A condemnor appealing under sub. (10) has no right to abandon the appeal over the condemnee's objection where time for the condemnee to appeal has expired. Huth v. Public Service Corp. 82 W (2d) 102, 260 NW (2d) 676.
Valuation of a financially troubled mass transit public utility in a condemnation take-over by governmental unit discussed. Sub. (11) (b) requires the payment of continuous simple interest at the legal rate of 5% from 14 days after the date of the taking until the date of payment. Milw. & Sub. Trans. v. Milw. County, 82 W (2d) 420, 263 NW (2d) 503.
Where an action under sub. (5) is untimely, a court must, on its own motion, dismiss for lack of subject-matter jurisdiction. Achtor v. Pewaukee Lake Sanitary Dist. 88 W (2d) 658, 277 NW (2d) 778 (1979).
A court had no jurisdiction over a party to an appeal where service under sub. (10) (a) was by first class mail. 519 Corp. v. Dept. of Trans. 92 W (2d) 276, 284 NW (2d) 643 (1979).
Sales of components comparable to components of a unitary economic entity were admissible to prove the value of entity. Income evidence was properly excluded. Leathem Smith Lodge, Inc. v. State, 94 W (2d) 406, 288 NW (2d) 808 (1980).
In the absence of special circumstances, giving notice of "appeal" under sub. (10) (a) to a party's attorney was not sufficient notice to the party. In Matter of Petition of Elec. Power Co. 110 W (2d) 649, 329 NW (2d) 186 (1983).
The market value of unique property which cannot be sold for near its value to its owner may be determined by the cost approach; replacement cost minus depreciation. Milw. Rescue Mission v. Milw. Redev. Auth., 161 W (2d) 472, 468 NW (2d) 663 (1991).
In a review under sub. (11), the jury was not limited to the ultimate opinion of expert appraisers as to value, but was entitled to consider a contractor's testimony of replacement cost in setting value through the cost approach. Milw. Rescue Mission v. Milw. Redev. Auth., 161 W (2d) 472, 468 NW (2d) 663 (1991).
Service of an appeal under sub. (9) must be made within 60 days of filing in accordance with s. 801.02 (1). City of LaCrosse v. Shiftar Bros., 162 W (2d) 556, 469 NW (2d) 915 (Ct. App. 1991).
For issuance of a writ of assistance under sub. (8) the displaced person must have property made available to the extent required by ss. 32.19 through 32.27. No additional substantive right is created by sub. (8). City of Racine v. Bassinger, 163 W (2d) 1029, 473 NW (2d) 526 (Ct. App. 1991).
The removal in eminent domain proceedings of billboards not in conformity with s. 84.30 is subject to the just compensation provisions of s. 84.30 (6). Vivid, Inc. v. Fiedler, 182 W (2d) 71, 512 NW (2d) 771 (1994).
A purchase agreement under sub. (2a) is subject to the provisions of ch. 32; failure to refer to the provisions of ch. 32 is not a waiver. Sub. (11) (a) applies of all awards including negotiated awards. Dorschner v. Transportation Dept. 183 W (2d) 236, 515 NW (2d) 311 (Ct. App. 1994).
Comparable sales occurring after the taking may be considered by a court, but may be found inadmissible as too remote. Postjudgment interest under sub. (10) (b) is determined under s. 815.05 (8) while interest under sub. (11) (b) is at the statutory rate. Calaway v. Brown County, 202 W (2d) 737, 553 NW (2d) 809 (Ct. App. 1996).
Service on the state, through the attorney general, rather than the department of transportation was sufficient service under sub. (9). DOT v. Peterson, 218 W (2d) 473, 581 NW (2d) 539 (Ct. App. 1998).
See note to 814.04, citing 61 Atty. Gen. 114 concerning interest on verdict.
Statutory restrictions on the exercise of eminent domain in Wisconsin: Dual requirements of prior negotiation and provision of negotiating materials. 63 MLR 489 (1980).
Towards success in eminent domain litigation. Southwick, 1973 WBB No. 5.
