Feed for /2009/statutes/statutes/291 PDF
291.21 Annotation The deterioration of useful materials into waste is a process that results in the generation of waste under s. 144.61 (4) [now s. 291.01 (5)]; the yard at which waste is stored and a hole dug to bury waste are facilities under s. 144.61 (5m) [now s. 291.01 (8)]. State v. Edward Kraemer & Sons. Inc. 170 Wis. 2d 646, 489 N.W.2d 708 (Ct. App. 1992).
291.23 291.23 Licenses; transportation.
291.23(1) (1) No person may transport hazardous waste without a license issued under this section.
291.23(2) (2) Licenses issued under this section shall require compliance with rules of the department promulgated under s. 291.05 (5) (a).
291.23(3) (3) Licenses issued under this section may be denied, suspended or revoked for grievous and continuous failure to comply with the rules adopted under 291.05 (5) (a)
291.23 History History: 1995 a. 227 ss. 676, 678; 1997 a. 35.
291.25 291.25 Licenses; treatment, storage or disposal.
291.25(1)(1) The storage of hazardous waste at the generation site by the generator of that waste for a period of less than 90 days is not subject to this section. The storage of hazardous waste for a period of less than 10 days is exempt from this section if the storage is in connection with the transporting or movement of the hazardous waste. Notwithstanding the exemptions granted under this subsection, no person may store or cause the storage of hazardous waste in a manner which causes environmental pollution.
291.25(2) (2) No person may:
291.25(2)(a) (a) Construct a hazardous waste facility unless the person complies with ss. 289.23 to 289.30.
291.25(2)(b) (b) Operate a hazardous waste facility without an interim or operating license issued under this section.
291.25(3) (3) Licenses issued under this section shall require compliance with s. 289.31 and rules promulgated under this chapter.
291.25(4) (4) The department may issue an interim license to a person who operates a hazardous waste facility if the person applies for a license under this section and complies with conditions and restrictions prescribed by rule or special order by the department pending the decision on the issuance of an operating license under this section. This subsection applies only if the facility was in existence on November 19, 1980, or on a subsequent date which is the effective date of the statute or rule requiring the facility to obtain an operating license under this section. An interim license issued under this subsection constitutes an operating license under this section.
291.25(5) (5) An existing hazardous waste facility which was never licensed under this section, whether or not it was previously authorized to receive hazardous waste under s. 289.31, shall be treated as an unlicensed proposed facility which has not been constructed for the purpose of complying with sub. (2) (a), for the purpose of obtaining an operating license under this section and for the purpose of administrative procedure and review under ch. 227.
291.25(6) (6) A treatment facility which is required to be permitted as a hazardous waste treatment facility under the resource conservation and recovery act and the discharges of which are regulated under ch. 283 shall comply with construction and operating standards promulgated by rule by the department. The department shall promulgate rules under this subsection which are substantially equivalent to and not more stringent than the standards promulgated under the resource conservation and recovery act.
291.25(7) (7) Notwithstanding subs. (2) (a), (3) and (5), the owner or operator of a hazardous waste facility who holds a permit for the treatment, storage or disposal of hazardous waste issued before January 31, 1986, by the U.S. environmental protection agency under 42 USC 6925 (c) and who is in compliance with the permit may obtain an operating license under sub. (2) (b) for the federally permitted activities by doing all of the following:
291.25(7)(a) (a) Submitting to the department, on a form provided by the department, an application showing that the facility meets the standards established under ss. 289.21 to 289.31 and this chapter and rules promulgated under those sections and this chapter.
291.25(7)(b) (b) Complying with any condition that the department prescribes as necessary to meet any standard or requirement established under ss. 289.21 to 289.31 and this chapter.
291.25(7)(c) (c) Paying any fee required under ss. 291.05 (7) and 291.33.
291.25 History History: 1995 a. 227 ss. 680, 682, 992.
291.27 291.27 Environmental impact statement.
