(2) Revenue accounts.
Place revenue estimates on the books of accounts and credit actual receipts against them as of the last day of each quarter. Except as provided in s. 20.002 (2)
, any receipts applying to a prior fiscal year received between the day after the date for closing of books specified by the secretary under sub. (5) (a)
and the next succeeding such date specified by the secretary shall be credited by the secretary to the fiscal year following the year to which the receipts apply. Except in the case of program revenue and continuing appropriations, any refund of a disbursement to a general purpose revenue appropriation, applicable to any prior fiscal year, received between these dates may not be credited to any appropriation but shall be considered as a nonappropriated receipt. General purpose revenue (GPR) earned, as defined in s. 20.001 (4)
is not available for expenditure, whether or not applied to the fiscal year in which received.
(3) Keep appropriation accounts.
Keep separate accounts of all appropriations authorizing expenditures from the state treasury, which accounts shall show the amounts appropriated, the amounts allotted, the amounts encumbered, the amounts expended, the allotments unencumbered and the unallotted balance of each appropriation.
(5) Encumbrances and charges for prior fiscal year. 16.52(5)(a)(a)
On a date specified by the secretary within 7 days of July 31 of each fiscal year, all outstanding encumbrances against an appropriation entered for the previous fiscal year shall be transferred by the secretary as encumbrances against the appropriation for the current fiscal year, and an equivalent prior year appropriation balance shall also be forwarded to the current year by the secretary. Payments made on previous year encumbrances forwarded shall be charged to the current fiscal year. All other charges incurred during any previous fiscal year, and not evidenced by encumbrances, which are presented for payment between the day after the date specified by the secretary under this paragraph in any fiscal year and the date specified by the secretary under this paragraph in the next succeeding fiscal year shall be entered as charges in the fiscal year following the year in which the charges are incurred. The requirements of this paragraph may be waived in whole or in part by the secretary with the advice of the state auditor on appropriations other than general purpose revenue appropriations and corresponding segregated revenue appropriations.
After the date specified by the secretary under par. (a)
, agencies shall be allowed not to exceed one month for reconciling prior year balances, correcting errors and certifying necessary adjustments to the department. No prior year corrections shall be permitted after that date, it being incumbent upon all agencies to completely reconcile their records with the department by that date. Each agency shall delegate to some individual the responsibility of reconciling its accounts as herein provided and shall certify the individual's name to the secretary. As soon as a reconciliation has been effected, the agency shall advise the secretary in writing of such fact and shall forward to the secretary a copy of such reconciliation. If any agency fails to reconcile its accounts as provided in this subsection, the person responsible for such reconciliation shall not be entitled to any further compensation for salary until such reconciliation is effected. With the approval of the state auditor any agency which relies extensively on central accounting records may be permitted by the secretary to file a statement of agreement in lieu of a reconciliation on all or part of its accounts.
In addition to the annual reconcilement of accounts required by par. (b)
, the secretary may request any state agency to reconcile its accounts with those of the department at such other times as the secretary deems necessary. The manner and form of the reconcilement shall be determined by the secretary.
(6) Prior approval of purchase orders, etc. 16.52(6)(a)(a)
Except as authorized in s. 16.74
, all purchase orders, contracts, or printing orders for any agency as defined in s. 16.70 (1)
shall, before any liability is incurred thereon, be submitted to the secretary for his or her approval as to legality of purpose and sufficiency of appropriated and allotted funds therefor. In all cases the date of the contract or order governs the fiscal year to which the contract or order is chargeable, unless the secretary determines that the purpose of the contract or order is to prevent lapsing of appropriations or to otherwise circumvent budgetary intent. Upon such approval, the secretary shall immediately encumber all contracts or orders, and indicate the fiscal year to which they are chargeable.
Pursuant to s. 16.72
and subject to ss. 16.53
local purchases may be made or miscellaneous expenses incurred by any state department.
Any department feeling itself aggrieved by the refusal of the secretary to approve any proposed encumbrance or payment under this section or s. 16.53
may appeal from the secretary's decision to the governor, who, after a hearing and such investigation as the governor deems necessary, may set aside or modify such decision.
(7) Petty cash account.
With the approval of the secretary, each agency which is authorized to maintain a contingent fund under s. 20.920
may establish a petty cash account from its contingent fund. The procedure for operation and maintenance of petty cash accounts and the character of expenditures therefrom shall be prescribed by the secretary. In this subsection, "agency" means an office, department, independent agency, institution of higher education, association, society or other body in state government created or authorized to be created by the constitution or any law, which is entitled to expend moneys appropriated by law, including the legislature and the courts, but not including an authority created in ch. 231
(8) Refund accounts.
