Surface coating of large appliances — part 1.
Surface coating of large appliance — part 2.
Magnet wire coating.
Wood furniture coating.
Use of adhesives.
Flat wood panel coating — part 1.
Flat wood panel coating — part 2.
Wood door coating.
Molded wood parts or products.
Flexible package printing.
Lithographic printing — part 1.
Lithographic printing — part 2.
Miscellaneous metal parts and products.
Fire truck and emergency response vehicle manufacturing.
Use of asphalt surfacing materials.
Application of traffic marking materials.
This chapter applies to all surface coating and printing process air contaminant sources and to their owners and operators. This chapter also applies to the handling and use of cutback asphalts for application to surfaces traversed by motor vehicles, bicycles or pedestrians and to all persons responsible for such handling and use.
This chapter is adopted under ss. 285.11
, Stats., to categorize organic compound emissions from surface coating, printing and asphalt surfacing operations into separate organic compound air contaminant source categories and to establish emission limitations or other requirements for these categories of sources in order to protect air quality.
The definitions contained in chs. NR 400
apply to the terms used in this chapter. In addition, the following definitions apply to the terms used in this chapter:
"Adhesion promoter" means a coating designed to facilitate the bonding of a primer or topcoat on surfaces such as trim moldings, door locks and door sills, where sanding is impractical, and on plastic parts and the edges of sanded areas.
"Adhesive" means any substance that is used to bond one surface to another surface by attachment.
"Adhesive primer" means a coating that is applied directly to a substrate in order to seal the substrate and to provide a bonding surface for an adhesive prior to the application of the adhesive.
"Air dried coating" means coatings which are dried by the use of air or forced warm air. Forced warm air includes processes whereby the coated object is heated above ambient temperature up to a maximum of 90°C (194°F) to decrease drying time.
"Anti-glare safety coating" means a low gloss coating formulated to eliminate glare for safety purposes on interior surfaces of a vehicle, as specified under the U.S. department of transportation standard for reflecting surfaces in 49 CFR 571.107
, as in effect on October 1, 1994.
"Application area" means the area where a coating is applied by spraying, dipping or flow coating techniques.
"Asphalt" means a dark-brown to black cementitious material (solid, semisolid or liquid in consistency) in which the predominating constituents are bitumens which occur in nature as such or which are obtained as residue in refining petroleum.
"Automobile refinishing coating component" means any portion of a coating, such as a reducer or thinner, hardener, additive, etc., recommended, by its manufacturer or importer, to distributors or end-users for automobile refinishing. The raw materials used to produce the components that are mixed by the end-user to prepare a coating for application are not considered automobile refinishing coating components.
"Automobile refinishing coating importer", "coating component importer" or "importer" means any company, group or individual that brings automobile refinishing coatings or coating components from a location outside the United States into the United States for sale or distribution in the United States.
"Automobile refinishing coating component manufacturer" or "manufacturer" means any company, group or individual that produces or packages automobile refinishing coatings or coating components for sale or distribution in the United States, including an entity which produces or packages such coating or coating components under a private label for another party.
"Automotive/transportation plastic parts" means the interior and exterior plastic components of automobiles, trucks, tractors, lawnmowers and mobile equipment intended for primary use on land.
"Baked coating" means any coating which is cured or dried in an oven where the temperature of the coated object exceeds 90oC (194oF), or any other coating which is not an air dried coating.
For the purpose of wood furniture coating, a coat of colored material, usually opaque, that is applied before other inks, coatings or opaque finishing materials and which usually has a topcoat subsequently applied for protection.
For the purpose of plastic parts coating, a coating applied after the prime coat and prior to any other coatings.
"Basecoat-clear coat system" means a topcoat system composed of a pigmented coating followed by a clear coat.
"Baseline transfer efficiency" means the typical transfer efficiency, as defined by the department, for a specific operation in an industry.
"Blade coating" means the application of a coating material to a substrate by means of drawing the substrate beneath a straight-edged blade that spreads the coating evenly over the full width of the substrate.
"Blanket or roller wash" means any cleaning solvent or solution used to remove excess inks, oils and debris from lithographic or letterpress printing press equipment, including rollers, plates, and cylinders. Cleaning solvent or solution used as a rubber rejuvenator or to remove excess inks, oils and debris from the outside of the press or areas immediately around the press is also considered to be blanket or roller wash.
"Business machine plastic parts" means the plastic housings and other exterior plastic components of electronic office equipment and of medical and musical equipment, including computers, monitors, printers and keyboards, facsimile machines, copiers, microfiche readers, cellular and standard phones, and pencil sharpeners. This definition excludes internal electrical components of business machines.
Class I hardboard panel" means a panel that meets the specifications of ANSI A135.4-2004, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.11 (4) (a)
"Class II hardboard paneling finish" means a finish that meets the specifications of ANSI A135.5-2004, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.11 (4) (b)
"Cleaning operation" means, for the purpose of wood furniture coating, any activity in which organic solvent is used to remove accumulated coating residue from equipment used in a finishing operation.
"Clear coat" means a coating which lacks color and opacity or is transparent and uses the undercoat as a reflectant base or undertone color.
"Coating applicator" means a device or devices used at a single location in a coating line to apply a surface coating of a particular material.
"Coating line" means one or more apparatus or operations, which may include a coating applicator, flashoff area and oven, wherein a surface coating is applied, dried or cured.
"Coil coating" means the coating of any flat metal sheet or strip that comes in rolls or coils.
"Conductive ink" means an ink used in screen printing which contains material that permits electric current to flow through printed lines or patterns.