New development in law of eminent domain, condemnation and relocation. Thiel. WBB June, 1979.
Condemnation procedure in other than transportation matters.
The procedure in condemnation in all matters except acquisitions under s. 32.05
, acquisitions under subch. II
, acquisitions under subch. II of ch. 157
, and acquisitions under ch. 197
, shall be as follows:
(1) Determination of necessity of taking.
The necessity of the taking shall be determined as provided in s. 32.07
The condemnor shall cause at least one (or more in the condemnor's discretion) appraisal to be made of the property proposed to be acquired. In making any such appraisal the appraiser shall confer with the owner or one of the owners, or the personal representative of the owner or one of the owners, if reasonably possible.
The condemnor shall provide the owner with a full narrative appraisal upon which the jurisdictional offer is based and a copy of any appraisal made under par. (a)
and at the same time shall inform the owner of his or her right to obtain an appraisal under this paragraph. The owner may obtain an appraisal by a qualified appraiser of all property proposed to be acquired, and submit the reasonable costs of the appraisal to the condemnor for payment. The owner shall submit a full narrative appraisal to the condemnor within 60 days after the owner receives the condemnor's appraisal. If the owner does not accept a negotiated offer under sub. (2a)
or the jurisdictional offer under sub. (3)
, the owner may use an appraisal prepared under this paragraph in any subsequent appeal.
(2a) Agreed price.
Before making the jurisdictional offer under sub. (3)
the condemnor shall attempt to negotiate personally with the owner or one of the owners or his or her representative of the property sought to be taken for the purchase of the same. In such negotiation the condemnor shall consider the owner's appraisal under sub. (2) (b)
and may contract to pay the items of compensation enumerated in ss. 32.09
where shown to exist. Before attempting to negotiate under this paragraph, the condemnor shall provide the owner or his or her representative with copies of applicable pamphlets prepared under s. 32.26 (6)
. When negotiating under this subsection, the condemnor shall provide the owner or his or her representative with the names of at least 10 neighboring landowners to whom offers are being made, or a list of all offerees if less than 10 owners are affected, together with a map showing all property affected by the project. Upon request by an owner or his or her representative, the condemnor shall provide the name of the owner of any other property which may be taken for the project. The owner or his or her representative shall also have the right, upon request, to examine any maps in the possession of the condemnor showing property affected by the project. The owner or his or her representative may obtain copies of such maps by tendering the reasonable and necessary costs of preparing copies. The condemnor shall record any conveyance by or on behalf of the owner of the property to the condemnor executed as a result of negotiations under this subsection with the register of deeds of the county in which the property is located. The condemnor shall also record a certificate of compensation stating the identity of all persons having an interest of record in the property immediately prior to its conveyance, the legal description of the property, the nature of the interest acquired and the compensation for such acquisition. The condemnor shall serve upon or mail by certified mail to all persons named therein a copy of the statement and a notice of the right to appeal the amount of compensation under this subsection. Any person named in the certificate may, within 6 months after the date of its recording, appeal from the amount of compensation therein stated by filing a petition with the judge of the circuit court of the county in which the property is located for proceedings to determine the amount of just compensation. Notice of such petition shall be given to all persons having an interest of record in such property. The judge shall forthwith assign the matter to the chairperson of the county condemnation commissioners for hearing under sub. (8)
. The procedures prescribed under subs. (9) (a)
and chs. 808
shall govern such appeals. The date the conveyance is recorded shall be treated as the date of taking and the date of evaluation.
(3) Making jurisdictional offer.
The condemnor shall make and serve the jurisdictional offer and notice in the form (insofar as applicable) and manner of service provided in s. 32.05 (3)
, but lis pendens shall not be filed until date of petition under sub. (7)
. The offer shall state that if it is not accepted within 20 days, the condemnor may petition for a determination of just compensation by county condemnation commissioners and that either party may appeal from the award of the county condemnation commissioners to the circuit court within 60 days as provided in sub. (10)
In this section, "uneconomic remnant" means the property remaining after a partial taking of property, if the property remaining is of such size, shape or condition as to be of little value or of substantially impaired economic viability. If acquisition of only part of a property would leave its owner with an uneconomic remnant, the condemnor shall offer to acquire the remnant concurrently and may acquire it by purchase or by condemnation if the owner consents.
