STH 110 between USH 41 and approximately 1.5 miles north of STH 116 in Winnebago County.
USH 141 between the USH 141/41 interchange near Abrams and approximately 1.0 mile north of STH 22 in Oconto County.
USH 41 between the USH 141/41 interchange near Abrams and STH 145 in Oconto, Brown, Outagamie, Winnebago, Fond du Lac, Dodge and Washington counties.
A state trunk highway in the city of Milwaukee extending from the southerly terminus of the Daniel Webster Hoan Memorial Bridge southerly approximately 3 miles on or adjacent to the Chicago and Northwestern railroad right-of-way to the intersection with East Layton Avenue, designated as the Lake Arterial project, in Milwaukee County.
USH 151 between the south interchange with STH 73 south of Columbus and USH 41 at Fond du Lac.
STH 29 between Green Bay and I 94, in Brown, Shawano, Marathon, Clark, Chippewa and Dunn counties.
USH 10 between Appleton and Marshfield, in Winnebago, Outagamie, Waupaca, Portage and Wood counties.
USH 41 extending from 1.5 miles south of Frog Pond Road in Oconto County to 1.3 miles north of Schacht Road in Marinette County.
USH 14 from approximately 2 miles west of Westby to 1.5 miles south of Viroqua in Vernon County.
USH 18 from Main Street in the city of Prairie du Chien to STH 60 in the town of Bridgeport in Crawford County.
USH 41 from 0.5 miles south of STH 26 to 0.5 miles north of Breezewood Lane in the city of Neenah in Winnebago County.
USH 41 from Orange Lane in the town of Lawrence, one mile south of CTH "F" to CTH "M" in Brown County.
The department shall complete any major highway project involving STH 29 from Green Bay to Chippewa Falls in Brown, Shawano, Marathon, Clark and Chippewa counties by December 31, 2000.
The department shall complete all of the following highway rehabilitation projects:
STH 20 beginning at Roosevelt Avenue and extending to West Boulevard in the city of Racine by December 31, 1998.
STH 20 beginning at Oakes Road and extending to Roosevelt Avenue in the town of Mount Pleasant by December 31, 1999.
STH 20 beginning at West Boulevard and extending to Marquette Street in the city of Racine by December 31, 2002.
The department shall complete the design work for any major highway project involving STH 57 between CTH "A" near Dyckesville and STH 42 in Kewaunee and Door counties by December 31, 2003.
Subject to s. 13.489 (1m)
, in preparation for future major highway projects, the department may perform preliminary engineering and design work and studies for possible major highway projects not listed under sub. (3)
, but no major highway may be constructed unless the project is listed under sub. (3)
or approved under sub. (6)
The department may not, within any 6-year period, construct a highway project consisting of separate contiguous projects which do not individually qualify as major highway projects but which in their entirety would constitute a major highway project without first submitting the project to the transportation projects commission for its recommendations and report and without specific authorization under sub. (3)
, except as provided in par. (c)
and sub. (6)
The department may construct highway projects involving STH 59 between STH 164 on the eastern edge of the city of Waukesha and Calhoun Road in Waukesha County and STH 59 from Calhoun Road to the Waukesha County line in Waukesha County without first submitting the projects to the transportation projects commission for its recommendations and report and without specific authorization under sub. (3)
Commencing with the 1985-87 biennial budget bill and biennially thereafter, the department shall request adjustments to the list of major highway projects under sub. (3)
as listed projects are completed, projects are approved under sub. (6)
and new projects are ready for construction. The department shall submit the proposed biennial adjustments for major highway projects to the transportation projects commission for review and recommendation as provided under s. 13.489
If following the enactment of the biennial budget bill the department determines that a highway project which was initially planned or designed as a reconditioning, reconstruction or resurfacing project is a major highway project and is ready for construction, the department shall submit the proposal for the specific project to the transportation projects commission for review and recommendation as provided under s. 13.489
. After the transportation projects commission has submitted its report on the project, the department may request approval of the specific project as a major highway project from the joint committee on finance. If the joint committee on finance approves the project, the committee shall make such transfer of funds among the highway appropriations as deemed necessary and the department may proceed with construction.
