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Ins 50.73(6) (6) "AVR" means asset valuation reserve.
Ins 50.73(7) (7) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of insurance of this state.
Ins 50.73(8) (8) "Company" means a life insurance company, fraternal benefit society or reinsurer subject to the provisions of [this] subchapter.
Ins 50.73(9) (9) "Qualified Actuary" means any individual who meets the requirements set forth in s. Ins 50.75 (2).
Ins 50.73 History History: Cr. Register, December, 1995, No. 480, eff. 1-1-96; CR 04-071: cr. (intro.) and (6), am. (1), renum. (6) and (7) to be (7) and (8), r. (8) Register December 2004 No. 588, eff. 12-31-05.
Ins 50.75 Ins 50.75 General requirements.
Ins 50.75(1) (1)Submission of statement of actuarial opinion.
Ins 50.75(1)(a)(a) There is to be included on or attached to Page 1 of the annual statement for each year beginning with 1996 the statement of an appointed actuary, entitled "Statement of Actuarial Opinion," setting forth an opinion relating to reserves and related actuarial items held in support of policies and contracts, in accordance with s. Ins 50.78.
Ins 50.75(1)(b) (b) Upon written request by the company, the commissioner may grant an extension of the date for submission of the statement of actuarial opinion.
Ins 50.75(2) (2)Qualified actuary. A qualified actuary is an individual who:
Ins 50.75(2)(a) (a) Is a member in good standing of the American academy of actuaries;
Ins 50.75(2)(b) (b) Is qualified to sign statements of actuarial opinion for life and health insurance company annual statements in accordance with the American academy of actuaries qualification standards for actuaries signing such statements;
Ins 50.75(2)(c) (c) Is familiar with the valuation requirements applicable to life and health insurance companies; and
Ins 50.75(2)(d) (d) Has not been found by the commissioner (or if so found has subsequently been reinstated as a qualified actuary), following appropriate notice and hearing to have:
Ins 50.75(2)(d)1. 1. Violated any provision of, or any obligation imposed by, an insurance law or other law in the course of his or her dealings as a qualified actuary;
Ins 50.75(2)(d)2. 2. Been found guilty of fraudulent or dishonest practices;
Ins 50.75(2)(d)3. 3. Demonstrated his or her incompetency, lack of cooperation, or untrustworthiness to act as a qualified actuary;
Ins 50.75(2)(d)4. 4. Submitted to the commissioner during the past 5 years, pursuant to this subchapter, an actuarial opinion or memorandum that the commissioner rejected because it did not meet the provisions of this subchapter including standards set by the actuarial standards board; or
Ins 50.75(2)(d)5. 5. Resigned or been removed as an actuary within the past 5 years as a result of acts or omissions indicated in any adverse report on examination or as a result of failure to adhere to generally acceptable actuarial standards; and
Ins 50.75(2)(e) (e) Has not failed to notify the commissioner of any action taken by any commissioner of any other state similar to that under par. (d).
Ins 50.75(3) (3)Appointed actuary. An "appointed actuary" is a qualified actuary who is appointed or retained to prepare the statement of actuarial opinion required by this subchapter either directly by or by the authority of the board of directors through an executive officer of the company other than the qualified actuary. The company shall give the commissioner timely written notice of the name, title (and, in the case of a consulting actuary, the name of the firm) and manner of appointment or retention of each person appointed or retained by the company as an appointed actuary and shall state in such notice that the person meets the requirements set forth in sub. (2). Once notice is furnished, no further notice is required with respect to this person, provided that the company shall give the commissioner timely written notice in the event the actuary ceases to be appointed or retained as an appointed actuary or to meet the requirements set forth in sub. (2). If any person appointed or retained as an appointed actuary replaces a previously appointed actuary, the notice shall so state and give the reasons for replacement.
Ins 50.75(4) (4)Standards for asset adequacy analysis. The asset adequacy analysis required by this subchapter:
Ins 50.75(4)(a) (a) Shall conform to the standards of practice as promulgated from time to time by the actuarial standards board and on any additional standards under this subchapter, which standards are to form the basis of the statement of actuarial opinion in accordance with s. Ins 50.78; and
Ins 50.75(4)(b) (b) Shall be based on methods of analysis as are deemed appropriate for such purposes by the actuarial standards board.
