"Asphalt" means a dark-brown to black cementitious material (solid, semisolid or liquid in consistency) in which the predominating constituents are bitumens which occur in nature as such or which are obtained as residue in refining petroleum.
"Automobile refinishing coating component" means any portion of a coating, such as a reducer or thinner, hardener, additive, etc., recommended, by its manufacturer or importer, to distributors or end-users for automobile refinishing. The raw materials used to produce the components that are mixed by the end-user to prepare a coating for application are not considered automobile refinishing coating components.
"Automobile refinishing coating importer", "coating component importer" or "importer" means any company, group or individual that brings automobile refinishing coatings or coating components from a location outside the United States into the United States for sale or distribution in the United States.
"Automobile refinishing coating component manufacturer" or "manufacturer" means any company, group or individual that produces or packages automobile refinishing coatings or coating components for sale or distribution in the United States, including an entity which produces or packages such coating or coating components under a private label for another party.
"Automotive/transportation plastic parts" means the interior and exterior plastic components of automobiles, trucks, tractors, lawnmowers and mobile equipment intended for primary use on land.
"Baked coating" means any coating which is cured or dried in an oven where the temperature of the coated object exceeds 90oC (194oF), or any other coating which is not an air dried coating.
For the purpose of wood furniture coating, a coat of colored material, usually opaque, that is applied before other inks, coatings or opaque finishing materials and which usually has a topcoat subsequently applied for protection.
For the purpose of plastic parts coating, a coating applied after the prime coat and prior to any other coatings.
"Basecoat-clear coat system" means a topcoat system composed of a pigmented coating followed by a clear coat.
"Baseline transfer efficiency" means the typical transfer efficiency, as defined by the department, for a specific operation in an industry.
"Blade coating" means the application of a coating material to a substrate by means of drawing the substrate beneath a straight-edged blade that spreads the coating evenly over the full width of the substrate.
"Blanket or roller wash" means any cleaning solvent or solution used to remove excess inks, oils and debris from lithographic or letterpress printing press equipment, including rollers, plates, and cylinders. Cleaning solvent or solution used as a rubber rejuvenator or to remove excess inks, oils and debris from the outside of the press or areas immediately around the press is also considered to be blanket or roller wash.
"Business machine plastic parts" means the plastic housings and other exterior plastic components of electronic office equipment and of medical and musical equipment, including computers, monitors, printers and keyboards, facsimile machines, copiers, microfiche readers, cellular and standard phones, and pencil sharpeners. This definition excludes internal electrical components of business machines.
Class I hardboard panel" means a panel that meets the specifications of ANSI A135.4-2004, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.11 (4) (a)
"Class II hardboard paneling finish" means a finish that meets the specifications of ANSI A135.5-2004, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.11 (4) (b)
"Cleaning operation" means, for the purpose of wood furniture coating, any activity in which organic solvent is used to remove accumulated coating residue from equipment used in a finishing operation.
"Clear coat" means a coating which lacks color and opacity or is transparent and uses the undercoat as a reflectant base or undertone color.
"Coating applicator" means a device or devices used at a single location in a coating line to apply a surface coating of a particular material.
"Coating line" means one or more apparatus or operations, which may include a coating applicator, flashoff area and oven, wherein a surface coating is applied, dried or cured.
"Coil coating" means the coating of any flat metal sheet or strip that comes in rolls or coils.
"Conductive ink" means an ink used in screen printing which contains material that permits electric current to flow through printed lines or patterns.
"Container" means the individual receptacle that holds a coating or coating component for storage and distribution.
"Conventional air spray" means a spray coating method in which the coating is atomized by mixing it with compressed air and applied at an air pressure greater than 10 psig at the point of atomization.
NR 422.02 Note
Airless and air assisted airless spray technologies are not conventional air spray because the coating is not atomized by mixing it with compressed air. Electrostatic spray technology is also not considered conventional air spray because an electrostatic charge is employed to attract the coating to the work piece.
"Cutback asphalt" means any asphalt which has been liquefied by blending with petroleum solvents (diluents) other than residual oils. Upon exposure to atmospheric conditions the diluents evaporate, leaving the asphalt to perform its function. Asphalt which contains less than 5% by weight petroleum solvents, disregarding any residual oils added, is not included in this definition.
"Cut-in clearcoat" or "jambing clearcoat" means a fast-drying, ready-to-spray clearcoat applied to surfaces such as door jambs and trunk and hood edges to allow for quick closure.
"Elastomeric coating" means a coating that is specifically formulated for application over flexible parts such as filler panels and elastomeric bumpers.
"Electric-insulating and thermal-conducting coating" means a coating that displays an electrical insulation of at least 1000 volts DC per mil on a flat test plate and an average thermal conductivity of at least 0.27 BTU per hour-foot-degree-Fahrenheit.
