Ins 3.36(2)(i) (i) "Qualified paraprofessional" means an individual working under the active supervision of a qualified supervising provider, qualified intensive-level provider or qualified provider and who complies with all of the following:
Ins 3.36(2)(i)1. 1. Is at least 18 years of age.
Ins 3.36(2)(i)2. 2. Obtains a high school diploma.
Ins 3.36(2)(i)3. 3. Completes a criminal background check.
Ins 3.36(2)(i)4. 4. Obtains at least 20 hours of training that includes subjects related to autism, evidence-based treatment methods, communication, teaching techniques, problem behavior issues, ethics, special topics, natural environment, and first aid.
Ins 3.36(2)(i)5. 5. Obtains at least ten hours of training in the use of behavioral evidence-based therapy including the direct application of training techniques with an individual who has autism spectrum disorder present.
Ins 3.36(2)(i)6. 6. Receives regular, scheduled oversight by a qualified supervising provider in implementing the treatment plan for the insured.
Ins 3.36(2)(j) (j) "Qualified professional" means an individual identified in s. 632.895 (12m) (b) 5., Stats., acting under the supervision of an outpatient mental health clinic certified under s. 51.038, Stats., acting within the scope of a currently valid state-issued license and who provides evidence-based therapy in accordance with this section.
Ins 3.36(2)(k) (k) "Qualified provider" means an individual identified in s. 632.895 (12m) (b) 1. to 4., Stats., respectively, acting within the scope of a currently valid state-issued license for psychiatry, psychology or behavior analyst, or a social worker acting within the scope of a currently valid state-issued certificate or license to practice psychotherapy and who provides evidence-based therapy in accordance with this section.
Ins 3.36(2)(L) (L) "Qualified supervising provider" means an individual who is a qualified intensive-level provider and who has completed at least 4160 hours of experience as a supervisor of less experienced providers, professionals and paraprofessionals.
Ins 3.36(2)(m) (m) "Qualified therapist" means an individual identified in s. 632.895 (12m) (b) 6. or 7., Stats., who is either a speech-language pathologist or occupational therapist acting within the scope of a currently valid state-issued license and who provides evidence-based therapy in accordance with this section, sub. (4) (e).
Ins 3.36(2)(n) (n) "Supervision of an outpatient mental health clinic" for purposes of this section means an individual who meets the requirements of a qualified supervising provider and who periodically reviews all treatment plans developed by qualified professionals for insureds with autism spectrum disorders.
Ins 3.36(2)(o) (o) "Waiver program" means services provided by the department through the Medicaid Home and Community-Based Services as granted by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.
Ins 3.36(3) (3)Verified diagnosis.
Ins 3.36(3)(a)(a) Insurers and self-insured health plans shall provide coverage for services to an insured who has a primary verified diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder made by a diagnostician skilled in testing and in the use of empirically-validated tools specific for autism spectrum disorders.
Ins 3.36(3)(b) (b) Insurers and self-insured health plans shall accept as valid and provide coverage for the diagnostic testing in addition to the benefit mandated by s. 632.895 (12m), Stats. For the diagnosis to be valid for autism spectrum disorder, the testing tools shall be appropriate to the presenting characteristics and age of the insured and be empirically validated for autism spectrum disorders to provide evidence that the insured meets the criteria for autism spectrum disorder in the most recent edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association. Insurers and self-insured health plans may require confirmation of a primary diagnosis through completion of empirically-validated tools or tests from each of the following categories: intelligence, parent report, language skills, adaptive behavior, and direct observation of the child.
Ins 3.36(3)(c) (c) An insurer and a self-insured health plan may require an insured to obtain a second opinion from a diagnostician experienced in the use of empirically-validated tools specific for autism spectrum disorders who is mutually agreeable to the insured or the insured's parent or authorized representative and to the insurer or self-insured health plan. An insurer and a self-insured health plan shall cover the cost of the second opinion and the cost of the second opinion shall be in addition to the benefit mandated by s. 632.895 (12m), Stats.
Ins 3.36(3)(d) (d) Insurers and self-insured health plans may require that the assessment include both a standardized parent interview regarding current concerns and behavioral history as well as direct, structured observation of social and communicative behavior and play. The diagnostic evaluation shall also assess those factors that are not specific to autism spectrum disorders including degree of language impairment, cognitive functioning, and the presence of nonspecific behavioral disorders.
Ins 3.36(4) (4)Intensive-level services.
