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ATCP 80.41(8)(b) (b) Cooled in a system other than the membrane processing system until the temperature falls to 45° F. (7° C.) or below, and may then be reintroduced into the membrane processing system.
ATCP 80.41(8)(c) (c) Pasteurized in a pasteurization system, and may then be reintroduced into the membrane processing system.
ATCP 80.41(8)(d) (d) Discarded.
ATCP 80.41(9) (9) A membrane processing system under sub. (6) (c), (7), or (8) shall be equipped with temperature monitoring and recording devices that comply with PMO Appendix H, Subsection IV. At a minimum, the system shall monitor and record product temperature at each of the following points during processing:
ATCP 80.41(9)(a) (a) The point at which the dairy product enters the system.
ATCP 80.41(9)(b) (b) A point immediately preceding each intermediate cooling.
ATCP 80.41(9)(c) (c) A point immediately preceding final cooling.
ATCP 80.41(9)(d) (d) The point at which the product exits the system.
ATCP 80.41 Note Note: PMO Appendix H, Subsection IV is on file with the department and the legislative reference bureau. Copies may be obtained from the department at cost or online at http://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceRegulation/GuidanceDocumentsRegulatoryInformation/Milk.
ATCP 80.41 History History: Cr. Register, November, 1994, No. 467, eff. 12-1-94; CR 01-124: renum. from ATCP 80.40 and am. (2) (a) Register December 2002 No. 564, eff. 1-1-03; CR 07-006: cr. (2) (g) to (i) and (4) to (9), am. (3) (intro.), Register January 2008 No. 625, eff. 2-1-08.
ATCP 80.42 ATCP 80.42 Labeling pasteurized and unpasteurized products.
ATCP 80.42(1)(1) If a dairy product is pasteurized or made exclusively from pasteurized ingredients, the label on every shipping container of that dairy product shall clearly and conspicuously state that the product is pasteurized. If a grade A dairy product is pasteurized or made exclusively from pasteurized ingredients, the label on every shipping container and consumer package of that grade A dairy product shall clearly and conspicuously state that the grade A dairy product is "pasteurized" or "ultrapasteurized." Every label under this subsection shall also include the name and address, or the unique identification number, of the dairy plant where the dairy product was pasteurized.
ATCP 80.42(2) (2) Except as provided under sub. (3) or (4), if a dairy product is not pasteurized or made exclusively from pasteurized ingredients, the label on every shipping container and consumer package of that dairy product shall state that the product is unpasteurized.
ATCP 80.42(3) (3)Subsection (2) does not apply to cheese that meets all of the following requirements:
ATCP 80.42(3)(a) (a) The standard of identity for the cheese provides that the cheese may be made from unpasteurized dairy products.
ATCP 80.42(3)(b) (b) The cheese is held for at least 61 days before being distributed for retail sale, or for further processing without pasteurization.
ATCP 80.42(3)(c) (c) The label on every shipping container and consumer package of cheese states that the cheese is "aged over 60 days."
ATCP 80.42(4) (4)Subsection (2) does not apply to a dairy product that is sterilized and sealed in a hermetically sealed container.
ATCP 80.42 Note Note: See dairy product labeling requirements in subch. VIII.
ATCP 80.42 History History: Cr. Register, November, 1994, No. 467, eff. 12-1-94.
ATCP 80.44 ATCP 80.44 Pasteurization time and temperature.
ATCP 80.44(1)(1) If a dairy product is required to be pasteurized under s. ATCP 80.41, the dairy product shall be pasteurized according to this section unless the department authorizes a different but equally effective pasteurization method in writing. Every particle of the dairy product shall be heated to the required temperature and continuously held at or above the required temperature for the required period of time. Pasteurization equipment shall be equipped with accurate measuring, recording, and control devices, as required by ss. ATCP 80.46 and 80.48, to ensure that the time and temperature requirements under this section are met.
