The governing body shall ensure that the hospital has current information on community resources available for continuing care of patients following their discharge.
Be reviewed periodically for timely initiation of discharge planning on an individual patient basis;
Provide that every patient receive relevant information concerning continuing health needs and is appropriately involved in his or her own discharge planning;
Be reviewed at least once a year and more often if necessary to ensure the appropriate disposition of patients; and
Allow for the timely and effective transmittal of all appropriate medical, social, and economic information concerning the discharged patient to persons or facilities responsible for the subsequent care of the patient.
Every hospital shall have written policies established by the governing board on patient rights and responsibilities which shall provide that:
A patient may not be denied appropriate hospital care because of the patient's race, creed, color, national origin, ancestry, religion, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, age, newborn status, handicap or source of payment;
Patients shall be treated with consideration, respect and recognition of their individuality and personal needs, including the need for privacy in treatment;
The patient's medical record, including all computerized medical information, shall be kept confidential;
The patient or any person authorized by law shall have access to the patient's medical record;
Every patient shall be entitled to know who has overall responsibility for the patient's care;
Every patient, the patient's legally authorized representative or any person authorized in writing by the patient shall receive, from the appropriate person within the facility, information about the patient's illness, course of treatment and prognosis for recovery in terms the patient can understand;
Every patient shall have the opportunity to participate to the fullest extent possible in planning for his or her care and treatment;
Every patient or his or her designated representative shall be given, at the time of admission, a copy of the hospital's policies on patient rights and responsibilities;
Except in emergencies, the consent of the patient or the patient's legally authorized representative shall be obtained before treatment is administered;
Any patient may refuse treatment to the extent permitted by law and shall be informed of the medical consequences of the refusal;
The patient or the patient's legally authorized representative shall give prior informed consent for the patient's participation in any form of research;
Except in emergencies, the patient may not be transferred to another facility without being given a full explanation for the transfer, without provision being made for continuing care and without acceptance by the receiving institution;
Every patient shall be permitted to examine his or her hospital bill and receive an explanation of the bill, regardless of source of payment, and every patient shall receive, upon request, information relating to financial assistance available through the hospital;
Every patient shall be informed of his or her responsibility to comply with hospital rules, cooperate in the patient's own treatment, provide a complete and accurate medical history, be respectful of other patients, staff and property, and provide required information concerning payment of charges;
Every patient shall be informed in writing about the hospital's policies and procedures for initiation, review and resolution of patient complaints, including the address where complaints may be filed with the department; and
Every patient may designate persons who are permitted to visit the patient during the patient's hospital stay.
DHS 124.05 Note
In reference to subd. 1. c. and d, ss. 146.81
, Stats., permit the patient and certain other persons to have access to the patient's health care records. Access to the records of a patient receiving treatment for mental illness, a developmental disability, alcohol abuse or drug abuse is governed by s. 51.30 (4)
DHS 124.05 Note
Note: In reference to subd. 1. o., complaints may be sent to the Division of Quality Assurance, P.O. Box 2969, Madison, WI 53701-2969.
A patient who receives treatment for mental illness, a developmental disability, alcohol abuse or drug abuse shall be recognized as having, in addition, the rights listed under s. 51.61
, Stats., and ch. DHS 94
Hospital staff assigned to direct patient care shall be informed of and demonstrate their understanding of the policies on patient rights and responsibilities through orientation and appropriate inservice training activities.
(b) Movement of visitors.
Every hospital shall have written policies established by the governing board to control the movement of visitors. The hospital shall control traffic and access to each patient care unit to ensure patient privacy and infection control.
(c) Use of volunteers.
Every hospital shall have written policies established by the governing board on the use of volunteers, which:
Provide that volunteers may assist with patient care only under the direct supervision of appropriate hospital personnel and after appropriate inservice training which is documented. Volunteers may not assist with patient care if this involves functions that require performance by licensed practical or registered nurses; and
Provide that no volunteer under 16 years of age may give direct patient care.
(d) Identification of employees and patients.
Every hospital shall have written policies established by the governing board on identification of employees and patients.
(e) Maintenance of personnel records and patient files.
Every hospital shall have written policies established by the governing board on maintenance of personnel records and patient files.