(4) Right of minors and incompetents.
If any person having an ownership interest in the property proposed to be condemned is a minor or an incompetent person, a special guardian shall be appointed for the person pursuant to s. 32.05 (4)
(5) Court action to contest right of condemnation.
When an owner desires to contest the right of the condemnor to condemn the property described in the jurisdictional offer for any reason other than that the amount of compensation offered is inadequate, such owner may within 40 days from the date of personal service of the jurisdictional offer or within 40 days from the date of postmark of the certified mail letter transmitting such offer, or within 40 days after date of publication of the jurisdictional offer as to persons for whom such publication was necessary and was made, commence an action in the circuit court of the county wherein the property is located, naming the condemnor as defendant. Such action shall be the only manner in which any issue other than the amount of just compensation or other than proceedings to perfect title under ss. 32.11
may be raised pertaining to the condemnation of the property described in the jurisdictional offer. The trial of the issues raised by the pleadings in such action shall be given precedence over all other actions in said court then not on trial. If such action is not commenced within the time limited the owner or other person having any interest in the property shall be forever barred from raising any such objection in any other manner. The commencement of an action by an owner under this subsection shall not prevent a condemnor from filing the petition provided for in sub. (7)
and proceeding thereon. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to limit in any respect the right to determine the necessity of taking as conferred by s. 32.07
nor to prevent the condemnor from proceeding with condemnation during the pendency of the action to contest the right to condemn. This section shall not apply to any owner who had a right to bring a proceeding pursuant to s. 66.431 (7)
, 1959 stats., prior to its repeal by chapter 526, laws of 1961
, effective on October 8, 1961, and, in lieu of this section, s. 66.431 (7)
, 1959 stats., as it existed prior to such effective date of repeal shall be the owner's exclusive remedy.
(6) Acceptance of jurisdictional offer.
The owner has 20 days from the date of personal service of the jurisdictional offer or 20 days from the date of postmark of the certified mail letter transmitting such offer or 20 days from the date of filing the final judgment order or remittitur in the circuit court of the county in an action commenced under sub. (5)
, if the judgment permits the taking of the land, in which to accept the jurisdictional offer and deliver the same to the condemnor. If the offer is accepted, the transfer of title shall be accomplished within 60 days after acceptance including payment of the consideration stipulated in such offer unless such time is extended by mutual written consent of the condemnor and condemnee. If the jurisdictional offer is rejected in writing by all of the owners of record the condemnor may proceed to petition in condemnation forthwith. If the owner fails to convey the condemnor may proceed as hereinafter set forth.
(7) Petition for condemnation proceedings.
If the jurisdictional offer is not accepted within the periods limited in sub. (6)
or the owner fails to consummate an acceptance as provided in sub. (6)
, the condemnor may present a verified petition to the circuit court for the county in which the property to be taken is located, for proceedings to determine the necessity of taking, where such determination is required, and the amount of just compensation. The petition shall state that the jurisdictional offer required by sub. (3)
has been made and rejected; that it is the intention of the condemnor in good faith to use the property or right therein for the specified purpose. It shall name the parties having an interest of record in the property as near as may be and shall name the parties who are minors or persons of unsound mind or unknown. The petition may not disclose the amount of the jurisdictional offer, and if it does so it is a nullity. The petition shall be filed with the clerk of the court. Notice of the petition shall be given as provided in s. 32.05 (4)
to all persons having an interest of record in the property, including the special guardian appointed for minors or incompetent persons. A lis pendens shall be filed on the date of filing the petition. The date of filing the lis pendens is the "date of evaluation" of the property for the purpose of fixing just compensation, except that if the property is to be used in connection with the construction of a facility, as defined under s. 196.491 (1)
, the "date of evaluation" is the date that is 2 years prior to the date on which the certificate of public convenience and necessity is issued for the facility. The hearing on the petition may not be earlier than 20 days after the date of its filing unless the petitioner acquired possession of the land under s. 32.12 (1)
in which event this hearing is not necessary. If the petitioner is entitled to condemn the property or any portion of it, the judge immediately shall assign the matter to the chairperson of the county condemnation commissioners for hearing under s. 32.08
. An order by the judge determining that the petitioner does not have the right to condemn or refusing to assign the matter to the chairperson of the county condemnation commissioners may be appealed directly to the court of appeals.
