(a) A witness to the making of a valid written request for medication under 15
this section shall be an individual who has attained age 18. No witness to the making 16
of a valid written request for medication may, at the time of the witnessing, be any 17
of the following:
1. Related to the requester by blood, marriage, or adoption.
2. An individual who has knowledge that he or she is entitled to or has a claim 20
on any portion of the requester's estate.
3. Directly financially responsible for the requester's health care.
4. An individual who is a health care provider who is serving the requester at 23
the time of the witnessing; an employee, other than a chaplain or a social worker, of 24
the health care provider; or an employee, other than a chaplain or a social worker, 25
of a health care facility in which the requester is a patient.
(b) If a requester is a resident of a nursing home or community-based 2
residential facility, at least one of the witnesses to the request shall be a residents' 3
advocate designated under s. 156.19.
4156.09 Attending physician; responsibilities, and limitations.
attending physician shall do all of the following:
Determine whether the requester has a terminal disease, does not have 7
incapacity, and is making a request under this chapter voluntarily.
Inform the requester of all of the following:
(a) The requester's medical diagnosis.
(b) The requester's prognosis.
(c) The potential risks associated with taking the medication to be prescribed 12
under this chapter.
(d) The probable result of taking the medication to be prescribed under this 14
(e) The feasible alternatives to taking the medication to be prescribed under 16
this chapter, including comfort care, hospice care, and pain control.
Refer the requester to a consulting physician under the requirements of s. 18
Refer the requester for review and counseling if the referral is determined 20
to be appropriate under s. 156.13.
Ask the requester to notify his or her next of kin with respect to the request 22
Inform the requester that he or she may revoke the request for medication 24
at any time; explain the methods of revocation that are specified under s. 156.17 (1);
and offer the requester an opportunity to revoke the request at the time, if any, that 2
the requester orally asks for medication under s. 156.05 (2) (c).
Before writing a prescription that fulfills a request for medication, verify 4
that all of the following have occurred:
(a) The requester has fulfilled the requirements of s. 156.05 (2).
(b) No fewer than 48 hours have elapsed since the requester made a 2nd oral 7
request for medication under s. 156.05 (2) (c).
(c) The requester has made an informed decision under s. 156.05 (1).
Document or file all of the following in the requester's patient health care 10
(a) All occasions that the requester orally asks for medication under s. 156.05 12
(2) (a) or (c) as well as all written requests for medication under s. 156.05 (2) (b) that 13
are made by the requester.
(b) The attending physician's diagnosis of and prognosis for the requester and 15
determination as to whether the requester is incapacitated, is acting voluntarily, and 16
has made an informed decision under s. 156.05 (1).
(c) The consulting physician's diagnosis of and prognosis for the requester and 18
determination as to whether the requester is incapacitated, is acting voluntarily, and 19
has made an informed decision under s. 156.05 (1).
(d) A certification of the outcome and determinations made during any review 21
and counseling for which the requester was referred under s. 156.13.
(e) A certification as to whether the attending physician offered the requester 23
an opportunity to revoke the request for medication, as required under sub. (6).
(f) Evidence of a revocation, if made, as specified in s. 156.17 (2).
(g) A certification as to whether the requirements of this chapter are met and 2
indicating the steps taken to fulfill the request for medication, including a notation 3
of any medication that is prescribed. The attending physician shall report the 4
information under this paragraph to the department on a form prescribed by the 5
Information reported to the department under this paragraph that 6
could identify the requester, the attending physician, the consulting physician, or the 7
psychiatrist or psychologist to whom referral was made under s. 156.13, if any, is 8
confidential and may not be disclosed by the department except under an 9
investigation of an alleged violation of this chapter. The report of information under 10
this paragraph is not a violation of any person's responsibility for maintaining the 11
confidentiality of patient health care records under s. 146.82.
If the attending physician refuses to fulfill the requester's request for 13
medication that meets the requirements of this chapter, the attending physician 14
shall make a good faith attempt to transfer the requester's care and treatment to 15
another physician who will act as the attending physician under this chapter and will 16
fulfill the requester's request for medication. If a transfer is made, the attending 17
physician to whom the requester's care and treatment is transferred shall comply 18
with the requirements of this section.