Ins 50.75(5) (5)Liabilities to be covered.
Ins 50.75(5)(a)(a) Under authority of ch. 623, Stats., and subch. IV, the statement of actuarial opinion shall apply to all in force business on the statement date regardless of when or where issued. This includes items reported in the annual statement exhibits pertaining to contract reserves for life insurance, annuities, accident and health insurance, and deposit type contracts; liabilities for unpaid claims; and equivalent items in the separate account statement or statements.
Ins 50.75(5)(b) (b) If the appointed actuary determines as the result of asset adequacy analysis that a reserve should be held in addition to the aggregate reserve held by the company and calculated in accordance with methods set forth in s. 623.06 (3), (3m), (4m) and (7), Stats., and s. Ins 3.17, the company shall establish such additional reserve.
Ins 50.75(5)(c) (c) Additional reserves established under par. (b) and deemed not necessary in subsequent years may be released. Any amounts released must be disclosed in the actuarial opinion for the applicable year. The release of such reserves would not be deemed an adoption of a lower standard of valuation.
Ins 50.75 History History: Cr. Register, December, 1995, No. 480, eff. 1-1-96; CR 04-071: am. (1) (a), (3) and (5) (a), r. (1) (b), (c) and (5) (c), renum. (1) (d) and (5) (d) to be (1) (b) and (5) (c) and am. (5) (c) Register December 2004 No. 588, eff. 12-31-05.
Ins 50.76 Ins 50.76 Required opinions. In accordance with subch. IV and ch. 623, Stats., every company doing business in this state shall annually submit the opinion of an appointed actuary as provided for by this subchapter.
Ins 50.76 History History: Cr. Register, December, 1995, No. 480, eff. 1-1-96; CR 04-071: r. and recr. Register December 2004 No. 588, eff. 12-31-05.
Ins 50.78 Ins 50.78 Statement of actuarial opinion based on an asset adequacy analysis.
Ins 50.78(1) (1)General description. The statement of actuarial opinion submitted in accordance with this subchapter shall consist of:
Ins 50.78(1)(a) (a) A paragraph identifying the appointed actuary and his or her qualifications;
Ins 50.78(1)(b) (b) A scope paragraph identifying the subjects on which an opinion is to be expressed and describing the scope of the appointed actuary's work, including a tabulation delineating the reserves and related actuarial items which have been analyzed for asset adequacy and the method of analysis, and identifying the reserves and related actuarial items covered by the opinion which have not been so analyzed;
Ins 50.78(1)(c) (c) A reliance paragraph describing those areas, if any, where the appointed actuary has deferred to other experts in developing data, procedures or assumptions, including anticipated cash flows from currently owned assets and variation in cash flows according to economic scenarios, supported by a statement of each such expert in the form prescribed by sub. (5); and
Ins 50.78(1)(d) (d) An opinion paragraph expressing the appointed actuary's opinion with respect to the adequacy of the supporting assets to mature the liabilities.
Ins 50.78(1)(e) (e) One or more additional paragraphs will be needed in individual company cases as follows:
Ins 50.78(1)(e)1. 1. If the appointed actuary considers it necessary to state a qualification of his or her opinion;
Ins 50.78(1)(e)2. 2. If the appointed actuary must disclose an inconsistency in the method of analysis or basis of asset allocation used at the prior opinion date with that used for this opinion.
Ins 50.78(1)(e)3. 3. If the appointed actuary must disclose whether additional reserves of the prior opinion date are released as of this opinion date, and the extent of the release.
Ins 50.78(1)(e)4. 4. If the appointed actuary chooses to add a paragraph briefly describing the assumptions which form the basis for the actuarial opinion.
Ins 50.78(2) (2)Recommended language. The following paragraphs are to be included in the statement of actuarial opinion in accordance with this section. The language provided in this subsection is that which in typical circumstances should be included in a statement of actuarial opinion. The language may be modified as needed to meet the circumstances of a particular case, but the appointed actuary shall use language which clearly expresses his or her professional judgment. However, in any event the opinion shall retain all pertinent aspects of the language provided in this section.