Every hospital shall have written policies established by the governing board to protect hospital and mortuary personnel in the performance of necropsy or other postmortem procedures on individuals who have been treated with radioactive materials or are known to have had an infection or communicable disease at the time of death, or in those cases in which an unrecognized postmortem infection is found at the time of the postmortem examination.
Delay in releasing a dead human body to a funeral director or other person authorized to make the removal, pending an autopsy, shall be as provided in s. DHS 135.04 (3)
(g) Tagging of bodies.
If a dead human body to be removed from a hospital was treated for or is suspected of having a communicable or infectious disease or contains radioactive materials, the body shall be tagged by staff of the hospital to indicate the possibility of the presence of the communicable or infectious disease or radioactive materials. If the body is in a container, a tag shall also be applied to the outside of the container.
(h) Cancer reporting.
Every hospital shall report to the department all malignant neoplasms the hospital diagnoses and all malignant neoplasms diagnosed elsewhere if the individual is subsequently admitted to the hospital. The hospital shall report each malignant neoplasm on a form the department prescribes or approves and shall submit the report to the department within 6 months after the diagnosis is made or within 6 months after the individual's first admission to the hospital if the neoplasm is diagnosed elsewhere, as appropriate. In this paragraph, “malignant neoplasm" means an in situ or invasive tumor of the human body, but does not include a squamous cell carcinoma or basal cell carcinoma arising in the skin or an in situ carcinoma of the cervix uteri.
DHS 124.05 Note
Note: Copies of the Department's reporting form, Neoplasm Record/Report (F-45500), may be obtained without charge from the Center for Health Statistics, P.O. Box 309, Madison WI 53701 (608-266-8926).
(i) Anatomical gifts.
Every hospital shall comply with the Anatomical Gift Act under s. 157.06
Use of automated external defibrillators.
Before providing emergency services in a hospital, medical and nursing personnel shall have proficiency in the use of an automated external defibrillator as defined in s. 256.15 (1) (cr)
, Stats., achieved through instruction provided by an individual, organization, or institution of higher education that is approved under s. 46.03 (38)
, Stats., to provide such instruction.
DHS 124.05 History
Cr. Register, January, 1988, No. 385
, eff. 2-1-88; cr. (3) (i), Register, November, 1993, No. 455
, eff. 12-1-93; correction in (3) (f) 2. made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., August, 2000, No. 536; correction in (3) (f) 2. made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register July 2001 No. 547
; CR 03-033
: am. (3) (h) Register December 2003 No. 576
, eff. 1-1-04; corrections in (3) (a) 2. and (f) 2. made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register January 2009 No. 637
; CR 09-089
: r. and recr. (3) (i), cr. (3) (j) Register March 2010 No. 651
, eff. 4-1-10.
The hospital shall be directed by a chief executive officer. The chief executive officer shall be appointed by the governing body, shall act as the executive officer of the governing body, shall be responsible for the management of the hospital and shall provide liaison among the governing body, medical staff, the nursing service and other services of the hospital.
The chief executive officer shall meet at least one of the following requirements:
Have a high school diploma and 4 years of experience in an administrative capacity in a health care facility;
Be a college or university graduate in an administrative field with 2 years of experience in a health care facility;
Possess a college or university graduate degree in hospital or health care administration; or
The chief executive officer shall:
Keep the governing body fully informed about the quality of patient care, the management and financial status of the hospital, survey results and the adequacy of physical plant, equipment and personnel;
Organize the day-to-day functions of the hospital through appropriate departmentalization and delegation of duties;
Establish formal means of staff evaluation and accountability on the part of subordinates to whom duties have been assigned;
Provide for the maintenance of an accurate, current and complete personnel record for each hospital employee;
Ensure that there is sufficient communication among the governing body, medical staff, nursing services and other services, hold interdepartmental and departmental meetings, when appropriate, attend or be represented at the meetings on a regular basis, and report to the services and the governing body on the pertinent activities of the hospital; and
Provide any information required by the department to document compliance with ch. 50
, Stats., and this chapter, and provide reasonable means for the department to examine records and gather the information.
DHS 124.06 History
Cr. Register, January, 1988, No. 385
, eff. 2-1-88.
Employee health program.
The hospital shall have an employee health program under the direction of a physician.
(2) Preemployment health assessment.
