NR 44.06 Note Note: If providing ecological conditions associated with old-growth forest communities is the management objective, the area should be classified as a native community management area.
NR 44.06(4)(b) (b) Management. A master plan may authorize any management activity or technique that is consistent with the management objective specified in the master plan for the area, and is compatible with the site's ecological capability and the practice of sustainable forestry. Only those management activities or techniques identified by the master plan for the management area may be pursued.
NR 44.06 Note Note: Examples of timber management activities and techniques include clearcutting, selection harvesting, thinning and other routine timber stand improvement activities, and the use of herbicides, mowing, burning, and planting and activities related to road construction and erosion control. “Timber stand improvement" means management practices for the purpose of improving the rate of growth, quality of growth or composition of the forest stand which may include pruning, non-commercial thinning, crop release and elimination of competing cull trees and shrubs, vines, weeds and grass.
NR 44.06(4)(c) (c) Master plan components. In addition to the plan components described in sub. (3), the master plan shall identify the predominant timber types and the desired future timber types and stand conditions for the area.
NR 44.06(5) (5)Habitat management area. In the master plan a habitat management area shall be consistent with the following:
NR 44.06(5)(a) (a) Management objective. The management objective for a habitat management area is to provide or enhance habitat, whether upland, wetland or aquatic, to support specific species of plants or animals. Habitats and communities in areas with this designation may be managed for a wide variety of purposes, including focused species production and protection. Areas that initially do not have desired habitat conditions but have a high potential to be restored to those conditions may be included under this classification.
NR 44.06(5)(b) (b) Management. A master plan may authorize any management activity or technique that is consistent with the management objective specified in the master plan for the area, and is compatible with the site's ecological capability. Only those management activities or techniques identified by the master plan for the management area may be pursued.
NR 44.06 Note Note: Examples of potential management activities include timber harvesting, herbicide application, mowing, burning, planting, flooding, agricultural cropping, installation of fish habitat improvement devices, road construction and erosion control.
NR 44.06(5)(c) (c) Master plan components. In addition to the plan components in sub. (3), the master plan shall identify the habitat objectives and species or communities being favored, and the desired conditions to be produced in the area.
NR 44.06(6) (6)Native community management area. In the master plan, a native community management area shall be consistent with the following:
NR 44.06(6)(a) (a) Definition. For purposes of this subsection, “native community" means a distinct and reoccurring assemblage of populations of plants, animals, bacteria and fungi naturally associated with each other and their physical environment and which are indigenous to the area.
NR 44.06(6)(b) (b) Management objective. The management objective of a native community management area is to represent, restore and perpetuate native plant and animal communities, whether upland, wetland or aquatic, and other aspects of native biological diversity. Areas that initially do not have the desired community conditions but have a reasonable potential to be restored to those conditions may be included under this classification.
NR 44.06(6)(c) (c) Management. Management activities shall be designed to achieve land management objectives through natural processes and management techniques that mimic those processes whenever possible. A master plan may authorize any management activity or technique that is consistent with the management objective specified in the master plan for the area, and is compatible with the site's ecological capability. Only those management activities or techniques identified by the master plan for the management area may be pursued.
NR 44.06 Note Note: Examples of potential management activities include timber harvesting, herbicide application, mowing, burning, planting, road construction and erosion control. Passive management may be employed.
NR 44.06(6)(d) (d) Master plan components. In addition to the plan components described in sub. (3), the master plan shall identify the specific native community types and the specific objective for the area.
NR 44.06(7) (7)Special management area. In the master plan a special management area shall be consistent with the following:
NR 44.06(7)(a) (a) Management objective. The management objective of a special management area is to provide and maintain areas and facilities for special uses not included under other land management classifications described in this section.
NR 44.06 Note Note: Examples of special management areas include administrative or service facility areas, cultural resource protection areas, propagation and nursery areas and demonstration or experimental management areas where the primary use is for research and testing of new resource management methods and techniques.
NR 44.06(7)(b) (b) Management. A master plan may authorize any management activity or technique that is consistent with the management objective specified in the master plan for the area, and is compatible with the site's ecological capability.
NR 44.06(8) (8)Recreation management area. In the master plan a recreation management area shall be consistent with the following:
NR 44.06(8)(a) (a) Management objective. The management objective of a recreation management area is to provide and maintain land and water areas and facilities for outdoor public recreation or education.
NR 44.06(8)(b) (b) Management. A master plan may authorize any management activity or technique that is consistent with the management objective specified in the master plan for the area, and is compatible with the site's ecological capability. Only those management activities or techniques identified by the master plan for the management area may be pursued.
