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101.598(2) (2) The department may, by rule, exempt employers from retaining a data sheet or maintaining a list, under s. 101.583 (1), regarding any mixture containing a toxic substance if the nature of the toxic substance or the quantity of toxic substance present in the mixture is such that the mixture is highly unlikely to pose an unreasonable acute or chronic health hazard to an employee who works with or is likely to be exposed to the mixture.
101.598 History History: 1981 c. 364, 391; 1983 a. 392; 1995 a. 27 s. 9126 (19).
101.599 101.599 Remedies; civil forfeitures.
101.599(1) (1)Complaint. An employee or employee representative who has not been afforded his or her rights by an employer or agricultural employer in violation of s. 101.583, 101.585, 101.586, 101.595 (1), (2) (a) or (3) or 101.597 (1) or (2) may, within 30 days after the violation occurs or the employee or employee representative first obtains knowledge of the violation, whichever is later, file a complaint with the department alleging the violation. The department shall investigate the complaint and shall attempt to resolve the complaint by conference, conciliation or persuasion. If the complaint is not resolved and the department finds probable cause to believe a violation has occurred, the department shall proceed with notice and a hearing on the complaint as provided in ch. 227. The hearing shall be held within 60 days after receipt by the department of the complaint.
101.599(2) (2)Remedies. The department shall issue its decision and order within 30 days after the hearing. If the department finds that an employer or agricultural employer has violated s. 101.583, 101.585, 101.586, 101.595 (1), (2) (a) or (3) or 101.597 (1) or (2), it may order the employer or agricultural employer to take such action as will remedy the effects of the violation, including instituting an education or training program, providing the requested information, reinstating an employee or providing back pay to an employee.
101.599(3) (3)Civil forfeiture.
101.599(3)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), any person who violates ss. 101.58 to 101.599 or an order of the department issued under ss. 101.58 to 101.599 shall forfeit not more than $1,000 for each violation.
101.599(3)(b) (b) Any person who wilfully violates or exhibits a pattern of violation of ss. 101.58 to 101.599 or an order of the department issued under ss. 101.58 to 101.599 shall forfeit not more than $10,000 for each violation.
101.599 History History: 1981 c. 364; 1981 c. 391 ss. 101, 102; 1983 a. 392; 1989 a. 228.
subch. II of ch. 101 SUBCHAPTER II
ONE- AND 2-FAMILY DWELLING CODE
101.60 101.60 Purpose. The purpose of this subchapter is to establish statewide construction standards and inspection procedures for one- and 2-family dwellings and to promote interstate uniformity in construction standards by authorizing the department to enter into reciprocal agreements with other states which have equivalent standards.
101.60 History History: 1975 c. 404; 1977 c. 369, 447.
101.61 101.61 Definitions. In this subchapter:
101.61(1) (1) "Dwelling" means any building that contains one or 2 dwelling units. "Dwelling unit" means a structure or that part of a structure which is used or intended to be used as a home, residence or sleeping place by one person or by 2 or more persons maintaining a common household, to the exclusion of all others.
101.61(2) (2) "Owner" means any person having a legal or equitable interest in the dwelling. "Owner" does not include any person whose legal or equitable interest in the dwelling is a security interest derived solely from the extension of credit to permit construction or remodeling of the dwelling or purchase of the dwelling by a 3rd party.
101.61 History History: 1975 c. 404; 1979 c. 89, 148; 1989 a. 109.
101.61 Annotation The dwelling code applies to additions to buildings initially constructed after the effective date of the one- and two-family dwelling code act. 67 Atty. Gen. 191.
101.615 101.615 Application. This subchapter applies to a dwelling the initial construction of which was commenced on or after December 1, 1978, except as follows:
101.615(1) (1)Section 101.645 applies to a dwelling the initial construction of which was commenced before, on or after May 23, 1978.
101.615(2) (2)Section 101.653 applies to a dwelling the initial construction of which was commenced on or after May 16, 1992.
101.615(3) (3)Sections 101.65 (1m) and (1r) and 101.654 apply to an application for a building permit filed on or after April 1, 1995, to perform work on a dwelling the initial construction of which was commenced before, on or after December 1, 1978.
