71.07(5m)(b)2.b. b. Subtract from 1.0 the amount that is calculated under subd. 2. a.
71.07(5m)(b)2.c. c. Multiply the amount of the claimant's net income tax liability by the amount that is calculated under subd. 2. b.
71.07(5m)(b)3. 3. If the claimant is married and filing jointly and the sum of the claimant's adjusted gross income and his or her spouse's adjusted gross income is less than \$18,000 in the year to which the claim relates, an amount equal to the married couple's net tax liability.
71.07(5m)(b)4. 4. If the claimant is married and filing jointly and the sum of the claimant's adjusted gross income and his or her spouse's adjusted gross income is at least \$18,000 but less than \$19,000 in the year to which the claim relates, an amount that is calculated as follows:
71.07(5m)(b)4.a. a. Calculate the value of a fraction, the denominator of which is \$1,000 and the numerator of which is the difference between the married couple's adjusted gross income and \$18,000.
71.07(5m)(b)4.b. b. Subtract from 1.0 the amount that is calculated under subd. 4. a.
71.07(5m)(b)4.c. c. Multiply the amount of the married couple's net income tax liability by the amount that is calculated under subd. 4. b.
71.07(5m)(b)5. 5. If the claimant is married and filing separately and his or her adjusted gross income is less than \$9,000 in the year to which the claim relates, an amount equal to his or her net tax liability.
71.07(5m)(b)6. 6. If the claimant is married and filing separately and his or her adjusted gross income is at least \$9,000 but less than \$10,000 in the year to which the claim relates, an amount that is calculated as follows:
71.07(5m)(b)6.a. a. Calculate the value of a fraction, the denominator of which is \$1,000 and the numerator of which is the difference between the claimant's adjusted gross income and \$9,000.
71.07(5m)(b)6.b. b. Subtract from 1.0 the amount that is calculated under subd. 6. a.
71.07(5m)(b)6.c. c. Multiply the amount of the claimant's net income tax liability by the amount that is calculated under subd. 6. b.
71.07(5m)(c) (c) Limitations.
71.07(5m)(c)1.1. No credit may be allowed under this subsection unless it is claimed within the time period under.
71.07(5m)(c)2. 2. Part-year residents and nonresidents of this state are not eligible for the credit under this subsection.
71.07(5m)(c)3. 3. Except as provided in subd. 4., only one credit per household is allowed each year.
71.07(5m)(c)4. 4. If a married couple files separately, each spouse may claim the credit calculated under par. (b) 5. or 6., except a married person living apart from the other spouse and treated as single under section 7703 (b) of the Internal Revenue Code may claim the credit under par. (b) 1. or 2.
71.07(5m)(c)5. 5. The credit under this subsection may not be claimed by a person who may be claimed as a dependent on the individual income tax return of another taxpayer.
71.07(5m)(d) (d) Administration. The department of revenue may enforce the credit under this subsection and may take any action, conduct any proceeding and proceed as it is authorized in respect to taxes under this chapter. The income tax provisions in this chapter relating to assessments, refunds, appeals, collection, interest and penalties apply to the credit under this subsection.
71.07(6) (6)Married persons credit.
71.07(6)(a)(a) For taxable years beginning before January 1, 1998, married persons filing a joint return, except those who reduce their gross income under section 911 or 931 of the internal revenue code, may claim as a credit against, but not to exceed the amount of, Wisconsin net income taxes otherwise due an amount equal to 2% of the earned income of the spouse with the lower earned income, but not more than \$300. In this paragraph, "earned income" means qualified earned income, as defined in section 221 (b) of the internal revenue code as amended to December 31, 1985, plus employee business expenses under section 62 (2) (B) to (D) of that code, allocable to Wisconsin under s. 71.04, plus amounts received by the individual for services performed in the employ of the individual's spouse minus the amount of disability income excluded under and minus any other amount not subject to tax under this chapter. Earned income is computed notwithstanding the fact that each spouse owns an undivided one-half interest in the whole of the marital property. A marital property agreement or unilateral statement under ch. 766 transferring income between spouses has no effect in computing earned income under this paragraph.