Notwithstanding sub. (1) (a)
, if a highway improvement project within the corporate limits of a city, village or town has a cost of more than $2,000,000, the city, village or town may, by resolution, petition the transportation projects commission to designate the project as a major highway project. This subsection does not apply to a highway improvement project on a freeway within the corporate limits of a city, village or town. The department may not construct a highway improvement project designated as a major highway project by the transportation projects commission under this subsection without specific authorization under sub. (3)
If the department, in consultation with the department of commerce, determines that a business development having a payroll exceeding $10,000,000 in a calendar year is being located within a 3-mile radius of the intersection of I 90 and Town Line Road in Rock County, the department shall construct an interchange funded from the appropriations under s. 20.395 (3) (cq)
off of I 90 to Town Line Road.
The applicability of the creation of this section by 1983 Wis. Act 27
is governed by s. 2203 (51) (c) of that act.
Southeast Wisconsin freeway rehabilitation; Marquette interchange reconstruction project. 84.014(1)(a)
"Interim repair" means any improvement not specified in a notice given under s. 84.01 (17)
that is needed to remedy unanticipated roadway deficiencies.
"Marquette interchange" means all highways, including ramps and shoulders, encompassing I 43, I 94, and I 794 in Milwaukee County within the area bordered by 25th Street to the west, North Avenue to the north, the southern end of Burnham Canal to the south, and the Milwaukee River to the east.
"Reconstruction" means the rebuilding of highways and bridges, including improvements to enhance highway safety, design, or capacity. The term includes activities associated with such rebuilding, including design engineering, traffic mitigation, property acquisition, and utility facility relocation. The term does not include interim repairs.
"Rehabilitation" means the reconditioning, reconstruction, or resurfacing, as defined in s. 84.013 (1) (b)
, of a freeway or the adding of one or more lanes to the freeway, and includes interim repairs.
"Southeast Wisconsin freeway" means a state trunk highway, located in Kenosha, Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Racine, Walworth, Washington, or Waukesha county, that has 4 or more lanes of traffic physically separated by a median or barrier and that gives preference to through traffic by limiting access to interchanges only.
Subject to ss. 84.555
, any southeast Wisconsin freeway rehabilitation projects, including the Marquette interchange reconstruction project and projects that involve adding one or more lanes 5 miles or more in length to the existing freeway, may be funded only from the appropriations under ss. 20.395 (3) (cr)
, and (cy)
and 20.866 (2) (uum)
The department may not expend from the appropriations under s. 20.395 (3) (cr)
more than $160,643,900 in the 2001-03 fiscal biennium for the Marquette interchange reconstruction project, unless the expenditure of more funds is approved or modified and approved by the joint committee on finance. From funds that would otherwise be expended from the appropriations under s. 20.395 (3) (cr)
for other southeast Wisconsin freeway rehabilitation projects, the department may exceed the expenditure limit for the 2001-03 fiscal biennium to meet project deadlines if the department makes a reduction in subsequent allocations for the Marquette interchange reconstruction project that is equal to the amount by which the applicable expenditure limit was exceeded.
The department may transfer the funding of southeast Wisconsin freeway rehabilitation projects between the appropriations for s. 20.395 (3) (cr)
to minimize project costs.
The department shall design the reconstruction of I 94 in Milwaukee and Waukesha counties, other than the Marquette interchange, to allow for expansion of capacity for vehicular traffic on I 94 in these counties to meet the projected vehicular traffic capacity needs, as determined by the department, for 25 years following the completion of such reconstruction.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the department may not expend any moneys from the appropriations under s. 20.395 (3) (cr)
, and (cy)
for a southeast Wisconsin freeway rehabilitation project that involves adding one or more lanes 5 miles or more in length to the existing freeway unless the project is specifically enumerated in a list under par. (b)
The department may proceed with the following southeast Wisconsin freeway rehabilitation projects:
No projects are enumerated under this paragraph as of July 30, 2002.
