NR 217.04(4) (4)Compliance. The department shall determine and specify a reasonable compliance schedule in the permittee's WPDES permit if the facility is unable to meet the effluent standard or limitations determined according to this section at the time of permit issuance or reissuance. The date for compliance with this section may not extend beyond 3 years from the date of permit issuance or reissuance, unless the department determines that circumstances beyond the permittee's control, such as an environmental impact statement, require additional time for compliance. In such circumstances, the date for compliance with this section may not extend beyond 5 years from the date of permit issuance or reissuance.
NR 217.04(5) (5)Department determinations. Effluent standards and limitations established under subs. (1) (a) and (2) are not subject to the variance procedure under s. 283.15, Stats.
NR 217.04 History History: Cr. Register, November, 1992, No. 443, eff. 12-1-92.
subch. III of ch. NR 217 Subchapter III — Water Quality Based Effluent Limitations for Phosphorus
NR 217.10 NR 217.10Applicability. This subchapter applies to discharges of phosphorus to surface waters of the state from the following point sources:
NR 217.10(1) (1) Publicly and privately owned wastewater facilities or treatment works;
NR 217.10(2) (2) Noncontact cooling water discharges which contain phosphorus unless 100 percent of the phosphorus in the discharge originates from the receiving water as intake water;
NR 217.10(3) (3) Concentrated animal feeding operations that discharge manure or process wastewater from the production area through alternative treatment facilities under s. NR 243.13; and
NR 217.10(4) (4) A facility or site that is regulated under ch. NR 216 only where the department has determined that compliance with the standards in chs. NR 151 and 216 are not sufficient to meet phosphorus criteria in s. NR 102.06.
NR 217.10 Note Note: There may be other point sources that are not subject to the procedures in this subchapter, but which are be subject to s. 283.13 (5), Stats., or procedures in other rules (e.g., ch. NR 243 requirements for concentrated animal feeding operations).
NR 217.10 History History: CR 10-035: cr. Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10.
NR 217.11 NR 217.11Definitions. Definitions of terms and the meaning of abbreviations used in this subchapter are as defined in ss. NR 102.03, 106.03, 205.03, 210.03, and 243.03. In addition, for purposes of this subchapter, the following definitions apply:
NR 217.11(1) (1) “303 (d) list" means a list of waters established by the department and approved by US EPA pursuant to 33 USC 1313 (d) (1) (A) and 40 CFR 130.7.
NR 217.11(2) (2) “Adaptive management" means the use of monitoring data and other information at the time of permit reissuance to reassess management decisions and permit requirements.
NR 217.11(3) (3) “New discharger" means a point source which was not authorized by a WPDES permit as of December 1, 2010. A new discharger includes a relocation of an outfall to a different receiving water.
NR 217.11(4) (4) “Phosphorus impaired water" means a surface water listed on the 303 (d) list that is impaired for phosphorus, nutrients, or diurnal swings of dissolved oxygen.
NR 217.11 Note Note: A surface water may be impaired and placed on the 303 (d) list for a reason other than phosphorus, nutrients, or dissolved oxygen (e.g., mercury), however the procedures in this subchapter only apply to impairments related to phosphorus, nutrients, or diurnal swings of dissolved oxygen.
NR 217.11(5) (5) “Privately owned wastewater facilities or treatment works" means a facility or treatment works owned by a nongovernmental entity that discharges domestic wastewater, commercial wastewater, or industrial wastewater or a combination thereof.
NR 217.11(6) (6) “Technology based limitation" means an effluent limitation for phosphorus established pursuant to s. 283.11 (3), Stats., and subch. II or s. 283.13 (2) or (4), Stats.
NR 217.11(7) (7) “Total maximum daily load" or “TMDL" means the amount of pollutants specified as a function of one or more water quality parameters that can be discharged into a water quality limited segment and still ensure attainment of the applicable water quality standard in a watershed.
NR 217.11(8) (8) “US EPA" means the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
NR 217.11(9) (9) “WQBEL" means a water quality based effluent limitation.
NR 217.11 History History: CR 10-035: cr. Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10.
NR 217.12 NR 217.12General.