NR 44.06 Note Note: Examples of potential management activities include timber harvesting, herbicide application, mowing, burning, planting, road construction and erosion control. Passive management may be employed.
NR 44.06(8)(c) (c) Applicable recreational use setting subclassifications. The recreational use settings in s. NR 44.07 that are compatible with this classification are the Type 2, Type 3 or Type 4 settings.
NR 44.06(8)(d) (d) Master plan components. In addition to the plan components described in sub. (3), the master plan shall describe the desired future landscape conditions and identify any specific management activities or policies for the protection, maintenance, enhancement or restoration of the visual characteristics that are important to the recreational use of the management area.
NR 44.06(9) (9)Scenic resources management area. In the master plan a scenic resources management area shall be consistent with the following:
NR 44.06(9)(a) (a) Management objective. The management objective of a scenic resources management area is to protect, maintain and enhance for long-term public enjoyment lands or waters having unique aesthetic qualities or outstanding scenic beauty and lands where managing for aesthetics is a primary concern due to significant or special public use of the area.
NR 44.06 Note Note: The scenic resources area management classification typically may be applied to lands with outstanding scenic attractions; to scenic lakes, rivers and streams with high value for water-based recreation; and to scenic highways, roads, trails or vistas where public use is for the specific purpose of enjoying scenery.
NR 44.06(9)(b) (b) Management area. The scenic resources management area shall include, whenever possible, the department managed area that can readily be seen from the customary recreational use area or areas during the primary season or seasons of use. The designated management area, as specifically designated in the plan, shall, to the extent practicable, also include lands which are necessary to fully protect the scenic resource or to be effectively managed as an independent management unit. Development within a scenic resources management area shall be located and designed to be harmonious with the surrounding landscape and have minimal negative impact upon its scenic values.
NR 44.06(9)(c) (c) Management. A master plan may authorize any management activity or technique that is consistent with the management objective specified in the master plan for the area, and is compatible with the site's ecological capability. Only those management activities or techniques identified by the master plan for the management area may be pursued. All of the following management guidelines apply:
NR 44.06 Note Note: Vegetation management approaches appropriate for use within scenic resources management areas may vary from passive management to intensive management, depending upon the long-term scenic management objective for the area and the site's ecological capability, vegetation types and site conditions.
NR 44.06(9)(c)1. 1. Where conspicuous management activities cannot be avoided, all reasonable measures shall be taken to mitigate the level and duration of the impacts for the viewing public;
NR 44.06(9)(c)2. 2. New utility facilities, when permitted, shall be placed underground or be located in such a way as to be visually screened from the primary viewing areas; and
NR 44.06(9)(c)3. 3. Trees that pose a significant hazard to public safety may be removed, and exotic or other species threatening the management objective for the area may be controlled as long as the control activities do not have significant adverse impacts on the scenic value of the area.
NR 44.06 Note Note: Examples of potential management activities include timber harvesting, planting, herbicide application, mowing, burning, flooding, installation of fish habitat improvement devices, road construction and erosion control.
NR 44.06(9)(d) (d) Applicable recreational use setting subclassifications. The recreational use settings in s. NR 44.07 that are compatible with this classification are the Type 2, Type 3 or Type 4 settings.
NR 44.06(9)(e) (e) Master plan components. In addition to the plan components described in sub. (3), the master plan shall identify the specific short-term and long-term scenic management objectives for the area, including any restoration and enhancement objectives, and a description of the desired future landscape conditions.
NR 44.06 Note Note: Examples of potential restoration, enhancement and maintenance activities include cutting trees and shrubs to maintain or create scenic vistas, underplanting or replanting preferably native trees and shrubs for visual variety or to speed conversion to a scenically desirable forest type and removal of exotic species.
NR 44.06(10) (10)Wild resources management area. In the master plan a wild resources management area shall be consistent with the following:
NR 44.06(10)(a) (a) Management objective. The management objective of the wild resources management area is to provide and maintain land and water areas where natural ecological processes predominate and evidence of human cultural impact is low; there is little or no visible resource management activity and facility development is limited to primitive recreational uses.
NR 44.06(10)(b) (b) Designation. This classification may be applied to undeveloped areas or areas that have the potential to be restored to a substantially wild appearing condition. Areas with pre-existing structures or landscape alterations may be included under this classification provided the overall objective of the classification can substantially be met.