History: 2001 a. 16
Federal highway aid accepted. 84.015(1)
The state of Wisconsin assents to the provisions of Title 23, USC and all acts of congress amendatory thereof and supplementary thereto. The state of Wisconsin declares its purpose and intent to give assent to all federal highway acts and to make provisions that will insure receipt by this state of any federal highway aids that have been or may be allotted to the state including all increased and advanced appropriations, and insure that such highways and related facilities in this state as may be eligible to be improved or constructed in accordance with any such federal highway acts may be improved, constructed and maintained in accordance therewith. The good faith of the state is pledged to make available funds sufficient to adequately carry out such construction and maintenance.
The department may enter into all contracts and agreements with the United States relating to the construction and maintenance of streets and highways and related facilities under Title 23, USC and all acts amendatory thereof and supplementary thereto, submit such scheme or program of construction and maintenance as may be required by said code or rules and regulations of the United States promulgated thereunder and do all other things necessary fully to carry out the cooperation contemplated and provided for by said code.
History: 1977 c. 29
s. 1654 (8) (a)
State trunk highway system. 84.02(1)
The system of highways known as the trunk highway system heretofore selected and laid out by the legislature and by the highway commission and by special legislative state trunk highway committees and approved by said highway commission and as revised, altered and changed by and under authority vested by law in the highway commission, is hereby validated and confirmed and designated the state trunk highway system but without prejudice to the exercise of the power given to change such system, and all acts by which parts of said system were heretofore adopted or declared to be trunk highways are confirmed and validated. Section 82.19 (2)
does not apply to the state trunk highway system.
(2) County line highways apportioned.
The apportionment heretofore made by the highway commission of portions of the state trunk highway system that lie on county lines is hereby ratified. The portion of such county line highways assigned to any county shall be considered as lying wholly within such county, and all the provisions for construction and maintenance shall apply to such portion just as though it lay wholly within the county to which assigned. Bridges on the state trunk highway system which span streams forming the boundary between 2 counties shall be considered as lying one-half in each county.
Changes may be made in the state trunk system by the department, if it deems that the public good is best served by making the changes. The department, in making the changes, may lay out new highways by the procedure under this subsection. Due notice shall be given to the localities concerned of the intention to make changes or discontinuances, and if the change proposes to lay a highway via a new location and the distance along such deviation from the existing location exceeds 2 1/2 miles, then a hearing in or near the region affected by the proposed change shall be held prior to making the change effective. The notice shall also be given to the secretary of natural resources either by registered mail or personally. Whenever the department decides to thus change more than 2 1/2 miles of the system the change shall not be effective until the decision of the department has been referred to and approved by the county board of each county in which any part of the proposed change is situated. A copy of the decision shall be filed in the office of the clerk of each county in which a change is made or proposed. Where the distance along the deviation from the existing location exceeds 5 miles the change shall constitute an addition to the state trunk highway system. The preexisting route shall continue to be a state trunk highway unless the county board of each county in which any part of the relocation lies and the department mutually agree to its discontinuance as a state trunk highway. Whenever such county board or boards and the department cannot so agree the department shall report the problem to the next ensuing session of the legislature for determination.
The action of any town, village or county board or city council discontinuing, relocating or altering any highway on the state trunk system shall be void unless the department approves the same in writing.
(4) Guideboards; warnings; route marking. 84.02(4)(a)(a)
The department shall mark the highways of the state trunk highway system and also the connecting highways. The markers shall be uniform, except that the numbers thereon shall correspond with the numbers given to various routes by the department and found on the official highway maps issued by the department. No similar design or marker shall be used for marking other highway routes.
No person shall mark any other highway routes or trails unless the route marked shall coincide exactly with the state trunk system. No such routes shall be marked until exact descriptions of the routes selected for marking have been filed with and the routes and markings approved by the department. Every route laid out and marked shall be made to conform to the state trunk system, and the person responsible for the marking of such route shall remove or erase such marks from every portion of such route which does not coincide with the state trunk highway system. The department shall report to the department of financial institutions any violations of or failure to comply with the provisions of this subsection, and the department of financial institutions shall thereupon revoke the privilege, license or incorporation of the offender, and the department shall cause the offending marks to be erased, removed or destroyed. The expense of such erasure, removal or destruction shall be paid out of funds appropriated to the department, and may be recovered in the name of the state from the person responsible for such unauthorized marking.
