"Air curtain destructor" means a solid waste facility that combines a fixed wall, open pit and mechanical air supply which uses an excess of oxygen and turbulence to accomplish the smokeless combustion of clean wood, brush, stumps or trees.
"Airport" means a public-use airport open to the public without prior permission and without restrictions within the physical capacities of available airport facilities.
"Anti-seep collar" means a device which is attached to a leachate transfer pipe to prevent the migration of leachate along the pipe.
"Applicant" means a person applying for a license or approval for a solid waste facility.
"Areas susceptible to mass movement" means those areas characterized as having an active or substantial possibility of mass movement where the movement of earth material at, beneath, or adjacent to the landfill, because of natural or human-induced events, results in the downslope transport of soil and rock material by means of gravitational influence. Areas of mass movement include, but are not limited to, landslides, avalanches, debris slides and flows, solifluction, block sliding, and rock fall.
"Aquifer" means a geologic formation, group of formations or part of a formation which are saturated and can transmit economic quantities of groundwater.
"Asbestos" means any material which contains fibrous chrysotile, crocidolite, amosite minerals or the fibrous varieties of anthopyllite, tremolite and actinolite.
NR 500.03 Note
Note: Asbestos containing material is further defined in subs. (25), (26), and (91).
"Assessment monitoring" means groundwater monitoring conducted at Subtitle D wells in accordance with s. NR 508.04
when a groundwater standard is attained or exceeded at a Subtitle D well.
"ASTM method", "ASTM standard" or "ASTM-" means a method or standard recognized and published by ASTM International.
"ASTM International" means American Society for Testing and Materials International, located at 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, (610) 832-9585, www.astm.org
"Base grade" means the elevation of a facility or portion of a facility following placement of the liner but prior to the placement of any granular drainage blanket.
"Baseline" means groundwater quality at a point that is measured after the parameters have stabilized following installation of a monitoring well.
"Bedrock" means all rock formations at or beneath the land surface.
"Beneficial use" or "beneficial reuse" means the utilization of a solid waste or an industrial by-product in a productive manner.
"Bird hazard" means an increase in the likelihood of a bird and aircraft collision that may cause damage to the aircraft or injury to its occupants.
"Borrow source" means a location where nonmetallic mining, as defined in s. NR 135.03 (13)
, is conducted for soils and aggregates used in landfill construction, operation and closure.
"Botanical residuals" means compostable materials and associated mineral soils derived from commercial and noncommercial horticultural activities such as greenhouse and plant nursery operations.
"Building materials" means non-combustible construction material including brick, concrete and drywall.
"Bulk blood and body fluids" means drippable or pourable quantities or items saturated with whole blood or blood components, blood specimens, semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, amniotic fluid, peritoneal fluid, peritoneal dialysate, pericardial fluid, pleural fluid and other body fluids visibly contaminated with blood.
"Captive insurance company" means a closely-held company owned by one or more organizations, parents, whose original purpose was and may continue to be, to insure some or all of the risks of shareholders or affiliated organizations.
NR 500.03 Note
Section NR 447.02 (1) (a)
defines category I nonfriable asbestos-containing matter to mean "asbestos-containing packings, gaskets, resilient floor covering and asphalt roofing products containing more than 1% asbestos as determined using the method specified in Appendix E to Subpart E, 40 CFR part 763
, section 1, Polarized Light Microscopy, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.04
, that, when dry, cannot be crumbled, pulverized or reduced to powder by hand pressure."
NR 500.03 Note
Section NR 447.02 (1) (b)
defines category II nonfriable asbestos-containing matter to mean "any material, excluding Category I nonfriable ACM, containing more than 1% asbestos as determined using the method specified in Appendix E to Subpart E, 40 CFR part 763
, section 1, Polarized Light Microscopy that, when dry, cannot be crumbled, pulverized or reduced to powder by hand pressure."
"Certificate of deposit" means a certificate issued by a bank or financial institution acknowledging receipt of a specified sum of money in a special kind of time deposit, drawing interest and requiring written notice for withdrawal.
"Class A compost" means compost derived from source-separated compostable materials that meets the requirements of s. NR 502.12 (16)
"Clay" means all soil particles less than .005 mm.
"Clean chipped wood" means unpainted, untreated and unlaminated wood that has been chipped, ground or shredded into small pieces and is free from contamination by bonding agents, dyes, finishes, chemical preservatives, or physical contaminants such as metal or plastic.
NR 500.03 Note
Chapter NR 40
governs the identification, classification and control of invasive species in Wisconsin. Proper screening of compost feedstock materials and achievement of appropriate temperatures and residence times can help prevent the spread of viable seeds or other propagules of invasive species through compost.
"Clean sawdust" means sawdust from processing of unpainted, untreated and unlaminated wood that is free from contamination by bonding agents, dyes, finishes, chemical preservatives, or physical contaminants such as metal or plastic.
"Closure" means those actions to be taken by the owner or operator of a solid waste facility to prepare the facility for long-term care and to make it suitable for other uses.
"Closure period" means the 90-day period after the facility ceases to accept waste, unless otherwise specified in the approved plan of operation.
"Closure plan" means a written report and engineering plans detailing those actions that will be taken by the owner or operator to effect proper closure of a solid waste facility.
"Coarse-grained soil environment" means a soil environment in which a majority of the material within 25 feet of the proposed sub-base of the facility has less than 50% by weight passing the #200 sieve and which contains no extensive and continuous deposits of fine-grained or plastic soils.
