Conditions for involuntary discharge or transfer, including transfer within the facility;
Information about the availability of storage space for personal effects; and
A summary of residents' rights recognized and protected by this section and all facility policies and regulations governing resident conduct and responsibilities.
No statement of admission information may be in conflict with any part of this chapter.
(e) Courteous treatment.
Be treated with courtesy, respect and full recognition of one's dignity and individuality by all employees of the facility and by all licensed, certified and registered providers of health care and pharmacists with whom the resident comes in contact.
Have privacy in treatment, living arrangements and caring for personal needs, including:
If both spouses are residents of the same facility, they shall be permitted to share a room unless medically contraindicated as documented by either resident's physician in the resident's medical record;
Case discussion, consultation, examination and treatment shall be conducted discreetly. Persons not directly involved in the resident's care shall require the resident's permission to be present; and
Confidentiality of health and personal records, and the right to refuse their release to any individual outside the facility except in the case of the resident's transfer to another facility or as required by ss. 146.81
, Stats., s. 51.30
, Stats., and ch. DHS 92
or other statutes or rules or third party payment contracts.
Not be required to perform work for the facility unless the work is included for therapeutic purposes in the resident's plan of care.
DHS 134.31 Note
Requirements governing wages for patient labor are found in s. 51.61 (1) (b)
and ch. 104
, Stats., and ch. DWD 272
(h) Outside activities.
Meet with and participate in activities of social, religious and community groups at the resident's discretion and with the permission of the resident's parents, if the resident is under 18 years of age, or guardian, if any, unless contraindicated as documented by the QMRP in the resident's record.
Take frequent and informal leaves from the facility for visits, trips or vacations. The facility shall encourage residents to take these leaves and shall assist the resident in making arrangements for the leaves.
(j) Personal possessions.
Retain and use clothing and personal belongings and retain, as space permits, other personal possessions in a reasonably secure manner.
(k) Transfer or discharge.
Be transferred or discharged, and be given reasonable advance notice of any planned transfer or discharge and an explanation of the need for and alternatives to the transfer or discharge except where there is a medical emergency. The facility, agency, program or person to which the resident is transferred shall have accepted the resident for transfer in advance of the transfer, except in a medical emergency.
(L) Abuse and restraints.
Be free from mental and physical abuse, and be free from physical restraints except as authorized in writing by a physician for a specified and limited period of time and documented in the resident's medical record.
Receive adequate and appropriate care and treatment that is within the capacity of the facility to provide as indicated under s. DHS 134.51
(n) Choice of provider.
Use the licensed, certified or registered provider of health care and pharmacist of the resident's choice.
(o) Care planning.
Be fully informed of one's treatment and care and participate in the planning of that treatment and care, which includes the right to refuse medications, treatments and rehabilitative therapies.
(p) Religious activity.
Engage in religious worship within the facility if the resident desires such an opportunity and a member of the clergy of the resident's religious denomination or society is available to the facility. Provisions for worship shall be available to all residents on a nondiscriminatory basis. No resident may be forced to take part in any religious activity.
(q) Nondiscriminatory treatment.
Be free from discrimination based on the source from which the facility's charges for the resident's care are paid, as follows:
No facility may assign a resident to a particular wing or other distinct area of the facility, whether for sleeping, dining or any other purpose, on the basis of the source or amount of payment for the resident's care, except that a facility only part of which is certified for Medicare reimbursement under 42 USC 1395
is not prohibited from assigning a resident to the certified part of the facility because the source of payment for the resident's care is Medicare.
Facilities shall offer and provide an identical package of basic services meeting the requirements of this chapter to all individuals regardless of the source of a resident's payment or amount of payment. Facilities may offer enhancements of basic services, or enhancements of individual components of basic services, provided that these enhanced services are made available at an identical cost to all residents regardless of the source of a resident's payment. A facility which elects to offer enhancements to basic services to its residents shall provide all residents with a detailed explanation of enhanced services and the additional charges for these services pursuant to par. (d) 1. b.
If a facility offers at extra charge additional services which are not covered by the medical assistance program under ss. 49.43
, Stats., and chs. DHS 101
, it shall provide them to any resident willing and able to pay for them, regardless of the source from which the resident pays the facility's charges.
No facility may require, offer or provide an identification tag for a resident or any other item which discloses the source from which the facility's charges for that resident's care are paid.
(r) Least restrictive conditions.
