Provide daily opportunities for children to play outdoors except during inclement weather or when not advisable for health reasons.
Provide reasonable regularity in eating, resting and other routines.
Provide daily periods when a variety of experiences are concurrently available for the children to select their own activities.
Limit the amount of time that children are kept waiting in lines or assembled in large groups during routines such as toileting and eating and intervals between activities.
Each day camp shall have a written policy on guiding children's behavior which provides for positive guidance, redirection and the setting of clear-cut limits. The policy shall be designed to help each child develop self-control, self-esteem, and respect for the rights of others.
If a camp uses time-out periods to deal with unacceptable behavior, time-out periods may not exceed 5 minutes and the procedure shall be included in the camp's child guidance policy as specified in par. (a)
Actions that may be psychologically, emotionally or physically painful, discomforting, dangerous or potentially injurious are prohibited. Examples of prohibited actions include:
Spanking, hitting, pinching, shaking, slapping, twisting, throwing or inflicting any other form of corporal punishment.
Verbal abuse, threats or derogatory remarks about the child or the child's family.
Physical restraint, binding or tying to restrict movement or enclosing in a confined space such as a closet, locked room, box or similar cubicle.
Children shall not be punished for lapses in toilet training.
The camp shall provide program equipment in a variety and quantity which will allow staff to implement activities outlined in the written policy on program objectives and activities required under s. DCF 252.41 (1) (g) 2.
and which meets the following criteria:
Provides construction activities and for the development of manipulative skills.
Scaled to the developmental level, size and ability of the children.
Of sound construction with no sharp, rough, loose or pointed edges, in good operating condition, and anchored when necessary.
Placed to avoid danger of accident and collision and to permit freedom of action.
Equipment and materials which reflect an awareness of cultural and ethnic diversity shall be provided.
Children using play equipment shall be closely supervised to prevent injuries.
When a session is more than 4 hours in length, there shall be a rest period or period of quiet activities of at least 30 minutes for all children under 5 years of age.
Food shall be provided in accordance with Table DCF 252.44 which is based on the amount of time children are present. Food may be served at flexible intervals, but no child may go without nourishment for longer than 3 hours.
- See PDF for table
Camp-provided transportation time shall be included in determining the total number of hours a child is present for the purpose of par. (a)
Food allergies of specific children shall be reported to cooks, counselors and substitutes having direct contact with children.
Be posted in the kitchen and in a conspicuous place accessible to parents.
Be planned at least one week in advance, dated and kept on file for 3 months.
Each meal and snack provided shall meet the U.S. department of agriculture child care food program minimum meal requirements.
DCF 252.44 Note
Note: See Appendix B for information on the U.S. department of agriculture child and adult care food program minimum meal requirements.
Enough food shall be prepared for each meal so that second portions of vegetables or fruit, bread and milk are available to children.
A special diet, based on a medical condition, excluding food allergies, but including nutrient concentrates and supplements, may be served only upon written instruction of a child's physician and upon request of the parent. A special diet based on a food allergy may be served upon the written request of the parent.
Children's hands shall be washed with soap and water before eating.
Each child upon arrival at the camp shall be observed by a staff person for symptoms of illness. For an apparently ill child, the procedure under par. (c)
shall be followed.
Any evidence of unusual bruises, contusions, lacerations or burns received by a child in or out of camp care shall be recorded in the camp medical log book and reported immediately to the camp director.
(b) Health supervision.
There shall be an adult at the camp at all times who is responsible for health supervision. The on-site health supervisor shall be one of the following:
A person currently certified as having completed the American Red Cross Standard First Aid course or equivalent.
If a public or private rescue or emergency vehicle cannot arrive at the camp within 10 minutes of a phone call, a person who is certified by the department as a first responder under ch. DHS 113
must be on the premises during the hours when children are present. This person may serve as the camp health supervisor.
There shall be an isolation or first aid area for the care of children who become ill. If the area is not a separate room, it shall be separated from space used by other children by a partition, screen or other means.
When an apparently ill child is observed in the day camp, the following procedures shall apply:
A child with symptoms of illness or a condition such as vomiting or diarrhea, shall be isolated and shall be made comfortable, with a place to lie down available, with a staff member within the sight or hearing of the child. Isolation shall be used until the child can be removed from the camp.
