DHS 124.20(5)(a) (a) Definitions. In this subsection:
DHS 124.20(5)(a)1. 1. “High-risk maternity service" means a service that combines specialized facilities and staff for the intensive care and management of high-risk maternal and fetal patients before and during birth, and to high-risk maternal patients following birth.
DHS 124.20(5)(a)2. 2. “Neonatal" means pertaining to the first 28 days following birth.
DHS 124.20(5)(a)3. 3. “Perinatal" means pertaining to the mother, fetus or infant, in anticipation of and during pregnancy, and in the first year following birth.
DHS 124.20(5)(a)4. 4. “Perinatal care center" means an organized hospital-based health care service which includes a high-risk maternity service and a neonatal intensive care unit capable of providing case management for the most serious types of maternal, fetal and neonatal illness and abnormalities.
DHS 124.20(5)(b) (b) Reporting numbers of beds and bassinets. The number of beds and bassinets for maternity patients and newborn infants, term and premature, shall be designated by the hospital and reported to the department. Any change in the number of beds and bassinets shall also be reported to the department.
DHS 124.20(5)(c) (c) Maternity admission requirements. The hospital shall have written policies for maternity and non-maternity patients who may be admitted to the maternity unit. Regardless of patients admitted:
DHS 124.20(5)(c)1. 1. A maternity patient shall meet hospital admission criteria for the maternity unit;
DHS 124.20(5)(c)2. 2. The reason for admission shall be the treatment of a disease, condition or a normal physiologic process which occurs during the maternity cycle;
DHS 124.20(5)(c)3. 3. A maternity patient delivered enroute to the maternity unit shall be admitted without isolation precautions provided that the patient's history and assessment prior to admission does not reveal the presence of a communicable disease or infection;
DHS 124.20(5)(c)4. 4. The hospital shall have policies and procedures for handling maternity patients who have infectious diseases; and
DHS 124.20(5)(c)5. 5. Hospitals which admit adults other than maternity patients to the maternity unit shall have written policies that include criteria for admission or exclusion and the care of both maternity and non-maternity patients, and shall comply with the following:
DHS 124.20(5)(c)5.a. a. Only non-infectious patients may occupy maternity beds used for non-maternity patients;
DHS 124.20(5)(c)5.b. b. Newborn infants and labor and delivery suites shall be segregated from areas used for non-maternity patients; and
DHS 124.20(5)(c)5.c. c. In small units, one room shall be designated exclusively for maternity patients.
DHS 124.20(5)(d) (d) Newborn admission requirements. The hospital shall have written policies for admission of newborn infants to the nursery and criteria for identifying conditions for which infants may be directly admitted or readmitted to the newborn nursery for further treatment and follow-up care. Conditions for admission include:
DHS 124.20(5)(d)1. 1. For an infant delivered enroute to a hospital, admission may be made directly to the newborn nursery if an admission history and physical assessment does not reveal the likelihood of communicable disease or infection;
DHS 124.20(5)(d)2. 2. For an infant returned or transferred from a perinatal care center, admission may be made if the following requirements are met:
DHS 124.20(5)(d)2.a. a. The physician responsible for care of the infant at the perinatal care center recommends transfer, and the accepting physician agrees to assume management of the infant's care;
DHS 124.20(5)(d)2.b. b. Nursing staff and facilities are adequate to provide the level of care needed;
DHS 124.20(5)(d)2.c. c. Parents of infants are informed of the recommended transfer;
DHS 124.20(5)(d)2.d. d. The infant is free from all obvious signs of infection prior to transfer; and
DHS 124.20(5)(d)2.e. e. The hospital infection control committee assumes responsibility for monitoring admission of returned or transferred infants in conjunction with the obstetrical and pediatric staff of the unit; and
DHS 124.20(5)(d)3. 3. For an infant proposed for readmission to a newborn nursery after discharge to home, admission may be made if the following conditions are met:
DHS 124.20(5)(d)3.a. a. The nursery shall be approved by the medical staff, hospital administrative staff and nursing service as the hospital unit most qualified to care for the particular infant and the infant's condition;
DHS 124.20(5)(d)3.b. b. The hospital infection control committee or designee monitors the re-admission of the infant to the nursery;
DHS 124.20(5)(d)3.c. c. The hospital has written policies for all aspects of the re-admission; and
DHS 124.20(5)(d)3.d. d. The level of medical care and nurse staffing is adequate to meet the needs of all the infants in the nursery.
DHS 124.20(5)(e) (e) High-risk infants. Each maternity service shall have adequate facilities, personnel, equipment and support services for the care of high-risk infants, including premature infants, or a plan for transfer of these infants to a recognized intensive infant care or perinatal care center.
DHS 124.20(5)(f) (f) Institutional transfer of patients.