(8) Commission hearing.
Thereafter the commission shall proceed in the manner and with the rights and duties as specified in s. 32.08
to hear the matter and make and file its award with the clerk of the circuit court, specifying therein the property or interests therein taken and the compensation allowed the owner, and the clerk shall give certified mail notice with return receipt requested of such filing, with a copy of the award to condemnor and owner.
(9) Abandonment of proceedings; or payment of award. 32.06(9)(a)(a)
Within 30 days after the date of filing of the commission's award, the condemnor shall petition the circuit court for the county wherein the property is situated, upon 5 days' notice by certified mail to the owner, for leave to abandon the petition for taking if the condemnor desires to abandon the proceeding. The circuit court shall grant the petition upon such terms as it deems just, and shall make a formal order discontinuing the proceeding which order shall be recorded in the judgment record of the court after the record of the commission's award. The order shall operate to divest any title of condemnor to the lands involved and to automatically discharge the lis pendens.
If condemnor does not elect to abandon the condemnation proceeding as provided in par. (a)
, it shall within 70 days after the date of filing of the commission's award, pay the amount of the award, plus legal interest from the date of taking but less delinquent tax liens, proportionately allocated as in division in redemption under ss. 74.51
when necessary and less prorated taxes of the year of taking, if any, likewise proportionately allocated when necessary, to the owner and take and file the owner's receipt therefor with the clerk of the circuit court, or at the option of the condemnor pay the same into the office of the clerk of the circuit court for the benefit of the parties having an interest of record on the date of evaluation in the property taken and give notice thereof by certified mail to such parties. If the condemnor pays the amount of said award within 14 days after the date of filing of the commission's award, no interest shall accrue. Title to the property taken shall vest in the condemnor upon the filing of such receipt or the making of such payment.
No person occupying real property may be required to move from a dwelling or move his or her business or farm without at least 90 days' written notice of the intended vacation date from the condemnor. The person shall have rent-free occupancy of the acquired property for a period of 30 days commencing with the next 1st or 15th day of the month after title vests in the condemnor, whichever is sooner. Any person occupying the property after the date that title vests in the condemnor is liable to the condemnor for all waste committed or allowed by the occupant on the lands condemned during the occupancy. The condemnor has the right to possession when the persons who occupied the acquired property vacate, or hold over beyond the vacation date established by the condemnor, whichever is sooner, except as provided under subd. 3.
If the condemnor is denied the right of possession, the condemnor may, upon 48 hours' notice to the occupant, apply to the circuit court where the property is located for a writ of assistance to be put in possession. The circuit court shall grant the writ of assistance if all jurisdictional requirements have been complied with, if the award has been paid or tendered as required and if the condemnor has made a comparable replacement property available to the occupants, except as provided under subd. 3.
The condemnor may not require the persons who occupied the premises on the date that title vested in the condemnor to vacate until a comparable replacement property is made available. This subdivision does not apply to any person who waives his or her right to receive relocation benefits or services under s. 32.197
or who is not a displaced person, as defined under s. 32.19 (2) (e)
, unless the acquired property is part of a program or project receiving federal financial assistance.
(10) Appeal to circuit court.