The least restrictive conditions necessary to achieve the purposes of admission, commitment or placement, except in the case of a resident who is admitted or transferred under s. 51.35 (3)
, Stats., or under ch. 971
(s) Drastic treatment, experimental research and behavior modification using aversive stimuli.
Not be subjected to drastic treatment, experimental research procedures or behavior modification using aversive stimuli without the expressed and informed consent of the resident and the resident's legal guardian, if any, and after consultation with individual specialists and the patient's legal counsel, if any.
(4) Corrections clients.
Rights established under this section do not, except as determined by the department, apply to residents in a facility who are in the legal custody of the department for correctional purposes.
DHS 134.31(5)(a)(a) Serving notice.
Copies of the resident rights provided under this section and the facility's policies and regulations governing resident conduct and responsibilities shall be made available to each prospective resident and his or her guardian, if any, and to each member of the facility's staff. Facility staff shall verbally explain to each new resident and to that person's guardian, if any, prior to or at the time of the person's admission to the facility, these rights and the facility's policies and regulations governing resident conduct and responsibilities.
Every amendment to the rights provided under this section and every amendment to the facility regulations and policies governing resident conduct and responsibilities requires notification of each resident and guardian, if any, at the time the amendment is put into effect. The facility shall provide the resident, guardian, if any, and each member of the facility's staff with a copy of each amendment.
Copies of the resident's rights provided under this chapter and the facility's policies and regulations governing resident conduct and responsibilities shall be posted in a prominent place in the facility and in each locked unit, as defined in s. DHS 134.33 (1) (b)
, within the facility.
(6) Encouragement and assistance.
Each facility shall encourage and assist residents to exercise their rights as residents and citizens, and each facility shall provide appropriate training for staff so that staff are aware of the rights of residents established under this section and are encouraged to respect them.
DHS 134.31(7)(a)(a) Filing complaints.
Any person may file a complaint with a licensee or the department regarding the operation of a facility. A complaint may be made orally or in writing. Any resident receiving services for a developmental disability or protectively placed under ch. 55, Stats.
, may seek advocacy assistance from the county department organized under s. 46.23
, Stats., or from the agency designated under s. 51.62 (2)
, Stats., to be the protection and advocacy agency for developmentally disabled persons.
Each facility shall establish a system for investigating, reviewing and documenting complaints and allegations that resident rights established under s. 50.09
, Stats., and this section have been violated.
The facility shall designate a specific individual or individuals to conduct the investigation and report to the administrator.
The results of the investigation shall be reported to the administrator no later than 5 calendar days after a complaint or allegation is received.
Documentation of the findings of the investigation and the administrator's review, as well as of the actions taken in response to the findings, shall be maintained by the facility.
(c) Reporting complaints.
Allegations that resident rights have been violated by persons licensed, certified or registered under ch. 441
, Stats., shall be promptly reported by the facility to the appropriate licensing or examining board and to the person against whom the allegation has been made. Any employee of the facility and any person licensed, certified or registered under ch. 441
, Stats., may report the allegations directly to the appropriate board.
As provided in s. 50.09 (6) (c)
, Stats., no person who files a report under par. (c)
or who participates in good faith in the review system established under par. (b)
may be held liable for civil damages for these acts.
(e) Summary of complaints.
The facility shall attach to its application for a new license or a license renewal a statement that summarizes complaints or allegations since the last time that the facility's license was renewed that rights established under this section have been violated. The statement shall contain the dates of the complaints or allegations, the names of the persons involved, the dispositions and the dates of the dispositions. The department shall consider the statement in reviewing the application.
DHS 134.31 History
Cr. Register, June, 1988, No. 390
, eff. 7-1-88; corrections in (3) (f) 3. and (q) 3. made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, April, 2000, No. 532
; correction in (2) (a) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register October 2007 No. 622
; corrections in (3) (f) 3. and (q) 3. made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register January 2009 No. 637
Community organization access. DHS 134.32(1)(a)(a) Definition.
In this section, "access" means the right of a community organization to:
Ask a resident's permission to communicate privately and without restriction with the resident;
Communicate privately and without restriction with any resident who does not object; and
Inspect the health care, treatment and other records of a resident if permitted under ss. 51.30
, Stats. Access does not include the right to examine the business records of the facility without the consent of the administrator or designee.
(b) Right to access.
An employee, agent or designated representative of a community legal services program or community service organization who meets the requirements of sub. (2)
shall be permitted access to any facility whenever visitors are permitted under the written visitation policy permitted by s. DHS 134.31 (3) (a) 3.
