If eligible costs exceed $200,000 but do not exceed $400,000, $10,000 plus 8% of the amount by which eligible costs exceed $200,000.
If eligible costs exceed $400,000, $26,000 plus 10% of the amount by which eligible costs exceed $400,000.
The department may reimburse the owner or operator of a dry cleaning facility that has ceased operation before the owner or operator applies under par. (a)
only for eligible costs that exceed the sum of the following:
For each year in which the owner or operator has not paid the annual license fee under s. 77.9961 (1)
for the dry cleaning facility, an amount equal to the average annual license fee paid under s. 77.9961 (1)
for that year.
For each year in which the dry cleaning solvents fee under s. 77.9962
was imposed and the dry cleaning facility was not in operation, an amount equal to the total amount collected under s. 77.9962
for that year divided by the number of dry cleaning facilities in operation during that year.
If the owner or operator did not pay the inventory fee under s. 77.9963
with respect to the dry cleaning facility, an amount equal to the total amount collected under s. 77.9963
divided by the number of dry cleaning facilities paying the inventory fee.
The department may not issue financial assistance under this section for reimbursement for costs incurred at a single dry cleaning facility that totals more than $500,000.
Waiver of deductible.
Notwithstanding par. (e)
, the department may waive the requirement that an owner or operator pay the deductible amount if the department determines that the owner or operator is unable to pay. If the department waives the requirement that an owner or operator pay the deductible, the department shall record a statement of lien with the register of deeds of the county in which the dry cleaning facility is located. If the department records the statement of lien, the department has a lien on the property on which the dry cleaning facility is located in the amount of the deductible that was waived. The property remains subject to the lien until that amount is paid in full.
The department may not diminish or deny an award under this section as a result of negligence attributable to the applicant or any person who is entitled to submit an application, except as provided in par. (d) 3.
Assignment of awards.
The filing by an applicant with the department of an assignment of an award under this section to a person who loans money to the applicant for the purpose of conducting activities required under sub. (4)
creates and perfects a lien in favor of the assignee in the proceeds of the award. The lien secures all principal, interest, fees, costs and expenses of the assignee related to the loan. The lien under this paragraph has priority over any previously existing or subsequently created lien, assignment, security interest or other interest in the proceeds of the award.
If an owner or operator prepares and submits an application that includes ineligible costs that are identified under subd. 3.
, the department shall calculate the award by determining the amount that the award would otherwise be under pars. (e)
based only on the eligible costs and then by reducing that amount by 50% of the ineligible costs under subd. 2.
that are included in the application.
If a consultant prepares an application that is submitted by an owner or operator and that includes ineligible costs that are identified under subd. 3.
, the consultant shall pay to the department an amount equal to 50% of the ineligible costs identified under subd. 3.
that are included in the application. A consultant may not charge the owner or operator for any amount that the consultant is required to pay under this subdivision. Payments made under this subdivision shall be deposited in the dry cleaner environmental response fund.
The department shall promulgate a rule identifying the ineligible costs to which subds. 1.
Right of action.
A right of action under this section shall accrue to the state against an owner or operator only if the owner or operator submits a fraudulent application or does not meet the requirements under this section and if an award is issued under this section to the owner or operator for eligible costs under this section.
Action to recover awards.
The attorney general shall take appropriate actions to recover awards to which the state is entitled under par. (a)
. The department shall request that the attorney general take action if the department discovers a fraudulent application after an award is issued.
Disposition of funds.
The net proceeds of the recovery under par. (b)
shall be paid into the dry cleaner environmental response fund.
No common law liability, and no statutory liability that is provided in a statute other than this section, for damages resulting from a dry cleaning facility is affected by this section. Except as provided in par. (b)
, the authority, power and remedies provided in this section are in addition to any authority, power or remedy provided in any statute other than this section or provided at common law.
An award under this section is the exclusive method for the recovery of the amount of eligible costs equal to the amount of the award that may be issued under this section.
If a person conducts a remedial action activity for a discharge at a dry cleaning facility site, whether or not the person files an application under this section, the remedial action activity conducted and any application filed under this section are not evidence of liability or an admission of liability for any potential or actual environmental pollution.