NR 217.12(1) (1) Water quality based effluent limitations for phosphorus shall be included in a permit whenever the department determines:
NR 217.12(1)(a) (a) The discharge from a point source contains phosphorus at concentrations or loadings which will cause, has the reasonable potential to cause or contribute to an exceedance of the criteria in s. NR 102.06 in either the receiving water or downstream waters; and
NR 217.12(1)(b) (b) The technology based effluent limitation or the alternative treatment technology limitation calculated under s. NR 243.13 is less stringent than necessary to achieve the applicable water quality standard for phosphorus in s. NR 102.06.
NR 217.12(2) (2) If the technology based limitation expressed as a concentration is more stringent than the water quality based effluent limitation expressed as a concentration under s. NR 217.13, then the technology based limit shall be included in the permit, along with any mass limitations calculated under this subchapter as required under s. NR 217.14 (1) and (3).
NR 217.12 History History: CR 10-035: cr. Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10.
NR 217.13 NR 217.13Calculation of water quality based effluent limitations for phosphorus.
NR 217.13(1) (1)Basis for limitations.
NR 217.13(1)(a)(a) The department shall calculate potential water quality based effluent limitations for point source dischargers of phosphorus using the procedures in this section.
NR 217.13(1)(b) (b) Water quality based effluent limitations for phosphorus shall be calculated based on the applicable phosphorus criteria in s. NR 102.06 at the point of discharge, except the department may calculate the limitation to protect downstream waters.
NR 217.13(2) (2)Discharges to streams and rivers.
NR 217.13(2)(a)(a) Limitation calculation. For discharges of phosphorus to flowing streams and rivers, the water quality based effluent limitation shall be calculated using the following conservation of mass equation:
Limitation = [(WQC) (Qs+(1-f)Qe) - (Qs- fQe) (Cs)]/Qe
Where:
Limitation = Water quality based effluent limitation (in units of mass per unit of volume),
WQC = The water quality criterion concentration (in units of mass per unit volume) from s. NR 102.06,
Qs = Receiving water design flow (in units of volume per unit time) as specified in par. (b),
Qe = Effluent flow (in units of volume per unit time) as specified in par. (c),
f = Fraction of the effluent flow that is withdrawn from the receiving water, and
Cs = Upstream concentration (in units of mass per unit volume) as specified in par. (d).
NR 217.13(2)(b) (b) Receiving water design flow (Qs). Based on the availability of information and the professional judgment of the department, the value of Qs to be used in calculating the effluent limitation for discharges to flowing waters shall be determined using one of the following:
NR 217.13(2)(b)1. 1. The average minimum 7-day flow which occurs once every 2 years (7-day Q2) based on information derived by the U. S. geological survey or other department approved information source, using data from a representative gauging station with a period of record of at least 10 years.
NR 217.13(2)(b)2. 2. If provided by the permittee and approved by the department, the average low 30-day flow which occurs once every 3 years (30-day Q3) based on information derived by the U. S. geological survey or other department approved information source, using data from a representative gauging station with a period of record of at least 10 years.
NR 217.13(2)(b)3. 3. Other flow deemed more representative of flow conditions and approved by the department.
NR 217.13(2)(c) (c) Effluent flows (Q e).
NR 217.13(2)(c)1.1. For dischargers subject to ch. NR 210 and which discharge for 24 hours per day on a year-round basis, Qe shall equal the maximum effluent flow, expressed as a daily average, that is anticipated to occur for 12 continuous months during the design life of the treatment facility unless it is demonstrated to the department that this design flow rate is not representative of projected flows at the facility.
NR 217.13(2)(c)2. 2. For other dischargers not subject to ch. NR 210, Qe shall equal, based on the best professional judgment of the department, one of the following:
NR 217.13(2)(c)2.a. a. The maximum effluent flow, expressed as a 365 day rolling average of daily discharges that has occurred for 12 continuous months and represents normal operations.
NR 217.13(2)(c)2.b. b. The maximum effluent flow, expressed as a 30 day rolling average, which has occurred for 30 continuous days and represents normal operations.
