(2) Reimbursement methods and payment levels.
The department may establish the reimbursement methods and payment levels for program services subject to the requirements of federal and state statutes, regulations and chs. DHS 101
and this chapter. Notice of specific changes or updates to payment levels shall be communicated to the service providers by the department through periodic publication of provider handbooks.
(3) Advisory committees.
The department may appoint and make use of professional advisory committees on an ad hoc basis to provide expertise for development of service or reimbursement policies.
(4) Provider handbooks and bulletins.
The department shall publish provider handbooks, bulletins and periodic updates to inform providers of changes in state or federal law, policy, reimbursement rates and formulas, departmental interpretation, and procedural directives such as billing and prior authorization procedures, specific reimbursement changes and items of general information. The department shall inform providers in a handbook, bulletin or other publication of specific services requiring collection of benefits from medicare or other health care plans under s. DHS 106.03 (7)
before benefits are claimed from the MA program. Information regarding eligibility for medicare or for another health care plan as identified on the recipient's MA identification card shall also be included in these publications.
(5) Notification of recipients.
The department shall publish periodic notification to eligible recipients, as necessary, to provide general information regarding MA program benefits and procedural requirements, and to notify recipients of any benefit or eligibility changes.
(6) Notice of change in method or level of reimbursement. DHS 108.02(6)(a)(a)
Except as provided in par. (b)
, the department shall publish a public notice in the Wisconsin administrative register of any significant proposed change in the statewide method or level of reimbursement for a service, in compliance with 42 CFR 447.205
. This notice shall include information on the procedure for obtaining details of the proposed change, why the change is proposed and how to provide public comment to the department.
Changes for which no public notice is required include the following:
Changes to conform with medicare methods and federally-invoked upper limits on reimbursement;
Changes in wholesalers' or manufacturers' prices of drugs or materials, if the department's method of reimbursement is based on direct or wholesale prices as reported in a national standard such as the American druggist blue book, plus a pharmacy dispensing fee.
Notice in the Wisconsin administrative register shall constitute official notice by the department to its contracted health service providers of a contractual change.
(7) Mailings and distributions.
The department shall mail or distribute materials to applicants, recipients or medical providers, as follows:
All materials shall be limited to purposes directly related to program administration.
Information of immediate interest to applicants' or recipients' health and welfare;
Information regarding the deletion or reduction of covered services; and
The department shall make reasonable efforts to identify any third party insurer, including medicare, legally liable to contribute in whole or in part to the cost of services provided to a recipient under the MA program.
When the department has determined that medicare or any other health care plan provides health care coverage to the recipient which is primary to MA, as stated in s. 632.755 (2)
, Stats., the medicare or other insurance coverage shall be identified on the recipient's MA identification card by specific codes.
In the event payment for services otherwise covered by medicare or by another health care plan is unavailable, the provider may bill the department's MA fiscal agent, identifying the efforts to seek reimbursement from medicare or the other health care plan, on condition that the provider complies with the instructions issued by the department under sub. (4)
DHS 108.02(9)(a)(a) Recoupment methods.
If the department finds that a provider has received an overpayment, including but not limited to erroneous, excess, duplicative and improper payments regardless of cause, under the program, the department may recover the amount of the overpayment by any of the following methods, at its discretion:
Offsetting or making an appropriate adjustment against other amounts owed the provider for covered services;
Offsetting or crediting against amounts determined to be owed the provider for subsequent services provided under the program if:
The amount owed the provider at the time of the department's finding is insufficient to recover in whole the amount of the overpayment; and
The provider is claiming and receiving MA reimbursement in amounts sufficient to reasonably ensure full recovery of the overpayment within a reasonable period of time; or
Requiring the provider to pay directly to the department the amount of the overpayment.
(b) Written notice.