Ins 3.36(4)(a)(a) Coverage for intensive-level services. Insurers and self-insured health plans shall provide coverage for evidence-based behavioral intensive-level therapy for an insured with a verified diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder, the majority of which shall be provided to the insured when the parent or legal guardian is present and engaged and all of the prescribed therapy is consistent with all of the following requirements:
Ins 3.36(4)(a)1. 1. Based upon a treatment plan developed by an individual who at least meets the requirements of a qualified intensive-level provider or a qualified intensive-level professional that includes at least 20 hours per week over a six-month period of time of evidence-based behavioral intensive therapy, treatment, and services with specific cognitive, social, communicative, self-care, or behavioral goals that are clearly defined, directly observed and continually measured and that address the characteristics of autism spectrum disorders. Treatment plans shall require that the insured be present and engaged in the intervention.
Ins 3.36(4)(a)2. 2. Implemented by qualified providers, qualified professionals or qualified therapists, or qualified paraprofessionals.
Ins 3.36(4)(a)3. 3. Provided in an environment most conducive to achieving the goals of the insured's treatment plan.
Ins 3.36(4)(a)4. 4. Implemented identified therapeutic goals developed by the team including training and consultation, participation in team meetings and active involvement of the insured's family.
Ins 3.36(4)(a)5. 5. Commenced after an insured is two years of age and before the insured is nine years of age.
Ins 3.36(4)(a)6. 6. Provided by a qualified intensive-level provider or qualified intensive-level professional who directly observes the insured at least once every two months.
Ins 3.36(4)(b) (b) Forty-eight cumulative months. Insurers and self-insured health plans shall provide up to forty-eight months of intensive-level services. Insurers and self-insured health plans may credit against the required forty-eight months of intensive-level services any previous intensive-level services the insured received regardless of payor. Insurers and self-insured health plans may require documentation including medical records and treatment plans to verify any evidence-based behavioral therapy the insured received for autism spectrum disorders that was provided to the insured prior to the insured attaining nine years of age. Insurers and self-insured health plans may consider any evidence-based behavioral therapy that was provided to the insured for an average of 20 or more hours per week over a continuous six-month period to be intensive-level services.
Ins 3.36(4)(c) (c) Travel. Insurers and self-insured health plans shall not include coverage of travel time for qualified providers, qualified supervising providers, qualified professionals, qualified therapists or qualified paraprofessionals when calculating the number of hours of care provided per week and are not required to separately reimburse for travel time.
Ins 3.36(4)(d) (d) Progress assessment. Insurers and self-insured health plans shall require that progress be assessed and documented throughout the course of treatment. Insurers and self-insured health plans may request and review the insured's treatment plan and the summary of progress on a periodic basis.
Ins 3.36(4)(e) (e) Concomitant therapy. Insurers and self-insured health plans shall provide coverage pursuant to s. 632.895 (12m) (c), Stats., for a qualified therapist when services are rendered concomitant with intensive-level evidence-based behavioral therapy and all of the following:
Ins 3.36(4)(e)1. 1. The qualified therapist provides evidence-based therapy to an insured who has a primary diagnosis of an autism spectrum disorder.
Ins 3.36(4)(e)2. 2. The insured is actively receiving behavioral services from a qualified intensive-level provider or qualified intensive-level professional.
Ins 3.36(4)(e)3. 3. The qualified therapist develops and implements a treatment plan consistent with their license and this section.
Ins 3.36(5) (5)Nonintensive-level services.
Ins 3.36(5)(a)(a) Coverage for nonintensive-level services. Insurers and self-insured health plans shall provide coverage for an insured with a verified diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder for nonintensive-level services that are evidence-based and that are provided to an insured by a person who is at least a qualified provider, a qualified professional, a qualified therapist or a qualified paraprofessional in either of the following conditions:
Ins 3.36(5)(a)1. 1. After the completion of intensive-level services and designed to sustain and maximize gains made during intensive-level services treatment.
Ins 3.36(5)(a)2. 2. To an insured who has not and will not receive intensive-level services but for whom nonintensive-level services will improve the insured's condition.
Ins 3.36(5)(b) (b) Requirements for coverage. Insurers and self-insured health plans shall provide coverage for evidence-based therapy that is consistent with all of the following requirements:
Ins 3.36(5)(b)1. 1. Based upon a treatment plan developed by an individual who minimally meets the requirements as a qualified provider, a qualified professional or a qualified therapist that includes specific evidence-based therapy goals that are clearly defined, directly observed and continually measured and that address the characteristics of autism spectrum disorders. Treatment plans shall require that the insured be present and engaged in the intervention.
Ins 3.36(5)(b)2. 2. Implemented by a person who is at least a qualified provider, qualified professional, qualified therapist, or a qualified paraprofessional.
Ins 3.36(5)(b)3. 3. Provided in an environment most conducive to achieving the goals of the insured's treatment plan.