The department shall erect and maintain such standard guide and warning signs and lighting as it deems necessary within the right-of-way along the state trunk system, and it is unlawful to erect any lighting or display any other guide or warning signs upon the state trunk system, except in cases of emergency or when approved by the department. Any erection in violation hereof may be removed by the department.
The department may cooperate with the Public Roads Administration or other designated agency of the federal government in formulating and adopting or changing a uniform system of numbering, or designating highways of interstate character within this state, and in the selection and erection of uniform danger signals and safety devices for the protection and direction of traffic.
The department shall adopt a manual establishing a uniform system of traffic control devices for use upon the highways of this state. The system shall be consistent with and, so far as practicable, conform to current nationally recognized standards for traffic control devices.
The department shall adopt a manual establishing a uniform system of signs, signals, markings and devices for the purpose of regulating, warning or guiding bicycle traffic on highways, streets and bikeways, as defined in s. 84.60 (1) (a)
. The system, shall be consistent with and shall conform to the system established under par. (e)
As often as it deems necessary, the department shall publish highway service maps showing the state trunk highway system and such other main highways and other features as may seem desirable. Such highway service maps shall be sold by the department at a price to be fixed by it, which shall be not less than cost. The department may permit the use of the base plates for other maps and publications in consideration of a fair fee for such use. The department shall make and publish or duplicate such highway service maps as are required for its use, and shall publish folded highway maps of Wisconsin for free distribution to the public. The department shall ensure that the folded highway maps bear information regarding the requirements of s. 347.48 (4)
Upon publication of the highway service maps, the department shall distribute without charge 50 of these maps to each officer and member of the legislature. Any officer or member of the legislature may request additional highway service maps. The request may be written or oral. The fee for the additional maps shall be the fee set by the department under par. (a)
Upon publication of the folded highway maps, the department shall distribute without charge 500 of these maps to each officer and member of the legislature and 300 of these maps to the legislative reference bureau. Any officer or member of the legislature may request additional folded highway maps. The request may be written or oral. No charge may be made for the additional folded highway maps.
(6) Alternate routes through cities, villages and towns.
In cases where any state trunk highway passes near but not through the central or business portion of any city, village or town, the department may upon petition of any city, village or town designate an alternate route through such central or business portion, and shall install suitable marking to guide travelers over such alternate route. No such designation shall be made unless the department finds that public travel will be benefited. Any such designation may be revoked on 30 days' notice to the city, village or town if the department finds that public travel is not benefited. Such designation shall impose no responsibility on the state, except the cost of marking in the first instance. Such alternate routes shall be constructed and maintained and kept clear of snow, in a condition satisfactory to the department without expense to the state, and the department may require assurances to that effect before making such designation.
(7) Additions from county trunk highways.
Whenever the traffic on any county trunk highway averages in any year 250 or more vehicles daily, the county board may by resolution request that such county trunk highway be added to the state trunk highway system. A copy of such resolution shall be filed with the department. If after investigation the department finds that the traffic on said county trunk highway meets the requirements of this subsection, it may by order add said highway to the state trunk highway system, but the total additions under this subsection shall not exceed 500 miles. Whenever the traffic on any portion of a state trunk highway averages in any year 150 or less vehicles daily, the county board of the county wherein such state trunk highway is situated may by resolution request that such be transferred to the county trunk highway system. A copy of such resolution shall be filed with the department. If after investigation the department finds that the traffic on said state trunk highway is as stated in said resolution, it may order said highway taken from the state trunk highway system and made a county trunk highway.
(8) Jurisdictional transfers: state-local agreements. 84.02(8)(a)(a)
The department may make additions or deletions to the state trunk highway system by entering into a jurisdictional transfer agreement with any local unit of government. Addition to or deletion of any part of the state trunk highway system under this subsection may be made without regard to any mileage limitation or procedural requirement imposed under this section or chapter 518, laws of 1947
The jurisdictional transfer agreement must be approved by the department and the governing body of any municipality or county board involved before the transfer of any highway becomes effective.