DHS 124.20(5)(f)1.1. Written policies and procedures for inter-hospital transfer of perinatal and neonatal patients shall be established by hospitals which are involved in the transfer and transport of these patients.
DHS 124.20(5)(f)2. 2. A perinatal care center or high-risk maternity service and the sending hospital shall jointly develop policies and procedures for the transport of high-risk maternity patients.
DHS 124.20(5)(f)3. 3. Policies, personnel and equipment for the transfer of infants from one hospital to another shall be available to each hospital's maternity service. The proper execution of transfer is a joint responsibility of the sending and receiving hospitals.
DHS 124.20(5)(g) (g) Personnel.
DHS 124.20(5)(g)1.1. The labor, delivery, postpartum and nursery areas of maternity units shall have available the continuous services and supervision of a registered nurse for whom there shall be documentation of qualifications to care for women and infants during labor, delivery and in the postpartum period.
DHS 124.20(5)(g)2. 2. When a maternity unit requires additional nursing staff on an emergency basis, the needed personnel may be transferred from another service if they meet the infection control criteria of the maternity unit and the transferred persons have not come into direct contact, during the same working day, with patients who have transmissible or potentially transmissible infections.
DHS 124.20(5)(g)3. 3. Nursing personnel assigned to care for maternity and newborn patients may not have other duties which could lead to infection being transmitted to those patients.
DHS 124.20(5)(g)4. 4. Personnel assigned to maternity units may be temporarily reassigned to the care of non-infectious patients on other units of the hospital and return to the maternity unit on the same shift.
DHS 124.20(5)(g)5. 5. Hospitals shall develop their own protocols for the apparel worn by staff members who work in the maternity unit.
DHS 124.20(5)(g)6. 6. The service shall have written policies that state which emergency procedures may be initiated by the registered nurse in the maternity service.
DHS 124.20(5)(h) (h) Infection control.
DHS 124.20(5)(h)1.1. The maintenance of the infection surveillance and control program in the maternity service shall be integrated with that of the entire hospital and its infection control committee.
DHS 124.20(5)(h)2. 2. Surgery on non-maternity patients may not be performed in the delivery room.
DHS 124.20(5)(h)3. 3. There shall be written policies and procedures for hand and forearm washing which shall apply throughout the maternity service and which shall be followed by staff and visitors to the service.
DHS 124.20(5)(h)4. 4. The hospital shall have written policies and procedures and the physical and staffing capabilities for isolating newborn infants. Hospitals unable to effectively isolate and care for infants shall have an approved plan for transferring the infants to hospitals where the necessary isolation and care can be provided.
DHS 124.20(5)(i) (i) Labor and delivery.
DHS 124.20(5)(i)1.1. The hospital shall have written policies and procedures that specify who is responsible for and the contents of the documentation of the nursing assessment of the patient in labor and delivery, monitoring of vital signs, observation of fetal heart, performance of obstetrical examinations, observation of uterine contractions and support of the patient, performance of newborn assessment and emergency measures that may be initiated by the registered nurse.
DHS 124.20(5)(i)2. 2. The hospital shall have written policies regarding wearing apparel for all in attendance during labor and delivery.
DHS 124.20(5)(i)3. 3. Equipment that is needed for normal delivery and the management of complications and emergencies occurring with either the mother or infant shall be provided and maintained in the labor and delivery unit. The items needed shall be determined by the medical staff and the nursing staff.
DHS 124.20(5)(i)4. 4. Delivery rooms shall be separate from operating rooms and shall be used only for deliveries and operative procedures related to deliveries.
DHS 124.20(5)(i)5.a.a. Hospitals desiring to establish an alternative birth room shall have policies governing the use of the room, a plan for control of infection and a detailed plan for staff coverage, and shall indicate in these policies what the involvement of the medical staff, nursing services, hospital administrative staff and infection control committee is to be in this program.
DHS 124.20(5)(i)5.b. b. The alternative birth room shall be within or in close proximity to the labor and delivery unit.
DHS 124.20(5)(i)5.c. c. There shall be a written visitor policy for the alternative birth room.
DHS 124.20(5)(i)5.d. d. The alternative birth room shall contain a single bed and shall meet the applicable criteria of a labor room.
DHS 124.20(5)(i)5.e. e. An alternative birth room shall meet the applicable standards of s. DHS 124.35 (4) for a labor and delivery area and the capability shall exist to provide appropriate emergency care to the mother and infant.
DHS 124.20(5)(i)6. 6. Any person delivering an infant shall be responsible for care of the baby's eyes in compliance with s. 253.11, Stats., and s. DHS 145.06 (4).
DHS 124.20(5)(i)7. 7. An accepted method of infant identification shall be used.