NR 217.13(2)(c)3. 3. For seasonal discharges, discharges proportional to stream flow, or other non-continuous discharge situations, Qe shall be determined on a case by case basis.
NR 217.13(2)(d) (d) Upstream concentrations (Cs). The representative upstream concentration of phosphorus shall be used in specific water quality based effluent limit calculations. At a minimum, the representative upstream concentration shall be either a concentration derived by the department based on data from the specific stream or from a similar location. Where data is collected on the upstream location, the concentration used shall equal the median of at least four samples collected throughout the period of May through October. All samples collected during a 28-day period shall be considered as a single sample and the average of the concentrations used. Where data is available from more than one year in the last five years, the department may use all of the years of data in the calculation of the upstream concentration. The department may also use data older than five years provided that it is representative of current conditions. Upstream concentrations may not be measured at a location within the direct influence of a point source discharge. The determination of upstream concentrations shall be evaluated at each permit reissuance.
NR 217.13 Note Note: The department has guidance on collection methods for ambient water sampling and may develop guidance for the evaluation of representative data. The guidance may be obtained from the offices of the department of natural resources, bureau of watershed management at 101 South Webster Street, P.O. Box 7921, Madison, Wisconsin 53707.
NR 217.13(3) (3)Discharges to inland lakes and reservoirs. For discharges of phosphorus directly to inland lakes, reservoirs, and other receiving waters which do not exhibit a unidirectional flow at the point of discharge, the department shall set the effluent limit equal to the criterion for the receiving water or the downstream water.
NR 217.13 Note Note: As described in s. NR 217.16, effluent limitations for discharges to lakes may also be based on the wasteload allocation of a total maximum daily load, where the total maximum daily load has been approved by US EPA.
NR 217.13(4) (4)Discharges directly to Great Lakes. For discharges directly to the Great Lakes, the department shall set effluent limits consistent with nearshore or whole lake model results approved by the department. The department may set an interim effluent limit based on the best readily available phosphorus removal technology commonly used in Wisconsin.
NR 217.13 Note Note: At the time this rule was promulgated, December 1, 2010, the best readily available phosphorus removal technology indicates a limit of 0.6 mg/L.
NR 217.13(5) (5)Other methods of limit calculation. The department may use other models and equations for calculating a water quality based effluent limitation if, in the best professional judgment of the department, the model provides a more accurate representation of the conditions.
NR 217.13(6) (6)Multiple discharges.
NR 217.13(6)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), whenever the department determines that more than one discharge may be affecting the water quality of the same receiving water, the resultant combined allowable load shall be divided among the various discharges using an allocation method based on site-specific considerations. Whenever the department makes a determination under this subsection, the department shall notify all permittees who may be affecting the water quality of the same receiving water of the determination and any limitations developed under this subsection. Permittees shall be given the opportunity to comment to the department on any determination made under this subsection.
NR 217.13(6)(b) (b) This subsection does not apply if there is a US EPA approved TMDL for phosphorus for the receiving water. If there is a US EPA approved TMDL, the combined allowable load shall be divided in accordance with the approved TMDL.
NR 217.13(7) (7)Minimum effluent limitations. If the water quality based effluent limitation calculated pursuant to the procedures in this section is less than the phosphorus criterion specified in s. NR 102.06 for the water body, the effluent limit shall be set to be equal to the criterion.
NR 217.13(8) (8)New dischargers. If a new discharger is proposing a discharge of phosphorus to a receiving or downstream water that is a phosphorus impaired water, the new discharger may not discharge phosphorus except as follows:
NR 217.13(8)(a) (a) The new discharge of phosphorus is allocated part of the reserve capacity or part of the wasteload allocation in a US EPA approved TMDL;
NR 217.13(8)(b) (b) The new discharger can demonstrate the new discharge of phosphorus will improve water quality in the phosphorus impaired segment; or
NR 217.13(8)(c) (c) The new discharger can demonstrate that the new phosphorus load will be offset through a phosphorus trade or other means with another discharge of phosphorus to the 303 (d) listed water. The offset must be approved by the department and must be implemented prior to discharge.