NR 44.06(10)(c) (c) Management. Management activities are limited and must be consistent with the management objective specified in the master plan for the area. The master plan may authorize management activities or techniques for the purpose of protecting or enhancing the outstanding natural or aesthetic values of the area or restoring the wild character of the area or ecosystem, for improving a degraded environment caused by recreational use or past management or development activities, to remove structures, roads or other cultural impacts, or to construct or maintain compatible recreational facilities. Compatible recreational facilities are those authorized by the recreation setting subclassification assigned to the area. Management, enhancement or restoration activities shall be conducted in a manner that will minimize, to the extent practicable, the perception of human activity in the area. In addition, the following shall apply:
NR 44.06(10)(c)1. 1. Planting native vegetation appropriate to the area and site and limited vegetation cutting is authorized to achieve the management objectives of this class. Vegetation management or timber harvesting activities, other than that allowed under this subsection, is not authorized;
NR 44.06 Note Note: Examples of authorized vegetation cutting activities include the thinning of residual tree plantations to create a more natural appearing forest condition, the removal of trees considered to be a hazard to the public or when associated with the construction and maintenance of authorized recreational facilities and the removal of exotic species.
NR 44.06(10)(c)2. 2. Road construction or reconstruction to support management and restoration activities shall be limited to the degree possible and all roads shall be abandoned and the area restored following completion of the management activity, except when specifically authorized by the master plan for continued use for recreation or other purposes in an area designated as a Type 2 recreational use setting described under s. NR 44.07 (5);
NR 44.06(10)(c)3. 3. Management actions to control exotic or other species that threaten the wildland character or outstanding natural values of the area are authorized when identified in the master plan;
NR 44.06(10)(c)4. 4. The authorized management response to suppress fire shall be identified in the master plan. Generally timber will not be salvaged after a natural disturbance;
NR 44.06(10)(c)5. 5. Pre-existing structures that are not specifically authorized by the master plan, including roads, buildings, bridges and dams or remnants of them, shall be removed and the area shall be restored to the degree practicable and feasible;
NR 44.06 Note Note: Structures with historical value are an example of a type of structure that may be authorized by the master plan to be maintained within a wild resource management area.
NR 44.06(10)(c)6. 6. New utility right-of-ways or utility structures are not authorized, and pre-existing utility structures shall be removed or buried whenever practicable; and
NR 44.06(10)(c)7. 7. Motor vehicle access for management purposes is prohibited, except to respond to significant health and safety and other emergencies, or as specified in the master plan to conduct prescribed restoration activities.
NR 44.06(10)(d) (d) Applicable recreational use setting subclassifications. The Type 1 and Type 2 recreational use settings in s. NR 44.07 are compatible with this classification; however, for a Type 2 recreational use area, the land management activities and non-recreational facility development shall be consistent with this subsection.
NR 44.06(10)(e) (e) Master plan components. The master plan shall identify:
NR 44.06(10)(e)1. 1. The specific land management, enhancement or restoration objectives for the area;
NR 44.06(10)(e)2. 2. The authorized land management, enhancement or restoration activities, including the specific circumstances where, and the degree that, each may be used;
NR 44.06(10)(e)3. 3. Where appropriate, management activity time schedule guidelines, any special development, vegetation management and maintenance requirements or restrictions, and any requirements for public health, safety and welfare;
NR 44.06(10)(e)4. 4. The authorized management response, if any, to catastrophic events, such as fire, disease, insect infestations or timber blowdowns;
NR 44.06(10)(e)5. 5. The recreational facilities to be provided and, when appropriate, guidelines for siting the facilities; and
NR 44.06(10)(e)6. 6. The specific type of use authorized for designated trails.
NR 44.06(10)(f) (f) Wilderness lakes and wild lakes.
NR 44.06(10)(f)1.1. `Definitions.'
NR 44.06(10)(f)1.a.a. “Wilderness lake" means a lake or grouping of lakes of 5 or more acres with an undeveloped shoreline, no road access and no structural development, except for primitive campsites, within 1/4 mile of the shoreline and where human influence upon the landscape visible from the lake is not noticeable.
NR 44.06(10)(f)1.b. b. “Wild lake" means a lake or grouping of lakes of 5 or more acres where human influence upon the lake and its surrounding lands is not conspicuous; it has an undeveloped shoreline and, with the exception of primitive campsites and limited roads that may be present to provide access to or near the water's edge, no structural developments are visible from the water.