NR 500.03 Note
The determination as to whether a soil environment meets the definition of a coarse-grained soil environment shall be based on an interpretation of soil stratigraphy after consideration is given to the deposition and origin of the deposits and their engineering classification under the unified soil classification system specified in ASTM standard D2487-00 (2000). Copies of the standard may be obtained from ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, (610) 832-9585, www.astm.org
. Copies of the standard are available for inspection at the offices of the department of natural resources, the secretary of state and the legislative reference bureau.
"Collection" means the physical aggregating of solid waste from its primary source and includes all activities up to such time as the waste is delivered to a facility for transfer, processing, treatment or disposal.
"Collection and transportation service" means a solid waste facility which utilizes containers, vehicles or other means for the collection and transportation of solid waste.
"Collection basin lysimeter" means a device which is constructed with a geomembrane for monitoring the unsaturated zone.
"Commercial solid waste" means all types of solid waste generated by stores, offices, restaurants, warehouses, and other non-manufacturing activities, excluding residential and industrial wastes.
"Completeness determination" means a determination by the department that the minimum submittal requirements established by chs. NR 500
for a plan or report have been met.
"Compost" means a material which has been decomposed by composting to the extent that the material will not significantly reheat due to action of microorganisms when subjected to optimum oxygen, moisture, nutrients, and thermal conditions.
"Compostable" means susceptible to complete decomposition by aerobic biological processes to yield carbon dioxide, water, inorganic compounds, and organic matter, leaving no distinguishable or toxic residue.
"Composting" means the biological degradation and transformation of organic solid waste under controlled conditions designed to promote aerobic decomposition. "Composting" includes vermicomposting.
"Condensate" means the liquid which is generated due to a change in the temperature or pressure of landfill gas.
"Conductivity" means the measurement of a water's ability to transmit an electrical current in micromhos/cm before correcting to 25°C.
"Confining unit" means a geologic formation, group of formations or part of a formation which restricts the movement of groundwater to or from a geologic formation, group of formations or part of a formation with a higher hydraulic conductivity than the confining unit.
"Construct" means to engage in facility construction for a new or expanded solid waste facility including but not limited to the erection or building of new structures, replacement, expansion, remodeling, alteration or extension of existing structures, the acquisition and installation of equipment associated with the new, expanded or remodeled structures, and clearing, grading or liner construction.
"Construction and demolition waste" means solid waste resulting from the construction, demolition or razing of buildings, roads and other structures.
NR 500.03 Note
Note: Construction and demolition waste typically consists of concrete, bricks, bituminous concrete, wood, glass, masonry, roofing, siding and plaster, alone or in combinations. It does not include waste paints, solvents, sealers, adhesives or similar materials.
"Construction documentation report" means a written report submitted under the seal of a registered professional engineer in the state of Wisconsin documenting that a solid waste facility has been constructed in substantial compliance with a department approved plan of operation or chs. NR 500
"Container" means a manufactured receptacle or man-made receptacle used to confine or hold solid waste.
"Containerized storage facility" means a storage facility designed and operated to use containers for the storage and containment of solid waste. A building which is enclosed on 4 sides and has a floor and roof is considered a container for the purposes of this definition.
"Cultural features" means any structure or landscape alteration intended for use by humans.
"Decontamination" means a process of removing disease-producing microorganisms and rendering an object safe for handling.
"Department" means the department of natural resources.
"Design capacity" means the total volume in-place in cubic yards of solid waste disposed of in a land disposal facility together with daily and intermediate cover utilized in the facility, but not including liner material, drainage blanket, final cover or topsoil.
"Design capacity for a facility which burns municipal solid waste" means the facility's rated capacity or any permit limitation, whichever is less, for burning municipal solid waste. The design capacity for facilities that burn multiple fuel types such as refuse derived fuel, wood and coal will be determined based on the municipal solid waste portion of the fuel.
"Detection monitoring" means routine groundwater monitoring conducted in accordance with s. NR 507.19
"Detrimental effect on ground or surface water" means having a significant damaging impact on ground or surface water quality for any present or future consumptive or nonconsumptive uses.
"Director" means the person in the highest ranking position in a medical facility, including but not limited to the administrator, chief executive officer or chair of the board of directors.
"Discarded material" means material that is no longer of use to the generator of the material in the process from which it is generated.
"Discharge area" means an area in which there are upward components of hydraulic head in the aquifer.
"Disinfection" means a process that kills or destroys most disease-producing microorganisms, except spores.
"Displacement" means the relative movement of any 2 sides of a fault measured in any direction.
"Dredge material" means any solid waste removed from the bed of any surface water.
"EPA" or "USEPA" means the United States environmental protection agency.
"Establish" means to bring a new or expanded solid waste facility into existence.
"Expand an existing land disposal facility" means to construct a solid waste disposal facility or dispose of solid waste on land not previously licensed or to dispose of an additional volume of waste beyond the volume previously approved by the department. The term also includes the disposal of approved volumes of solid waste on existing licensed land if done in a manner not in accordance with a department plan approval or in a manner significantly different from past operations unless the department approves the proposed changes in writing.
"False groundwater standard exceedance" means a sample result that exceeds a groundwater standard due to a source other than a solid waste disposal facility or due to laboratory or sampling error.