Packaging standards; poison prevention.
Identification and notice of replacement part manufacturer.
Mobile air conditioners.
Energy consuming products.
Sales of farm equipment.
Hour meter tampering.
Products containing or made with ozone-depleting substances.
Motor fuel dealerships.
Ch. 100 Cross-reference
See definitions in s. 93.01
Produce wholesalers, unfair conduct, liability for damages. 100.01(1)(1)
When used in this section:
"Broker" means a person engaged in negotiating sales or purchases of produce for or on behalf of the seller or the buyer.
"Commission merchant" means a person engaged in receiving produce for sale for or on behalf of another.
"Dealer" means a person who for resale buys, sells, offers or exposes for sale, or has in his or her possession with intent to sell, any produce except that raised by him or her and that purchased by him or her exclusively for his or her own sale at retail.
"Produce" means any kinds of fresh fruit or fresh vegetable, including potatoes and onions intended for planting.
"Produce wholesaler" means a commission merchant, dealer or broker.
(2) Unfair conduct.
It shall be unlawful:
For a dealer to reject or fail to deliver in accordance with the contract, without reasonable cause, produce bought or sold or contracted to be bought or sold by such dealer.
For a commission merchant, without reasonable cause, to fail to deliver produce in accordance with the contract.
For a commission merchant to fail to render a true itemized statement of the sale or other disposition of a consignment of produce with full payment promptly in accordance with the terms of the agreement between the parties, or, if no agreement, within 15 days after receipt of the produce. Such statement of sale shall clearly express the gross amount for which the produce was sold and the proper, usual or agreed selling charge, and other expenses necessarily and actually incurred or agreed to in the handling thereof.
For a commission merchant or broker to make a fraudulent charge in respect to produce.
For a commission merchant or broker to discard, dump or destroy without reasonable cause produce received by the merchant or broker.
For a produce wholesaler to make for a fraudulent purpose or for the purpose of depressing the market a false or misleading statement concerning the grade, condition, markings, quality, quantity, market quotations or disposition of any produce or of the condition of the market therefor.
For a produce wholesaler to receive produce from another state or country for sale or resale within this state and give the buyer the impression that the commodity is of Wisconsin origin.
For a produce wholesaler, for a fraudulent purpose, to remove, alter or tamper with any card, stencil, stamp, tag, certificate or other notice placed upon any container or railroad car containing produce by the original packer or by or under authority of any federal or state inspector and bearing a certificate as to the grower, grade or quality of such produce.
(3) Acceptance implied.
If any dealer fails to notify the seller of rejection within 24 hours after the dealer receives notice of arrival of the produce, the dealer will be deemed to have accepted it as being in accordance with the contract.
(4) Double damages.
A produce wholesaler who violates any provision of sub. (2)
shall be liable to any person injured thereby for twice the amount of damages sustained in consequence of such violation and such liability may be enforced by suit in any court of competent jurisdiction.
History: 1983 a. 189
; 1993 a. 492
Commission merchants, duties, must account. 100.02(1)(1)
No person receiving any fruits, vegetables, melons, dairy, or poultry products or any perishable farm products of any kind or character, other than cattle, sheep, hogs or horses, referred to in this section as produce, for or on behalf of another, may without good and sufficient cause therefor, destroy, or abandon, discard as refuse or dump any produce directly or indirectly, or through collusion with any person, nor may any person knowingly and with intent to defraud make any false report or statement to the person from whom any produce was received, concerning the handling, condition, quality, quantity, sale or disposition thereof, nor may any person knowingly and with intent to defraud fail truly and correctly to account and pay over to the consignor therefor.
The department shall by rule provide for the making of prompt investigations and the issuing of certificates as to the quality and condition of produce received, upon application of any person shipping, receiving or financially interested in, the produce. The rules shall designate the classes of persons qualified and authorized to make the investigations and issue the certificates, except that any investigation shall be made and any certificate shall be issued by at least 2 disinterested persons in any case where the investigation is not made by an officer or employee of the department.
A certificate made in compliance with the rules shall be prima facie evidence in all courts of the truth of the statements contained in the certificate as to the quality and condition of the produce; but if any such certificate is put in evidence by any party, in any civil or criminal proceeding, the opposite party shall be permitted to cross-examine any person signing the certificate, called as a witness at the instance of either party, as to his or her qualifications and authority and as to the truth of the statements contained in the certificate.
History: 1977 c. 29
; 1993 a. 213
Classification of dairy heifer calves. 100.025(1)
As used in this section, "dairy heifer calf" means a female bovine animal, of a recognized dairy breed, at least 2 weeks and less than 4 months of age.
The owner of the herd of origin of any healthy dairy heifer calf may classify such calf as a "Wisconsin Blue Tag" dairy heifer calf by certifying that he or she is the owner of the herd of origin; that the sire of such calf is a registered purebred sire; and that the dam is of the same breed as the sire. Such certification shall be on forms prescribed by the department and shall include identification of the calf and its sire and dam, and such other information as the department requires. Dairy heifer calves so classified shall be identified by the owner of the herd of origin or the owner's agent by inserting a blue ear tag in the right ear and shall be accompanied by the certificate.