"Electromagnetic interference/radio frequency interference (EMI/RFI) shielding coating" means a coating used on business machine plastic housings to attenuate electromagnetic and radio frequency interference signals that would otherwise pass through the plastic housing.
"Electrostatic application" means a coating method in which an electrical charge is applied to the object coated and the airborne particles of coating are attracted to the object due to the electrostatic potential created.
"Electrostatic prep coating" means a coating that is applied to a plastic part solely to provide conductivity in order to use electrostatic application methods for coatings.
NR 422.02 Note
An electrostatic prep coating usually is clearly identified as an electrostatic prep coating on its accompanying material safety data sheet.
"Emergency response vehicle" means any motor vehicle specifically designed to carry equipment and personnel involved in providing emergency medical or rescue services.
"End sealing compound" means a synthetic rubber compound which is coated onto can ends and which functions as a gasket when the end is assembled on the can.
"Exterior base coating" means a coating applied to the exterior of a can to provide exterior protection to the metal and to provide background for the lithographic or printing operation.
"Extreme high-gloss coating" means a coating that, when tested using ASTM D523-89, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.10 (9)
, shows a reflectance of 75 or more on a 60-degree glossmeter.
"Extreme performance coatings" means coatings designed for harsh exposure or exposure to one or more of the following: the weather all of the time, temperatures consistently above 95°C, detergents, abrasive and scouring agents, solvents, corrosive atmospheres or similar environmental conditions.
"Fabric coating" means applying a coating, including a saturation coating, or printing on to a textile substrate with a blade, roll, rotogravure or dip coater, or other coating applicator, to impart properties that are not initially present, such as strength, stability, water or acid repellency, or appearance.
"Field-reacted traffic marking material" means a liquid traffic marking material, such as epoxy or polyester, which consists of resin, pigments and a hardening agent, and which is mixed at the time of application and designed to harden quickly.
"Final touch-up and repair" means, for the purpose of wood furniture coating, the localized application of finishing materials after the finishing operation to cover minor imperfections.
"Finishing material" means, for the purpose of wood furniture coating, coatings used to finish wood furniture, including, but not limited to, basecoats, stains, washcoats, sealers and topcoats. The term "finishing material" does not include industrial adhesives.
"Finishing operation" means, for the purpose of wood furniture coating, the application of finishing material to a substrate that is subsequently air dried, cured by radiation, or cured in an oven and the use of organic solvent in associated cleaning and washoff operations.
"Fire truck" means any motor vehicle specifically designed to be used in fighting fires and to carry equipment and personnel involved in fighting fires.
"Flashoff area" means the space between the application area and the oven.
"Flexible packaging press" means a printing press that performs either flexible packaging flexographic printing or flexible packaging rotogravure printing.
"Flexible packaging printing" means printing on any package or part of a package the shape of which can be readily changed such as bags, pouches, liners, and wraps utilizing paper, plastic, aluminum foil, metalized or coated paper or film, or any combination of these materials using a flexible packaging press.
"Flexographic printing" means the application of words, designs or pictures to a substrate by means of a roll printing technique in which the pattern to be applied is raised above the printing roll and the image carrier is made of rubber or other elastomeric materials.
"Flow coating" means a coating method in which an object is coated by causing a stream of coating to flow over the object and draining off any excess coating.
"Fountain solution" means a mixture of water, volatile and nonvolatile chemicals and other additives which is applied to the image plate to maintain the hydrophilic properties of the nonimage areas of the printing plate surface.
"Fountain solution reservoir" means the collection tank that accepts fountain solution recirculated from printing units.
"Furniture metal coating" means the surface coating of any furniture made of metal or any metal part which will be assembled with other metal, wood, fabric, plastic or glass parts to form a furniture piece.
"Hardboard" means a panel manufactured primarily from interfelted ligno-cellulosic fibers which are consolidated under heat and pressure in a hot press.
"Hardener" means a coating component specifically designed to promote a faster cure of an enamel finish.
"Hardwood plywood" means a plywood whose surface layer is a veneer of hardwood.
"Heat-resistant coating" means a coating that must withstand a temperature of at least 400°F during normal use.
"Heatset" means a lithographic web printing process where solvents from the printing ink are evaporated by heat from a dryer.
"High performance architectural coatings" means a coating which meets the requirements specified in American architectural manufacturers association publication number AAMA 2604-98, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.11 (1)
"Impact-resistant coating" means a coating designed to resist chipping caused by road debris.
"Ink transfer" means a decal, printed using screen printing onto a special release carrier, that will be transferred from the carrier to a substrate. Final transfer of the decal to the substrate may or may not occur at the screen printing facility.
"Interior body spray" means a coating sprayed on the interior of the can body to provide a protective film between the product and the can.
