That both the applicant's current water use, if any, and the applicant's proposed plans for withdrawal, transportation, development and use of water resources incorporate reasonable conservation practices.
That the proposed withdrawal and uses will not have a significant adverse impact on the environment and ecosystem of the Great Lakes basin or the upper Mississippi river basin.
That the proposed withdrawal and uses are consistent with the protection of public health, safety and welfare and will not be detrimental to the public interest.
That the proposed withdrawal will not have a significant detrimental effect on the quantity and quality of the waters of the state.
If the proposed withdrawal will result in an interbasin diversion, all of the following:
That each state or province to which the water will be diverted has developed and is implementing a plan to manage and conserve its own water quantity resources, and that further development of its water resources is impracticable or would have a substantial adverse economic, social or environmental impact.
That granting the application will not impair the ability of the Great Lakes basin or upper Mississippi river basin to meet its own water needs.
That the interbasin diversion alone, or in combination with other water losses, will not have a significant adverse impact on lake levels, water use, the environment or the ecosystem of the Great Lakes basin or upper Mississippi river basin.
That the proposed withdrawal is consistent with all applicable federal, regional and interstate water resources plans.
Right to hearing.
Except as provided in s. 227.42 (4)
, any person who receives notice of a denial or modification requirement under par. (c)
is entitled to a contested case hearing under ch. 227
if the person requests the hearing within 30 days after receiving the notice.
The department shall charge each applicant for an approval under this subsection the fee established under sub. (10) (a) 5.
All moneys collected under this paragraph shall be credited to the general fund.
If an application is approved under sub. (5)
, the department shall modify the applicant's existing approval or shall issue a new approval that specifies all of the following:
The authorized base level of water loss from the withdrawal.
The dates on which or seasons during which water may be withdrawn.
The amount and quality of return flow required and the place of discharge.
The requirements for reporting volumes and rates of withdrawal and any other date specified by the department.
Any other conditions, limitations and restrictions that the department determines are necessary to protect the environment and the public health, safety and welfare and to ensure the conservation and proper management of the waters of the state.
Any requirements for metering, surveillance and reporting that the department determines are necessary to ensure compliance with other conditions, limitations or restrictions of the approval.
If the department determines that a time limit is necessary, the date on which approval for the withdrawal expires.
The department shall review each approval prior to the expiration date specified under par. (a) 9.
, if any, or within 5 years from the date of issuance and at least every 5 years thereafter.
Modification by department.
The department may at any time propose modifications of the approval or additional conditions, limitations or restrictions determined to be necessary to ensure continued compliance with this section or with any other applicable statute or rule.
If the department determines that a person to whom an approval has been issued would be unable under any conditions, limitations or restrictions to comply with this section or another applicable statute or rule, it shall revoke the approval.
Request for modification.
A person to whom an approval has been issued or any person adversely affected by a condition, limitation or restriction of an approval may request that the department modify a condition, limitation or restriction of an approval.
Notice; right to hearing.
The department shall notify the person to whom the approval has been issued and any other person who has in writing requested notice of the receipt of a request to modify an approval or of the department's intent to modify or revoke an approval. The person to whom the approval is issued is entitled to a contested case hearing under ch. 227
before a revocation or modification takes effect. Any other person who may be adversely affected by a proposed modification is entitled to a contested case hearing under ch. 227
before a modification takes effect.
The department shall periodically collect from each person whose application under this subsection is approved the fee established under sub. (10) (a) 5.
All moneys collected under this paragraph shall be credited to the general fund.
(7) Emergency order.
The department may, without a prior hearing, order a person to whom an approval is issued to immediately stop a withdrawal if the department determines that there is a danger of imminent harm to the public health, safety or welfare, to the environment or to the water resources or related land resources of this state. The order shall specify the date on which the withdrawal must be stopped and the date, if any, on which it may be resumed. The order shall notify the person that the person may request a contested case hearing under ch. 227
. The hearing shall be held as soon as practicable after receipt of a request for a hearing. An emergency order remains in effect pending the result of the hearing.
(8) Preparation of water quantity resources plan.
The natural resources board shall, before August 1, 1988, adopt and submit to the chief clerk of each house of the legislature, for distribution to the legislature under s. 13.172 (2)
, a long-term state water quantity resources plan for the protection, conservation and management of the waters of the state. The plan shall include, but need not be limited to, the following:
The description of a system for allocating this state's water resources during a water shortage or other emergency.