Ins 3.36(5)(b)4. 4. Implements identified therapeutic goals developed by the team including training and consultation, participation in team meetings and active involvement of the insured's family.
Ins 3.36(5)(c) (c) Services. Insurers and self-insured health plans shall provide coverage for nonintensive-level services that may include direct or consultative services when provided by qualified providers, qualified supervising providers, qualified professionals, qualified therapists, or qualified paraprofessionals.
Ins 3.36(5)(d) (d) Progress assessment. Insurers and self-insured health plans shall require that progress be assessed and documented throughout the course of treatment. Insurers and self-insured health plans may request and review the insured's treatment plan and the summary of progress on a periodic basis.
Ins 3.36(5)(e) (e) Travel. Insurers and self-insured health plans shall not include coverage of travel time by qualified providers, qualified supervising providers, qualified professionals, qualified therapists or qualified paraprofessionals when calculating the number of hours of care provided per week and are not required to separately reimburse for travel time.
Ins 3.36(6) (6)Transition to nonintensive-level services.
Ins 3.36(6)(a)(a) Notice of transition by insurer. Insurers and self-insured plans shall provide notice to the insured or the insured's authorized representative regarding change in an insured's level of treatment. The notice shall indicate the reason for transition that may include any of the following:
Ins 3.36(6)(a)1. 1. The insured has received forty-eight cumulative months of intensive-level services.
Ins 3.36(6)(a)2. 2. The insured no longer requires intensive-level services as supported by documentation from a qualified supervising provider, qualified intensive-level provider, or a qualified intensive-level professional.
Ins 3.36(6)(a)3. 3. The insured no longer receives evidence-based behavioral therapy for at least 20 hours per week over a six-month period of time.
Ins 3.36(6)(b) (b) Notice of break in service by insured. Insurers and self-insured plans may require an insured or an insured's authorized representative to promptly notify the insurer or self-insured plan if the insured requires and qualifies for intensive-level services but the insured or the insured's family or caregiver is unable to receive intensive-level services for an extended period of time. The insured or the insured's authorized representative shall indicate the specific reason or reasons the insured or the insured's family or caregiver is unable to comply with an intensive-level service treatment plan. Reasons for requesting intensive-level services be interrupted for an extended period of time may include a significant medical condition, surgical intervention and recovery, catastrophic event or any other reason the insurer or self-insured plan determines to be acceptable.
Ins 3.36(6)(c) (c) Documentation. Insurers and self-insured plans may not deny intensive-level services to an insured for failing to maintain at least 20 hours per week of evidence-based behavioral therapy over a six-month period when the insured or the insured's authorized representative complied with par. (b) or the insured or the insured's authorized representative can document that the insured failed to maintain at least 20 hours per week of evidence-based behavioral therapy due to waiting for waiver program services.
Ins 3.36(7) (7)Notice to insureds. Insurers and self-insured plans shall provide written notice regarding claims submitted and processed for the treatment of autism spectrum disorders to the insured or insured's parents or authorized representative and include the total amount expended to date for the current policy year. The notice may be included with the explanation of benefits form or in a separate communication provided on a periodic basis during the course of treatment.
Ins 3.36(8) (8)Research that is the basis for efficacious treatment or efficacious strategies. Research designs that are sufficient to demonstrate that a treatment or strategy when used solely or in combination with other treatments or strategies, is effective in addressing the cognitive, social, and behavioral challenges associated with autism spectrum disorders demonstrates significant improvement shall include at least one of the following:
Ins 3.36(8)(a) (a) Two or more high quality experimental or quasi-experimental group design studies that meet all of the following criteria:
Ins 3.36(8)(a)1. 1. A clearly defined population for whom inclusion criteria have been delineated in a reliable, valid manner.
Ins 3.36(8)(a)2. 2. Outcome measures with established reliability and construct validity.
Ins 3.36(8)(a)3. 3. Independent evaluators who are not aware of the particular treatment utilized.
Ins 3.36(8)(b) (b) Five or more single subject design studies that meet all of the following criteria:
Ins 3.36(8)(b)1. 1. Studies must have been published in a peer-reviewed scientific or medical journal.
Ins 3.36(8)(b)2. 2. Studies must have been conducted by three different researchers or research groups in three different geographical locations.
Ins 3.36(8)(b)3. 3. The body of studies must have included 20 or more participants.
Ins 3.36(8)(c) (c) One high quality randomized or quasi-experimental group design study that meets all of the criteria in par. (a) and three high-quality single-subject design studies that meet all of the criteria in par. (b).