No recovery by offset, adjustment or demand for payment may be made by the department under par. (a)
, except as provided under par. (c)
, unless the department gives the provider prior written notice of the department's intention to recover the amount determined to have been overpaid. The notice shall set forth the amount of the intended recovery, identify the claim or claims in question or other basis for recovery, summarize the basis for the department's finding that the provider has received amounts to which the provider is not entitled or in excess of that to which the provider is entitled, and inform the provider of a right to appeal the intended action under par. (e)
. Payment due the department shall be made by the provider within 30 days after the date of service of the notice of intent to recover. Final notices of intent to recover shall be sent by certified mail.
The department need not provide prior written notice under par. (b)
when the overpayment was made as a result of a computer processing or clerical error, for a recoupment of a manual partial payment, or when the provider requested or authorized the recovery to be made. In any of these cases the department or its fiscal agent shall provide written notice of any payment adjustments made on the next remittance issued the provider. This notice shall specify the amount of the adjustment made and the claim or claims which were the subject of the adjustments.
(d) Withholding of payment involving fraud or willful misrepresentation. DHS 108.02(9)(d)1.1.
The department may withhold MA payments, in whole or in part, to a provider upon receipt of reliable evidence that the circumstances giving rise to the need for withholding of payments involve fraud or willful misrepresentation under the MA program. Reliable evidence of fraud or willful misrepresentation includes, but is not limited to, the filing of criminal charges for those activities against the provider or one of its agents or employees by a prosecuting attorney. The department may withhold payments without first notifying the provider of its intention to withhold the payments. A provider is entitled to a hearing under s. DHS 106.12
The department shall send written notice to the provider of the department's withholding of MA program payments within 5 days after taking that action. The notice shall generally set forth the allegations leading to the withholding, but need not disclose any specific information concerning the ongoing investigation of allegations of fraud and willful misrepresentation. The notice shall:
State that the withholding action is for a temporary period, as defined under subd. 3.
, and cite the circumstances under which withholding will be terminated;
Specify, when appropriate, to which type or types of MA claims withholding is effective; and
Inform the provider that the provider has a right to submit to the department written evidence regarding the allegations of fraud and willful misrepresentation for consideration by the department.
Withholding of the provider's payments shall be temporary. Withholding of payment may not continue after:
The department determines after a preliminary investigation that there is not sufficient evidence of fraud or willful misrepresentation by the provider to require referral of the matter to an appropriate law enforcement agency pursuant to 42 CFR 455.15
and, to the extent of the department's knowledge, the matter is not already the subject of an investigation or a prosecution by a law enforcement agency or a prosecuting authority;
Any law enforcement agency or prosecuting authority which has investigated or commenced prosecution of the matter determines that there is insufficient evidence of fraud or misrepresentation by the provider to pursue criminal charges or civil forfeitures; or
Legal proceedings relating to the provider's alleged fraud or willful misrepresentation are completed and charges against the provider have been dismissed. In the case of a conviction of a provider for criminal or civil forfeiture offenses, those proceedings shall not be regarded as being completed until all appeals are exhausted. In the case of an acquittal in or dismissal of criminal or civil forfeiture proceedings against a provider, the proceedings shall be regarded as complete at the time of dismissal or acquittal regardless of any opportunities for appeal which the prosecuting authority may have.
(e) Request for hearing on recovery action.
If a provider chooses to contest the propriety of a proposed recovery under par. (a)
, the provider shall, within 20 days after receipt of the department's notice of intent to recover, request a hearing on the matter. The request shall be in writing and shall briefly identify the basis for contesting the proposed recovery. Receipt of a timely request for hearing shall prevent the department from making the proposed recovery while the hearing proceeding is pending. If a timely request for hearing is not received, the department may recover from current or future obligations of the program to the provider the amount specified in the notice of intent to recover and may take such other legal action as it deems appropriate to collect the amount specified. All hearings on recovery actions by the department shall be held in accordance with the provisions of ch. 227, Stats.