, but not before 8:00 a.m. nor after 9:00 p.m.
DHS 134.32(2)(a)(a) Identification.
The employee, agent or designated representative of the community organization shall, upon request of the facility's administrator or the administrator's designee, present valid and current identification signed by the principal officer of the organization represented, and evidence of compliance with par. (b)
The facility shall grant access for visits which are for the purpose of:
Talking with or offering personal, social or legal services to any resident or obtaining information from a resident about the facility and its operations;
Informing residents of their rights and entitlements and their corresponding obligations under federal and state law, by means of educational materials and discussions in groups or with individual residents;
Assisting residents in making claims for public assistance, medical assistance or social security benefits to which they are entitled, and in all matters in which a resident may be aggrieved; or
Engaging in any other method of advising and representing residents in order to ensure that they have full enjoyment of their rights.
DHS 134.32 Note
Note: Assistance under subd. 3. may include organizational activity, counseling or litigative assistance.
DHS 134.32 History
Cr. Register, June, 1988, No. 390
, eff. 7-1-88.
Housing residents in locked units. DHS 134.33(1)(a)
"Consent" means a written, signed request given without duress by a resident capable of understanding the nature of the locked unit, the circumstances of his or her condition and the meaning of the consent to be given and that consent may be withdrawn at any time.
"Locked unit" means a ward, wing or room which is designated as a protective environment and is secured in a manner that prevents a resident from leaving the unit at will. A physical restraint applied to the body is not a locked unit. A facility locked for purposes of security is not a locked unit, provided that residents may exit at will.
Except as otherwise provided by this section, no resident may be housed in a locked unit. Physical restraints or repeated use of the emergency restraint under sub. (5)
may not be used to circumvent this restriction. Placement in a locked unit shall be based on the determination that this placement is the least restrictive environment consistent with the needs of the person.
DHS 134.33 Note
For requirements relating to the use of physical restraints, see s. DHS 134.60 (5)
A resident may be housed in a locked unit under any one of the following conditions:
The resident or guardian consents to the resident being housed in a locked unit;
The court that protectively placed the resident under ch. 55, Stats.
, made a specific finding of the need for a locked unit;
The resident has been transferred to a locked unit pursuant to s. 55.15
, Stats., and the medical record contains documentation of the notice provided to the guardian, the court and the agency designated under s. 55.02
, Stats.; or
A facility may transfer a resident from a locked unit to an unlocked unit without court approval pursuant to s. 55.15
, Stats., if it determines that the needs of the resident can be met on an unlocked unit. Notice of the transfer shall be provided as required under s. 55.15
, Stats., and shall be documented in the resident's medical record.
A resident's or guardian's consent under sub. (3) (a) 1.
to placement in a locked unit shall be effective for no more than 90 days from the date of the consent and may be withdrawn sooner. Consent may be renewed for 90-day periods. Consent shall be in writing.
The resident or guardian may withdraw his or her consent to the resident being placed in a locked unit at any time, orally or in writing. The resident shall be transferred to an unlocked unit promptly following withdrawal of consent.
In an emergency, the person in charge of the facility may order the confinement of a resident to a locked unit if necessary to protect the resident or another person from injury or to prevent physical harm to the resident or another person resulting from the destruction of property, provided the physician is notified within one hour and written authorization for continued use is obtained from the physician within 12 hours. No resident may be confined for more than an additional 72 hours under order of the physician.
DHS 134.33 History
Cr. Register, June, 1988, No. 390
, eff. 7-1-88; corrections in (3) (a) 2., 3. and (b) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register October 2007 No. 622
The administrator is responsible for the total operation of the facility and shall provide the supervision necessary to ensure that the residents receive proper care and treatment, that their health and safety are protected and promoted and that their rights are respected.
(2) Full-time administrator.
Every facility shall be supervised by a full-time administrator licensed under ch. 456, Stats.
, except that:
A facility licensed for 17 to 50 beds shall employ an administrator for at least 4 hours a day on each of 5 days in a week. No administrator may be employed by more than 2 of these facilities. The administrator shall be licensed under ch. 456, Stats.
A facility licensed for 16 or fewer beds shall employ an administrator for at least 10 hours a week. No administrator may be employed by more than 4 of these facilities. The administrator shall be licensed under ch. 456, Stats.
(3) Absence of administrator.
A staff person present in the facility and competent to supervise the staff and operate the facility shall be designated to be in charge whenever residents are present and there is not an administrator in the facility. The designee shall be identified to all staff.