NR 217.13 Note Note: Section 283.84, Stats., establishes requirements for pollutant trades.
NR 217.13 History History: CR 10-035: cr. Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10.
NR 217.14 NR 217.14Expression of limitations.
NR 217.14(1) (1)General.
NR 217.14(1)(a)(a) Water quality based effluent limitations, when required pursuant to s. NR 217.15, shall be expressed in a discharge permit as a concentration. A mass limit shall also be included in a permit for discharges of phosphorus to any of the following receiving or downstream waters:
NR 217.14(1)(a)1. 1. A lake or reservoir;
NR 217.14(1)(a)2. 2. An outstanding or exceptional resource water, as designated in ss. NR 102.10 and 102.11;
NR 217.14(1)(a)3. 3. A phosphorus impaired water; or
NR 217.14(1)(a)4. 4. A surface water that has an approved TMDL for phosphorus.
NR 217.14(1)(b) (b) The department may establish mass limitations in permits for any other discharges of phosphorus if a concentration limit for phosphorus is included in the permit, and where an increase in phosphorus load is likely to result in adverse effects on water quality in the receiving water or downstream water.
NR 217.14(1)(c) (c) For discharges to lakes, the department shall also include an annual mass limit for phosphorus in the permit.
NR 217.14(1)(d) (d) If there is a US EPA approved TMDL for the receiving water, the department shall include a mass limit expressed in the manner consistent with the requirements of the TMDL. As provided in s. NR 217.16, this TMDL based mass limit may be included in the permit in addition to, or in lieu of the mass limit established pursuant to this section.
NR 217.14 Note Note: In accordance with s. 283.84, Stats., the department may approve the use of phosphorus trading as a means for a point source to achieve compliance with the water quality based effluent limitation, including a TMDL based limitation. The trade shall be incorporated into the terms of the WPDES permit for the point source and must be approved by the department prior to implementation.
NR 217.14(2) (2)Concentration based limitations. Concentration effluent limitations calculated under s. NR 217.13 shall be expressed as a monthly average in permits, except for concentrations of less than or equal to 0.3 mg/L for which limitations may be expressed as six-month averages. If a concentration limitation expressed as a six-month average is included in a permit, a monthly average concentration limitation equal to three times the water based effluent limitation calculated under s. NR 217.13 shall also be included in the permit.
NR 217.14(3) (3)Mass based limitations. Concentration effluent limitations calculated under s. NR 217.13 shall be converted into mass effluent limitations using the effluent flow identified in s. NR 217.13 and an appropriate conversion factor, and expressed as a monthly average in the permit, except for concentration based limitations of less than or equal to 0.3 mg/L for which mass limitations may be expressed as six-month averages.
NR 217.14 History History: CR 10-035: cr. Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10; CR 15-085: am. (2), (3) Register August 2016 No. 728, eff. 9-1-16.
NR 217.15 NR 217.15Determination of necessity for water quality based effluent limitations for phosphorus.
NR 217.15(1)(a) (a) General. The department shall include a water quality based effluent limitation for phosphorus in a permit whenever the discharge or discharges from a point source or point sources contain phosphorus at concentrations or loadings which will cause, has the reasonable potential to cause or contribute to, an exceedance of the water quality standards in s. NR 102.06 in either the receiving water or downstream waters. The department shall use the procedures in this section to make this determination.
NR 217.15(1)(b) (b) Permittees with existing phosphorus limitations. If a permittee has a technology based phosphorus limitation in a permit that is less restrictive than a water quality based effluent limitation for phosphorus calculated pursuant to s. NR 217.13, then the department shall include the water quality based effluent limitation in the permit.
NR 217.15(1)(c) (c) Permittees without existing phosphorus limitations. If a permittee discharges phosphorus, but does not have a technology based limitation for phosphorus in its permit, the department shall use the procedures in this paragraph to determine whether a discharge will cause, has the reasonable potential to cause or contribute to an exceedance of the phosphorus water quality criterion in s. NR 102.06 in the receiving or downstream waters, and whether to include a water quality based effluent limit for phosphorus in the WPDES permit.
Loading...
Loading...
Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.