"Hardener" means a coating component specifically designed to promote a faster cure of an enamel finish.
"Hardwood plywood" means a plywood whose surface layer is a veneer of hardwood.
"Heat-resistant coating" means a coating that must withstand a temperature of at least 400°F during normal use.
"Heatset" means a lithographic web printing process where solvents from the printing ink are evaporated by heat from a dryer.
"High performance architectural coatings" means a coating which meets the requirements specified in American architectural manufacturers association publication number AAMA 2604-98, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.11 (1)
"Impact-resistant coating" means a coating designed to resist chipping caused by road debris.
"Ink transfer" means a decal, printed using screen printing onto a special release carrier, that will be transferred from the carrier to a substrate. Final transfer of the decal to the substrate may or may not occur at the screen printing facility.
"Interior body spray" means a coating sprayed on the interior of the can body to provide a protective film between the product and the can.
"Interior sheet base coating" means a coating applied by roller coater or spray to the interior side of sheets from which cans are formed to provide a protective lining between the can metal and product.
"Lacquer" means a thermoplastic coating which dries primarily by solvent evaporation and which is resoluble in its original solvent.
"Large appliances" means doors, cases, lids, panels and interior support parts of residential and commercial washers, dryers, ranges, refrigerators, freezers, water heaters, dishwashers, trash compactors, air conditioners and other similar products. Not included are products of such weight that they are normally lifted only with powered lifting equipment or products which are intended to be permanently fastened in place.
"Leather coating" means the coating of any raw or processed leather material with a roll coater, spray system or other coating applicator to impart or enhance properties such as strength, stability, water or acid repellency, color or appearance.
"Lithographic printing" means a planographic printing process where the image and nonimage areas are chemically differentiated; the image area is oil receptive and the nonimage area is typically water receptive.
"Lithographic printing press" means a printing production assembly comprised of one or more inking and fountain solution dampening systems and includes any associated cleaning solutions, ovens, dryers, flashoff areas and chillers.
"Low-gloss coating" means a coating which exhibits a gloss reading of less than or equal to 25 on a 60-degree glossmeter, as measured according to ASTM D523-89, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.10 (9)
"Low-pressure spray method" means any coating method in which an object is coated with an air-atomizing spray gun that operates at no more than 69 kPa (10.0 psig) air pressure.
"Low solvent coating or ink" means a coating or ink which contains less organic solvent than the conventional coatings used by the particular industry. Low solvent coatings or inks include waterborne, higher solids, electrodeposition and powder coatings or inks.
"Magnet wire coating" means the process of applying a coating of electrically insulating varnish or enamel to aluminum or copper wire for use in electrical machinery.
"Manufacturing plant" means a facility where parts are manufactured, finished or assembled for eventual inclusion into a finished product ready for sale to retailers. With respect to the manufacture of motor vehicles, customizers, body shops and other repainters are not included in this definition.
"Mask coating" means a strippable coating used as a mask during the coating of a part or surface.
"Metallic coating" means a coating which contains more than 5 grams of metal particles per liter of coating, as applied.
"Mixing instructions" means the coating or coating component manufacturer's or importer's specification of the volumetric quantities of coating.
"Mobile equipment" means any equipment which may be drawn or is capable of being driven on a roadway, other than motor vehicles, including truck or automobile trailers, farm machinery, construction equipment, street cleaners and golf carts.
"Molded wood parts or products" means any composite shape molded, through heat, pressure and time, from a mixture of less than 30% by weight organic thermoset resin, and at least 10% by weight wood filler.
"Multi-colored topcoat" means a topcoat that exhibits more than one color, is packaged in a single container, and camouflages surface defects on areas of heavy use, such as cargo beds and other surfaces of trucks and other utility vehicles.
"Multi-component coating" means a coating requiring the addition of a separate reactive resin, commonly known as a catalyst or hardener, before application to form an acceptable dry film.
"Natural finish hardwood plywood panels" means panels whose original grain pattern is enhanced by essentially transparent finishes which may be supplemented by fillers and toners.
"Non-heatset" means a lithographic printing process where the printing inks are set without the application of heat. Ultraviolet-cured and electron beam-cured inks are considered non-heatset.
"Office partitions" means partitions fabricated from honeycomb laminate or wood laminate which is placed inside a steel base support frame with a final outside covering of vinyl, cloth or laminate.