Blue ear tags for dairy heifer calves shall be purchased from the department. Each tag shall bear a distinctive serial number. No person shall possess or use, for identification pursuant to this section, ear tags which have not been issued by the department. Ear tag applicators and other supplies may be purchased from the department.
No person shall falsely execute any herd owner's certificate or falsely represent the identity or classification of any calves provided for in this section.
History: 1991 a. 201
; 1993 a. 492
Vegetable procurement; financial security; grading and tare. 100.03(1)(a)
"Affiliate" means any of the following persons or business entities that procures vegetables for use by an operator:
An officer, director, partner, member, major stockholder, employee or agent of the operator.
A corporation or business entity which is owned, controlled or operated by any of the persons specified under subd. 1.
"Audited financial statement" means a financial statement that, in the accompanying opinion of an independent certified public accountant or a public accountant holding a certificate of authority under ch. 442
, fairly and in all material respects represents the financial position of the contractor, the results of the contractor's operations and the contractor's cash flows in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles.
"Balance sheet" means a statement of assets, liabilities and equity on a specific date.
"Cash payment" means payment in the form of currency, certified check, money order, barter or advance money transfer arrangement with a bank that is evidenced in writing.
"Contractor" means a person who buys vegetables grown in this state from a producer, or who contracts with a producer to grow vegetables in this state, regardless of whether the contractor is located in this state or is engaged in food processing. "Contractor" does not include any of the following:
A person who procures vegetables primarily for unprocessed fresh market use and is licensed under the federal perishable agricultural commodities act, 7 USC 499
A restaurant or retail food establishment that procures vegetables solely for retail sale at the restaurant or retail food establishment.
"Cooperative pooling" means a cooperative marketing method under which a producer-owned cooperative or organization pays its producer owners a prorated share of sales proceeds for the marketing year after a final accounting and the deduction of marketing expenses.
"Current assets" means cash and assets, including trade or investment items, that may be readily converted into cash in the ordinary course of business within one year.
"Current liabilities" means those liabilities that are due and payable within one year.
"Equity" means the excess of total assets over total liabilities.
"Equity statement" means a report of the change in equity from the beginning to the end of the accounting period applicable to the report.
"Financial statement" means a financial statement that meets the requirements of sub. (5)
"Income statement" means a report of the financial results of business operations for a specific period.
"Interim statement" means a financial statement prepared as of a date other than the end of a fiscal year.
"Liability" means an obligation to pay money or other assets or to render a service to another person immediately or in the future.
"Maximum liability to producers" means the largest aggregate amount of obligations to producers owed by a contractor at any time during a registration year.
"Operator" means a person licensed or required to be licensed under s. 97.29
to operate a food processing plant.
"Payment on delivery" means cash payment of the full agreed price for a vegetable when the vegetable is tendered or delivered to a contractor, or cash payment of the full agreed price within 72 hours after delivery if the vegetable is graded.
"Procurement contract" means an oral or written agreement between a contractor and a producer, under which the contractor buys a vegetable grown in this state from the producer or contracts with the producer to grow a vegetable in this state.
"Producer" means a person who produces and sells a vegetable, or who grows a vegetable under contract.
"Producer claim" means a claim held by a producer for his or her vegetables.
"Registration certificate" means a registration certificate issued under sub. (2)
"Registration year" means the period to which a registration certificate applies.
"Reviewed financial statement" means a financial statement, other than an audited financial statement, that is all of the following:
Reviewed according to generally accepted accounting principles by an independent certified public accountant or a public accountant holding a certificate of authority under ch. 442
"Statement of cash flows" means a report of cash receipts and cash payments from operating, investing and financing activities, including an explanation of changes in cash and cash equivalents for the period applicable to the report.
"Subsidiary" means a corporation or business entity that is owned, controlled or operated by an operator, and that procures a vegetable for use by the operator.
"Vegetable" means any vegetable that is grown or sold for use in food processing, whether or not that vegetable is actually processed as food. "Vegetable" includes sweet corn, but does not include grain.
No contractor may enter into a procurement contract with a producer unless the contractor holds a registration certificate from the department. A registration certificate expires on January 31 annually and is not transferable.
Application for a registration certificate shall be made on a form provided by the department. The application shall be accompanied by all of the following:
A contractor who applies for a registration certificate under sub. (2)
shall pay all of the following:
Unless the department by rule establishes a different fee, a fee of one cent for each $100 in the total contractual obligations reported under sub. (4) (a)
. The fee under this subdivision is not required if all vegetable grading is performed or supervised by the department under contract with the contractor.
Unless otherwise established by department rule, a fee of 3 cents for each $100 in the total contractual obligation reported under sub. (4) (a)
Surcharge for operating without a registration certificate.
A contractor who applies for a registration certificate under sub. (2)
shall pay a surcharge of $500 if the department determines that, within 365 days before submitting the application, the contractor procured a vegetable from a producer without a registration certificate in violation of sub. (2)
. Payment of the surcharge does not relieve the contractor of any other civil or criminal liability that results from the procurement of the vegetable, but it does not constitute evidence of any law violation.