The child's parent, or a designated responsible person when parents cannot be reached, shall be contacted as soon as possible after the illness is discovered to take the child from the camp.
When it is determined that a person in contact with children or a child enrolled in a day camp has a reportable communicable disease under ch. DHS 145
, such as German measles, infectious hepatitis, measles, mumps, or meningitis, the local public health officer, the department, and parents of exposed children shall be notified.
A person in contact with children or a child may be allowed to return to a camp if the person's physician provides a written statement that the condition is no longer contagious or the person has been absent for a period of time equal to the longest usual incubation period of the disease as specified by the department.
DCF 252.44 Note
Note: The Division of Public Health in the Wisconsin Department of Health Services has developed materials that identify those communicable diseases that are required to be reported to the local public health officer. These materials also proved additional guidance on the symptoms of each disease and information on how long an infected child must be excluded from the camp. The materials include a communicable disease chart and exclusion guidelines for child care centers. Copies of the communicable disease chart or the exclusion guidelines are available from the Child Care Information Center, 2109 S. Stoughton Rd., Madison WI 53716; phone 1-800-362-7353.
Camp staff may give prescription and non-prescription medication to a child only under the following conditions:
A signed, dated, written authorization that includes the child's name and birthdate, name of the medication, administration instructions, medication intervals, and the length of the authorization from the parent is on file. Blanket authorizations that exceed the length of time specified on the label are prohibited.
DCF 252.44 Note
The department's form, Authorization to Administer Medication, or the provider's own form may be used to obtain the parent's authorization to administer medication. Information on how to obtain the form is available on the department's website, http://dcf.wisconsin.gov
, or from any of the regional licensing offices in Appendix A.
The medication is in the original container and labeled with the child's name, and the label includes the dosage and directions for administering.
The person administering the medication makes an entry into the medical log book as required under s. DCF 252.41 (4) (b)
that includes the type of medication given, dosage, time, date of administration and name or initials of the person administering the medication.
All medications shall be stored so that they are not accessible to the children.
Medications shall be stored at the appropriate temperature as indicated on the label.
No medication may be kept at the camp without a current authorization from the parent.
Bee sting medication, inhalers, an insulin syringe, or other medication or device used in the event of a life-threatening situation may be carried by a child over the age of 7 years with written authorization from the parent and the child's physician.
Sunscreen and insect repellent may only be applied on the written authorization of the parent. The authorization shall include the ingredient strength of the sunscreen or repellent. If parents provide the sunscreen or insect repellent, the sunscreen or repellent shall be labeled with the child's name. Children may apply their own sunscreen or insect repellent with written parental authorization. The recording of the application of sunscreen or insect repellent is not required.
Children shall be protected from sunburn with protective clothing, if not protected by sunscreen.
Written procedures for the treatment of children who are in accidents or otherwise injured shall be available and made known to staff and shall be carried out as follows:
Written permission from the parent to call the family physician or refer the child or medical care in case of emergency shall be on file at the camp. This permission shall be used only when the parent or the designated responsible person cannot be reached.
DCF 252.44 Note
The camp may use the department's form, Child Care Enrollment, or its own form for obtaining medical consent from the parent. Information on how to obtain forms is available on the department's website, http://dcf.wisconsin.gov
, or from any regional licensing office in Appendix A.
Prior to the opening of camp, a planned source of emergency medical care, such as a hospital emergency room, clinic or other constantly staffed medical facility, shall be designated and made known to staff and parents.
There shall be written procedures to be followed for bringing a child to emergency medical care.
First aid equipment shall be available at a designated location at the base camp.
Suspected poisoning shall be treated only after consultation with a poison control center.
A daily record of injuries shall be kept in the medical log. Records of injuries shall be reviewed monthly by the camp director and staff to ensure that all preventive measures are being taken. There shall be documentation in the medical log book required under s. DCF 252.41 (4) (b)
that reviews have taken place.
(g) Health history.
A written health history on a form prescribed by the department shall be obtained from the parent before the child's first day of camp. This shall be kept on file at the base camp and be available to staff. Information contained on the health history form shall be shared with any person assigned to care for the child.