ATCP 80.44(2) (2) Dairy products identified in table 2, unless ultrapasteurized under sub. (3), shall be pasteurized in a batch pasteurizer or HTST pasteurizer at or above the temperature specified in the table for at least the length of time specified in the table. - See PDF for table PDF
ATCP 80.44(2m) (2m) A dairy plant operator may use an HHST pasteurizer as an alternative to an HTST pasteurizer. An HHST pasteurizer shall operate at temperatures of 191° F. (89° C.) and above with holding times of 1 second or less, and shall have a flow diversion device downstream from the cooler and regenerator. An HHST pasteurizer shall heat and hold a dairy product at one of the following temperatures for the corresponding length of time:
ATCP 80.44(2m)(a) (a) 191° F. (89° C.) for 1.0 sec.
ATCP 80.44(2m)(b) (b) 194° F. (90° C.) for 0.5 sec.
ATCP 80.44(2m)(c) (c) 201° F. (94° C.) for 0.1 sec.
ATCP 80.44(2m)(d) (d) 204° F. (96° C.) for 0.05 sec.
ATCP 80.44(2m)(e) (e) 212° F. (100° C.) for 0.01 sec.
ATCP 80.44(3) (3) An ultrapasteurized dairy product shall be thermally processed at or above a temperature of 280º F. (138º C.) for at least 2 seconds in order to destroy microbes in the dairy product.
ATCP 80.44 History History: Cr. Register, November, 1994, No. 467, eff. 12-1-94; CR 01-124: am. (1) and (2) Table, cr. (2m) Register December 2002 No. 564, eff. 1-1-03; CR 06-028: am. (2) Table 2 Register November 2006 No. 611, eff. 12-1-06; CR 07-006: am. (2) Table 2 and (2m) (intro.), r. (4) and (5), Register January 2008 No. 625, eff. 2-1-08.
ATCP 80.46 ATCP 80.46 Batch pasteurization. Batch pasteurization equipment shall be of the non-coil type. Batch pasteurization equipment shall be constructed and operated so that pasteurization complies with item 16p (A) of the PMO and with applicable "3-A Sanitary Standards" and "3-A Accepted Practices" listed in Appendix A to this chapter. Thermometers shall be constructed and operated in compliance with PMO Appendix H, item IV. The temperature of the air space above the pasteurized product shall be at least 5° F. (3° C.). higher than the minimum pasteurization temperature of the pasteurized product.
ATCP 80.46 Note Note: The "3-A Sanitary Standards" and "3-A Accepted Practices" listed in Appendix A are published by 3-A Sanitary Standards, Inc., 1451 Dolley Madison Boulevard, Suite 210, McLean, VA 22101-3850, telephone (703) 790-0295, website www.3-a.org. Copies are on file with the department and the legislative reference bureau. Copies may be purchased from the "3-A Sanitary Standards, Inc. Online Store" at http://www.techstreet.com. Copies of the PMO are on file with the department and the legislative reference bureau. Copies may be obtained from the department at cost or are available online at http://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceRegulation/GuidanceDocumentsRegulatoryInformation/Milk.
ATCP 80.46 History History: Cr. Register, November, 1994, No. 467, eff. 12-1-94; CR 01-124: am. Register December 2002 No. 564, eff. 1-1-03; CR 07-006: am. Register January 2008 No. 625, eff. 2-1-08.
ATCP 80.48 ATCP 80.48 HTST and HHST pasteurization. Pasteurization by means of HTST or HHST pasteurization shall comply with the standards set forth in "3-A Accepted Practices for the Sanitary Construction, Installation, Testing and Operation of High-Temperature Short-Time and Higher Heat Shorter Time Pasteurizer Systems," standard 3A 603-07 (November, 2005), published by 3-A Sanitary Standards, Inc.
ATCP 80.48 Note Note: Copies of the "3-A Accepted Practices for the Sanitary Construction, Installation, Testing, and Operation of High-Temperature Short-Time and Higher Heat Shorter Time Pasteurizer Systems," standard 3A 603-07 (November, 2005) are on file with the department and the legislative reference bureau. Copies may be obtained from the "3-A Sanitary Standards, Inc. Online Store" at http://www.techstreet.com.