"Container" means the individual receptacle that holds a coating or coating component for storage and distribution.
"Conventional air spray" means a spray coating method in which the coating is atomized by mixing it with compressed air and applied at an air pressure greater than 10 psig at the point of atomization.
NR 422.02 Note
Airless and air assisted airless spray technologies are not conventional air spray because the coating is not atomized by mixing it with compressed air. Electrostatic spray technology is also not considered conventional air spray because an electrostatic charge is employed to attract the coating to the work piece.
"Cutback asphalt" means any asphalt which has been liquefied by blending with petroleum solvents (diluents) other than residual oils. Upon exposure to atmospheric conditions the diluents evaporate, leaving the asphalt to perform its function. Asphalt which contains less than 5% by weight petroleum solvents, disregarding any residual oils added, is not included in this definition.
"Cut-in clearcoat" or "jambing clearcoat" means a fast-drying, ready-to-spray clearcoat applied to surfaces such as door jambs and trunk and hood edges to allow for quick closure.
"Elastomeric coating" means a coating that is specifically formulated for application over flexible parts such as filler panels and elastomeric bumpers.
"Electric-insulating and thermal-conducting coating" means a coating that displays an electrical insulation of at least 1000 volts DC per mil on a flat test plate and an average thermal conductivity of at least 0.27 BTU per hour-foot-degree-Fahrenheit.
"Electromagnetic interference/radio frequency interference (EMI/RFI) shielding coating" means a coating used on business machine plastic housings to attenuate electromagnetic and radio frequency interference signals that would otherwise pass through the plastic housing.
"Electrostatic application" means a coating method in which an electrical charge is applied to the object coated and the airborne particles of coating are attracted to the object due to the electrostatic potential created.
"Electrostatic prep coating" means a coating that is applied to a plastic part solely to provide conductivity in order to use electrostatic application methods for coatings.
NR 422.02 Note
An electrostatic prep coating usually is clearly identified as an electrostatic prep coating on its accompanying material safety data sheet.
"Emergency response vehicle" means any motor vehicle specifically designed to carry equipment and personnel involved in providing emergency medical or rescue services.
"End sealing compound" means a synthetic rubber compound which is coated onto can ends and which functions as a gasket when the end is assembled on the can.
"Exterior base coating" means a coating applied to the exterior of a can to provide exterior protection to the metal and to provide background for the lithographic or printing operation.
"Extreme high-gloss coating" means a coating that, when tested using ASTM D523-89, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.10 (9)
, shows a reflectance of 75 or more on a 60-degree glossmeter.
"Extreme performance coatings" means coatings designed for harsh exposure or exposure to one or more of the following: the weather all of the time, temperatures consistently above 95°C, detergents, abrasive and scouring agents, solvents, corrosive atmospheres or similar environmental conditions.
"Fabric coating" means applying a coating, including a saturation coating, or printing on to a textile substrate with a blade, roll, rotogravure or dip coater, or other coating applicator, to impart properties that are not initially present, such as strength, stability, water or acid repellency, or appearance.
"Field-reacted traffic marking material" means a liquid traffic marking material, such as epoxy or polyester, which consists of resin, pigments and a hardening agent, and which is mixed at the time of application and designed to harden quickly.
"Final touch-up and repair" means, for the purpose of wood furniture coating, the localized application of finishing materials after the finishing operation to cover minor imperfections.
"Finishing material" means, for the purpose of wood furniture coating, coatings used to finish wood furniture, including, but not limited to, basecoats, stains, washcoats, sealers and topcoats. The term "finishing material" does not include industrial adhesives.
"Finishing operation" means, for the purpose of wood furniture coating, the application of finishing material to a substrate that is subsequently air dried, cured by radiation, or cured in an oven and the use of organic solvent in associated cleaning and washoff operations.
"Fire truck" means any motor vehicle specifically designed to be used in fighting fires and to carry equipment and personnel involved in fighting fires.
"Flashoff area" means the space between the application area and the oven.
"Flexible packaging press" means a printing press that performs either flexible packaging flexographic printing or flexible packaging rotogravure printing.
"Flexible packaging printing" means printing on any package or part of a package the shape of which can be readily changed such as bags, pouches, liners, and wraps utilizing paper, plastic, aluminum foil, metalized or coated paper or film, or any combination of these materials using a flexible packaging press.
"Flexographic printing" means the application of words, designs or pictures to a substrate by means of a roll printing technique in which the pattern to be applied is raised above the printing roll and the image carrier is made of rubber or other elastomeric materials.
"Flow coating" means a coating method in which an object is coated by causing a stream of coating to flow over the object and draining off any excess coating.
"Fountain solution" means a mixture of water, volatile and nonvolatile chemicals and other additives which is applied to the image plate to maintain the hydrophilic properties of the nonimage areas of the printing plate surface.
"Fountain solution reservoir" means the collection tank that accepts fountain solution recirculated from printing units.
"Furniture metal coating" means the surface coating of any furniture made of metal or any metal part which will be assembled with other metal, wood, fabric, plastic or glass parts to form a furniture piece.
"Hardboard" means a panel manufactured primarily from interfelted ligno-cellulosic fibers which are consolidated under heat and pressure in a hot press.
"Hardener" means a coating component specifically designed to promote a faster cure of an enamel finish.
"Hardwood plywood" means a plywood whose surface layer is a veneer of hardwood.
"Heat-resistant coating" means a coating that must withstand a temperature of at least 400°F during normal use.
"Heatset" means a lithographic web printing process where solvents from the printing ink are evaporated by heat from a dryer.