Identification of the existing uses of the waters of the state.
Recommendations for the use, management and protection of the waters of the state and related land resources that will affect persons subject to sub. (4)
(9) Amendment of coastal management program. 281.35(9)(a)(a)
The Wisconsin coastal management council, established under executive order number 62, dated August 2, 1984
, shall amend this state's coastal management program submitted to the U.S. secretary of commerce under 16 USC 1455
, to incorporate the requirements of this section and the findings and purposes specified in 1985 Wisconsin Act 60, section 1
, as they apply to the water resources of the Great Lakes basin, and shall formally submit the proposed amendments to the U.S. secretary of commerce.
After approval of the amendments submitted to the U.S. secretary of commerce under par. (a)
, the Wisconsin coastal management council shall, when conducting federal consistency reviews under 16 USC 1456
(c), consider the requirements, findings and purposes specified under par. (a)
, if applicable.
If the department issues an approval for a withdrawal to which this section applies, and the withdrawal is subject to a federal consistency review under 16 USC 1456
(c), the Wisconsin coastal management council shall certify that the withdrawal is consistent with this state's coastal management program.
The department shall promulgate rules establishing all of the following:
Requirements for reporting volumes and rates of withdrawals.
The method for determining what portion of a withdrawal constitutes a consumptive use.
The department may promulgate any other rule necessary to implement this section.
(11) Cooperation with other states and provinces.
The department shall do all of the following:
Cooperate with the other Great Lakes states and provinces to develop and maintain a common base of information on the use and management of the water resources of the Great Lakes basin and to establish systematic arrangements for the exchange of such information.
Collect and maintain information regarding the locations, types and quantities of water use, including water losses, in a form that is comparable to the form used by the other Great Lakes states and provinces.
Collect, maintain and exchange information on current and projected future water needs with the other Great Lakes states and provinces.
Cooperate with the other Great Lakes states and provinces in developing a long-term plan for developing, conserving and managing the water resources of the Great Lakes basin.
As provided in the Great Lakes charter, participate in the development of a regional consultation procedure for use in exchanging information on effects of proposed interbasin diversions and consumptive uses.
Participate in the development of an upper Mississippi river basin regional consultation procedure for use in exchanging information on the effects of proposed water losses from that basin.
The enumeration of any remedy under this section does not limit the right to any other remedy available in an action under the statutory or common law of this state or any other state or province, federal law or Canadian law.
Proof of compliance with this section is not a defense in any action not founded on this section.
This state reserves the right to seek, in any state, federal or provincial forum, an adjudication of the equitable apportionment of the water resources of the Great Lakes basin or upper Mississippi river basin, and the protection and determination of its rights and interests in those water resources, in any manner provided by law.
of 1985 Act 60
, which created this section is entitled "Legislative findings; purpose."
WATER AND SEWAGE FACILITIES; SEPTAGE DISPOSAL
Approval of plans. 281.41(1)(1)
Except as provided under sub. (2)
, every owner within the time prescribed by the department, shall file with the department a certified copy of complete plans of a proposed system or plant or extension thereof, in scope and detail satisfactory to the department, and, if required, of existing systems or plants, and such other information concerning maintenance, operation and other details as the department requires, including the information specified under s. 281.35 (5) (a)
, if applicable. Material changes with a statement of the reasons shall be likewise submitted. Before plans are drawn a statement concerning the improvement may be made to the department and the department may, if requested, outline generally what it will require. Upon receipt of such plans for approval, the department or its duly authorized representative shall notify the owner of the date of receipt. Within 90 days from the time of receipt of complete plans or within the time specified in s. 281.35 (5) (c)
, if applicable, the department or its authorized representative shall examine and take action to approve, approve conditionally or reject the plans and shall state in writing any conditions of approval or reasons for rejection. Approval or disapproval of such plans and specifications shall not be contingent upon eligibility of such project for federal aid. The time period for review may be extended by agreement with the owner if the plans and specifications cannot be reviewed within the specified time limitation due to circumstances beyond the control of the department or in the case of extensive installation involving expenditures of $350,000 or more. The extension shall not exceed 6 months. Failure of the department or its authorized representative to act before the expiration of the time period allowed for review shall constitute an approval of the plans, and upon demand a written certificate of approval shall be issued. Approval may be subject to modification by the department upon due notice. Construction or material change shall be according to approved plans only. The department may disapprove plans which are not in conformance with any existing approved areawide waste treatment management plan prepared pursuant to the federal water pollution control act, P.L. 92-500
, as amended, and shall disapprove plans that do not meet the grounds for approval specified under s. 281.35 (5) (d)
, if applicable. The department shall require each person whose plans are approved under this section to report that person's volume and rate of water withdrawal, as defined under s. 281.35 (1) (m)
, and that person's volume and rate of water loss, as defined under s. 281.35 (1) (L)
, if any, in the form and at the times specified by the department.