Ins 50.78(2)(a) (a) The opening paragraph should generally indicate the appointed actuary's relationship to the company and his or her qualifications to sign the opinion.
Ins 50.78(2)(a)1. 1. For a company actuary, the opening paragraph of the actuarial opinion should read as follows: "I, [name], am [title] of [insurance company name] and a member of the American Academy of Actuaries. I was appointed by, or by the authority of, the Board of Directors of said insurer to render this opinion as stated in the letter to the commissioner dated [insert date]. I meet the Academy qualification standards for rendering the opinion and am familiar with the valuation requirements applicable to life and health insurance companies."
Ins 50.78(2)(a)2. 2. For a consulting actuary, the opening paragraph should contain a sentence such as: "I, [name], a member of the American Academy of Actuaries, am associated with the firm of [name of consulting firm]. I have been appointed by, or by the authority of, the Board of Directors of [name of company] to render this opinion as stated in the letter to the commissioner dated [insert date]. I meet the Academy qualification standards for rendering the opinion and am familiar with the valuation requirements applicable to life and health insurance companies."
Ins 50.78(2)(b) (b) The scope paragraph shall include a statement, and table, such as the following: "I have examined the actuarial assumptions and actuarial methods used in determining reserves and related actuarial items listed below, as shown in the annual statement of the company, as prepared for filing with state regulatory officials, as of December 31, [year]. Tabulated below are those reserves and related actuarial items which have been subjected to asset adequacy analysis. - See PDF for table PDF - See PDF for table PDF
Ins 50.78(2)(bg) (bg) The tabulation in the scope paragraph required under par. (b) shall conform to the following:
Ins 50.78(2)(bg)1. 1. The additional actuarial reserves are the reserves established under s. Ins 50.75 (5) (b).
Ins 50.78(2)(bg)2. 2. The appointed actuary should indicate the method of analysis, determined in accordance with the standards for asset adequacy analysis referred to in s. Ins 50.75 (4), by means of symbols which should be defined in footnotes to the table.
Ins 50.78(2)(bg)3. 3. The AVR shall be the allocated amount of asset valuation reserve.
Ins 50.78(2)(c) (c) If the appointed actuary has relied on other experts to develop certain portions of the analysis, the reliance paragraph should include a statement such as the following: "I have relied on [name], [title] for [insert description of a portion relied upon such as anticipated cash flows from currently owned assets, including variations in cash flows according to economic scenarios] and, as certified in the attached statement. I have reviewed the information relied on for reasonableness."
Ins 50.78(2)(cg) (cg) A statement of reliance on other experts shall be accompanied by a statement by each of such experts in the form prescribed by sub. (5).
Ins 50.78(2)(d) (d) If the appointed actuary has examined the underlying asset and liability records, the reliance paragraph shall also include the following: "My examination included such review of the actuarial assumptions and actuarial methods and of the underlying basic asset and liability records and such tests of the actuarial calculations as I considered necessary. I also reconciled the underlying basic asset and liability records to [exhibits and schedules listed as applicable] of the company's current annual statement."
Ins 50.78(2)(e) (e) If the appointed actuary has not examined the underlying records, but has relied upon data, such as listings and summaries of policies in force or asset records, prepared by the company, the reliance paragraph shall include a statement such as: "In forming my opinion on [specify types of reserves] I relied upon data prepared by [name and title of company officer certifying in force records or other data] as certified in the attached statements. I evaluated that data for reasonableness and consistency. I also reconciled that data to [exhibits and schedules to be listed as applicable] of the company's current annual statement. In other respects, my examination included review of the actuarial assumptions and actuarial methods used and tests of the calculations I considered necessary."
Ins 50.78(2)(eg) (eg) A section described in par. (e) shall be accompanied by a statement by each person relied upon in the form prescribed by sub. (5).
Ins 50.78(2)(f) (f) The opinion paragraph should include all of the following:
Ins 50.78(2)(f)1. 1. "In my opinion the reserves and related actuarial values concerning the statement items identified above:
Ins 50.78(2)(f)1.a. a. Are computed in accordance with presently accepted actuarial standards consistently applied and are fairly stated, in accordance with sound actuarial principles;
Ins 50.78(2)(f)1.b. b. Are based on actuarial assumptions which produce reserves at least as great as those called for in any contract provision as to reserve basis and method, and are in accordance with all other contract provisions;
Ins 50.78(2)(f)1.c. c. Meet the requirements of the insurance law and rules of the state of [state of domicile] and are at least as great as the minimum aggregate amounts required by the state in which this statement is filed, unless alternative language is approved under sub. (6).