"One-component coating" means a coating that is ready for application as it comes out of its container to form an acceptable dry film. A thinner, if added to reduce the viscosity, is not considered a component.
"Organisol" means a thick coating containing resin, plasticizers and organic solvent used to coat flexible substances such as paper or fabrics.
"Oven" means, for the purpose of surface coating, a chamber within which heat is used to bake, cure, polymerize or dry a surface coating.
"Overvarnish" means a coating applied directly over ink to reduce the coefficient of friction, to provide gloss and to protect the finish against abrasion and corrosion.
"Packaging rotogravure printing" means rotogravure printing upon paper, paper board, metal foil, plastic film or other substrates, which in subsequent operations are formed into packaging products or labels for articles to be sold.
"Pad printing" means, for the purpose of plastic parts coating, a type of printing used on irregularly shaped substrates, in which the image is transferred from a metal or plastic photoengraved or intaglio plate called a cliche, to an intermediate silicon rubber pad and, ultimately, to the substrate. Ink is supplied to the engraved portions of the cliche after each impression.
"Paper coating" means application of the uniform coatings, including saturation coatings, put on paper and pressure sensitive tape in a web process. Related web coating processes on plastic films and on metal foil are included in this definition but processes such as printing where the coating is not uniform across the web are not included.
"Penetrating prime coat" means an application of low-viscosity liquid asphalt to an absorbent surface to prepare it for an asphalt surface.
"Pigmented coating" means an opaque coating which contains binders and colored pigments and which is formulated to hide a surface, either as an undercoat or topcoat.
"Plastic part" means a piece made from a substance that has been formed from resin through application of pressure or heat or both.
"Plastisol" means a composition of finely divided resin and plasticizer used to coat flexible substances such as paper or fabrics which is applied as a thick gel which solidifies when heated.
"Precoat" means any coating which is applied to bare metal primarily to deactivate the metal surface for corrosion resistance to a subsequent water-base prime coat.
"Pretreatment coat" means a coating applied directly to metal substrates and which contains at least 0.50% acid, by weight, and is used to provide surface etching, corrosion resistance and enhanced adhesion of subsequent coatings.
"Pretreatment wash primer" means a primer that is applied directly to metal substrates and which contains at least 0.50% acid by weight, as measured according to ASTM D1613-02, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.10 (25m)
, and is used to provide surface etching, corrosion resistance and enhanced adhesion of subsequent coatings.
"Prime coat" means a coating applied directly to a substrate or on top of a pretreatment wash primer or other coating for purposes of filling pores in the substrate, providing corrosion resistance or enhancing adhesion or blister resistance of subsequent coatings.
"Prime pigments" means pigments or solids which contribute to the overall coating color. Pigments whose main function is to act as a filler or provide corrosion resistance rather than providing color are not prime pigments.
"Primer sealer" means any coating, applied subsequent to the prime coat or primer surfacer, and prior to the application of a topcoat, that improves the adhesion of the topcoat, provides corrosion resistance and prevents solvents from the topcoats from penetrating into the prime coat or primer surfacer coating.
"Primer surfacer" means a coating which fills in irregularities, and is intentionally thick enough to permit sanding without cutting through to bare metal.
"Printed interior panels" means panels whose grain or natural surface is obscured by fillers and basecoats upon which a simulated grain or decorative pattern is printed.
"Publication rotogravure printing" means rotogravure printing upon paper which is subsequently formed into books, magazines, catalogues, brochures, directories, newspaper supplements, and other types of printed materials.
"Quench area" means a chamber where the hot metal exiting the oven is cooled by either a spray of water or a blast of air followed by water cooling.
"Refinishing" means any coating of motor vehicles, their parts and components, including parts or components replaced in body collision repairs, for the purpose of protection or beautification and which is subsequent to the original coating applied at the plant where the equipment was manufactured.
"Reflective argent coating" means a silver-colored coating that will reflect light.
"Resist coating" means a coating that is applied to a plastic part before metallic plating to prevent deposits of metal on portions of the plastic part.
"Restricted alcohol" means an alcohol which contains only one hydroxyl (-OH) group and less than 5 carbon atoms.
"Roll coating" means the application of a coating material to a substrate by means of rollers.