Within 60 days after the date of filing of the commission's award either condemnor or owner may appeal to the circuit court by giving notice of appeal to the opposite party and to the clerk of the circuit court as provided in s. 32.05 (10)
. The clerk shall thereupon enter the appeal as an action pending in said court with the condemnee as plaintiff and the condemnor as defendant. It shall thereupon proceed as an action in said court subject to all the provisions of law relating to actions brought therein, but the only issues to be tried shall be questions of title, if any, as provided by ss. 32.11
and the amount of just compensation to be paid by condemnor, and it shall have precedence over all other actions not then on trial. It shall be tried by jury unless waived by both plaintiff and defendant. The amount of the jurisdictional offer or of the commission's award shall not be disclosed to the jury during such trial.
If the jury verdict as approved by the court exceeds the commission's award, the owner shall have judgment increased by the amount of legal interest from the date title vests in condemnor to date of entry of judgment on the excess of the verdict over the compensation awarded by the commission.
If the jury verdict as approved by the court does not exceed the commission's award, the condemnor shall have judgment against the owner for the difference between the verdict and the amount of the commission's award, with legal interest on such difference from the date condemnor paid such award.
If the jury verdict as approved by the court exceeds the amount of the jurisdictional offer, the condemnor may within 40 days after filing of such verdict petition the court for leave to abandon the proceeding and thereafter sub. (9) (a)
All judgments required to be paid shall be paid within 60 days after entry of judgment unless within this period appeal is taken to the court of appeals or unless condemnor has petitioned for and been granted an order abandoning the condemnation proceeding. Otherwise such judgment shall bear interest from the date of entry of judgment at the rate of 10% per year until payment.
(11) Withdrawal of compensation paid into court; bond.
If either party appeals from the award of the commission, the owner shall not be entitled to receive the amount of compensation paid into court by condemnor unless the owner files with the clerk of the court a surety bond executed by a licensed corporate surety company in an amount equal to one-half of the commission's award, conditioned to pay to the condemnor, any sums together with interest and costs as allowed by the court, by which the award of the commission may be diminished.
(12) Effect of determination of compensation by the court where jury waived.
If the action is tried by the court upon waiver of a jury, the determination of the amount of the damages by the court shall be considered in lieu of the words "jury verdict as approved by the court" where such language occurs in this section.
A failure to negotiate is not shown where the condemnor made an offer based on a competent appraisal which was lower than the condemnee had already rejected and the condemnee refused to make a counter proposal. Herro v. Natural Resources Bd. 53 W (2d) 157, 192 NW (2d) 104.
A news report of the amount of the jurisdictional offer does not invalidate the proceedings where the record does not show that the condemnation commission knew of it or was influenced by it. Herro v. Natural Resources Bd. 53 W (2d) 157, 192 NW (2d) 104.
Costs may not be recovered where condemnation proceedings are stopped by court order. Martineau v. State Conservation Comm. 54 W (2d) 76, 194 NW (2d) 664.
The issues of title and navigability were entirely collateral to the amount of compensation. When the condemnation proceeding was terminated, the issues collateral thereto were likewise dismissed. Martineau v. State Conservation Comm. 66 W (2d) 439, 225 NW (2d) 613.
An owner contesting condemnation under sub. (5) on grounds that achievement of the stated public purpose is too remote or contingent must demonstrate a lack of reasonable assurance that the intended use will come to pass. Falkner v. Northern State Power Co. 75 W (2d) 116, 248 NW (2d) 885.
A condemnor did not exercise condemnation powers when it made a jurisdictional offer. A lessee's share of a condemnation award discussed. Maxey v. Redevelopment Authority of Racine, 94 W (2d) 375, 288 NW (2d) 794 (1980).
Notice of appeal under sub. (10) and unit rule discussed. Green Bay Broadcasting v. Green Bay Authority, 116 W (2d) 1, 342 NW (2d) 27 (1983); reconsidered 119 W (2d) 251, 349 NW (2d) 478 (1984).
A condemnee may voluntarily dismiss an appeal to a circuit court pursuant to s. 805.04 without court order. Dickie v. City of Tomah, 160 W (2d) 20, 465 NW (2d) 262 (Ct. App. 1990).
Condemnation of a lessor's property for purchase by lessees in order to reduce concentration of land ownership was a constitutional "public use". Hawaii Housing Authority v. Midkiff, 467 US 229 (1984).