71.07(6)(am)1.1. In this paragraph, "earned income" means qualified earned income, as defined in section 221 (b) of the internal revenue code as amended to December 31, 1985, plus employee business expenses under section 62 (2) (B) to (D) of that code, allocable to Wisconsin under s. 71.04, plus amounts received by the individual for services performed in the employ of the individual's spouse minus the amount of disability income excluded under and minus any other amount not subject to tax under this chapter. Earned income is computed notwithstanding the fact that each spouse owns an undivided one-half interest in the whole of the marital property. A marital property agreement or unilateral statement under ch. 766 transferring income between spouses has no effect in computing earned income under this paragraph.
71.07(6)(am)2. 2. Married persons filing a joint return, except those who reduce their gross income under section 911 or 931 of the Internal Revenue Code, may claim as a credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.02, up to the amount of those taxes, an amount equal to one of the following:
71.07(6)(am)2.a. a. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 1997, and before January 1, 1999, 2.17% of the earned income of the spouse with the lower earned income, but not more than \$304.
71.07(6)(am)2.b. b. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 1998, and before January 1, 2000, 2.5% of the earned income of the spouse with the lower earned income, but not more than \$350.
71.07(6)(am)2.c. c. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 1999, and before January 1, 2001, 2.75% of the earned income of the spouse with the lower earned income, but not more than \$440.
71.07(6)(am)2.d. d. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2000, 3% of the earned income of the spouse with the lower earned income, but not more than \$480.
71.07(6)(b) (b) A claimant who has filed a timely claim under this subsection may file an amended claim with the department of revenue within 4 years of the last day prescribed by law for filing the original claim.
71.07(6e) (6e)Veterans and surviving spouses property tax credit.
71.07(6e)(a)(a) Definitions. In this subsection:
71.07(6e)(a)1. 1. "Claimant" means an eligible unremarried surviving spouse, an eligible veteran, or an eligible spouse who files a claim under this subsection.
71.07(6e)(a)1m. 1m. "Eligible spouse" means the spouse of an eligible veteran who files a separate return.
71.07(6e)(a)2. 2. "Eligible unremarried surviving spouse" means an unremarried surviving spouse of one of the following, as verified by the department of veterans affairs:
71.07(6e)(a)2.a. a. An individual who had served on active duty in the U.S. armed forces or in forces incorporated as part of the U.S. armed forces; who was a resident of this state at the time of entry into that active service or who had been a resident of this state for any consecutive 5-year period after entry into that active duty service; and who, while a resident of this state, died while on active duty.
71.07(6e)(a)2.b. b. An individual who had served on active duty under honorable conditions in the U.S. armed forces or in forces incorporated as part of the U.S. armed forces; who was a resident of this state at the time of entry into that active service or who had been a resident of this state for any consecutive 5-year period after entry into that active duty service; who was a resident of this state at the time of his or her death; and who had either a service-connected disability rating of 100 percent under 38 USC 1114 or 1134 or a 100 percent disability rating based on individual unemployability.
71.07(6e)(a)2.c. c. An individual who had served in the national guard or a reserve component of the U.S. armed forces; who was a resident of this state at the time of entry into that service or who had been a resident of this state for any consecutive 5-year period after entry into that service; and who, while a resident of this state, died in the line of duty while on active or inactive duty for training purposes.
71.07(6e)(a)3. 3. "Eligible veteran" means an individual who is verified by the department of veterans affairs as meeting all of the following conditions:
71.07(6e)(a)3.a. a. Served on active duty under honorable conditions in the U.S. armed forces or in forces incorporated in the U.S. armed forces.
71.07(6e)(a)3.b. b. Was a resident of this state at the time of entry into that active service or had been a resident of this state for any consecutive 5-year period after entry into that service.
71.07(6e)(a)3.c. c. Is currently a resident of this state for purposes of receiving veterans benefits under ch. 45.