"Roll printing" means the application of words, designs or pictures to a substrate, usually by means of a series of hard rubber or steel rolls each with only partial coverage.
"Rotogravure coating" means the application of a coating material to a substrate by means of a roll coating technique in which the pattern to be applied is etched on the coating roll. The coating material is transferred to the substrate from the recessed areas on the coating roll.
"Rotogravure printing" means the application of words, designs or pictures to a substrate by means of a roll printing technique which involves an intaglio or recessed image areas in the form of cells.
"Safety-indicating coating" means a coating which changes physical characteristics, such as color, to indicate unsafe conditions.
"Saturation coating" means application of a coating which permeates the substrate to which it is applied.
"Screen printing" means a process in which ink or coating is passed through a taut screen mesh or fabric, to which a refined form of stencil has been applied, onto a substrate. The stencil openings determine the form and dimensions of the imprint made on the substrate.
"Screen printing unit" means a printing application station and its associated flashoff area, ovens or dryers, conveyors or other equipment operating as part of the screen printing process. Industrial cleaning operations, including screen reclamation, are considered to be part of the screen printing process.
"Sealer" means, for the purpose of wood furniture coating, any coating applied to substrates to prevent subsequent coatings from being absorbed by the substrate, or to prevent harm to subsequent coatings by materials in the substrate.
"Sensitizer coating" means a coating that is applied to a plastic part before metallic plating to promote deposits of metal on portions of the plastic part.
"Sheet-fed" means a lithographic printing process where individual sheets of substrate are fed to the press sequentially.
"Single coat" means a single film of coating applied directly to a metal substrate, omitting the primer application.
"Single-stage coating" means a topcoat consisting of only one coating.
"Soft coating" means any coating that provides a soft tactile feel and appearance similar to surfaces such as leather when applied to plastic parts.
"Solar-absorbent coating" means a coating which has as its prime purpose the absorption of solar radiation.
"Solid-film lubricant" means a very thin coating consisting of a binder system containing as its chief pigment material one or more of molybdenum disulfide, graphite, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) or other solids that act as a dry lubricant between faying surfaces.
"Special purpose screen printing inks and coatings" means inks and coatings used in screen printing which are conductive inks, are used to print ink transfers, or are designed to resist or withstand any of the following:
Exposure to chemicals, solvents, acids, detergents, oil products or cosmetics.
"Specialty coating" means one of the following:
For the purpose of automobile refinishing operations, coatings used only for discrete portions of the vehicle, such as bumpers or spot repairs, which are necessary due to unusual coating performance requirements. Specialty coatings include adhesion promoters, uniform finish blenders, elastomeric coatings, gloss flatteners, bright metal trim repair, jambing (cut-in) clear coats, impact resistant coatings, underbody coatings, weld-through primers and anti-glare safety coatings.
For the purpose of plastic parts coating under s. NR 422.083
, coatings used for unusual job performance requirements. These products include adhesion primers, soft coatings, reflective argent coatings, electrostatic prep coatings, headlamp lens coatings, pad printing coatings, stencil coatings, vacuum metallizing coatings, anti-glare safety coatings, resist coatings and sensitizer coatings.
"Stain" means, for the purpose of wood furniture coating, any color coat having a solids content of no more than 8.0%, by weight.
"Stencil coating" means an ink or coating that is applied onto or over a stencil at a thickness of one mil or less of ink or coating solids. Stencil coatings are most frequently letters, numbers or decorative designs.
"Sterilization indicating ink" means an ink that changes color to indicate that sterilization has occurred.
"Stripe-kilometer" means one 10-centimeter-wide solid stripe of traffic marking material that is 1.0 kilometer long.
"Stripe-mile" means one 4-inch-wide solid stripe of traffic marking material that is 1.0 mile long.
"Strippable spray booth coating" means, for the purpose of wood furniture coating, a coating that is applied to a spray booth wall as a protective film to receive overspray during finishing operations and that is subsequently peeled off, thereby reducing or eliminating the need to use organic solvents to clean spray booth walls.
"Surface coating" means the application of a coating to a product in a coating line.
"Surface preparation products" means products used to remove wax, tar, grease and silicone from the surface to prepare the surface for refinishing.
"Texture coating" means a coating applied to a plastic part that provides an irregular finished surface such as one that is rough or grainy.