Statutory restrictions on the exercise of eminent domain in Wisconsin: Dual requirements of prior negotiation and provision of negotiating materials. 63 MLR 489 (1980).
New development in law of eminent domain, condemnation and relocation. Thiel. WBB June, 1979.
Necessity, determination of.
The necessity of the taking shall be determined as follows:
A certificate of public convenience and necessity issued under s. 196.491 (3)
shall constitute the determination of the necessity of the taking for any lands or interests described in the certificate.
The petitioner shall determine necessity if application is by the state or any commission, department, board or other branch of state government or by a city, village, town, county, school district, board, commission, public officer, commission created by contract under s. 66.30
, joint local water authority under s. 66.0735
, redevelopment authority created under s. 66.431
, local exposition district created under subch. II of ch. 229
, housing authority created under ss. 66.40
or for the right-of-way of a railroad up to 100 feet in width, for a telegraph, telephone or other electric line, for the right-of-way for a gas pipeline, main or service or for easements for the construction of any elevated structure or subway for railroad purposes.
In all other cases, the judge shall determine the necessity.
The determination of the public service commission of the necessity of taking any undeveloped water power site made pursuant to s. 32.03 (3)
shall be conclusive.
A public utility need only show that the property sought to be condemned is reasonably necessary, reasonably requisite and proper for the accomplishment of the desired public purpose. Falkner v. Northern States Power Co. 75 W (2d) 116, 248 NW (2d) 885.
A school district is not empowered to make its own determination of necessity. Joyce v. School Dist. of Hudson, 169 W (2d) 611, 487 NW (2d) 41 (Ct. App. 1992).
Use after condemnation. 32.075(1)
In this section, "public utility" has the meaning given under s. 196.01 (5)
and includes a telecommunications carrier, as defined in s. 196.01 (8m)
Whenever the public service commission has made a finding, either with or without hearing, that it is reasonably certain it will be necessary for a public utility to acquire lands or interests therein for the purpose of the conveyance of telegraph and telephone messages, or for the production, transformation or transmission of electric energy for the public, or for right-of-way for a gas pipeline, main or service, and that such public utility is unlikely to commence construction of its facilities upon such lands within 2 years of such finding, such public utility may file its petition and proceed with condemnation as prescribed in s. 32.06
and no further determination of necessity shall be required. When the lands to be condemned under this subsection are needed for rights-of-way for telegraph, telephone or electric lines or pipelines, it shall not be necessary that the particular parcel or parcels of land be described in the commission's finding, but it shall be sufficient that such finding described the end points of any such lines and the general direction or course of the lines between the end points, but when the public utility files its petition under s. 32.06
it shall specifically describe therein the lands to be acquired. Notwithstanding the completion of the condemnation proceedings and the payment of the award made under this subchapter, the owner may continue to use the land until such time as the public utility constructs its facilities thereon.
The public service commission shall notify by certified mail any person whose ownership interest in the property was terminated by condemnation by a public utility under this chapter if all of the following occur:
The public utility's legal title was obtained after May 1, 1984, solely by a condemnation award under s. 32.06
The public service commission revokes a certificate of public convenience and necessity required under s. 196.491 (3) (a) 1.
or finds that a state or federal agency has denied or revoked any license, permit, certificate or other requirement on which completion of the public utility's project for which the land was condemned is contingent or that the public utility has for any other reason abandoned a project for which the condemned property was acquired.
The public utility within 365 days after issuance of the public service commission denial, revocation or finding under subd. 2.
has not proposed, by application to the commission, an alternative use for the property or the public service commission has denied an alternative use proposed by the public utility.
If the person is a minor or incompetent, the notice under par. (a)
shall be to the special guardian appointed for the person. The notice under par. (a)
shall state that the person, or, if the person is deceased, the person's heirs, may petition the circuit court of the county in which the property is located, within 90 days after receipt of the notice, for an order to require the public utility to return the interest in the property to the petitioner. The circuit court shall grant the petition and shall make a formal order returning the petitioner's interest in the property. The order shall operate to divest any title of the public utility to the property subject to the petition and to automatically discharge any lis pendens filed in relation to the condemnation of the property.