ATCP 80.48 History History: Cr. Register, November, 1994, No. 467, eff. 12-1-94; CR 01-124: am. Register December 2002 No. 564, eff. 1-1-03; CR 07-006: am. Register January 2008 No. 625, eff. 2-1-08.
ATCP 80.49 ATCP 80.49Aseptic processing and packaging.
ATCP 80.49(1)(1) Definition. In this section, "aseptic processing and packaging system" means a system that is intended to fill commercially sterilized cooled milk or milk products into pre-sterilized containers, and then hermetically seal each container with a pre-sterilized closure, in an atmosphere free of microorganisms.
ATCP 80.49(2) (2)Requirements.
ATCP 80.49(2)(a)(a) Grade A aseptic processing and packaging systems shall comply with standards specified in PMO items 16p (C), (D), and (E) and with standards specified by the food and drug administration, United States department of health and human services, under 21 CFR 113 and 21 CFR 114.
ATCP 80.49(2)(b) (b) Grade B aseptic processing and packaging systems shall comply with standards specified by the food and drug administration, United States department of health and human services, under 21 CFR 113 and 21 CFR 114.
ATCP 80.49 Note Note: The PMO is on file with the department and the legislative reference bureau. Copies may be obtained from the department at cost or online at http://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceRegulation/GuidanceDocumentsRegulatoryInformation/Milk.
ATCP 80.49 History History: CR 01-124: cr. Register December 2002 No. 564, eff. 1-1-03; CR 07-006: r. and recr. (2), Register January 2008 No. 625, eff. 2-1-08; corrections in (2) (a), (b) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 6., Stats., Register April 2014 No. 700.
ATCP 80.50 ATCP 80.50 Pasteurization records.
ATCP 80.50(1) (1) General. A dairy plant operator shall keep pasteurization records for all dairy products processed by the operator. Records shall cover all pasteurization operations, including conventional batch operations, HTST operations, and HHST operations. Records shall comply with this section. The department shall review pasteurization records as part of each routine inspection of a dairy plant.
ATCP 80.50(2) (2)Batch pasteurization records. Except as provided in sub. (3), pasteurization records shall include all the following:
ATCP 80.50(2)(a) (a) Each date on which dairy products are pasteurized.
ATCP 80.50(2)(b) (b) The identification number or location of each pasteurization time and temperature recording chart, if more than one is used.
ATCP 80.50(2)(c) (c) A continuous temperature recording chart temperature record for each batch of pasteurized product.
ATCP 80.50(2)(d) (d) The pasteurization holding time, as shown on the temperature recording chart, for each batch of pasteurized product. Records shall include filling and emptying times, if applicable.
ATCP 80.50(2)(e) (e) The temperature reading on the airspace thermometer at the start and end of the pasteurization holding period, at specific times identified as points on the temperature recording chart.
ATCP 80.50(2)(f) (f) The temperature reading on the indicating thermometer at the start of the pasteurization holding period, and at a specific time identified as a point on the temperature recording chart.
ATCP 80.50(2)(g) (g) The name and quantity of pasteurized dairy product included in each batch pasteurization shown on the temperature recording chart.
ATCP 80.50(2)(h) (h) A record of any unusual circumstances that occurred during each batch pasteurization.
ATCP 80.50(2)(i) (i) The name of the dairy plant.
ATCP 80.50(2)(j) (j) The signature or initials of the dairy plant operator, or a responsible employee or agent of the operator.
ATCP 80.50(3) (3)Htst and hhst pasteurization records. Pasteurization records for HTST and HHST pasteurization operations shall include all the following:
ATCP 80.50(3)(a) (a) Each date on which dairy products are pasteurized.
ATCP 80.50(3)(b) (b) The identification number or location of each pasteurization time and temperature recording chart, if more than one is used.
ATCP 80.50(3)(c) (c) A continuous temperature recording chart temperature record for each pasteurization run.
ATCP 80.50(3)(d) (d) The temperature reading on the indicating thermometer at the start of each pasteurization run, and at a specific time identified as a point on the temperature recording chart.
