"Slaughtering and meat packing establishments" means places in or about which cattle, calves, hogs, sheep, lambs, goats, or horses are killed, butchered, or processed. "Slaughtering and meat packing establishments" also includes establishments that manufacture or process meat products or sausage casings from such animals.
(19) Metal-forming, punching, and shearing power–driven machines. DWD 270.12(19)(a)(a)
No minor may be employed in any of the following occupations:
The occupations of operator of or helper on the following power–driven metal-forming, punching, and shearing machines:
All rolling machines, such as beading, straightening, corrugating, flanging, or bending rolls; and hot or cold rolling mills.
All pressing or punching machines, such as punch presses, except those provided with full automatic feed and ejection and with a fixed barrier guard to prevent the hands or fingers of the operator from entering the area between the dies; power presses; and plate punches.
All shearing machines, such as guillotine or squaring shears; alligator shears; and rotary shears.
The occupations of setting–up, adjusting, repairing, oiling, or cleaning these machines including those with automatic feed and ejection.
"Forming, punching, and shearing machines" means power–driven metal–working machines, other than machine tools, which change the shape of or cut metal by means of tools, such as dies, rolls, or knives which are mounted on rams, plungers, or other moving parts. Types of forming, punching, and shearing machines enumerated in this subsection are the machines to which the designation is by custom applied.
"Helper" means a person who assists in the operation of a machine covered by this subsection by helping to place materials into the machine or helping to remove them from the machine.
"Operator" means a person who operates a machine covered by this subsection by performing such functions as starting or stopping the machine, placing materials into or removing them from the machine, or any other functions directly involved in operation of the machine.
Prohibition and exceptions.
No minor may be employed in any occupation in connection with mining, other than coal, except the following:
Work in offices, the warehouse or supply house, the change house, the laboratory, or in repair or maintenance shops not located underground.
Work outside the mine in surveying, the repair and maintenance of roads, or general clean–up about the mine property, such as clearing brush and digging drainage ditches.
Work of track crews in the building and maintaining of sections of railroad track located in those areas of open–cut metal mines where mining and hauling activities are not being conducted at the time and place that the building and maintenance work is being done.
Work in or about surface placer mining operations other than placer dredging operations and hydraulic placer mining operations.
The following work in metal mills other than in mercury–recovery mills or mills using the cyanide process:
Work involving the operation of jigs, sludge tables, flotation cells, or drier–filters.
"All occupations in connection with mining, other than coal" means all work performed underground in mines and quarries; on the surface at underground mines and underground quarries; in or about open–cut mines, open quarries, clay pits, and sand and gravel operations; at or about placer mining operations; at or about dredging operations for clay, sand or gravel; at or about bore–hole mining operations; in or about all metal mills, washer plants, or grinding mills reducing the bulk of the extracted minerals; and at or about any other crushing, grinding, screening, sizing, washing or cleaning operations performed upon the extracted minerals except where these operations are performed as a part of a manufacturing process.
"All occupations in connection with mining, other than coal" does not include work performed in subsequent manufacturing or processing operations, such as work performed in smelters, electro–metallurgical plants, refineries, reduction plants, cement mills, plants where quarried stone is cut, sanded and further processed, or plants manufacturing clay, glass or ceramic products. The term does not include work performed in connection with coal mining, in petroleum production, in natural gas production, nor in dredging operations which are not a part of mining operations, such as dredging for construction or navigation purposes.
DWD 270.12 Note
Note: For restrictions on minors working in any occupation in or about a coal mine, see sub. (8).
Except as provided in par. (b)
, no minor may be employed as a motor vehicle driver or outside helper on any public road; highway; in or about a mine, including an open pit mine or quarry; in a place where logging or sawmill operations are in progress; or in any excavation of the type identified in sub. (9)
(b) Exception-incidental and occasional driving by 17-year-olds.
Minors who are at least 17 years of age may drive motor vehicles on public roadways when all of the following conditions are met:
The driving is only occasional and incidental to the minor's employment.
The driving takes place within a 30-mile radius of the minor's place of employment.
The minor has completed a state-approved driver education course and holds a state license valid for the type of driving involved in the job that the minor performs.
The motor vehicle is equipped with a seat belt for the driver and for each passenger, and the minor's employer has instructed each minor that the seat belts must be used when driving or riding in the motor vehicle.
Transporting more than 3 passengers who are employees of the employer at any one time.
More than two trips away from the primary place of employment in any single day for the purpose of delivering goods of the minor's employer to a customer.
"Driver" means any individual who, in the course of their employment, drives a motor vehicle at any time.
"Gross vehicle weight" includes the truck chassis with lubricants, water and full tank or tanks of fuel, plus the weight of the cab or driver's compartment, body, and special chassis and body equipment, and payload.
"Motor vehicle" means any automobile, truck, truck–tractor, trailer, semi-trailer, motorcycle, or similar vehicle propelled or drawn by mechanical power and designed for use as a means of transportation but does not include any vehicle operated exclusively on rails.
"Occasional and incidental" means no more than one-third of an employee's work time in any workday and no more than 20 percent of an employee's work time in any work week.
"Outside helper" means any individual, other than a driver, whose work includes riding on a motor vehicle outside the cab for the purpose of assisting in transporting or delivering goods.