NR 44.06(10)(f)2. 2. `Wilderness lake.' In addition to the other requirements of this subsection, the following criteria shall be followed when designating and managing a wilderness lake:
NR 44.06(10)(f)2.a. a. The designated area shall be delineated in the plan and shall include an area that generally extends not less than 1/4 mile from the shoreline and includes, to the extent practicable, the area that can readily be seen from the water;
NR 44.06(10)(f)2.b. b. Motor vehicle use for management purposes or recreational use is prohibited within 1/4 mile of the shoreline, except to respond to significant health and safety emergencies or to accomplish restoration activities specified in the master plan; and
NR 44.06(10)(f)2.c. c. Structural developments are prohibited within 1/4 mile of the shoreline, except for primitive campsites which shall be visually inconspicuous from the water.
NR 44.06(10)(f)3. 3. `Wild lake.' In addition to the other requirements of this subsection, the following criteria shall be followed when designating and managing a wild lake:
NR 44.06(10)(f)3.a. a. The designated management area shall be delineated in the plan and shall include an area that generally extends not less than 400 feet from the shoreline or includes, to the extent practicable, the area that can readily be seen from the water, whichever area is larger;
NR 44.06(10)(f)3.b. b. Shoreline development or alteration is limited to providing limited public access and primitive, watercraft accessible campsites; and
NR 44.06(10)(f)3.c. c. Motor vehicle use for management purposes or for recreational use is restricted to designated access roads and water access sites and response to significant health and safety emergencies or to accomplish restoration activities specified in the master plan.
NR 44.06 Note Note: Wilderness lakes and wild lakes are non-motorized recreational use areas, as described for Type 1 or Type 2 recreational use settings under s. NR 44.07 (4) and (5).
NR 44.06 History History: Cr. Register, August, 1996, No. 488, eff. 9-1-96.
NR 44.07 NR 44.07 Recreational use setting subclassifications.
NR 44.07(1)(1) General. The recreational use subclassifications define the compatible management and use activities and the appropriate recreational facilities for 4 general recreational settings. Each subclassification describes a distinct recreational environment, each offering opportunities for different types of recreational experiences. The subclassifications described in this section shall be used in a master plan to describe the general recreational management objective for areas with the recreation, scenic resources and the wild resources management classifications described under s. NR 44.06.
NR 44.07 Note Note: The subclassifications describe a range of recreational use settings, each being characterized by the manner it addresses a number of key attributes, such as degree of remoteness, motor use and the apparent level of management and development. The settings span a range from wild and undeveloped to intensively used and highly developed.
NR 44.07(2) (2)Definitions.
NR 44.07(2)(a)(a) “All terrain vehicle" or “ATV" has the meaning specified in s. 340.01 (2g), Stats.
NR 44.07(2)(b) (b) “Box latrine" means a simple open-air privy commonly provided at isolated, primitive campsites.
NR 44.07(2)(c) (c) “Group campsite" means any campsite authorized for use by groups other than those meeting the definition of a camping party in a family campground as defined by ch. NR 45.
NR 44.07(2)(d) (d) “Highway/off-highway vehicles" or “H/OH" means motor vehicles that are generally 4-wheel drive, high clearance, street legal, licensed vehicles with floatation-type tires able to traverse roads and trails where ordinary passenger vehicles cannot travel without hazard of becoming stuck or otherwise disabled.
NR 44.07(2)(e) (e) “Information facilities" include signs, sign boards, information kiosks and visitor centers for the purpose of providing use or educational formation to the public.
NR 44.07(2)(f) (f) “Motorized use" means people traveling by use of a motor powered vehicle other than when engaged in management activities or contract operations authorized by the department.
NR 44.07(2)(g) (g) “Native surface material" means unprocessed, indigenous road and trail surfacing material.
NR 44.07(2)(h) (h) “Natural-appearing" means visually perceived as minimally altered or modified by human actions.
NR 44.07(2)(i) (i) “Non-motorized use" means transportation of people by any means other than by a motor-powered vehicle, and the use of motorized vehicles for management purposes by the department and its contractors when engaged in management activity.
NR 44.07(2)(j) (j) “Permanent all-season road" means a road developed and operated for continuous or recurrent annual use. It is designed and constructed to accommodate year-round use, but may have use restrictions or may not be maintained at various times of the year.
NR 44.07(2)(k) (k) “Permanent seasonal road" means a road that is maintained as part of the permanent road system but is developed for periodic use when the ground is frozen or dry and firm.
NR 44.07(2)(L) (L) “Primitive surface material" means the natural soil, rock or sand surface existing on roads and trails that developed through use and was not constructed.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.