The secretary shall promulgate rules permitting agencies, authorized to do so by the governor, to issue checks, share drafts or other drafts to refund amounts not to exceed $5 each. The secretary may establish petty cash funds for such agencies for the purpose of paying refunds.
(9) Secretary to require accounts of state money, etc.
The secretary shall require all persons receiving money or securities or having the disposition or management of any property of the state, of which an account is kept in the secretary's office, to render statements thereof to the secretary; and all such persons shall render such statements at such time and in such form as the secretary shall require.
(10) Department of public instruction.
The provisions of sub. (2)
with respect to refunds and sub. (5) (a)
with respect to reimbursements for the prior fiscal year shall not apply to the appropriations under s. 20.255 (2) (ac)
(11) Secretary to allocate departmental central services costs.
The secretary may allocate and charge, and may prescribe the procedures for departments to allocate and charge, the central services costs of the department of administration or of individual departments to selected federal grants or contracts. The charges to departments for the central services costs incurred by the department of administration and the indirect costs incurred by the departments in the administration of federally-aided programs under grants or contracts shall be made in accordance with the procedures adopted by the secretary.
(12) Date for interfund transfers.
Whenever it is provided by law for a transfer of moneys to be made from one fund to another fund and no date is specified for the transfer to be made, determine a date on which the transfer shall be made or provide for partial transfers to be made on different dates, and transfer the moneys in accordance with its determination.
History: 1971 c. 125
; 1973 c. 243
; 1975 c. 41
; 1977 c. 29
; 1977 c. 196
s. 130 (3)
, (4); 1977 c. 272
; 1979 c. 34
, 2102 (43) (a)
; 1981 c. 14
; 1983 a. 27
, 2202 (42)
; 1983 a. 368
; 1985 a. 29
; 1987 a. 399
; 1989 a. 31
; 1991 a. 39
; 1995 a. 27
, 9145 (1)
; 1997 a. 27
State aid recipients' accounting.
Every association, society, institute or other organization that receives aid in any form through appropriations from the state shall report to the department in August of each year. Such annual report shall contain a detailed statement of all receipts and expenditures of such association, society, institute or organization for the fiscal year concluded on the preceding June 30, and such portions as are of special importance may be published in the biennial report of the department under s. 15.04 (1) (d)
History: 1977 c. 196
; 1987 a. 186
Interest on late payments. 16.528(1)(a)
"Agency" means an office, department, independent agency, institution of higher education, association, society or other body in state government created or authorized to be created by the constitution or any law, which is entitled to expend moneys appropriated by law, including the legislature and the courts, but not including an authority created in ch. 231
The cross-reference to s. 66.0901 (1) (d) was changed pursuant to 1999 Wis. Act 150
, section 672
, which incorrectly indicated that s. 66.29 (1) (d) was to be changed to s. 96.0901 (1) (d). Act 150 renumbered s. 66.29 (1) (d) to s. 66.0901 (1) (d), as shown here. Corrective legislation is pending.
Except as provided in sub. (3)
or as otherwise specifically provided, an agency which does not pay timely the amount due on an order or contract shall pay interest on the balance due from the 31st day after receipt of a properly completed invoice or receipt and acceptance of the property or service under the order or contract, whichever is later, or, if the agency does not comply with s. 16.53 (2)
, from the 31st day after receipt of an improperly completed invoice or receipt and acceptance of the property or service under the order or contract, whichever is later, at the rate specified in s. 71.82 (1) (a)
For the purposes of par. (a)
, a payment is timely if the payment is mailed, delivered or transferred by the later of the following:
The date specified on a properly completed invoice for the amount specified in the order or contract.
Except as provided in subd. 3.
, within 45 days after receipt of a properly completed invoice or receipt and acceptance of the property or service under the order or contract, or, if the agency does not comply with s. 16.53 (2)
, within 45 days after receipt of an improperly completed invoice or receipt and acceptance of the property or service under the order or contract, whichever is later.
For orders or contracts entered into on and after the first day of the 3rd 12-month period beginning after February 1, 1987, within 30 days after receipt of a properly completed invoice or receipt and acceptance of the property or service under the order or contract, or, if the agency does not comply with s. 16.53 (2)
, within 30 days after receipt of an improperly completed invoice or receipt and acceptance of the property or service under the order or contract, whichever is later.
(2m) Interest payable to subcontractors. 16.528(2m)(a)(a)
Except as provided in sub. (3) (e)
or as otherwise specifically provided, principal contractors that engage subcontractors to perform part of the work on an order or contract from an agency shall pay subcontractors for satisfactory work in a timely fashion. A payment is timely if it is mailed, delivered or transferred to the subcontractor no later than 7 days after the principal contractor's receipt of any payment from the agency.