101.615 History History: 1989 a. 109; 1991 a. 309; 1993 a. 126; 1995 a. 392.
101.62 101.62 Dwelling code council; power. The dwelling code council shall review the standards and rules for one- and 2-family dwelling construction and recommend a uniform dwelling code for adoption by the department which shall include rules providing for the conservation of energy in the construction and maintenance of dwellings and for costs of specific code provisions to home buyers to be related to the benefits derived from such provisions. The council shall study the need for and availability of one-family and 2-family dwellings that are accessible to persons with disabilities, as defined in s. 106.50 (1m) (g), and shall make recommendations to the department for any changes to the uniform dwelling code that may be needed to ensure an adequate supply of one-family and 2-family dwellings. Upon its own initiative or at the request of the department, the council shall consider and make recommendations to the department pertaining to rules and any other matters related to this subchapter. The council shall recommend variances for different climate and soil conditions throughout the state.
101.62 History History: 1975 c. 404; 1991 a. 295; 1995 a. 27; 1999 a. 82.
101.625 101.625 Contractor financial responsibility council; duties. The contractor financial responsibility council shall recommend for promulgation by the department rules for certifying the financial responsibility of contractors under s. 101.654. These rules shall include rules providing for the assessment of fees upon applicants for certification of financial responsibility under s. 101.654 and for the suspension and revocation of that certification. The amount of the fees recommended under this section may not exceed an amount that is sufficient to defray the costs incurred in certifying the financial responsibility of applicants under s. 101.654.
101.625 History History: 1993 a. 126.
101.63 101.63 Departmental duties. The department shall:
101.63(1) (1) Adopt rules which establish standards for the construction and inspection of one- and 2-family dwellings and components thereof. Where feasible, the standards used shall be those nationally recognized and shall apply to the dwelling and to its electrical, heating, ventilating, air conditioning and other systems, including plumbing, as defined in s. 145.01 (10). No set of rules may be adopted which has not taken into account the conservation of energy in construction and maintenance of dwellings and the costs of specific code provisions to home buyers in relationship to the benefits derived from the provisions. Rules promulgated under this subsection do not apply to a bed and breakfast establishment, as defined under s. 254.61 (1), except that the rules apply to all of the following:
101.63(1)(a) (a) The 3rd floor level of a bed and breakfast establishment that uses that level other than as storage.
101.63(1)(b) (b) A structural addition that is specified under s. 254.61 (1) (f) 2.
101.63(1m) (1m) Adopt a rule which requires any one- and 2-family dwelling which uses electricity for space heating to be superinsulated. A rule promulgated under this subsection does not apply to a bed and breakfast establishment, as defined under s. 254.61 (1), except as specified under sub. (1) (a) and (b).
101.63(2) (2) Adopt rules for the certification, including provisions for suspension and revocation thereof, of inspectors for the purpose of inspecting building construction, electrical wiring, heating, ventilating, air conditioning and other systems, including plumbing, as defined in s. 145.01 (10), of one- and 2-family dwellings under sub. (1). Persons certified as inspectors may be employees of the department, a city, village, town, county or an independent inspection agency. The department may not adopt any rule which prohibits any city, village, town or county from licensing persons for performing work on a dwelling in which the licensed person has no legal or equitable interest.
101.63(2m) (2m) Promulgate rules for certifying the financial responsibility of contractors under s. 101.654. These rules shall include rules providing for the assessment of fees upon applicants for certification of financial responsibility under s. 101.654 and for the suspension and revocation of that certification. The amount of the fees assessed under this subsection may not exceed an amount that is sufficient to defray the costs incurred in certifying the financial responsibility of applicants under s. 101.654.
101.63(3) (3) Contract to provide inspection services, at municipal expense, to any municipality which requires such service under s. 101.65 or 101.651.
101.63(3m) (3m) Contract with a private organization to provide education regarding construction standards and inspection requirements under this subchapter and under rules promulgated under this subchapter to builders of dwellings in this state. The department may only contract with an organization under this subsection if the organization is described in section 501 (c) (6) of the Internal Revenue Code and is exempt from federal income tax under section 501 (a) of the Internal Revenue Code.
101.63(5) (5) Biennially review the rules adopted under this subchapter.
101.63(6) (6) Issue special orders which it deems necessary to secure compliance with this subchapter and enforce the same by all appropriate administrative and judicial proceedings.
101.63(7) (7) Prescribe and furnish to municipalities a standard building permit form for all new one- and 2-family dwellings. The standard permit form shall include a space in which the municipal authority issuing the permit shall insert the name and license number of the master plumber engaged in supervising the installation of plumbing or installing the plumbing at a new one- or 2-family dwelling.
101.63(8) (8) Hear petitions regarding the dwelling code, rules and special orders in accordance with s. 101.02 (6) (e) to (i) and (8).
101.63(9) (9) Establish by rule a schedule of fees sufficient to defray the costs incurred under this subchapter.