The date of service of a provider's request for a hearing shall be the date on which the department of administration division of hearings and appeals receives the request.
(10) Estate recovery.
The department shall file a claim against the estate of a recipient or client or against the estate of the surviving spouse of a recipient or client as provided in ss. 46.27 (7g)
, Stats., to recover only the following:
The amount of medical assistance paid on or after October 1, 1991, on behalf of the recipient while the recipient resided in a nursing home;
The amount of medical assistance paid on or after July 1, 1995, on behalf of the recipient while the recipient was an inpatient in a hospital and was required to contribute to the cost of care pursuant to s. DHS 103.07 (1) (d)
The amount of medical assistance paid on or after July 1, 1995, for any of the following services provided to the recipient under the medical assistance program or any federal medical assistance waiver program under 42 USC 1396n
(c) or 1396u
after the recipient attained 55 years of age:
Inpatient services which are billed separately by providers and which are listed as non-covered hospital services in s. DHS 107.08 (4) (d)
provided during a period of time in which the recipient was approved to have home and community-based waiver services funded pursuant to 42 USC 1396n
(c) or 1396u
The amount of long-term community support services paid on or after January 1, 1996, on behalf of a client for services funded under s. 46.27 (7)
, Stats., after the client attained 55 years of age.
The department shall take a lien in full or partial settlement of an estate claim against the portion of an estate that is a home if either of the following apply:
A child of the recipient or client, regardless of age, resides in the decedent's home and that child resided in the home for at least 24 months before:
The date the recipient was admitted to a nursing home, the expenses for which are subject to recovery under sub. (10) (a)
, and that child provided care to the recipient that delayed the recipient's admission to the nursing home;
The date the recipient was admitted to a hospital, the expenses of which are subject to recovery under sub. (10) (b)
, and that child provided care to the recipient that delayed the recipient's admission to the hospital; or
The date the recipient or client began receiving services which are subject to recovery under sub. (10) (c) 3.
, and that child provided care to the recipient or client that delayed the recipient's or client's receipt of the services.
A sibling of the recipient or client resides in the decedent's home and that sibling resided in the home for at least 12 months before:
The date the recipient was admitted to a nursing home, the expenses for which are subject to recovery under sub. (10) (a)
The date the recipient was admitted to a hospital, the expenses for which are subject to recovery under sub. (10) (b)
Except as provided in par. (d)
, the lien shall be payable upon the death of the child or sibling or upon the transfer of the property, whichever comes first.
If the child or sibling sells the home against which the department has taken a lien under par. (b)
and uses the proceeds of that sale to buy another home which will be used as the child's or sibling's primary residence, then the following apply:
If the amount of the child's or sibling's payment for or down payment on the second home is equivalent to or greater than the amount received as the proceeds from the sale of the first home, the department shall transfer the lien to the second home.
If the amount of the child's or sibling's payment for or down payment on the second home is less than the amount received as the proceeds from the sale of the first home, the department may recover the amount of the lien to the extent that the proceeds from the sale of the first home exceed the amount of the child's or sibling's payment or down payment on the second home. The department shall transfer any remaining portion of the lien to the second home.
"Beneficiary" means any person nominated in a will to receive an interest in property other than in a fiduciary capacity.
"Heir" means any person who is entitled under the statutes of intestate succession, ch. 852, Stats.
, to an interest in property of a decedent.
"Recipient" means a person who received services funded by medical assistance or the long-term community support program under s. 46.27 (7)
"Waiver applicant" means a beneficiary or heir of a decedent who requests the department to waive an estate claim filed by the department pursuant to s. 46.27 (7g)
A beneficiary or heir of a decedent may apply to the department for a waiver of an estate claim filed by the department. The department shall review an application for a waiver under this subsection and shall determine whether the applicant meets the criterion under subd. 2. a.
If the department determines that the criterion under subd. 2. a.
. is met, the department shall waive its claim as to that applicant.