The department shall promulgate rules prescribing requirements for the records to be maintained by an owner, operator or service provider and the periods for which they must retain those records.
The department may inspect any document in the possession of an owner, operator or service provider or any other person if the document is relevant to an application for reimbursement under this section.
The dry cleaner environmental response council shall advise the department concerning the programs under this section and s. 292.66
. The dry cleaner environmental response council shall evaluate the program under this section at least every 5 years, using criteria developed by the council.
This section does not apply after June 30, 2032.
History: 1997 a. 27
Assistance for purchase and installation of interim remedial equipment at dry cleaning facilities. 292.66(1)(1)
The department shall allocate 46% of the funds appropriated under s. 20.370 (6) (eq)
in each fiscal year for awards to reimburse owners and operators for costs of preliminary site screening and the purchase and installation of equipment to begin the cleanup of discharges of dry cleaning solvent from dry cleaning facilities before the completion of full site investigations and remedial action plans. The department may not make an award under this section before September 1, 1998, or after June 30, 2002.
The owner or operator of a dry cleaning facility is eligible for an award under this section if all of the following apply:
The owner or operator reports the dry cleaning solvent discharge to the department in a timely manner, as provided in s. 292.11
The owner or operator conducts a preliminary site screening, including an onsite mobile laboratory analysis of any soil and groundwater affected by the discharge to determine the location for installation of the interim remedial equipment.
Immediate action is not necessary at the affected dry cleaning facility.
The owner or operator installs equipment that is approved by the department to begin the cleanup of the discharge of dry cleaning solvent.
The dry cleaning facility is operating at the time that the owner or operator applies for assistance under this section.
The owner or operator submits an application for reimbursement in a form and manner specified by the department and complies with any inspection requirements established by the department.
An award under this section may not exceed $15,000, of which not more than $2,500 may be for the cost of conducting the preliminary site screening.
The department may promulgate rules for determining the usual and customary costs for items for which it may make awards under this section and may use the rules to determine the amount of an applicant's eligible costs.
History: 1997 a. 27
In this section, "valid prior lien" means a purchase money real estate mortgage that is recorded before the lien is filed under this section, including any extension or refinancing of that purchase money mortgage, or an equivalent security interest, or a 2nd or subsequent mortgage for home improvement or repair that is recorded before the lien is filed under this section, including any extension or refinancing of that 2nd or subsequent mortgage.
Before incurring expenses under s. 292.11
or 292.31 (1)
with respect to a property, the department shall provide to the current owner of the property and to any mortgagees of record a notice containing all of the following:
A statement that the property owner could be liable for the expenses incurred by the department.
A statement that the department could file a lien against the property to recover the expenses incurred by the department.
An explanation of whom to contact in the department to discuss the matter.
The department shall provide notice under par. (a)
by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the property owner and to each mortgagee of record at the addresses listed on the recorded documents. If the property owner is unknown or if a mailed notice is returned undelivered, the department shall provide the notice by publication thereof as a class 3 notice under ch. 985
The failure to provide the notice or include information required under this subsection does not impair the department's ability to file a lien or to seek to establish the property owner's liability for the expenses incurred by the department.
No notice under this subsection is necessary in circumstances in which entry onto the property without prior notice is authorized under s. 292.11 (8)
Any expenditures made by the department under s. 292.11
or 292.31 (1)
shall constitute a lien upon the property for which expenses are incurred if the department files the lien with the register of deeds in the county in which the property is located. A lien under this section shall be superior to all other liens that are or have been filed against the property, except that if the property is residential property, as defined in s. 895.52 (1) (i)
, the lien may not affect any valid prior lien on that residential property.
Before filing a lien under sub. (3)
, the department shall give the owner of the property for which the expenses are incurred a notice of its intent to file the lien, as provided in this subsection.
The notice required under par. (a)
shall provide all of the following:
A brief description of the property to be affected by the lien.
A statement of the expenses incurred by the department.