101.64 101.64 Departmental powers. The department may:
101.64(1) (1) Hold hearings on any matter relating to this subchapter and issue subpoenas to compel the attendance of witnesses and the production of evidence at such hearings.
101.64(2) (2) At the request of the owner or renter enter, inspect and examine dwellings, dwelling units or premises necessary to ascertain compliance with the rules and special orders under this subchapter.
101.64(3) (3) Revise the rules under this subchapter after consultation with the dwelling code council or with the contractor financial responsibility council, as appropriate.
101.64(4) (4) Provide for or engage in the testing, approval and certification of materials, devices and methods of construction.
101.64(5) (5) Collect and publish data secured from the building permits.
101.64(6) (6) Adopt rules prescribing procedures for approving new building materials, methods and equipment.
101.64(7) (7) Enter into reciprocal agreements with other states regarding the approval of building materials and methods where the standards of the other state meet the intent of the dwelling code and the rules promulgated under this subchapter.
101.64(8) (8) Study the operation of the dwelling construction code and other laws related to the construction of dwelling units to determine their impact upon the cost of building construction and their effectiveness upon the health, safety and welfare of the occupants.
101.64 History History: 1975 c. 404; 1993 a. 126.
101.645 101.645 Smoke detectors.
101.645(1)(1)Definition. The definition of "smoke detector" under s. 101.145 (1) (c) also applies to this section.
101.645(2) (2)Approval and installation. A smoke detector required under this section shall be approved and installed as required under s. 101.145 (2) and (3) (a).
101.645(3) (3)Requirement. The owner of a dwelling shall install a functional smoke detector in the basement of the dwelling and on each floor level except the attic or storage area of each dwelling unit. The occupant of such a dwelling unit shall maintain any smoke detector in that unit, except that if any occupant who is not the owner, or any state, county, city, village or town officer, agent or employee charged under statute or municipal ordinance with powers or duties involving inspection of real or personal property, gives written notice to the owner that the smoke detector is not functional the owner shall provide, within 5 days after receipt of that notice, any maintenance necessary to make that smoke detector functional.
101.645(4) (4)Inspection. The department or a municipal authority may inspect new dwellings, may inspect the common areas of dwellings and, at the request of the owner or renter, may inspect the interior of a dwelling unit in a dwelling to ensure compliance with this section.
101.645 History History: 1977 c. 388; 1983 a. 189 s. 329 (4); 1987 a. 376; 1989 a. 109.
101.645 Annotation This section is a safety statute the violation of which constitutes negligence per se. Johnson v. Blackburn, 220 Wis. 2d 260, 582 N.W.2d 488 (Ct. App. 1998).
101.65 101.65 Municipal authority. Except as provided by s. 101.651, cities, villages, towns and counties:
101.65(1) (1) May:
101.65(1)(a) (a) Exercise jurisdiction over the construction and inspection of new dwellings by passage of ordinances, provided such ordinances meet the requirements of the one- and 2-family dwelling code adopted in accordance with this subchapter. Except as provided by s. 101.651, a county ordinance shall apply in any city, village or town which has not enacted such ordinance.
101.65(1)(b) (b) Under s. 66.0301, jointly exercise the jurisdiction granted under par. (a).
101.65(1)(c) (c) By ordinance establish and collect fees to defray the cost of jurisdiction exercised under par. (a) or (b).
101.65(1)(d) (d) By ordinance provide remedies and penalties for violation of the jurisdiction exercised under par. (a) or (b).
101.65(1m) (1m) May not issue a building permit to a person who is required to be certified under s. 101.654 unless that person, on applying for a building permit, produces a certificate of financial responsibility issued by the department showing that the person is in compliance with s. 101.654.
101.65(1r) (1r) Shall provide an owner who applies for a building permit with a statement advising the owner that if the owner hires a contractor to perform work under the building permit and the contractor is not bonded or insured as required under s. 101.654 (2) (a), the following consequences might occur:
101.65(1r)(a) (a) The owner may be held liable for any bodily injury to or death of others or for any damage to the property of others that arises out of the work performed under the building permit or that is caused by any negligence by the contractor that occurs in connection with the work performed under the building permit.
101.65(1r)(b) (b) The owner may not be able to collect from the contractor damages for any loss sustained by the owner because of a violation by the contractor of the one- and 2-family dwelling code or an ordinance enacted under sub. (1) (a), because of any bodily injury to or death of others or damage to the property of others that arises out of the work performed under the building permit or because of any bodily injury to or death of others or damage to the property of others that is caused by any negligence by the contractor that occurs in connection with the work performed under the building permit.