291.27(1) (1) An environmental impact statement is required under s. 1.11 (2) for a new hazardous waste disposal facility if one or both of the following conditions exist:
291.27(1)(a) (a) The total area committed to solid and hazardous waste disposal exceeds 80 acres.
291.27(1)(b) (b) The total volume of solid and hazardous waste intended for disposal under the plan of operation exceeds one million cubic yards.
291.27(2) (2) This section does not apply to hazardous waste disposal facilities granted an interim license under s. 291.25 (4) or a variance under s. 291.31 or a facility subject to s. 291.29.
291.27 History History: 1981 c. 374; 1983 a. 410 s. 2202 (38); 1987 a. 384; 1995 a. 227 s. 689; Stats. 1995 s. 291.27.
291.29 291.29 Closure and long-term care plan for unlicensed facilities. Any person required to be licensed or eligible to obtain a license under s. 291.25 who does not obtain a license under that section shall submit to the department a closure plan and, if the facility is a disposal facility, a long-term care plan for the facility which complies with the requirements promulgated by the department by rule under s. 291.05 (6) (e) and shall comply with the plan as approved by the department. There is no statutory right to a hearing before the department concerning a plan submitted under this section but the department may grant a hearing on a plan.
291.29 History History: 1995 a. 227 s. 683.
291.29 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. NR 720, Wis. adm. code.
291.31 291.31 Variance. If the department determines that the application for or compliance with any license required under s. 291.23 or 291.25 would cause undue or unreasonable hardship to any person, the department may issue a variance from the requirements of s. 291.23, 291.25, 291.29 or 291.87 but the variance may not result in undue harm to public health or the environment and the duration of the variance may not exceed 5 years. The department may renew or extend a variance only after opportunity for a public hearing.
291.31 History History: 1995 a. 227 s. 684.
291.33 291.33 Tonnage fees. A person who operates a licensed hazardous waste disposal facility shall pay the fees imposed and specified under s. 289.62.
291.33 History History: 1995 a. 227 s. 687.
291.35 291.35 Rules on metallic mining wastes. The requirements of this chapter shall be subject to s. 289.05 (2).
291.35 History History: 1995 a. 227 s. 648.
291.37 291.37 Corrective action.
291.37(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
291.37(1)(a) (a) "Corrective action" means any method for protecting human health or the environment from a release.
291.37(1)(b) (b) "Release" means any spill, leak, pumping, pouring, emission, emptying, discharge, injection, escape, leaching, dumping or disposal of a hazardous waste or hazardous constituent.
291.37(1)(c) (c) "Solid waste management unit" means any unit designed or used for the storage, treatment or disposal of solid waste or hazardous waste or both, which is located in a hazardous waste facility required to have a license under s. 291.25 or a permit under 42 USC 6925 or required to comply with s. 291.29. "Solid waste management unit" includes but is not limited to a container, tank, surface impoundment, disposal facility, incinerator, wastepile, landfill, underground injection well, land treatment unit or wastewater treatment facility.
291.37(1)(d) (d) "Surface impoundment" means all or any part of a hazardous waste facility that is a natural topographic depression, constructed excavation or diked area, that is formed primarily of earthen materials and that holds or is designed to hold liquid waste or waste containing liquids that are readily separable from the solid waste portion of the waste. "Surface impoundment" includes a pond, lagoon or holding, storage, settling or aeration pit, but does not include an underground injection well or a topographic depression containing surface water, such as a drainage ditch containing runoff from a parking lot or a storm water retention basin, unless the surface water is contaminated by a hazardous waste.
291.37(2) (2)Corrective action.