"Interior sheet base coating" means a coating applied by roller coater or spray to the interior side of sheets from which cans are formed to provide a protective lining between the can metal and product.
"Lacquer" means a thermoplastic coating which dries primarily by solvent evaporation and which is resoluble in its original solvent.
"Large appliances" means doors, cases, lids, panels and interior support parts of residential and commercial washers, dryers, ranges, refrigerators, freezers, water heaters, dishwashers, trash compactors, air conditioners and other similar products. Not included are products of such weight that they are normally lifted only with powered lifting equipment or products which are intended to be permanently fastened in place.
"Leather coating" means the coating of any raw or processed leather material with a roll coater, spray system or other coating applicator to impart or enhance properties such as strength, stability, water or acid repellency, color or appearance.
"Lithographic printing" means a planographic printing process where the image and nonimage areas are chemically differentiated; the image area is oil receptive and the nonimage area is typically water receptive.
"Lithographic printing press" means a printing production assembly comprised of one or more inking and fountain solution dampening systems and includes any associated cleaning solutions, ovens, dryers, flashoff areas and chillers.
"Low-gloss coating" means a coating which exhibits a gloss reading of less than or equal to 25 on a 60-degree glossmeter, as measured according to ASTM D523-89, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.10 (9)
"Low-pressure spray method" means any coating method in which an object is coated with an air-atomizing spray gun that operates at no more than 69 kPa (10.0 psig) air pressure.
"Low solvent coating or ink" means a coating or ink which contains less organic solvent than the conventional coatings used by the particular industry. Low solvent coatings or inks include waterborne, higher solids, electrodeposition and powder coatings or inks.
"Magnet wire coating" means the process of applying a coating of electrically insulating varnish or enamel to aluminum or copper wire for use in electrical machinery.
"Manufacturing plant" means a facility where parts are manufactured, finished or assembled for eventual inclusion into a finished product ready for sale to retailers. With respect to the manufacture of motor vehicles, customizers, body shops and other repainters are not included in this definition.
"Mask coating" means a strippable coating used as a mask during the coating of a part or surface.
"Metallic coating" means a coating which contains more than 5 grams of metal particles per liter of coating, as applied.
"Mixing instructions" means the coating or coating component manufacturer's or importer's specification of the volumetric quantities of coating.
"Mobile equipment" means any equipment which may be drawn or is capable of being driven on a roadway, other than motor vehicles, including truck or automobile trailers, farm machinery, construction equipment, street cleaners and golf carts.
"Molded wood parts or products" means any composite shape molded, through heat, pressure and time, from a mixture of less than 30% by weight organic thermoset resin, and at least 10% by weight wood filler.
"Multi-colored topcoat" means a topcoat that exhibits more than one color, is packaged in a single container, and camouflages surface defects on areas of heavy use, such as cargo beds and other surfaces of trucks and other utility vehicles.
"Multi-component coating" means a coating requiring the addition of a separate reactive resin, commonly known as a catalyst or hardener, before application to form an acceptable dry film.
"Natural finish hardwood plywood panels" means panels whose original grain pattern is enhanced by essentially transparent finishes which may be supplemented by fillers and toners.
"Non-heatset" means a lithographic printing process where the printing inks are set without the application of heat. Ultraviolet-cured and electron beam-cured inks are considered non-heatset.
"Office partitions" means partitions fabricated from honeycomb laminate or wood laminate which is placed inside a steel base support frame with a final outside covering of vinyl, cloth or laminate.
"One-component coating" means a coating that is ready for application as it comes out of its container to form an acceptable dry film. A thinner, if added to reduce the viscosity, is not considered a component.
"Organisol" means a thick coating containing resin, plasticizers and organic solvent used to coat flexible substances such as paper or fabrics.
"Oven" means, for the purpose of surface coating, a chamber within which heat is used to bake, cure, polymerize or dry a surface coating.
"Overvarnish" means a coating applied directly over ink to reduce the coefficient of friction, to provide gloss and to protect the finish against abrasion and corrosion.
"Packaging rotogravure printing" means rotogravure printing upon paper, paper board, metal foil, plastic film or other substrates, which in subsequent operations are formed into packaging products or labels for articles to be sold.
"Pad printing" means, for the purpose of plastic parts coating, a type of printing used on irregularly shaped substrates, in which the image is transferred from a metal or plastic photoengraved or intaglio plate called a cliche, to an intermediate silicon rubber pad and, ultimately, to the substrate. Ink is supplied to the engraved portions of the cliche after each impression.
"Paper coating" means application of the uniform coatings, including saturation coatings, put on paper and pressure sensitive tape in a web process. Related web coating processes on plastic films and on metal foil are included in this definition but processes such as printing where the coating is not uniform across the web are not included.