101.65(2) (2) Shall contract with the department for those inspection services which the municipality does not perform or contract for under sub. (1) (a) or (b) and reimburse the department for its reasonable and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of such services pursuant to s. 101.63 (9).
101.65(3) (3) Shall use the standard building permit form prescribed and furnished by the department and file a copy of each such permit issued with the department.
101.651 101.651 Certain municipalities exempted.
101.651(1) (1)Definition. In this section, "municipality" means a city, village or town with a population of 2,500 or less.
101.651(2m) (2m)Exemption by resolution. A municipality shall exercise jurisdiction over the construction and inspection of new one- and 2-family dwellings by enacting ordinances under s. 101.65 (1) (a) or shall exercise the jurisdiction granted under s. 101.65 (1) (a) jointly under s. 101.65 (1) (b), unless any of the following conditions are met:
101.651(2m)(a) (a) The municipality adopts a resolution requesting under sub. (3) (a) that a county enforce this subchapter or an ordinance enacted under s. 101.65 (1) (a) throughout the municipality and that a county provide inspection services in the municipality to administer and enforce this subchapter or an ordinance enacted under s. 101.65 (1) (a).
101.651(2m)(b) (b) The municipality adopts a resolution determining not to exercise jurisdiction over the construction and inspection of new one- and 2-family dwellings under s. 101.65 (1) (a), not to exercise jurisdiction jointly under s. 101.65 (1) (b), not to request under sub. (3) (a) that a county enforce this subchapter or an ordinance enacted under s. 101.65 (1) (a) throughout the municipality and not to request under sub. (3) (a) that a county provide inspection services in the municipality to administer and enforce this subchapter or an ordinance enacted under s. 101.65 (1) (a).
101.651(2m)(c) (c) Under sub. (3) (b), the department enforces this subchapter or an ordinance enacted under s. 101.65 (1) (a) throughout the municipality and provides inspection services in the municipality to administer and enforce this subchapter or an ordinance enacted under s. 101.65 (1) (a).
101.651(3) (3)Departmental and county authority in municipalities; generally.
101.651(3)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b) or sub. (3m), the department or a county may not enforce this subchapter or an ordinance enacted under s. 101.65 (1) (a) or provide inspection services in a municipality unless requested to do so by a person with respect to a particular dwelling or by the municipality. A request by a person or a municipality with respect to a particular dwelling does not give the department or a county authority with respect to any other dwelling. Costs shall be collected under s. 101.65 (1) (c) or ss. 101.63 (9) and 101.65 (2) from a person or municipality making a request under this subsection.
101.651(3)(b) (b) The department shall provide inspection services and shall enforce this subchapter or an ordinance enacted under s. 101.65 (1) (a) throughout any municipality that does not exercise jurisdiction under sub. (2m) and that has not adopted a resolution under sub. (2m) (a) or (b).
101.651(3m) (3m)Authority over erosion control in towns, unincorporated areas and certain exempted municipalities.
101.651(3m)(a)(a) The department may enforce s. 101.653 in a municipality that adopts a resolution under sub. (2m) (b). A county may enforce those provisions of an ordinance enacted under s. 101.65 (1) (a) related to construction site erosion in any city or village that adopts a resolution under sub. (2m) (b). The department or the county shall collect a fee for the inspection services under this subsection.
101.651(3m)(b) (b) A county shall enforce those provisions of an ordinance enacted under s. 101.65 (1) (a) related to construction site erosion in its unincorporated area. A town may not enforce those provisions of an ordinance enacted under s. 101.65 (1) (a) related to construction site erosion unless the department delegates enforcement authority to the town. If the town requests delegation of enforcement authority, the department shall delegate that authority if the town submits information to the department that demonstrates the town's capacity to comply with s. 101.653 (5) (a).
101.651(4) (4)Data relating to housing starts in municipalities. Municipalities shall furnish statistical data relating to housing starts to the department as requested by the department.
101.651(5) (5)Effect of section on certain laws. This section does not affect the applicability of rules or an ordinance adopted under this subchapter to builders, designers and owners of dwellings located in a municipality.
101.651(6) (6)Energy conservation rules; continuing effect. Any dwelling not inspected under s. 101.65 shall comply with the rules adopted under s. 101.63 (1) which take into account the conservation of energy in construction and maintenance of dwellings and the costs of specific code provisions to home buyers in relationship to the benefits derived from the provisions.
101.651 History History: 1981 c. 20; 1989 a. 31; 1991 a. 309; 1999 a. 9.
101.653 101.653 Construction site erosion control.
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This is an archival version of the Wis. Stats. database for 1999. See Are the Statutes on this Website Official?