If a subcontractor is not paid in a timely fashion, the principal contractor shall pay interest on the balance due from the 8th day after the principal contractor's receipt of any payment from the agency, at the rate specified in s. 71.82 (1) (a)
Subcontractors receiving payment under this subsection shall pay lower-tier subcontractors, and be liable for interest on late payments, in the same manner as principal contractors are required to pay subcontractors in pars. (a)
(3) Exceptions. Subsection (2)
does not apply to the following:
Any portion of an order or contract under which the payment is made from federal moneys.
An order or contract that is subject to late payment interest or another late payment charge required by another law or rule specifically authorized by law.
An order or contract between 2 or more agencies except if the order or contract involves prison industries.
An order or contract for services which provides for the time of payment and the consequences of nontimely payment.
An order or contract under which the amount due is subject to a good faith dispute if, before the date payment is not timely, notice of the dispute is sent by 1st class mail, personally delivered or sent in accordance with the procedure specified in the order or contract. In this paragraph, "good faith dispute" means a contention by an agency that goods delivered or services rendered were of a lesser quantity or quality than ordered or specified by contract, were faulty or were installed improperly; or any other reason giving cause for the withholding of payment by the agency until the dispute is settled.
(4) Appropriation from which paid.
An agency which pays interest under this section shall pay the interest from the appropriation for administration of the program under which the order or contract was made or entered into unless payment from that appropriation is prohibited. Notwithstanding ss. 20.115
, if payment from the appropriation for administration of the program is prohibited, the interest payment shall be made from a general program operations appropriation of the agency determined by the agency. If the program is administered from more than one appropriation, the interest payment shall be made from the appropriation or appropriations for program administration determined by the agency.
(5) Reports of interest paid.
Annually before October 1, each agency shall report to the department the number of times in the previous fiscal year the agency paid interest under this section, the total amount of interest paid and the reasons why interest payments were not avoided by making timely payment.
(6) Attorney fees.
Notwithstanding s. 814.04 (1)
, in an action to recover interest due under this section, the court shall award the prevailing party reasonable attorney fees.
The department of administration shall preaudit claims in accordance with the following procedures:
The secretary is responsible for auditing claims against the state, when payment thereof out of the state treasury is authorized by law, except as provided in ss. 16.77 (1)
. The audit may be on a sample basis in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. The secretary may delegate in writing the audit function to the head of any agency under terms and standards established by the secretary. The delegation shall be by mutual agreement and notice of the agreement shall be reported to the state auditor. If the secretary finds, through sample auditing, review of procedures, controls and any other audit techniques the secretary deems necessary, that the delegated function is not being performed according to the established auditing standards, the secretary shall in writing withdraw the delegated authority. In this subsection, "agency" has the meaning given under s. 16.52 (7)
Payrolls, to be entitled to audit, shall be certified by the proper officers who shall set forth the nature of the services rendered by each person named therein.
Unless otherwise provided by law, all other claims to be entitled to audit shall:
Specify the nature and particulars thereof on an official or original invoice.
Conform with statutory provisions and be necessarily incurred in the performance of duties required by the state service.
Include the claimant's affidavit, or statement under the penalties of perjury, setting forth that all items of traveling expenses were incurred in the performance of duties required by the public service, and that the amount charged for transportation or for other expenses incident to travel was actually paid out and that no part of such transportation was had upon a free pass or otherwise free of charge. The blank form of such travel voucher shall be prescribed by the secretary.
Exclude items of expenditure incurred while traveling outside the state by any officer or employee of any state department or institution thereof unless in the discharge of duties required by the public service.
Exclude out-of-state expenses of an officer or employee of any state department or institution except upon the order of the head of that department or institution. The department or institution head may determine whether such requests shall be made individually or periodically. The governor may require periodic reports on out-of-state travel made by the personnel of each state agency with such detail as the governor may desire. The governor, by executive order, may require the governor's prior approval for out-of-state travel by members of any state department or institution of the executive branch.
Exclude items of expenditure incurred by an employee of any state department while permanently located outside the state unless prior approval of the department of administration has been obtained.
Supervision of expenditures.
All departments shall diligently review and supervise the travel expenditures of their employees and may promulgate reasonable rules governing such expenditures. Such rules shall be consistent with the uniform guidelines established under s. 20.916 (8)
. Each claim shall be approved by the employee's appointing authority, as defined in s. 230.03 (4)
, or the appointing authority's authorized representative. The approval shall represent the concurrence with the accuracy, necessity and reasonableness of each expense. Claims so approved shall be audited by the department of administration in accordance with par. (a)
Advancement of travel expenses.