291.37(2)(a)(a) If the department determines that a release from a solid waste management unit has occurred the department may, except as provided under par. (b), require the owner or operator of the facility containing the solid waste management unit to take corrective action, including corrective action beyond the facility, if necessary. The department may require an owner or operator to take corrective action regardless of when the hazardous waste or hazardous constituent released was placed in the solid waste management unit. The department may require corrective action by means of a special order under this paragraph or as a condition of licensing or plan approval under s. 291.25 or 291.29. An order or condition under this paragraph shall state, with reasonable specificity, the nature of the corrective action required, shall include a description of the property on which the corrective action is to be taken and shall specify a period for achieving compliance and a period for the owner or operator to establish proof of financial responsibility for the cost of corrective action.
291.37(2)(b) (b) If an owner or operator who is required under par. (a) to take corrective action on property that is beyond a facility shows that despite making a good faith effort the owner or operator was unable to obtain permission from the owner or occupant to enter that property, the owner or operator need not comply with the requirement with respect to that property.
291.37 History History: 1987 a. 384; 1993 a. 16; 1995 a. 227 s. 696; Stats. 1995 s. 291.37.
291.37 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. NR 720, Wis. adm. code.
subch. V of ch. 291 SUBCHAPTER V
ENFORCEMENT; PENALTIES
291.85 291.85 Imminent danger.
291.85(1)(1)Notice required. If the department receives evidence that the past or present handling, storage, treatment, transportation or disposal of any hazardous waste may present an imminent and substantial danger to health or the environment, the department shall do all of the following:
291.85(1)(a) (a) Provide immediate notice of the danger to each affected municipality.
291.85(1)(b) (b) Promptly post notice of the danger at the site at which the danger exists, or order a person responsible for the danger to post such notice.
291.85(2) (2)Other actions. In addition to the action under sub. (1), the department may do one or more of the following:
291.85(2)(a) (a) Issue any special order necessary to protect public health or the environment.
291.85(2)(b) (b) Take any other action necessary to protect public health or the environment.
291.85(2)(c) (c) Request the department of justice to commence legal proceedings to restrain or enjoin any person from handling, storage, treatment, transportation or disposal which presents or may present an imminent and substantial danger to health or the environment or take any other action as may be necessary to protect public health and the environment.
291.85 History History: 1977 c. 377; 1987 a. 384; 1995 a. 227 s. 693; Stats. 1995 s. 291.85.
291.87 291.87 License actions; hearing; public comment.
291.87(1)(1) If the department proposes to deny, suspend or revoke a license for the reasons stated under sub. (1m) (b) to (f), the department shall comply with the procedures specified under this section.
291.87(1m) (1m) A license issued under s. 291.25 may be denied, suspended or revoked if the applicant or licensee does any of the following:
291.87(1m)(a) (a) Fails to pay any fee required under ss. 291.05 (7) and 291.33.
291.87(1m)(b) (b) Fails to comply with this chapter or any rule promulgated under this chapter.
291.87(1m)(c) (c) Fails to comply with the approved plan of operation under s. 289.30.
291.87(1m)(d) (d) Fails to disclose fully all relevant facts in a feasibility report, plan of operation or license application or in a review of a feasibility report, plan of operation or license.
291.87(1m)(e) (e) Misrepresents any relevant fact at any time.
291.87(1m)(f) (f) Operates the facility in a way that endangers human health or the environment to the extent that denial, suspension or revocation of the license is the only way to provide an acceptable level of protection.
291.87(2) (2) If the department determines that a person licensed under s. 291.25 failed to comply with the rules promulgated under this chapter or failed to comply with the approved plan of operation under s. 289.30, the department shall give written notice to the person. The notice shall state that the department proposes to deny, suspend or revoke the license and shall inform the person that a hearing may be requested within 45 days after the notice is issued.
291.87(3) (3) If the licensee requests a hearing within 45 days after receiving the notice under sub. (2), the department shall schedule a hearing and give notice of the hearing by publishing a class 1 notice, under ch. 985, at least 45 days prior to the date scheduled for the hearing. If the licensee requests a contested case hearing and if the conditions specified under s. 227.42 (1) (a) to (d) are satisfied, the department shall conduct the hearing as a contested case; otherwise, the department shall conduct the hearing as an informational hearing. There is no statutory right to any hearing concerning the denial, suspension or revocation of a license for the reasons stated under sub. (1m) (b) to (f) except as provided under this subsection.