71.07(6e)(a)3.d. d. Has either a service-connected disability rating of 100 percent under 38 USC 1114 or 1134 or a 100 percent disability rating based on individual unemployability.
71.07(6e)(a)3e. 3e. "Individual unemployability" means a condition under which a veteran has a service-connected disability rating of either 60 percent under 38 USC 1114 or 1134 or two or more service-connected disability conditions where one condition has at least a 40 percent scheduler rating and the combined scheduler rating for all conditions is at least 70 percent, and has an administrative adjustment added to his or her service-connected disability, due to individual unemployability, such that the federal Department of Veterans Affairs rates the veteran 100 percent disabled.
71.07(6e)(a)4. 4. "Principal dwelling" has the meaning given in sub. (9) (a) 2.
71.07(6e)(a)5. 5. "Property taxes" means real and personal property taxes, exclusive of special assessments, delinquent interest, and charges for service, paid by a claimant, and the claimant's spouse if filing a joint return, on the eligible veteran's or unremarried surviving spouse's principal dwelling in this state during the taxable year for which credit under this subsection is claimed, less any property taxes paid which are properly includable as a trade or business expense under section 162 of the Internal Revenue Code. If the principal dwelling on which the taxes were paid is owned by 2 or more persons or entities as joint tenants or tenants in common or is owned by spouses as marital property, "property taxes" is that part of property taxes paid that reflects the ownership percentage of the claimant, except that this limitation does not apply to spouses who file a joint return. If the principal dwelling is sold during the taxable year, the "property taxes" for the seller and buyer shall be the amount of the tax prorated to each in the closing agreement pertaining to the sale or, if not so provided for in the closing agreement, the tax shall be prorated between the seller and buyer in proportion to months of their respective ownership. "Property taxes" includes monthly municipal permit fees in respect to a principal dwelling collected under.
71.07(6e)(b) (b) Filing claims. Subject to the limitations provided in this subsection, a claimant may claim as a credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.02 the amount of the claimant's property taxes. If the allowable amount of the claim exceeds the income taxes otherwise due on the claimant's income, the amount of the claim not used as an offset against those taxes shall be certified by the department of revenue to the department of administration for payment to the claimant by check, share draft, or other draft from the appropriation under.
71.07(6e)(c) (c) Limitations.
71.07(6e)(c)1.1. No credit may be allowed under this subsection unless it is claimed within the time period under.
71.07(6e)(c)2. 2. No credit may be allowed under this subsection if the individual, or the individual's spouse, files a claim under sub. (3m) or (9) or subch. VIII or IX that relates to the same taxable year for which a claim is made under this subsection.
71.07(6e)(c)3. 3. If an eligible veteran and an eligible spouse file separate returns, each spouse may claim a credit under this subsection based on their respective ownership interest in the eligible veteran's principal dwelling.
71.07(6e)(d) (d) Administration. Subsection (9e) (d), to the extent that it applies to the credit under that subsection, applies to the credit under this subsection.
71.07(6m) (6m)Armed forces member tax credit.
71.07(6m)(a)(a) Definitions. In this subsection:
71.07(6m)(a)1. 1. "Claimant" means an active duty member of the U.S. armed forces, as defined in 26 USC 7701 (a) (15).
71.07(6m)(a)2. 2. "Military income" means an amount of basic, special or incentive pay income, as those terms are used in 37 USC chapters 3 and 5, received by a claimant from the federal government.
71.07(6m)(b) (b) Filing claims. Subject to the limitations and conditions provided in this subsection, a claimant may claim as a credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.02, up to the amount of those taxes, one of the following amounts:
71.07(6m)(b)1. 1. For taxable years beginning before January 1, 2006, an amount up to \$200 of military income for services performed by the claimant while he or she is stationed outside of the United States.
71.07(6m)(b)2. 2. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2005, an amount up to \$300 of military income for services performed by the claimant while he or she is stationed outside of the United States.
