(3) Specimen collection.
The urine specimen shall be collected at a collection site designated by the approved laboratory specified by the prospective employing agency for the drug testing.
The applicant providing the specimen shall be positively identified by the collection site person by use of a valid photo driver's license, valid passport, or valid military identification card. If proper identification is not available, the specimen shall not be collected without contacting the prospective employing agency to make other arrangements for positive identification.
The specimen shall be obtained from the applicant in a manner that complies with laboratory and collection site specifications adopted by the board and published in the policy and procedures manual of the board.
(4) Consequences of positive test result, failure to appear or refusal.
A positive test result for which the applicant cannot provide an explanation to the satisfaction of the board, refusal to provide the urine specimen for the drug test, or failure to appear to provide the urine specimen at the scheduled date, time, and place without just cause to the satisfaction of the prospective employing agency shall result in the applicant being denied certification by the board.
(5) Testing procedure.
The drug test required by sub. (1)
shall be performed by an approved laboratory chosen by the prospective employing agency. Specifications for approved laboratories shall be published in the policy and procedures manual of the board.
Tests to be performed. The testing procedure shall consist of:
A confirmatory test when there is a positive initial test result.
(b) Controlled substances.
The initial screening test shall be done for the presence of amphetamines, cannabis or cannabinoids, opiates, cocaine and phencyclidine (PCP) or their metabolites in tested urine in levels at or above threshold detection levels established by the United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
(c) Confirmation tests.
The confirmation test shall be done for the presence of amphetamines, cannabis or cannabinoids (Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboxylic acid), opiates (morphine, codeine), cocaine (Benz-oylecgonine) and phencyclidine (PCP) in tested urine in levels at or above threshold detection levels established by the United States department of health and human services, substance abuse and mental health services administration. Each applicant who receives a positive confirmation test shall be allowed to submit information in explanation of test results.
(6) Notice of test results; applicant rights.
The testing laboratory shall forward any positive test results to the board as well as to the prospective employing agency.
Within 10 working days after receipt of the test result report from the testing laboratory, the prospective employing agency shall inform the applicant in writing of a positive test result.
If an applicant wishes to challenge a positive test result, the applicant shall, within 5 working days after receiving notice of a positive test result, submit in writing to the prospective employing agency and to the board information that the applicant believes provides a legitimate explanation for the positive test result. The applicant shall provide to the board written waivers of confidentiality for information the board believes is necessary for it to determine if there is a legitimate explanation for the positive test result.
Within 20 working days after receipt of the information in par. (b)
, the board shall determine if there is an acceptable legitimate explanation for the applicant's positive test result.
The applicant, at the applicant's expense, may select from a list of physicians approved by the board, a physician who is not the applicant's personal physician, to review the test documentation and applicant's explanatory information. The physician shall provide a written report to the board rendering an opinion and supporting rationale as to whether or not there is a legitimate explanation for the positive test result. The board shall consider this report in making its final determination.
The applicant shall cooperate in any investigation by the board or the selected physician needed to reach their respective determinations. Failure to cooperate shall be deemed a withdrawal of the applicant's challenge to the positive test result.
The board shall immediately forward a written report of its findings and determination to the applicant and to the prospective employing agency.
The board shall approve a list of physicians qualified and acceptable to review drug analysis results. The list shall be published in the policy and procedures manual of the board and updated as required.
The board may approve alternative procedures by prospective employing agencies to assure applicant rights.
The prospective employing agency shall ensure that only personnel necessary to the employment decision have access to drug test records.
All records pertaining to drug tests performed pursuant to sub. (1)
shall remain confidential, except that the records may be released to:
To the prospective employing agency or any other prospective employing agency.
To the prospective employing agency's designee, or the board's designee for a purpose related to or in conjunction with an applicant's challenge to a positive test result or an administrative action, court proceeding, or other proceeding in which the applicant challenges a denial of employment or board certification.
An applicant may provide written permission for any other release of records pertaining to the drug tests.
The prospective employing agency shall provide copies of all necessary documentation and reports under this section to the board.
LES 2.02 History
Cr. Register, August, 1993, No. 452
, eff. 11-29-93.