Ins 50.78(2)(f)1.d. d. Are computed on the basis of assumptions consistent with those used in computing the corresponding items in the annual statement of the preceding year-end (with any exceptions noted below);
Ins 50.78(2)(f)1.e. e. Include provision for all actuarial reserves and related statement items which ought to be established.
Ins 50.78(2)(f)1.f. f. The reserves and related items, when considered in light of the assets held by the company with respect to the reserves and related actuarial items including, but not limited to, the investment earnings on the assets, and the considerations anticipated to be received and retained under the policies and contracts, make adequate provision, according to presently accepted actuarial standards of practice, for the anticipated cash flows required by the contractual obligations and related expenses of the company.
Ins 50.78(2)(f)1.g. g. The actuarial methods, considerations and analyses used in forming my opinion conform to the appropriate Standards of Practice as promulgated by the actuarial standards board, which standards form the basis of this statement of opinion."
Ins 50.78(2)(f)1m. 1m. The commissioner may approve omission of the language in subd. 1. f. for an opinion filed on behalf of a company doing business only in this state and in no other state.
Ins 50.78(2)(f)2. 2. The appropriate one of the following 2 paragraphs:
Ins 50.78(2)(f)2.a. a. This opinion is updated annually as required by statute. To the best of my knowledge, there have been no material changes from the applicable date of the annual statement to the date of the rendering of this opinion which should be considered in reviewing this opinion." or
Ins 50.78(2)(f)2.b. b. "The following material change(s) which occurred between the date of the statement for which this opinion is applicable and the date of this opinion should be considered in reviewing this opinion: (Describe the change or changes.)"
Ins 50.78(2)(f)3. 3. "The impact of unanticipated events subsequent to the date of this opinion is beyond the scope of this opinion. The analysis of asset adequacy portion of this opinion should be viewed recognizing that the company's future experience may not follow all the assumptions used in the analysis.
Signature of Appointed Actuary
Address of Appointed Actuary
Telephone Number of Appointed Actuary
Date
Ins 50.78(3) (3)Assumptions for new issues. The adoption for new issues or new claims or other new liabilities of an actuarial assumption which differs from a corresponding assumption used for prior new issues or new claims or other new liabilities is not a change in actuarial assumptions within the meaning of this section.
Ins 50.78(4) (4)Adverse opinions. If the appointed actuary is unable to form an opinion, then he or she shall refuse to issue a statement of actuarial opinion. If the appointed actuary's opinion is adverse or qualified, then he or she shall issue an adverse or qualified actuarial opinion explicitly stating the reason for such opinion. This statement should follow the scope paragraph and precede the opinion paragraph.
Ins 50.78(5) (5)Reliance on information furnished by other persons. If the appointed actuary relies on the certification of others on matters concerning the accuracy or completeness of any data underlying the actuarial opinion, or the appropriateness of any other information used by the appointed actuary in forming the actuarial opinion, the actuarial opinion shall indicate the persons the actuary is relying upon and a precise identification of the items subject to reliance. In addition, the persons on whom the appointed actuary relies shall provide a certification that precisely identifies the items on which the person is providing information and a statement as to the accuracy, completeness or reasonableness, as applicable, of the items. This certification shall include the signature, title, company, address and telephone number of the person rendering the certification, as well as the date on which it is signed.
Ins 50.78(6) (6)Alternate option.