The public utility return the petitioner's ownership interest in the property.
The public utility remove any lien or other encumbrance that may have accrued or been assessed since acquisition by the public utility.
The petitioner pay to the public utility the fair market value of the property returned to the petitioner under the order, which fair market value shall be determined under a method prescribed by the court.
The public utility pay its prorated share of any real estate or ad valorem taxes due on the date of the order.
If requested by the petitioner, the public utility pay for all costs for return of property to a reasonable topographic configuration or the condition the property was in at the time the public utility first acquired the property, as established by the court and subject to applicable land use restrictions.
The public utility remove from the property, at the option of the petitioner but at no expense or inconvenience to the petitioner, all buildings, equipment and other materials placed on the property by the public utility.
In an order issued under par. (b)
, the court may award the petitioner court costs and reasonable attorney fees and may include in the order any other terms that it deems just and reasonable.
Commissioner of condemnation. 32.08(1)
The office of commissioner of condemnation is created. In counties having a population of less than 100,000 there shall be 6 commissioners; in counties having a population of 100,000 or more and less than 500,000 there shall be 9 commissioners; in counties having a population of 500,000 or more there shall be 12 commissioners. Each such commissioner must be a resident of the county or of an adjoining county in the same judicial circuit prior to appointment and remain so during the term of office. Not more than one-third of such commissioners shall be attorneys at law, licensed for active practice in this state.
Such commissioners shall be appointed by the circuit judge or judges of the circuit court for such county and may be removed by said judge or judges at their pleasure. Where any county has more than one circuit judge, the affirmative vote of a majority of such judges shall be necessary to an appointment or a removal. All appointments and removals shall be filed with the clerk of the circuit court for the county. Each commissioner shall take and file the official oath. The first appointments after April 6, 1960 shall be made for staggered terms of 1, 2 and 3 years as fixed by the circuit judge. Thereafter all appointments shall be made for 3-year terms. Vacancies shall be filled for the remainder of the unexpired term.
The commissioners in each county shall annually elect one of their number as chairperson, and the chairperson shall select and notify the commissioners to serve on each commission of 3 required to sit in condemnation.
Commissioners shall receive no salary but shall be compensated for actual service at an hourly rate to be fixed by the county board of the county. Commissioners shall also receive mileage at a rate fixed by the county board for necessary and direct round trip travel from their homes to the place where the condemnation commission conducts its hearings. The chairperson of the county commission shall receive such reasonable sum, computed at the hourly rate as fixed by the county board, as shall be allowed by the circuit judge having jurisdiction over the hearing, for his or her administrative work in selecting and notifying the commissioners to serve in the condemnation hearing and his or her necessary out-of-pocket expenses in connection with the hearing. All such compensation and expenses shall be paid by the condemnor on order approved by the circuit judge.
If the petitioner under s. 32.06
is entitled to condemn the property or any portion of it or interest therein, the circuit judge having jurisdiction of the petition, or to whom an application for county commissioner of condemnation review is taken from a highway taking award, shall assign the matter to the chairperson of the county condemnation commissioners who shall within 7 days select 3 of the commissioners to serve as a commission to ascertain the compensation to be made for the taking of the property or rights in property sought to be condemned, fix the time and place of the hearing before the commission, which time shall not be less than 20 nor more than 30 days after the assignment date, and notify the parties in interest thereof. The judge's order of assignment shall be accompanied by a copy of the petition for condemnation. Notice shall be given to each interested person or, where the persons have appeared in the proceeding by an attorney then to the attorney, by certified mail with return receipt requested, postmarked at least 10 days prior to the date of hearing. If any party cannot be found and has not appeared in the proceedings, a class 3 notice shall be published, under ch. 985
, in the community which the chairperson of the condemnation commission directs. Costs of notification shall be paid by the petitioner upon certification by the commission chairperson.