The head of a state agency may, by presenting proper vouchers to the department of administration, advance money for travel expenses to employees. Travel expenses shall be advanced only when the estimated expense is expected to exceed $50 and the advance shall not exceed 80% of the estimated expense.
The secretary, with the approval of the joint committee on employment relations, shall fix the time, except as provided in ss. 106.21 (9) (c)
and 106.215 (10) (c)
, and frequency for payment of salaries due elective and appointive officers and employees of the state. As determined under this subdivision, the salaries shall be paid either monthly, semimonthly or for each 2-week period.
Costs for benefits under ch. 108
which are paid on an actual basis may be charged to and collected from agencies by the secretary on an estimated or premium basis, credited to appropriate appropriations, and paid from the appropriations on an actual basis. If a billing submitted by the department of workforce development for payment of a specific claim for benefits under s. 108.15 (7)
remains unpaid by the agency to whom the billing is submitted for more than 60 days after the billing is transmitted to the agency by the secretary, the secretary may charge the cost of payment of the billing to the proper appropriation of the agency to whom the billing is submitted without authorization of the agency and notwithstanding any pending dispute concerning agency liability. If it is finally determined that an agency is not liable in whole or in part for payment of a billing previously submitted and paid, the secretary shall credit any refund received to the appropriation from which the billing was paid, if it is available for expenditure, or otherwise to the fund from which the billing was paid. Any credit to a sum sufficient appropriation shall be made only to the fund from which the appropriation is made. In addition, the secretary may charge agencies for the department's costs of estimation, collection and payment of benefits under ch. 108
on a prorated basis in accordance with the percentage of costs attributable to each agency. Service charges shall be paid into the appropriation made under s. 20.505 (1) (ka)
In order to utilize modern accounting methods in processing payrolls, the department may convert and adjust salaries of all state officers and employees so that they are payable in equal payments throughout the year. To this end the secretary may promulgate rules necessary to administer this subdivision.
The secretary may promulgate rules pertaining to the administration of earnings garnishment actions under s. 812.42
whenever the state is the garnishee in such actions. In any earnings garnishment action where the judgment debtor is employed by the University of Wisconsin System, the secretary may require the appropriate payroll processing center for the University of Wisconsin System to directly process necessary forms, papers, deductions and checks, share drafts or other drafts in connection with such action.
(2) Improper invoices.
If an agency receives an improperly completed invoice, the agency shall notify the sender of the invoice within 10 working days after it receives the invoice of the reason it is improperly completed. In this subsection, "agency" means an office, department, independent agency, institution of higher education, association, society or other body in state government created or authorized to be created by the constitution or any law, which is entitled to expend moneys appropriated by law, including the legislature and the courts, but not including an authority created in ch. 231
(3) Examination of claimants.
The secretary may examine under oath the claimant or any other person relative to any claim presented against the state, and may require oral or written answers as to any facts relating to the justness of the claim, or as to the liability of the state.
(4) Audit order indorsed on claim; record.
The order of the secretary auditing any claim shall be indorsed on or annexed to such claim, shall specify the amount allowed, the fund from which the same is payable, and the law that authorizes payment of such claim out of the treasury; and said order with the claim and all evidence relative thereto shall be filed and preserved in the secretary's office.
(5) Warrants; what to specify.
The secretary shall draw a warrant on the state treasurer payable to the claimant for the amount allowed by the secretary upon every claim audited under sub. (1)
, except as authorized in s. 16.52 (7)
, specifying from what fund to be paid, the particular law which authorizes the claim to be paid out of the state treasury, and at the secretary's discretion the post-office address of the payee. The secretary shall not credit the treasurer for any sum of money paid out by the treasurer otherwise than upon such warrants.
(6) Warrants; signatures.
Whenever it is impracticable for the secretary to personally sign warrants issued on the state treasury, the secretary's name may be signed thereto by one or more persons in the secretary's department designated by the secretary or by the use of a mechanical device adopted by the secretary for affixing a facsimile signature; and the state treasurer, when written authority and reasons therefor are filed in the office of the state treasurer, shall honor warrants so signed, the same as if signed in person by the secretary, until such authority is revoked in writing.
(7) Certification of boards, evidence of correctness of account.
The certificate of the proper officers of the board of regents of the University of Wisconsin System, the department of health and family services, or the proper officers of any other board or commission organized or established by the state, shall in all cases be evidence of the correctness of any account which may be certified by them.
(9) Transfer of funds appropriated.