Ins 3.36(9) (9)Disputes. An insurer's or a self-insured health plan's determination regarding diagnosis and level of service may be considered an adverse determination if the insured disagrees with the determination. The insured or the insured's authorized representative may file a grievance in accordance with s. Ins 18.03. The insured or the insured's authorized representative may seek independent review of the coverage denial determination in accordance with s. Ins 18.11.
Ins 3.36(10) (10)Non-required coverage.
Ins 3.36(10)(a)(a) Services. Insurers and self-insured health plans are not required to cover any of the following:
Ins 3.36(10)(a)1. 1. Acupuncture.
Ins 3.36(10)(a)2. 2. Animal-based therapy including hippotherapy.
Ins 3.36(10)(a)3. 3. Auditory integration training.
Ins 3.36(10)(a)4. 4. Chelation therapy.
Ins 3.36(10)(a)5. 5. Child care fees.
Ins 3.36(10)(a)6. 6. Cranial sacral therapy.
Ins 3.36(10)(a)7. 7. Custodial or respite care.
Ins 3.36(10)(a)8. 8. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy.
Ins 3.36(10)(a)9. 9. Special diets or supplements.
Ins 3.36(10)(b) (b) Drugs and devices. Insurers and self-insured health plans shall not provide coverage for pharmaceuticals or durable medical equipment through s. 632.895 (12m), Stats. Coverage of pharmaceuticals and durable medical equipment shall be covered in compliance with the terms of the insured's policy.
Ins 3.36(10)(c) (c) Fraudulent claims. Insurers and self-insured health plans shall not be required to pay claims that have been determined to be fraudulent.
Ins 3.36(10)(d) (d) Parents of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders. Insurers and self-insured health plans shall not be required to pay for treatment rendered by parents or legal guardians who are otherwise qualified providers, qualified supervising providers, qualified therapists, qualified professionals or qualified paraprofessionals for treatment rendered to their own children.
Ins 3.36(10)(e) (e) Denial of coverage. If an insurer or self-funded health plan generally provides benefits for an illness or injury, the insurer or self-funded health plan may not deny benefits otherwise provided for treatment of that illness or injury solely because the illness or injury relates to the insured's autism spectrum disorder.
Ins 3.36(11) (11)Locations for services.
Ins 3.36(11)(a)(a) Insurers and self-insured health plans shall cover treatments, therapies and services to an insured diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders in locations including the provider's office, clinic or in a setting conducive to the acquisition of the target skill. Treatments may be provided in schools when they are related to the goals of the treatment plan and do not duplicate services provided by a school.
Ins 3.36(11)(b) (b) Insurers and self-insured health plans are not required to cover therapy, treatment or services when provided to an insured who is residing in a residential treatment center, inpatient treatment or day treatment facility.
Ins 3.36(11)(c) (c) Insurers and self-insured health plans are not required to cover the cost for the facility or location or for the use of a facility or location when treatment, services or evidence-based therapy are provided outside an insured's home.
Ins 3.36(12) (12)Annual publication CPI adjustment. The commissioner shall publish to the office of the commissioner of insurance website on or before December 1 of each year beginning December 1, 2011, the consumer price index for urban consumers as determined by the U.S. Department of Labor and publish the adjusted dollar amount in accordance with s. 632.895 (12m) (c) 1., Stats. The adjusted dollar amount published each December shall be used by insurers and self-insured health plans when complying with s. 632.895 (12m), Stats., effective the following January 1 for newly issued policies or on the first date of a modified, extended or renewed policy or certificate after January 1.
Ins 3.36(14) (14)Verification of service providers.
Ins 3.36(14)(a)(a) Insurers and self-insured health plans are required to verify the licensure, certification and all training or other credentials of a qualified supervising or intensive-level provider, a qualified provider and a qualified therapist.
Ins 3.36(14)(b) (b) Insurers and self-insured health plans shall require the following:
Ins 3.36(14)(b)1. 1. All service providers employing qualified paraprofessionals to verify the qualified paraprofessional's credentials and to document that such employee or contractee has not been convicted of a felony or any crime involving maltreatment of a child in any jurisdiction and to periodically review and verify continuing compliance with this paragraph.
Ins 3.36(14)(b)2. 2. Certified outpatient mental health clinics employing or contracting for the services of qualified intensive-level professionals or qualified professionals to verify the credentials of a qualified intensive-level professional or qualified professional and to document that such employee or contractee has not been convicted of a felony or any crime involving maltreatment of a child in any jurisdiction and to periodically review and verify continuing compliance with this paragraph.
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The Wisconsin Administrative Code on this web site is updated on the 1st day of each month, current as of that date. See also Are the Codes on this Website Official?