The hospital's employee health program shall include a preemployment health assessment for all prospective employees and for all persons who provide contractual services to the hospital who will have frequent and direct contact with patients. The assessment shall be completed and the results known prior to the assumption of duties by persons who will have direct contact with patients. The assessment shall consist of, at minimum:
A health history, including a history of communicable diseases and immunizations;
A physical examination by a physician, physician's assistant or registered nurse; and
A Mantoux tuberculin skin test consisting of 5 tuberculin units (TU) of purified protein derivative (PPD) and, if necessary, a chest roentgenogram to determine whether disease is present, unless medically contraindicated. Persons with positive findings shall be referred to a physician for evaluation.
(3) Health history for volunteers.
The hospital's employee health program shall include, for volunteers, the taking of a health history of communicable diseases and immunizations before they may assume duties which involve direct patient care.
(4) Protection against rubella.
The hospital's employee health program shall include vaccination or confirmed immunity against rubella for everyone who has direct contact with rubella patients, pediatric patients or female patients of childbearing age. No individual without documented vaccination against or immunity to rubella may be placed in a position in which he or she has direct contact with rubella patients, pediatric patients or female patients of childbearing age, except that individuals placed in these positions before February 1, 1988 shall have one year after February 1, 1988 to comply with this requirement, and that individuals newly placed in these positions on or after February 1, 1988 shall have 30 days after they begin working in these positions to comply with this requirement.
(5) Periodic health assessment.
The hospital's employee health program shall include a periodic health assessment consisting of at least the procedures listed under sub. (2)
for all hospital employees and persons providing contractual services to the hospital who have frequent and direct contact with patients. The interval and extent of health assessments shall be determined by the employee's previous health status, exposure to occupational disease risk factors and whether the employee has recently returned to work following serious illness or injury. The frequency of repeat tuberculin skin test screening for negative reactors shall depend on the risk of an employee becoming infected. Tuberculin converters and contacts and other high risk reactors who are unable to take preventive treatment shall be instructed to promptly report the presence of symptoms. Routine, repeated roentgenograms are not recommended.
(6) Records of health assessments.
The hospital's employee health program shall include maintenance of an updated record of each employee's health assessments.
DHS 124.07 History
Cr. Register, January, 1988, No. 385
, eff. 2-1-88.
The hospital shall provide a sanitary environment to avoid sources and transmission of infections and communicable diseases. There shall be an active program for the prevention, control and investigation of infections and communicable diseases.
The governing body or medical staff shall establish an infection control committee to carry out surveillance and investigation of infections in the hospital and to implement measures designed to reduce these infections to the extent possible.
The infection control committee shall be a hospital or medical staff committee which shall include members from the medical and nursing staffs, the laboratory service and the hospital's administrative staff.
Establish techniques and systems for discovering and isolating infections occurring in the hospital;
Establish written infection control policies and procedures which govern the use of aseptic technique and procedures in all areas of the hospital;
Establish a method of control used in relation to the sterilization and disinfection of instruments, medications, and other items requiring sterility and disinfection. There shall be a written policy requiring identification of sterile items and specified time periods in which sterile items shall be reprocessed;
Establish policies specifying when individuals with specified infections or contagious conditions, including carriers of infectious organisms, shall be relieved from or reassigned duties. These individuals shall remain relieved or reassigned until there is evidence that the disease or condition no longer poses a significant risk to others; and
Annually review infection control policies, procedures, systems and techniques.
The hospital shall provide training to all appropriate hospital personnel on the epidemiology, etiology, transmission, prevention and elimination of infection, as follows:
(a) Aseptic technique.
All appropriate personnel shall be educated in the practice of aseptic techniques such as handwashing and scrubbing practices, personal hygiene, masking, dressing, gloving and other personal protective equipment, techniques, disinfecting and sterilizing techniques and the handling and storage of patient care equipment and supplies.
(b) Orientation and inservice.
New employees shall receive appropriate orientation and on-the-job training, and all employees shall participate in a continuing inservice program. This participation shall be documented.
DHS 124.08(4)(a)(a) Inspection and cleaning.
There shall be regular inspection and cleaning of air intake sources, screens and filters, with special attention given to high risk areas of the hospital as determined by the infection control committee.
(b) Sanitary environment.
A sanitary environment shall be maintained to avoid sources and transmission of infection.
(c) Disposal of wastes.
Proper facilities shall be maintained and techniques used for incineration or sterilization of infectious wastes, and sanitary disposal of all other wastes.