The department may, by rule, exempt an owner of a specific type of system or plant from the requirements of sub. (1)
or modify the requirements of sub. (1)
for a specific type of system or plant.
History: 1977 c. 418
; 1985 a. 60
; 1991 a. 39
; 1995 a. 227
; Stats., 1995 s. 281.41.
Joint sewerage systems. 281.43(1)
The department of natural resources may require the sewerage system, or sewage or refuse disposal plant of any governmental unit including any town, village or city, to be so planned and constructed that it may be connected with that of any other town, village or city, and may, after hearing, upon due notice to the governmental units order the proper connections to be made or a group of governmental units including cities, villages, town sanitary districts or town utility districts may construct and operate a joint sewerage system under this statute without being so required by order of the department of natural resources but following hearing and approval of the department.
An order by the department for the connection of unincorporated territory to a city or village system or plant under this section shall not become effective for 30 days following issuance. Within 30 days following issuance of the order, the governing body of a city or village subject to an order under this section may commence an annexation proceeding under s. 66.024
to annex the unincorporated territory subject to the order. If the result of the referendum under s. 66.024 (4)
is in favor of annexation, the territory shall be annexed to the city or village for all purposes, and sewerage service shall be extended to the territory subject to the order. If an application for an annexation referendum is denied under s. 66.024 (2)
or the referendum under s. 66.024 (4)
is against the annexation, the order shall be void. If an annexation proceeding is not commenced within the 30-day period, the order shall become effective.
When one governmental unit renders service to another under this section, reasonable compensation shall be paid. The officials in charge of the system, of the governmental unit furnishing the service shall determine the reasonable compensation and report to its clerk who shall, on or before August 1 of each year, certify a statement thereof to the clerk of the governmental unit receiving the service. The clerk of the governmental unit receiving the service shall extend the amount shown in the statement as a charge on the tax roll, in the following manner:
If the service rendered is available to substantially all improved real estate in the member governmental unit receiving the service, the charges shall be placed upon the tax roll of the member governmental unit as a general tax.
If the service rendered is for the benefit of public highways in, or real estate owned or operated by, the member governmental unit receiving the service, the charges for the service shall be placed upon the tax roll of the member governmental unit as a general tax.
If the service rendered does not come under the provisions of subd. 1.
, the charges for the service shall be placed upon the tax roll of the member governmental unit as a special tax upon each parcel of real estate benefited; and when collected it shall be paid to the treasurer of the member governmental unit rendering the service. Where the charges are to be extended on the tax roll under the provisions of this subdivision, the clerk of the member governmental unit furnishing the service shall itemize the statement showing separately the amount charged to each parcel of real estate benefited.
If, due to delay in determination, a charge described in par. (a)
cannot be extended on the tax roll of any particular year, it shall be extended as soon as possible.
If the governing body of any governmental unit deems the charge unreasonable, it may by resolution within 20 days after the filing of the report with its clerk:
Submit to arbitration by 3 reputable and experienced engineers, one chosen by each governmental unit, and the 3rd by the other 2. If the engineers are unable to agree, the vote of 2 shall be the decision. They may affirm or modify the report, and shall submit their decision in writing to each governmental unit within 30 days of their appointment unless the time be extended by agreement of the governmental units. The decision shall be binding. Election to so arbitrate shall be a waiver of right to proceed by action. Two-thirds of the expense of arbitration shall be paid by the governmental unit requesting it, and the balance by the other.
Any 2 or more governmental units, including cities, villages, town sanitary districts or town utility districts not wishing to proceed under sub. (2)
may jointly construct, operate and maintain a joint sewerage system, inclusive of the necessary intercepting sewers and sewerage treatment works. Such joint action by 2 governmental units shall be carried out by a sewerage commission consisting of one member appointed by each of the governing bodies of such governmental units and a 3rd member to be selected by the 2 members so appointed, or in lieu thereof said sewerage commission may consist of 2 members appointed by the governing body of each governmental unit and a 5th member to be selected by the 4 members so appointed or where more than 2 governmental units act to form the commission, the representation on the commission shall be in accordance with a resolution approved by the member governmental units.
Where such sewerage commission shall consist of 3 members, the members chosen by the 2 members first appointed shall serve for 2 years, while the members appointed by the governing bodies of the 2 governmental units shall serve for terms of 4 and 6 years, respectively, the length of term of each to be determined by lot. All subsequent appointments, except for unexpired terms, shall be for 6 years. All such members shall serve until their successors shall have been appointed and shall have qualified.
Where such sewerage commission shall consist of 5 members, the member chosen by the 4 members first appointed shall serve for one year, while the members appointed by the governing bodies of the 2 governmental units shall serve for terms of 2, 3, 4 and 5 years respectively, the length of terms of each to be determined by lot. All subsequent appointments, except for unexpired terms, shall be for 6 years. All such members shall serve until their successors shall have been appointed and shall have qualified.
Where such sewerage commission representation shall be formed by approval of a resolution, the resolution shall state the method of appointing commissioners and the term of office of each commissioner.
The sewerage commissioners shall project, plan, construct and maintain in the district comprising the member governmental units intercepting and other main sewers for the collection and transmission of house, industrial and other sewage to a site or sites for disposal selected by them, such sewers to be sufficient, in the judgment of the sewerage commissioners, to care for such sewage of the territory included in such district. The sewerage commissioners shall project, plan, construct and operate sewage disposal works at a site or sites selected by them which may be located within or outside of the territory included in the district. The sewerage commissioners may also project, plan, construct and maintain intercepting and other main sewers for the collection and disposal of storm water which shall be separate from the sanitary sewerage system. The sewerage commissioners may also project, plan, construct and operate solid waste disposal works at a site or sites selected by them which may be located within or outside of the territory included in the district or by contract with counties or municipalities which have solid waste disposal facilities. The sewerage commissioners may employ and fix compensation for engineers, assistants, clerks, employes and laborers, or do such other things as may be necessary for the due and proper execution of their duties. Such sewage disposal works may be used by the sewerage commissioners and by such governmental units for the disposal of garbage, refuse and rubbish.
Such sewerage commission shall constitute a body corporate by the name of "(Insert name of governmental units or area) Sewerage Commission," by which in all proceedings it shall thereafter be known. It may purchase, take and hold real and personal property for its use and convey and dispose of the same. This grant of power shall be retroactive to September 13, 1935 for commissions formed prior to January 1, 1972. Except as provided in this subsection the sewerage commissioners shall have the power and proceed as a common council and board of public works in cities in carrying out the provisions of par. (c)
. All borrowing under s. 24.61 (3) (a) 5.
and all bond issues and appropriations made by said sewerage commission shall be subject to the approval of the governing bodies of the respective governmental units.
Each such governmental unit shall pay for its proportionate share of such sewerage system, including additions thereto, and also its proportionate share of all operation and maintenance costs as may be determined by the sewerage commission. Each governmental unit may borrow money and issue revenue or general obligation bonds therefor, for the acquisition, construction, erection, enlargement and extension of a joint sewage disposal plant or refuse or rubbish or solid waste disposal plant or system or any combination of plants provided under this section, and to purchase a site or sites for the same. Each governmental unit may, if it so desires, proceed under s. 66.076
in financing its portion of the cost of the construction, operation and maintenance of the joint sewage disposal plant or plants provided for in this section, or system.
Any such governmental unit being aggrieved by the determination of the sewerage commission on matters within its jurisdiction may appeal to the circuit court as provided in sub. (3) (b)
Sub. (1m) does not violate Art. IV, sec. 1. See note to Art. IV, sec. 1, citing City of Beloit v. Kallas, 76 W (2d) 61, 250 NW (2d) 342.