71.07(6m)(c) (c) Limitations and conditions.
71.07(6m)(c)1.1. No credit may be allowed under this subsection unless it is claimed within the time period under.
71.07(6m)(c)2. 2. Part-year residents and nonresidents of this state are not eligible for the credit under this subsection.
71.07(6m)(c)3. 3. If both spouses of a married couple meet the definition of claimant under par. (a) 1., each spouse may claim the credit under this subsection.
71.07(6m)(c)4. 4. No credit may be claimed under this subsection by an individual who claims the subtraction under
71.07(6m)(d) (d) Administration. Subsection (9e) (d), to the extent that it applies to the credit under that subsection, applies to the credit under this subsection.
71.07(7) (7)Other state tax credit.
71.07(7)(a)(a) In this subsection, "state" includes the District of Columbia, but does not include the commonwealth of Puerto Rico or the several territories organized by Congress.
71.07(7)(b) (b) If a resident individual, estate or trust pays a net income tax to another state, that resident individual, estate or trust may credit the net tax paid to that other state on that income against the net income tax otherwise payable to the state on income of the same year. The credit may not be allowed unless the income taxed by the other state is also considered income for Wisconsin tax purposes. The credit may not be allowed unless claimed within the time provided in, but does not apply to those credits. For purposes of this paragraph, amounts declared and paid under the income tax law of another state are considered a net income tax paid to that other state only in the year in which the income tax return for that state was required to be filed. Income and franchise taxes paid to another state by a tax-option corporation, partnership, or limited liability company that is treated as a partnership may be claimed as a credit under this paragraph by that corporation's shareholders, that partnership's partners, or that limited liability company's members who are residents of this state and who otherwise qualify under this paragraph.
71.07 Cross-reference Cross Reference: See also s. Tax 2.955, Wis. adm. code.
71.07(8) (8)Personal exemptions credit for natural persons. On income of calendar year 1986 and corresponding fiscal years and thereafter, there may be deducted from the tax after it has been computed according to the rates of this section personal exemptions for natural persons as follows:
71.07(8)(a) (a) An exemption of one of the following amounts if the taxpayer has reached the age of 65 prior to the close of the calendar or fiscal year and if one of the following applies:
71.07(8)(a)1. 1. If the taxpayer is an individual, the taxpayer files an individual return, and has adjusted gross income of less than \$30,000 in the year to which the claim relates, \$25.
71.07(8)(a)2. 2. If the taxpayer is an individual, the taxpayer files an individual return, and has adjusted gross income of at least \$30,000 but less than \$31,000 in the year to which the claim relates, the amount obtained by subtracting from \$25 2.5% of the amount by which the taxpayer's adjusted gross income exceeds \$30,000.
71.07(8)(a)3. 3. If the taxpayer is married, the taxpayer files a joint return, and has adjusted gross income of less than \$40,000 in the year to which the claim relates, \$25.
71.07(8)(a)4. 4. If the taxpayer is married, the taxpayer files a joint return, and has adjusted gross income of at least \$40,000 but less than \$41,000 in the year to which the claim relates, the amount obtained by subtracting from \$25 2.5% of the amount by which the taxpayer's adjusted gross income exceeds \$40,000.
71.07(8)(a)5. 5. If the taxpayer is married, the taxpayer files a separate return, and has adjusted gross income of less than \$20,000 in the year to which the claim relates, \$25.
71.07(8)(a)6. 6. If the taxpayer is married, the taxpayer files a separate return and has adjusted gross income of at least \$20,000 but less than \$21,000 in the year to which the claim relates, the amount obtained by subtracting from \$25 2.5% of the amount by which the taxpayer's adjusted gross income exceeds \$20,000.
71.07(8)(b) (b) An exemption of \$50 for each person for whom the taxpayer is entitled to an exemption for the taxable year under section 151 (c) of the federal internal revenue code.