No minor may be employed in any occupations involved in the operating, assisting to operate, setting up, adjusting, repairing, oiling, or cleaning any of the following power-driven paper-products machines:
Arm-type wire stitcher or stapler, circular or band saw, corner cutter or mitering machine, corrugating and single-or-double-facing machine, envelope die-cutting press, guillotine paper cutter or shear, horizontal bar scorer, laminating or combing machine, sheeting machine, scrap paper baler, paper box compactor, or vertical slotter.
Platen die–cutting press, platen printing press, or punch press that involves hand feeding of the machine.
"Applicable ANSI Standard" means the American National Standard Institute's Standard ANSI Z245.5-1990 for scrap paper balers or the American National Standard Institute's Standard ANSI Z245.2-1992 for paper box compactors or any replacement standard adopted by the American National Standard Institute that the federal Secretary of Labor has certified to be at least as protective of the safety of minors as Standard ANSI Z245.5-1990 for scrap paper balers or ANSI Z245.2-1992 for paper box compactors.
DWD 270.12 Note
Note: The ANSI standards for scrap paper balers and paper box compactors govern the manufacture and modification of the equipment, the operation and maintenance of the equipment, and employee training. Copies of these standards are available for purchase from the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 11 West 42nd St., New York, NY 10036.
"Operating or assisting to operate" means all work which involves starting or stopping a machine covered by this subsection, placing materials into or removing materials from a machine, including clearing a machine of jammed paper or cardboard, or any other work directly involved in operating the machine. The term does not include the stacking of materials by an employee in an area nearby or adjacent to the machine where the employee does not place the materials into the machine.
"Paper box compactor" means a powered machine that remains stationary during operation, used to compact refuse, including paper boxes, into a detachable or integral container or into a transfer vehicle.
"Paper products machine" means all power-driven machines used in all of the following:
Remanufacturing or converting paper or pulp into a finished product, including preparing these materials for recycling.
Preparing paper or pulp materials for disposal. The term applies to these machines whether they are used in establishments that manufacture converted paper or pulp products, or in any other type of manufacturing or nonmanufacturing establishment. The term applies to those machines which, in addition to paper products, also process other material for disposal.
"Scrap-paper baler" means a powered machine used to compress paper and possibly other solid waste, with or without binding, to a density of form that will support handling and transportation as a material unit without requiring a disposable or reusable container.
Sixteen- and 17-year-old minors may load materials into, but not operate or unload, a scrap paper baler or a paper box compactor only if all of the following conditions are met:
The scrap paper baler or paper box compactor meets the applicable ANSI standard.
The scrap paper baler or paper box compactor includes an on-off switch incorporating a key-lock or other system and the control of the system is maintained in the custody of employees who are 18 years of age or older.
The on-off switch of the scrap paper baler or paper box compactor is maintained in an off position when the machine is not in operation.
The employer posts a notice on the scrap paper baler or paper box compactor in a prominent position and easily visible to any person loading, operating, or unloading the machine stating that: "The scrap paper baler or compactor meets the industry safety standard applicable to the machine, Standard ANSI Z245.5-1990 for scrap paper balers and Standard ANSI Z245.2-1992 for paper box compactors. Sixteen- and 17-year-old employees may only load the scrap paper baler or paper box compactor. No employee under the age of 18 may operate or unload the scrap paper baler or paper box compactor."
DWD 270.12(23)(a)(a) Prohibition.
No minor may be employed in occupations involving exposure to radioactive substances and to ionizing radiations in any workroom in which any of the following occurs:
Radium is stored or used in the manufacture of a self–luminous compound.
Incandescent mantles are made from fabric and solutions containing thorium salts, or are processed or packaged.
Other radioactive substances are present in the air in average concentrations exceeding 10% of the maximum permissible concentrations in the air recommended for the occupational exposure by the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements.
DWD 270.12 Note
Note: For further information, contact the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements at telephone (301) 657-2652 or 7910 Woodmont Avenue, Suite 800, Bethesda, MD 20814-3095.
Any other work that involves exposure to ionizing radiations in excess of 0.5 rem per year.
"Ionizing radiations" means alpha and beta particles, electrons, protons, neutrons, gamma and X–ray and all other radiations which produce ionizations directly or indirectly, but does not include electromagnetic radiations other than gamma and X–ray.
"Rem" means the dosage of an ionizing radiation that will cause the same biological effect as one roentgen of x-ray or gamma-ray exposure.
"Self–luminous compound" means any mixture of phosphorescent material and radium, mesothorium, or other radioactive element.
"Workroom" includes the entire area bounded by walls of solid material and extending from floor to ceiling in which the work involving exposure to radioactive substances and to ionizing radiations listed in par. (a)
No minor may be employed in roofing operations or on or about a roof.
"On or about a roof" includes all work performed upon a roof, including carpentry and metal work, alterations, additions, maintenance and repair, including painting and coating of existing roofs; the construction of the sheathing or base of roofs; gutter and downspout work; the installation and servicing of television and communication equipment such as cable and satellite dishes; the installation and servicing of heating, ventilation and air conditioning equipment or similar appliances attached to roofs; and any similar work that is required to be performed upon or about roofs.
"Roofing operations" means all work performed in connection with the installation of roofs, including related metal work such as flashing, and applying weatherproofing materials and substances, such as waterproof membranes, tar, slag or pitch, asphalt prepared paper, tile, composite roofing materials, slate, metal, translucent materials, and shingles of asbestos, asphalt or wood or other materials, to roofs of buildings or other structures. The term also includes all jobs on the ground related to roofing operations, such as roofing laborer, roofing helper, materials handler, and tending a jar heater.