Respiratory care services.
Social work services.
Referral to aging and disability resource center required.
Additional requirements for psychiatric hospitals.
Subchapter V — Physical Environment
General requirements and definitions.
Plans for new construction or remodeling.
Review for compliance with this chapter and the state building code.
Fees for plan reviews.
Patient rooms - general.
Patient care areas.
Additional requirements for particular patient care areas.
Other physical environment.
Subchapter VI — Critical Access Hospitals
Designation as a critical access hospital.
Requirements for a critical access hospital.
Rural health plan.
Ch. DHS 124 Note
Chapter H 24 as it existed on January 31, 1988 was repealed and a new chapter HSS 124 was created effective February 1, 1988. Chapter HSS 124 was renumbered chapter HFS 124 under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 1., Stats., and corrections made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, August, 1996, No. 488
. Chapter HFS 124 was renumbered chapter DHS 124 under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 1., Stats., and corrections made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register January 2009 No. 637
Authority, purpose and applicability.
This chapter establishes standards for the construction, maintenance and operation of hospitals. The chapter is promulgated under the authority of s. 50.36 (1)
, Stats., to ensure that hospital patients receive safe and adequate care and treatment and that the health and safety of patients and hospital employees are protected. The provisions of this chapter apply to all facilities meeting the definition of hospital in s. 50.33 (2)
, Stats., that are not specifically exempt under s. 50.39
, Stats., except for those provisions that apply only to particular types of hospitals.
DHS 124.01 Note
Among facilities that are specifically exempt under s. 50.39
, Stats., from being treated as hospitals for purposes of regulation under ss. 50.32
and this chapter are physicians' clinics and offices, nursing homes, the Milwaukee County Mental Health Center and correctional institutions operated by the Wisconsin department of corrections.
DHS 124.01 History
Cr. Register, January, 1988, No. 385
, eff. 2-1-88.
In this chapter:
"Allied health personnel" means persons who are not physicians, podiatrists or dentists but who are admitted to practice in the hospital through the medical staff credentialing process or are hospital employees who function under the supervision of physicians, podiatrists or dentists as stated in the appropriate job descriptions.
"Critical access hospital" means a hospital that is designated by the department as meeting the requirements of 42 USC 1395i-4
(c) (2) (B) and is federally certified as meeting the requirements of 42 USC 1395i-4
"Dentist" means a person licensed to practice dentistry under ch. 447, Stats.
"Department" means the Wisconsin department of health services.
"General hospital" means a hospital providing inpatient medical and surgical care for acute illness, injury or obstetrics.
"Health physicist" means a person holding a masters degree or doctorate in an appropriate discipline of radiologic physics or who has equivalent education and experience.
"Hospital" means any building, structure, institution or place that does all of the following:
Offers inpatient, overnight care on a 24-hour-a-day basis, or on an as-needed basis in the case of a critical access hospital.
Devotes itself primarily to the maintenance and operation of facilities for the diagnosis and treatment of, and medical or surgical care for, 3 or more nonrelated individuals, designated "patients" in this chapter, suffering from illness, disease, injury or disability, whether physical or mental, or who are pregnant.
Regularly makes available at least clinical laboratory services, diagnostic x-ray services and treatment facilities for surgery, obstetrical care or other definitive medical treatment, except as otherwise provided for critical access hospitals in this chapter.
"Hospital" may include, but is not limited to, related facilities such as outpatient facilities, nurses', interns' and residents' quarters, training facilities and central service facilities operated in connection with the hospital.
"House staff" means graduates of recognized schools of medicine and osteopathy who are licensed in accordance with ch. 448, Stats.
, and are enrolled in post-graduate training programs in which the hospital participates.
"Legally authorized person" means a parent of a minor, a court appointed guardian or a person authorized by the patient in accordance with law to act on the patient's behalf.
"Licensed practical nurse" means a person licensed as a trained practical nurse under ch. 441, Stats.
"Medical staff" means the hospital's organized component of physicians, podiatrists and dentists appointed by the governing body of the hospital and granted specific medical privileges for the purpose of providing adequate medical, podiatric and dental care for the patients of the hospital.
"Medicare" means the health insurance program operated by the U.S. department of health and human services under 42 USC 1395
ccc and 42 CFR ch. IV, subch.
"Physician" means a person licensed to practice medicine or osteopathy under ch. 448, Stats.
"Physician assistant" means a person certified under ch. 448, Stats.