Whenever an appropriation has been made from the general fund in the state treasury to any other fund therein, the secretary may withhold the transfer of such appropriation or any part thereof from the general fund until the moneys required to pay outstanding claims are duly audited and disbursed. Such authority is not limited to the fiscal year of the appropriation if the liability is properly recognized and recorded.
If an emergency arises which requires the department to draw vouchers for payments which will be in excess of available moneys in any state fund, the secretary, in consultation with the state treasurer, and after notifying the joint committee on finance under par. (b)
, may prorate and establish priority schedules for all payments within each fund, including those payments for which a specific payment date is provided by statute, except as otherwise provided in this paragraph. The secretary shall draw all vouchers according to the preference provided in this paragraph. All direct or indirect payments of principal or interest on state bonds and notes issued under subch. I of ch. 18
have first priority. All direct or indirect payments of principal or interest on state notes issued under subch. III of ch. 18
have 2nd priority. No payment having a 1st or 2nd priority may be prorated or reduced under this subsection. All state employee payrolls have 3rd priority. The secretary shall draw all remaining vouchers according to a priority determined by the secretary. The secretary shall maintain records of all claims prorated under this subsection and shall provide written notice to the state treasurer when a potential cash flow emergency is anticipated.
Before exercising authority under par. (a)
the secretary shall, after consultation with the state treasurer, notify the joint committee on finance as to the need for and the procedures under which proration or priority schedules under par. (a)
shall occur. If the joint committee on finance has not, within 2 working days after the notification, scheduled a meeting to review the secretary's proposal, the secretary may proceed with the proposed action. If, within 2 working days after the notification, the committee schedules a meeting, the secretary may not proceed with the proposed action until after the meeting is held.
If the secretary prorates or establishes priority schedules for payments which are to be made to local units of government, he or she shall establish a procedure whereby any local unit of government which can demonstrate that it would be adversely affected by such action of the secretary may appeal to the secretary for a waiver from having its payment prorated or delayed. In establishing this procedure, the secretary shall consider a local unit of government adversely affected if it can demonstrate that the proration or delay would cause a financial hardship because the scheduled payment had been budgeted as a revenue to be available at the scheduled time of payment and the local unit of government would otherwise have insufficient revenues to meet its immediate expenditure obligations.
The authority granted by this subsection may be exercised only after all other possible procedures have been used and are found to be insufficient, including the temporary reallocation of surplus moneys as provided in s. 20.002 (11)
(11) Interest on delayed payments.
Payments, other than payments subject to s. 16.528
, prorated or delayed under sub. (10)
which are payable to local units of government shall accrue interest on the payment delay at a rate equal to the state investment fund earnings rate during the period of the payment delay. Payments subject to s. 16.528
prorated or delayed under sub. (10)
past the due date shall not accrue interest. In this subsection, "local unit of government" means a county, city, village, town, school district, technical college district or any other governmental entity which is entitled to receive aid payments from this state.
"Employee" means any officer or employee of the state who is entitled to reimbursement for actual, reasonable and necessary expenses.
Each voucher claim for travel expenses shall be approved by the head of the employee's agency or that person's designee. Such approval represents concurrence with the necessity and reasonableness of each expense. Such approval shall accompany the travel voucher. The expense voucher shall be audited by the agency financial office and then submitted to the department for final audit before payment.
The department may not approve for payment any travel vouchers which exceed the maximum travel schedule amounts which are established under s. 20.916 (8)
, except in unusual circumstances when accompanied by a receipt and full explanation of the reasonableness of such expense.
The department may not approve for payment any travel vouchers which exceed the auto mileage rates set under s. 20.916 (4) (a)
The department may charge any agency for accounting, auditing, payroll and other financial services provided to the agency, whether the services are required by law or performed at the agency's request.
History: 1971 c. 100
; 1971 c. 215
; Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585
, 773 (1975); 1975 c. 39
; 1977 c. 29
; 1979 c. 34
; 1981 c. 1
; 1983 a. 3
; 1985 a. 29
; 1985 a. 332
, 251 (1)
; 1987 a. 399
; 1989 a. 31
; 1989 a. 125
; 1991 a. 39
; 1993 a. 80
; 1995 a. 27
, 9126 (19)
, 9130 (4)
; 1997 a. 3
Cash flow plan; report. 16.531(1)
At least 15 days prior to the beginning of any calendar quarter in which the secretary anticipates that it may be necessary to exercise the authority conferred in s. 16.53 (10) (a)
or 20.002 (11) (a)
or to incur financial obligations and issue operating notes under subch. III of ch. 18
, the secretary shall submit a plan to the joint committee on finance describing the specific nature of any proposed action that may be required.