Ins 50.78(6)(a)(a) The commissioner has authority under ch. 623, Stats., to accept the valuation of a foreign insurer when that valuation meets the requirements applicable to a company domiciled in this state in the aggregate. As an alternative to the requirements sub. (2) (f) 1. c., the commissioner may, by written approval issued to a specific insurer, allow the opining actuary to use one or more of the following additional approaches:
Ins 50.78(6)(a)1. 1. A statement that the reserves "meet the requirements of the insurance laws and regulations of the State of [state of domicile] and the formal written standards and conditions of this state for filing an opinion based on the law of the state of domicile." If the commissioner chooses to allow this alternative, the commissioner's approval shall provide instructions with a list of standards and conditions. If a company chooses to use this alternative, the commissioner's approval, including standards and conditions for that approval in effect on July 1 of a calendar year, shall apply to statements for that calendar year, and they shall remain in effect until they are revised or revoked. The commissioner will not grant approval under this subdivision unless instructions are included with standards and conditions.
Ins 50.78(6)(a)2. 2. A statement that the reserves "meet the requirements of the insurance laws and regulations of the State of [state of domicile] and I have verified that the company's request to file an opinion based on the law of the state of domicile has been approved and that any conditions required by the commissioner for approval of that request have been met." This alternative may be used only if the commissioner issues a formal written statement of such allowance no later than March 31 of the year it is first effective. It shall remain valid until rescinded or modified by the commissioner. The rescission or modifications shall be issued no later than March 31 of the year they are first effective. Subsequent to that statement being issued, if a company chooses to use this alternative, the company shall file a request to do so, along with justification for its use, no later than April 30 of the year of the opinion to be filed. The request is deemed approved on October 1 of that year if the commissioner has not denied the request by that date.
Ins 50.78(6)(a)3. 3. A statement that the reserves "meet the requirements of the insurance laws and regulations of the State of [state of domicile] and I have submitted the required comparison as specified by this state." This alternative statement may be used only if the commissioner gives written approval to the specific insurer, with instructions for a written list of products, to be added to the table in subd. 3. a., for which the required comparison shall be provided. If a company chooses to use this alternative, the approved instructions in effect on July 1 of a calendar year shall apply to statements for that calendar year, and the approval and instructions shall remain in effect until they are revised or revoked. This alternative is not available unless the commissioner approves and includes instructions. If a company uses this alternative, the appointed actuary shall provide a comparison of the gross nationwide reserves held to the gross nationwide reserves that would be held under NAIC codification standards. The comparison provided by the company is to be kept confidential to the same extent and under the same conditions as the actuarial memorandum. Gross nationwide reserves are the total reserves calculated for the total company in force business directly sold and assumed, indifferent to the state in which the risk resides, without reduction for reinsurance ceded. The information provided shall comply with the commissioner's instructions and shall include at least all the following:
Ins 50.78(6)(a)3.a. a. A table as follows: - See PDF for table PDF
Ins 50.78(6)(a)3.b. b. The information listed shall include all products identified by either the state of filing or any other states subscribing to this alternative.
Ins 50.78(6)(a)3.c. c. If there is no codification standard for the type of product or risk in force or if the codification standard does not directly address the type of product or risk in force, the appointed actuary shall provide detailed disclosure of the specific method and assumptions used in determining the reserves held.
Ins 50.78(6)(b) (b) The comparison provided by the company under par. (a) shall be kept confidential to the same extent and under the same conditions as the actuarial memorandum.
Ins 50.78(6)(c) (c) Notwithstanding par. (a), the commissioner may reject an opinion based on the laws and regulations of the state of domicile and require an opinion based on the laws of this state. The commissioner may contract an independent actuary at the company's expense to prepare and file the opinion unless a company provides the required opinion within sixty days of the date the commissioner demands that the company provide such an opinion or such other period of time determined by the commissioner after consultation with the company. The paragraph does not limit or restrict the penalties or other consequence that otherwise apply for failure to timely file the required opinion.
Ins 50.78 History History: Cr. Register, December, 1995, No. 480, eff. 1-1-96; CR 04-071: am. (1) (intro.), (2) (bg) 1., 3., (c) (intro.), (d), (eg), (f) 1. c., e., and 3., r. (1) (e) 2. and 3., (2) (c) 1. and 2., renum. (1) (e) 4. to 6. to be (1) (e) 2. to 4., r. and recr. (2) (b), (e), and (5), cr. (2) (f) 1. f. and g., 1m., and (6) Register December 2004 No. 588, eff. 12-31-05.
Ins 50.79 Ins 50.79 Description of the actuarial memorandum including an asset adequacy analysis and regulatory asset adequacy issues summary.
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