, to perform patient services under the supervision and direction of a licensed physician.
"Podiatrist" means a person licensed to practice podiatry or podiatric medicine and surgery under ch. 448, Stats.
"Practitioner" means a physician, dentist, podiatrist or other person permitted by Wisconsin law to distribute, dispense and administer medications in the course of professional practice.
"Qualified occupational therapist" means a person who meets the standards for registration as an occupational therapist of the American occupational therapy association.
"Qualified physical therapist" means a person licensed to practice physical therapy under ch. 448, Stats.
"Qualified respiratory therapist" means a person who meets the standards for registration as a respiratory therapist of the national board for respiratory therapy, inc., or who meets the training and experience requirements necessary for registration and is eligible to take the registry examination.
"Qualified speech pathologist" means a person who meets the standards for a certificate of clinical competence granted by the American speech and hearing association or who meets the educational requirements for certification and is in the process of acquiring the supervised experience required for certification.
"Registered nurse" means a person who is licensed as a registered nurse under ch. 441, Stats.
"Respiratory therapy technician" means a person who meets the standards for certification as a respiratory therapy technician of the national board for respiratory therapy, inc., or who meets the training and experience requirements necessary for certification and is eligible to take the certification examination.
"Special hospital" means a hospital that provides a limited type of medical or surgical care, such as an orthopedic hospital, a children's hospital, a critical access hospital, a psychiatric hospital or a maternity hospital.
"Tissue" means a substance consisting of cells and intercellular material that is removed from a patient's body during a surgical procedure.
DHS 124.02 History
Cr. Register, January, 1988, No. 385
, eff. 2-1-88; correction in (3) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 6., Stats., Register, August, 1996, No. 488
; emerg. cr. (1m), am. (6), (12 and (19), r. and recr. (21), eff. 9-12-98; cr. (1m) and (10m), am. (6), (12) and (19) and r. and recr. (21), Register, January, 1999, No. 517
, eff. 2-1-99; correction in (3) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 6., Stats., Register January 2009 No. 637
No hospital may operate in Wisconsin unless it is approved by the department.
To be approved by the department, a hospital shall comply with this chapter and with all other applicable state laws and local ordinances, including all state laws and local ordinances relating to fire protection and safety, reporting of communicable disease, cancer reporting and post-mortem examination, and professional staff of the hospital shall be licensed or registered, as appropriate, in accordance with applicable laws.
An application for approval shall be submitted to the department on a form prescribed by the department.
DHS 124.03 Note
Note: For a copy of the hospital approval application form, write Division of Quality Assurance, P.O. Box 2969, Madison, Wisconsin 53701-2969.
The department shall review and make a determination on a complete application for approval within 90 working days after receiving the application.
Approval by the department applies only to the owner of a hospital who may not transfer or assign the approval to anyone else. When there is a change in the ownership of the hospital, the new owner shall submit a new application to the department.
If at any time the department determines that there has been a failure to comply with a requirement of this chapter, it may withhold, suspend or revoke the certificate of approval consistent with s. 50.35
Every 12 months, on a schedule determined by the department, a hospital shall submit to the department an annual report in the form and containing the information that the department requires, including payment of the fee required under s. 50.135 (2) (a)
, Stats. If a complete annual report is not timely filed, the department shall issue a warning to the holder of the certificate of approval. If a hospital that has not filed a timely report fails to submit a complete report to the department within 60 days after the date established under the schedule determined by the department, the department may revoke the approval of the hospital.
DHS 124.03 History
Cr. Register, January, 1988, No. 385
, eff. 2-1-88; cr. (7), Register, August, 2000, No. 536
, eff. 9-1-00.
"Variance" means an alternative requirement in place of a requirement of this chapter.
"Waiver" means an exception from a requirement of this chapter.
(2) Requirements for waivers and variances.
A hospital may ask the department to grant a waiver or variance. The department may grant the waiver or variance if the department finds that the waiver or variance will not adversely affect the health, safety or welfare of any patient and that:
Strict enforcement of a requirement would result in unreasonable hardship on the hospital or on a patient; or
An alternative to a rule, which may involve a new concept, method, procedure or technique, new equipment, new personnel qualifications or the conduct of a pilot project, is in the interests of better care or management.
All applications for the grant of a waiver or variance shall be made in writing to the department, specifying the following:
If the request is for a variance, the specific alternative action which the facility proposes;
The department may require additional information from the hospital prior to acting on the request.