DHS 124.20(5)(i)8.a.a. Only a physician or a nurse-midwife licensed under s. 441.15, Stats., and ch. N 4 may order the administration of a labor-inducing agent.
DHS 124.20(5)(i)8.b. b. Only a physician or a licensed nurse-midwife or a registered nurse who has adequate training and experience may administer a labor-inducing agent.
DHS 124.20(5)(i)8.c. c. A registered nurse shall be present when administration of a labor-inducing agent is initiated and shall remain immediately available to monitor maternal and fetal well-being. A physician's or licensed nurse-midwife's standing orders shall exist allowing the registered nurse to discontinue the labor-inducing agent if circumstances warrant discontinuation.
DHS 124.20(5)(i)8.d. d. Appropriately trained hospital staff shall closely monitor and document the administration of any labor-inducing agent. Monitoring shall include monitoring of the fetus and monitoring of uterine contraction during administration of a labor-inducing agent. The physician or licensed nurse-midwife who prescribed the labor-inducing agent, or another capable physician or licensed nurse-midwife, shall be readily available during its administration so that, if needed, he or she will arrive at the patient's bedside within 30 minutes after being notified.
DHS 124.20(5)(j) (j) Postpartum care.
DHS 124.20(5)(j)1.1. Maternity patients shall be adequately observed after delivery.
DHS 124.20(5)(j)2. 2. The hospital shall have written policies and procedures for nursing assessments of the postpartum patient during the entire postpartum course.
DHS 124.20(5)(k) (k) Newborn nursery and the care of newborns.
DHS 124.20(5)(k)1.1. Ordinarily only personnel assigned to the nursery may enter the nursery.
DHS 124.20(5)(k)2. 2. Persons entering the nursery shall comply with hospital policies on apparel to be worn in the nursery.
DHS 124.20(5)(k)3.a.a. Oxygen, medical air and suction shall be readily available to every nursery.
DHS 124.20(5)(k)3.b. b. Oxygen monitoring equipment, including oxygen analyzers, shall be available and shall be checked for proper function prior to use and daily during use.
DHS 124.20(5)(k)3.c. c. Oxygen concentrations shall be documented.
DHS 124.20(5)(k)3.d. d. There shall be a written policy which states how frequently oxygen humidifiers are to be cleaned.
DHS 124.20(5)(k)4.a.a. Infant sleeping units shall be of a type that permit ease of cleaning and shall be readily accessible to staff for the purpose of care and examination of the infant.
DHS 124.20(5)(k)4.b. b. Infant incubators shall be adaptable to protective isolation procedures and shall be designed to provide a controlled temperature, controlled humidity and a filtered atmosphere.
DHS 124.20(5)(k)4.c. c. External heating units shall be provided as needed for adequate infant care.
DHS 124.20(5)(k)4.d. d. The frequency of incubator filter changes shall follow manufacturers' criteria. High density filters shall be regularly checked for accuracy and adequacy.
DHS 124.20(5)(k)5. 5. Hospitals that may require special formula preparation shall develop appropriate policies and procedures.
DHS 124.20(5)(k)6.a.a. Hospitals that permit siblings to visit the maternity unit shall have a written policy and procedure detailing this practice. The policy shall be developed jointly by the chief of maternity service, the chief of pediatrics service, the hospital's infection control committee, the nursing service and the chief executive officer.
DHS 124.20(5)(k)6.b. b. The policy at a minimum shall indicate those patients eligible for the program, the hours the program is offered, the length of visiting time, personnel responsible for monitoring the program, program monitoring requirements for infection control and the physical location of the visit.
DHS 124.20(5)(k)6.c. c. Siblings are not allowed in the nursery.
DHS 124.20(5)(k)7. 7. When circumcisions are performed according to religious rites, a separate room apart from the newborn nursery shall be provided. A physician, physician's assistant or registered nurse shall be present during the performance of the religious rite. Aseptic techniques shall be used when an infant is circumcised.
DHS 124.20(5)(L) (L) Discharge of infants.
DHS 124.20(5)(L)1.1. An infant may be discharged only to a parent who has lawful custody of the infant or to an individual who is legally authorized to receive the infant. If the infant is discharged to a legally authorized individual, that individual shall provide identification and, if applicable, the identification of the agency the individual represents.
DHS 124.20(5)(L)2. 2. The hospital shall record the identity of the legally authorized individual who receives the infant.
DHS 124.20 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1988, No. 385, eff. 2-1-88; correction in (5) (i) 6. under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, August, 1995, No. 476; r. (5) (a) 3., renum. (5) (a) 4. and 5. to be (5) (a) 3. and 4., r. and recr. (5) (i) 8., Register, August, 1996, No. 488, eff. 9-1-96; correction in (5) (i) 6. made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register January 2009 No. 637.
Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.