291.87(4) (4) After the conclusion of any hearing under sub. (3), the department shall issue a public notice containing a copy of the proposed decision and a statement describing the opportunity for public comment during the 45-day period after the notice is given.
291.87(5) (5) If the licensee does not request a hearing within 45 days after receiving the notice under sub. (2), the department shall issue a public notice containing a copy of the proposed decision and a statement describing the opportunity for public comment during the 45-day period after the notice is given.
291.87(6) (6) The department shall give the notice required under subs. (4) and (5) by all of the following means:
291.87(6)(a) (a) Publishing a class 1 notice, under ch. 985, in a newspaper likely to give notice in the area where the facility is located.
291.87(6)(b) (b) Broadcasting a notice by radio announcement in the area where the facility is located.
291.87(6)(c) (c) Providing written notice to each affected municipality.
291.87(7) (7) At the conclusion of the 45-day period after the department gives notice under sub. (4) or (5), the department shall issue its final decision denying, suspending or revoking the license. There is no statutory right to a hearing concerning the final decision issued under this subsection.
291.87 History History: 1983 a. 298; 1985 a. 182 s. 57; 1987 a. 384; 1995 a. 227 ss. 681, 688; Stats. 1995 s. 291.87.
291.89 291.89 Review of alleged violations. Any 6 or more citizens or any municipality may petition for review of an alleged violation of this chapter or any rule promulgated or special order, plan approval, license or any term or condition of a license issued under this chapter in the following manner:
291.89(1) (1) They shall submit to the department a petition identifying the alleged violator and setting forth in detail the reasons for believing a violation occurred. The petition shall state the name and address of a person within the state authorized to receive service of answer and other papers in behalf of the petitioners and the name and address of a person authorized to appear at a hearing in behalf of the petitioners.
291.89(2) (2) Upon receipt of a petition under this section, the department may:
291.89(2)(a) (a) Conduct a hearing in the matter within 60 days of receipt of the petition. A hearing under this paragraph shall be a contested case under ch. 227. Within 60 days after the close of the hearing, the department shall either:
291.89(2)(a)1. 1. Serve written notice specifying the law or rule alleged to be violated, containing findings of fact, conclusions of law and an order, which shall be subject to review under ch. 227; or
291.89(2)(a)2. 2. Dismiss the petition.
291.89(2)(b) (b) Initiate action under s. 291.95.
291.89(3) (3) If the department determines that a petition has been filed maliciously or in bad faith it shall issue a finding to that effect and the person complained against is entitled to recover expenses on the hearing in a civil action.
291.89 History History: 1981 c. 374; 1995 a. 227 s. 694; Stats. 1995 s. 291.89.
291.91 291.91 Inspections and right of entry.
291.91(1) (1) The department may inspect hazardous waste facility construction projects to determine compliance with this chapter and rules promulgated and licenses issued under this chapter.
291.91(2) (2) Upon the request of any officer, employee or authorized representative of the department and with notice provided no later than upon the officer's, employee's or authorized representative's arrival, any person who generates, stores, treats, transports or disposes of hazardous wastes shall permit the officer, employee or authorized representative access to vehicles, premises and records relating to hazardous wastes at reasonable times. An officer, employee or authorized representative of the department may take samples of any hazardous waste. The officer, employee or authorized representative shall commence and complete inspections with reasonable promptness. If samples are taken, the officer, employee or authorized representative shall give a receipt for each sample to the person in charge of the facility and, upon request, half of the sample taken. The department shall furnish promptly a copy of the results of any analysis of any sample which is taken and a copy of the inspection report to the person in charge of the facility.
291.91 History History: 1977 c. 377; 1981 c. 374; 1987 a. 27, 384; 1995 a. 227 ss. 670, 690, 691.
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