A jurisdictional transfer agreement may contain any terms and conditions that the department and the local unit of government may deem necessary regarding maintenance or rehabilitation of any highway transferred.
In case it is impracticable to maintain any portion of the state trunk highway system as laid out, pending its improvement or construction, the department may designate a temporary route as part of the state trunk highway system, and in such case the temporary route shall be considered part of the state trunk highway system in every respect, except that it may not be constructed as a state trunk highway.
When any portion of the state trunk highway system is impassable or dangerous to travel or when it shall be deemed necessary because of construction or maintenance work or for other reasons to suspend all or part of the travel thereon, the department may route such travel over a detour around such portion of the state trunk highway system. Such detour may be routed over any other public highway or temporary highway which may be improved or maintained as part of the cost of constructing or maintaining the state trunk highway system to the extent necessary, as determined by the department, because of such additional travel. Such routing of state trunk highway traffic over other public highways shall not alter the existing status of such other public highways.
(11) Connecting highways.
The state trunk highway system shall not include the marked routes thereof over the streets or highways in municipalities which the department has designated as being connecting highways. Those municipal streets or highways so excluded as state trunk highways but marked as such and designated as connecting highways are further described and the aids determined therefor under s. 86.32
(12) State trunk system maps.
The department shall maintain in its permanent record a map of each county on a scale of not less than one-half inch per mile showing the official layout of the state trunk highway system. Annually, as soon as practical after January 1, a copy of such map, showing the official layout of the state trunk highway system in each county as it existed at the close of the previous calendar year, shall be filed with the county clerk and county highway commissioner thereof.
The department shall give high priority to the completion of the STH 28/USH 41 interchange in Washington County as part of the USH 41 corridor project.
(14) I 39 interchange.
If a waiver from the federal department of transportation is required for the construction of an interchange at the intersection of I 39 and Kowalski Road in Marathon County, and if the state department of transportation determines that construction of the interchange will have no adverse impact on safety in the vicinity of the intersection, the state department of transportation shall request a waiver to permit construction of the interchange. If a waiver is granted, or if the state department of transportation determines both that a waiver is not required and that such construction will have no adverse impact on safety in the vicinity of the intersection, the department of transportation shall design the interchange specified in this subsection and allocate funds from the appropriations under s. 20.395 (3) (cq)
sufficient to construct the interchange.
NOTE: 2003 Wis. Act 214
, which affected this section, contains extensive explanatory notes.
See also ch. Trans 208
, Wis. adm. code.
A local unit of government is without jurisdiction to unilaterally change a segment of the state highway system. 61 Atty. Gen. 263.
Federal aid; state and local funds. 84.03(1)(a)(a)
All moneys granted or allotted to the state of Wisconsin as federal aid for highways and all state appropriations and other funds available to match or supplement such federal aid funds and so utilized by the department shall be expended by the department in accordance with the act of congress relating to such federal aid funds.
Funds provided by any county, city, village or town to construct, reconstruct or improve any highway, street or bridge with state or federal aid under this chapter, shall be paid to the department or to the state treasury as the department may require and shall be expended in accordance with s. 84.06
and the federal acts relating to such federal aid. The use of state or federal aid in the construction, reconstruction or improvement of any highway, street or bridge not on the state trunk highway system shall not relieve the county, city, village or town of any obligation to maintain such highway, street or bridge. The department may allot to any city of the 1st class any state and federal highway funds to which such city may be entitled for the purpose of the payment of interest, debt charges, amortization or retirement of street or highway bonds issued pursuant to s. 67.05
or other applicable provisions of law. Such cities may use such highway funds so allotted for such purposes, paying interest, debt charges and costs, amortization or retirement of such bonds.
On any highway, street or bridge hereafter constructed, reconstructed or improved with state or federal aid under this chapter, the location, form and character of informational, regulatory and warning signs, curb and pavement or other markings, and traffic signals installed or placed by any public authority or other agency shall be subject to the approval of the department; and the department is directed to approve only such installations as will promote the safe and efficient utilization of the highways, streets and bridges.
(2) Federal appropriations adjustments.