19156.11 Consulting physician confirmation.
Before an attending physician 20
may fulfill a request for medication under this chapter, a consulting physician shall 21
examine the requester and his or her relevant patient health care records and shall 22
medically confirm the attending physician's determinations that the requester 23
suffers from a terminal disease, does not have incapacity, is making a request for 24
medication voluntarily, and has made an informed decision. The consulting 25
physician shall complete a written report regarding his or her findings and provide
it to the attending physician for filing in the requester's patient health care record 2
in compliance with the certification requirement of s. 156.09 (8) (g).
3156.13 Referral for review and counseling.
If in the opinion of the 4
attending physician or the consulting physician a requester may be suffering from 5
a psychiatric or psychological disorder, including depression, that causes impaired 6
judgment, the attending physician or consulting physician shall refer the requester 7
for review and counseling to a physician specializing in psychiatry or a licensed 8
psychologist, as defined in s. 455.01 (4). If a referral is made by the attending or 9
consulting physician, no request for medication may be fulfilled under this chapter 10
unless the physician specializing in psychiatry, or the psychologist, to whom referral 11
was made, determines and certifies in writing that the requester is not suffering from 12
a psychiatric or psychological disorder, including depression, that causes impaired 13
judgment. The attending physician shall file the certification in the requester's 14
patient health care record under s. 156.09 (8) (d).
15156.15 Written request for medication; form.
The department shall 16
prepare and provide copies of a request for medication authorization form and 17
accompanying information for distribution in quantities to health care providers, 18
hospitals, nursing homes, multipurpose senior centers, county clerks, and local bar 19
associations and individually to private persons. The department shall include, in 20
information accompanying the copy of the request for medication authorization 21
form, at least the statutory definitions of terms used in the request for medication 22
authorization form, statutory restrictions on who may be witnesses to a valid request 23
for medication under s. 156.07, and a statement explaining that valid witnesses 24
acting in good faith are statutorily immune from civil or criminal liability. The
request for medication authorization form distributed by the department shall be in 2
the following form:
REQUEST FOR MEDICATION4
AUTHORIZATION TO END MY LIFE IN A5
HUMANE AND DIGNIFIED MANNER
I, .... (insert name), am an adult of sound mind, do not have incapacity, and am 7
a resident of Wisconsin.
I am suffering from .... (insert description of terminal disease), which my 9
attending physician has determined is a terminal disease and which has been 10
medically confirmed by a consulting physician.
I have been fully informed of my diagnosis, prognosis, the nature of medication 12
to be prescribed and potential associated risks, the expected result, and the feasible 13
alternatives, including comfort care, hospice care, and pain control.
I request that my attending physician prescribe medication that will end my life 15
in a humane and dignified manner.
INITIAL ONE OF THE FOLLOWING 3 STATEMENTS:
.... I have informed my family members of my decision and taken their opinions 18
.... I have decided not to inform my family of my decision.
.... I have no family to inform of my decision.
I understand that I have the right to revoke this request at any time.
I understand the full import of this request and I expect to die when I take the 23
medication to be prescribed.
I make this request voluntarily and without reservation, and I accept full moral 25
responsibility for my actions.
3Statement and signatures
I know the requester personally or I have received proof of his or her identity 6
and I believe him or her to be of sound mind and at least 18 years of age. I believe 7
that the requester makes this request voluntarily. I am at least 18 years of age, am 8
not related to the requester by blood, marriage, or adoption, and am not directly 9
financially responsible for the requester's health care. I am not a health care 10
provider who is serving the requester at this time; an employee of the health care 11
provider, other than a chaplain or a social worker; or an employee, other than a 12
chaplain or a social worker, of a health care facility in which the requester is a 13
patient. To the best of my knowledge, I am not entitled to and do not have a claim 14
on the requester's estate.
Witness No. 1:
(print) Name: ....
Witness No. 2:
(print) Name: ....
Witness No. 3:
(print) Name: ....
If the requester is a resident of a nursing home or community-based residential 3
facility, at least one of the above witnesses must be a residents' advocate designated 4
by the board on aging and long-term care. A residents' advocate who is a witness 5
should print “residents' advocate" after the printing of his or her name above.
6156.17 Revocation of request for medication. (1)
A requester may revoke 7
his or her request for medication at any time by doing any of the following:
(a) Canceling, defacing, obliterating, burning, tearing, or otherwise destroying 9
the written request for medication or directing another in the presence of the 10
requester to destroy, in the same manner, the request for medication.
(b) Executing a statement, in writing, that is signed and dated by the requester, 12
expressing the requester's intent to revoke the request for medication.
(c) Orally expressing the requester's intent to revoke the request for 14
medication, in the presence of 2 witnesses or the attending physician.