71.07(8)(c) (c) With respect to persons who change their domicile into or from this state during the taxable year and nonresident persons, personal exemptions shall be limited to the fraction of the amount so determined that Wisconsin adjusted gross income is of federal adjusted gross income. In this paragraph, for married persons filing separately "adjusted gross income" means the separate adjusted gross income of each spouse and for married persons filing jointly "adjusted gross income" means the total adjusted gross income of both spouses. If a person and that person's spouse are not both domiciled in this state during the entire taxable year, their personal exemptions on a joint return are determined by multiplying the personal exemption that would be available to each of them if they were both domiciled in this state during the entire taxable year by a fraction the numerator of which is their joint Wisconsin adjusted gross income and the denominator of which is their joint federal adjusted gross income.
71.07(8)(d) (d) No new claim may be filed under this subsection for a taxable year that begins after December 31, 1999.
71.07(9) (9)School property tax credit.
71.07(9)(a)(a) In this subsection:
71.07(9)(a)1. 1. "Claimant" means a natural person who files a claim or on whose behalf a claim is filed under this subsection but does not include an estate, fiduciary or trust.
71.07(9)(a)2. 2. "Principal dwelling" means any dwelling, whether owned or rented, and the land surrounding it that is reasonably necessary for use of the dwelling as a primary dwelling of the claimant and may include a part of a multidwelling or multipurpose building and a part of the land upon which it is built that is used as the claimant's primary dwelling.
71.07(9)(a)3. 3. "Property taxes" means real and personal property taxes, exclusive of special assessments, delinquent interest and charges for service, paid by a claimant on the claimant's principal dwelling during the taxable year for which credit under this subsection is claimed, less any property taxes paid which are properly includable as a trade or business expense under section 162 of the Internal Revenue Code. If the principal dwelling on which the taxes were paid is owned by 2 or more persons or entities as joint tenants or tenants in common or is owned by spouses as marital property, "property taxes" is that part of property taxes paid that reflects the ownership percentage of the claimant. If the principal dwelling is sold during the taxable year the "property taxes" for the seller and buyer shall be the amount of the tax prorated to each in the closing agreement pertaining to the sale or, if not so provided for in the closing agreement, the tax shall be prorated between the seller and buyer in proportion to months of their respective ownership. "Property taxes" includes monthly municipal permit fees in respect to a principal dwelling collected under.
71.07(9)(a)4. 4. "Rent constituting property taxes" means 25 percent of rent if heat is not included, or 20 percent of rent if heat is included, paid during the taxable year for which credit is claimed under this subsection, at arm's length, for the use of a principal dwelling and contiguous land, excluding any payment for domestic, food, medical or other services which are unrelated to use of the dwelling as housing, less any rent paid that is properly includable as a trade or business expense under the internal revenue code. "Rent" includes space rental paid to a landlord for parking a mobile home or manufactured home. Rent shall be apportioned among the occupants of a principal dwelling according to their respective contribution to the total amount of rent paid. "Rent" does not include rent paid for the use of housing which was exempt from property taxation, except housing for which payments in lieu of taxes were made under.
71.07(9)(b)1.1. Subject to the limitations under this subsection and except as provided in subds. 2., 4. and 5., a claimant may claim as a credit against, but not to exceed the amount of, taxes under s. 71.02, 10% of the first \$2,000 of property taxes or rent constituting property taxes, or 10% of the first \$1,000 of property taxes or rent constituting property taxes of a married person filing separately.
71.07(9)(b)2. 2. Subject to the limitations under this subsection, a claimant may claim as a credit against, but not to exceed the amount of, taxes under s. 71.02, the amounts specified in the proposal under 1997 Wisconsin Act 237, section 9256 (2c).
71.07(9)(b)4. 4. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 1998, and before January 1, 2000, subject to the limitations under this subsection a claimant may claim as a credit against, but not to exceed the amount of, taxes under s. 71.02, 8.4% of the first \$0 of property taxes or rent constituting property taxes, or 8.4% of the first \$0 of property taxes or rent constituting property taxes of a married person filing separately.
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