The department shall serve the notice required in par. (a)
on the property owner at least 60 days before filing the lien. The notice shall be provided by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the property owner and to each mortgagee of record at the addresses listed on the recorded documents. If the property owner is unknown or if a mailed notice is returned undelivered, the department shall provide the notice by publication thereof as a class 3 notice under ch. 985
In the foreclosure of any lien filed under this subsection, ch. 846
shall control as far as applicable unless otherwise provided in this subsection. All persons who may be liable for the expenses incurred by the department may be joined as defendants. The judgment shall adjudge the amount due the department, and shall direct that the property, or so much of the property as is necessary, be sold to satisfy the judgment, and that the proceeds be brought into court with the report of sale to abide the order of the court. If the sum realized at the sale is insufficient after paying the costs of the action and the costs of making the sale, the court shall determine the liability of the defendants for the remaining unreimbursed expenses and costs.
This subsection does not apply if the lien is filed after the department obtains a judgment against the property owner and the lien is for the amount of the judgment.
History: 1995 a. 227
; 1997 a. 27
The department may issue orders to effectuate the purposes of ss. 292.31
and enforce the same by all appropriate administrative and judicial proceedings.
History: 1995 a. 227
Review of alleged violations; environmental repair and cost recovery.
Any 6 or more citizens or any municipality may petition for a review of an alleged violation of s. 292.31
or any rule promulgated or special order, plan approval, license or any term or condition of a license issued under those sections in the following manner:
They shall submit to the department a petition identifying the alleged violator and setting forth in detail the reasons for believing a violation occurred. The petition shall state the name and address of a person within the state authorized to receive service of answer and other papers in behalf of the petitioners and the name and address of a person authorized to appear at a hearing in behalf of the petitioners.
Upon receipt of a petition under this section, the department may:
Conduct a hearing in the matter within 60 days of receipt of the petition. A hearing under this paragraph shall be a contested case under ch. 227
. Within 60 days after the close of the hearing, the department shall either:
Serve written notice specifying the law or rule alleged to be violated, containing findings of fact, conclusions of law and an order, which shall be subject to review under ch. 227
If the department determines that a petition was filed maliciously or in bad faith, it shall issue a finding to that effect, and the person complained against is entitled to recover expenses on the hearing in a civil action.
History: 1995 a. 227
Violations and enforcement; environmental repair and cost recovery. 292.98(1)(a)(a)
If the department has reason to believe that a violation of s. 292.31
or any rule promulgated or special order, plan approval, or any term or condition of a license issued under those sections occurred, it may:
Cause written notice to be served upon the alleged violator. The notice shall specify the law or rule alleged to be violated, and contain the findings of fact on which the charge of violation is based, and may include an order that necessary corrective action be taken within a reasonable time. This order shall become effective unless, no later than 30 days after the date the notice and order are served, the person named in the notice and order requests in writing a hearing before the department. Upon such request, the department shall after due notice hold a hearing. Instead of an order, the department may require that the alleged violator appear before the department for a hearing at a time and place specified in the notice and answer the charges complained of; or
If after such hearing the department finds that a violation has occurred, it shall affirm or modify its order previously issued, or issue an appropriate order for the prevention, abatement or control of the problems involved or for the taking of other corrective action as may be appropriate. If the department finds that no violation has occurred, it shall rescind its order. Any order issued as part of a notice or after hearing may prescribe one or more dates by which necessary action shall be taken in preventing, abating or controlling the violation.
History: 1995 a. 227
Any person who violates this chapter or any rule promulgated or any plan approval, license or special order issued under this chapter shall forfeit not less than $10 nor more than $5,000 for each violation. Each day of continued violation is a separate offense. While an order is suspended, stayed or enjoined, this penalty does not accrue.
In addition to the penalties provided under sub. (1)
, the court may award the department of justice the reasonable and necessary expenses of the investigation and prosecution of the violation, including attorney fees. The department of justice shall deposit in the state treasury for deposit into the general fund all moneys that the court awards to the department or the state under this subsection. Ten percent of the money deposited in the general fund that was awarded under this subsection for the costs of investigation and the expenses of prosecution, including attorney fees, shall be credited to the appropriation account under s. 20.455 (1) (gh)
History: 1995 a. 227