A health care provider shall, upon notification of revocation of the 16
requester's request for medication, record in the requester's medical record the time, 17
date, and place of the revocation and the time, date, and place, if different, of the 18
notification to the health care provider of the revocation.
19156.19 Designation of residents' advocates.
The board on aging and 20
long-term care shall designate staff of the long-term care ombudsman program as 21
residents' advocates. A person so designated shall serve as a witness to a request for 22
medication of a requester who is a resident of a nursing home or community-based 23
residential facility, as required under s. 156.07 (2) (b), and shall speak on behalf of 24
the requester to ensure that his or her needs or wants are communicated to and 25
addressed by his or her attending physician.
1156.21 Duties and immunities. (1)
No health care facility or health care 2
provider may be charged with a crime, held civilly liable, or charged with 3
unprofessional conduct for any of the following:
(a) Failing to fulfill a request for medication, except that failure of an attending 5
physician to fulfill a request for medication constitutes unprofessional conduct if the 6
attending physician refuses or fails to make a good faith attempt to transfer the 7
requester's care and treatment to another physician who will act as attending 8
physician under this chapter and fulfill the request for medication.
(b) In the absence of actual knowledge of a revocation, fulfilling a request for 10
medication that is in compliance with this chapter.
(c) Acting contrary to or failing to act on a revocation of a request for medication, 12
unless the health care facility or health care provider has actual knowledge of the 13
In the absence of actual notice to the contrary, a health care facility or a 15
health care provider, other than a physician acting as the requester's attending 16
physician under this chapter, may presume that a requester was authorized to make 17
his or her request for medication under the requirements of this chapter and that the 18
request for medication is valid.
(a) No person who acts in good faith as a witness to a request for medication 20
under this chapter may be held civilly or criminally liable for a death that results 21
from taking medication under a fulfilled request for medication under this chapter.
(b) Paragraph (a) does not apply to a person who acts as a witness in violation 23
of s. 156.07 (2) (a).
24156.23 General provisions.
(a) The making of a request for medication 25
under this chapter does not, for any purpose, constitute attempted suicide. Taking
medication under a fulfilled request for medication under this chapter does not, for 2
any purpose, constitute suicide.
(b) Paragraph (a) does not prohibit an insurer from making a determination 4
that a requester has attempted suicide or committed suicide if the requester has so 5
acted, apart from a request for medication.
The making of a request for medication under this chapter does not revoke 7
or otherwise modify a power of attorney for health care or declaration to physicians 8
that the requester may have executed.
No individual may be required to make a request for medication as a 10
condition for receipt of health care or admission to a health care facility. The making 11
of a request for medication is not a bar to the receipt of health care or the admission 12
to a health care facility.
A written request for medication that has not been revoked and that is in 14
its original form or is a legible photocopy or electronic facsimile copy is presumed to 15
Nothing in this chapter may be construed to condone, authorize, approve, 17
or permit any affirmative or deliberate act to end life other than through taking 18
medication that is prescribed under a request for medication as provided in this 19
20156.25 Record review.
The department shall annually examine a sampling 21
of patient health care records of requesters for whom medication was prescribed in 22
fulfillment of a request for medication and about whom the department has received 23
information under s. 156.09 (8) (g).
24156.27 Penalties. (1)
Any person who willfully conceals, cancels, defaces, 25
obliterates, or damages the request for medication of another without the requester's
consent may be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned for not more than 30 days, 2
Any person who, with the intent to cause a requester to take medication that 4
is prescribed under a request for medication contrary to the wishes of the requester, 5
illegally falsifies or forges the request for medication of another or conceals a 6
revocation under s. 156.17 shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not 7
more than 10 years, or both.
Any responsible person who, with the intent to cause a requester to take 9
medication that is prescribed under a request for medication contrary to the wishes 10
of the requester, conceals personal knowledge of a revocation under s. 156.17 shall 11
be fined not more than $10,000 or, except for a health care facility, imprisoned for not 12
more than 10 years, or both.
979.01 (1) (intro.) of the statutes is amended to read:
Except as provided in sub. (1j), all
physicians, authorities 15
of hospitals, sanatoriums, public and private institutions, convalescent homes, 16
authorities of any institution of a like nature, and other persons having knowledge 17
of the death of any person who has died under any of the following circumstances, 18
shall immediately report the death to the sheriff, police chief, or and
examiner or coroner of the county and to the police chief of any community
where the 20
death took place: