intended. But no person whose title to or interest in land appears of record or who is in actual occupancy of land shall be proceeded against as an unknown owner.
When the name of such defendant is ascertained the process, pleadings and all proceedings may be amended by an order directing the insertion of the true name instead of the designation employed.
In an action against a partnership, if the names of the partners are unknown to the plaintiff, all proceedings may be in the partnership name until the names of the partners are ascertained, whereupon the process, pleadings and all proceedings shall be amended by order directing the insertion of such names.
History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 W (2d) 585, 748 (1975).
This section does not authorize judgment against unnamed individual. Miller v. Smith, 100 W (2d) 609, 302 NW (2d) 468 (1981).
See note to 893.02, citing Lak v. Richardson-Merrell, Inc. 100 W (2d) 641, 302 NW (2d) 483 (1981).
See note to 893.02, citing Lavine v. Hartford Acc. & Indemnity, 140 W (2d) 434, 410 NW (2d) 623 (Ct. App. 1987).
See note to 893.57, citing Spitler v. Dean, 148 W (2d) 630, 436 NW (2d) 308 (1989).
Telephone and audio-visual proceedings. 807.13(1)(1)
The court may permit any oral argument by telephone.
(2) Evidentiary hearings.
In civil actions and proceedings, including those under chs. 48
, the court may admit oral testimony communicated to the court on the record by telephone or live audio-visual means, subject to cross-examination, when:
The proponent shows good cause to the court. Appropriate considerations are:
Whether any undue surprise or prejudice would result;
Whether the proponent has been unable, after due diligence, to procure the physical presence of the witness;
The convenience of the parties and the proposed witness, and the cost of producing the witness in relation to the importance of the offered testimony;
Whether the procedure would allow full effective cross-examination, especially where availability to counsel of documents and exhibits available to the witness would affect such cross-examination;
The importance of presenting the testimony of witnesses in open court, where the finder of fact may observe the demeanor of the witness, and where the solemnity of the surroundings will impress upon the witness the duty to testify truthfully;
Whether the quality of the communication is sufficient to understand the offered testimony;
Whether a physical liberty interest is at stake in the proceeding; and
Such other factors as the court may, in each individual case, determine to be relevant.
Whenever the applicable statutes or rules so permit, or the court otherwise determines that it is practical to do so, conferences in civil actions and proceedings may be conducted by telephone.
(4) Notice; reporting; stipulation; waivers; etc.; access.
In any proceeding conducted by telephone under this section:
If the proceeding is required to be reported, a court reporter shall be in simultaneous voice communication with all parties to the call, whether or not in the physical presence of any of them.
Parties entitled to be heard shall be given prior notice of the manner and time of the proceeding. Any participant other than the reporter electing to be present with any other participant shall give reasonable notice thereof to the other participants.
Regardless of the physical location of any party to the call, any waiver, stipulation, motion, objection, decision, order or any other action taken by the court or a party to a reported telephone hearing has the same effect as if made in open court.
With the exception of scheduling conferences and pretrial conferences, proceedings shall be conducted in a courtroom or other place reasonably accessible to the public. Participants in the proceeding may participate by telephone from any location or may elect to be physically present with one or more of the other participants. Simultaneous access to the proceeding shall be provided to persons entitled to attend by means of a loudspeaker or, upon request to the court, by making a person party to the telephone call without charge.
Sup. Ct. Order, 141 W (2d) xiii (1987); Sup. Ct. Order, 158 W (2d) xvii (1990); 1991 a. 32
Effective date note
Judicial Council Note, 1988: This section [created] allows oral arguments to be heard, evidence to be taken, or conferences to be conducted, by telephone. Sub. (4) prescribes the basic procedure for such proceedings. [Re Order eff. 1-1-88]
Effective date note
Judicial Council Note, 1990: The change in sub. (2) (c) (intro.) from "interest of justice" to "good cause" is not intended as substantive, but merely to conform it to the language used in other statutes relating to use of telephonic procedures in judicial proceedings. SS. 967.08, 970.03 (13), 971.14 (1) (c) and (4) (b), and 971.17 (2), Stats. [Re Order eff. 1-1-91]
Speaker-telephone testimony in civil jury trials: The next best thing to being there? 1988 WLR 293.
On request of any party, the court may permit an interpreter to act in any civil proceeding other than trial by telephone or live audio-visual means.
History: Sup. Ct. Order, 141 W (2d) xiii (1987).
Judicial Council Note, 1988: This section [created] allows interpreters to serve by telephone or live audio-visual means in civil proceedings other than trials, on request of any party and approval by the court. [Re Order effective Jan. 1, 1988]