ATCP 80.50(3)(e) (e) Documentation, on the temperature recording chart, of every time period during which the flow-diversion device on the pasteurizer is in the forward-flow position.
ATCP 80.50(3)(f) (f) The cut-in and cut-out product temperatures at the beginning of each HTST pasteurization run. The pasteurizer operator shall record these temperatures daily on the temperature recording chart.
ATCP 80.50(3)(g) (g) The temperature reading on the indicating thermometer whenever the temperature recording chart for the pasteurization system is changed.
ATCP 80.50(3)(h) (h) The name and quantity of pasteurized dairy product included in each pasteurization run shown on the temperature recording chart.
ATCP 80.50(3)(i) (i) A record of any unusual circumstances that occurred during each pasteurization run.
ATCP 80.50(3)(j) (j) The name of the dairy plant.
ATCP 80.50(3)(k) (k) The signature or initials of the dairy plant operator, or a responsible employee or agent of the operator.
ATCP 80.50(4) (4)Flow records for htst and hhst pasteurizers with meter based timing systems. In addition to requirements in sub. (3), pasteurization records for HTST and HHST pasteurization operations with meter based timing systems shall include all of the following:
ATCP 80.50(4)(a) (a) Each date on which dairy products are pasteurized.
ATCP 80.50(4)(b) (b) The identification number or location of each pasteurization time and flow-rate recording chart, if more than one is used.
ATCP 80.50(4)(c) (c) A continuous flow-rate recording chart record of the flow rate.
ATCP 80.50(4)(d) (d) A continuous flow-rate recording chart record of the status of the high and low flow/loss of signal alarms.
ATCP 80.50(4)(e) (e) The name and quantity of pasteurized dairy product included in each pasteurization run shown on the flow-rate recording chart.
ATCP 80.50(4)(f) (f) A record of any unusual circumstances that occurred during each pasteurization run.
ATCP 80.50(4)(g) (g) The name of the dairy plant.
ATCP 80.50(4)(h) (h) The signature or initials of the dairy plant operator, or a responsible employee or agent of the operator.
ATCP 80.50 History History: Cr. Register, November, 1994, No. 467, eff. 12-1-94; CR 01-124: r. and recr. Register December 2002 No. 564, eff. 1-1-03; CR 04-005: am. (2) (e) and (f) and (3) (d) Register October 2004 No. 586, eff. 11-1-04; CR 06-028: am. (2) (f) and (3) (d) Register November 2006 No. 611, eff. 12-1-06; CR 07-006: am. (1), (2) (b) to (e) and (g), (3) (b), (c) and (e) to (h), cr. (4), Register January 2008 No. 625, eff. 2-1-08.
ATCP 80.52 ATCP 80.52 Pasteurizer testing.
ATCP 80.52(1)(1) General. The department shall test and seal pasteurization systems according to this section. Except as provided under sub. (6), no person may use any pasteurization system to pasteurize grade A or grade B dairy products unless that system bears the unbroken seals applied by the department under sub. (5).
ATCP 80.52(2) (2)Test procedure. The department shall test grade A and grade B pasteurization systems according to the procedure specified in PMO Appendix I.
ATCP 80.52 Note Note: PMO Appendix I is on file with the department and the legislative reference bureau. Copies may be obtained from the department at cost or online at http://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceRegulation/GuidanceDocumentsRegulatoryInformation/Milk.
ATCP 80.52(3) (3)Test frequency; grade A pasteurizers. The department shall test each grade A pasteurization system at the following times:
ATCP 80.52(3)(a) (a) Before the pasteurization system is first put into operation.
ATCP 80.52(3)(b) (b) At least once every 3 months, except that a holding time test may be conducted at least once every 6 months.
ATCP 80.52(3)(c) (c) Whenever a seal under sub. (5) is broken.
ATCP 80.52(4) (4)Test frequency; grade B pasteurizers. The department shall test a grade B pasteurization system at the following times:
ATCP 80.52(4)(a) (a) Before the pasteurization system is first put into operation.
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