"Composting" means the biological degradation and transformation of organic solid waste under controlled conditions designed to promote aerobic decomposition. "Composting" includes vermicomposting.
"Condensate" means the liquid which is generated due to a change in the temperature or pressure of landfill gas.
"Conductivity" means the measurement of a water's ability to transmit an electrical current in micromhos/cm before correcting to 25°C.
"Confining unit" means a geologic formation, group of formations or part of a formation which restricts the movement of groundwater to or from a geologic formation, group of formations or part of a formation with a higher hydraulic conductivity than the confining unit.
"Construct" means to engage in facility construction for a new or expanded solid waste facility including but not limited to the erection or building of new structures, replacement, expansion, remodeling, alteration or extension of existing structures, the acquisition and installation of equipment associated with the new, expanded or remodeled structures, and clearing, grading or liner construction.
"Construction and demolition waste" means solid waste resulting from the construction, demolition or razing of buildings, roads and other structures.
NR 500.03 Note
Note: Construction and demolition waste typically consists of concrete, bricks, bituminous concrete, wood, glass, masonry, roofing, siding and plaster, alone or in combinations. It does not include waste paints, solvents, sealers, adhesives or similar materials.
"Construction documentation report" means a written report submitted under the seal of a registered professional engineer in the state of Wisconsin documenting that a solid waste facility has been constructed in substantial compliance with a department approved plan of operation or chs. NR 500
"Container" means a manufactured receptacle or man-made receptacle used to confine or hold solid waste.
"Containerized storage facility" means a storage facility designed and operated to use containers for the storage and containment of solid waste. A building which is enclosed on 4 sides and has a floor and roof is considered a container for the purposes of this definition.
"Cultural features" means any structure or landscape alteration intended for use by humans.
"Decontamination" means a process of removing disease-producing microorganisms and rendering an object safe for handling.
"Department" means the department of natural resources.
"Design capacity" means the total volume in-place in cubic yards of solid waste disposed of in a land disposal facility together with daily and intermediate cover utilized in the facility, but not including liner material, drainage blanket, final cover or topsoil.
"Design capacity for a facility which burns municipal solid waste" means the facility's rated capacity or any permit limitation, whichever is less, for burning municipal solid waste. The design capacity for facilities that burn multiple fuel types such as refuse derived fuel, wood and coal will be determined based on the municipal solid waste portion of the fuel.
"Detection monitoring" means routine groundwater monitoring conducted in accordance with s. NR 507.19
"Detrimental effect on ground or surface water" means having a significant damaging impact on ground or surface water quality for any present or future consumptive or nonconsumptive uses.
"Director" means the person in the highest ranking position in a medical facility, including but not limited to the administrator, chief executive officer or chair of the board of directors.
"Discarded material" means material that is no longer of use to the generator of the material in the process from which it is generated.
"Discharge area" means an area in which there are upward components of hydraulic head in the aquifer.
"Disinfection" means a process that kills or destroys most disease-producing microorganisms, except spores.
"Displacement" means the relative movement of any 2 sides of a fault measured in any direction.
"Dredge material" means any solid waste removed from the bed of any surface water.
"EPA" or "USEPA" means the United States environmental protection agency.
"Establish" means to bring a new or expanded solid waste facility into existence.
"Expand an existing land disposal facility" means to construct a solid waste disposal facility or dispose of solid waste on land not previously licensed or to dispose of an additional volume of waste beyond the volume previously approved by the department. The term also includes the disposal of approved volumes of solid waste on existing licensed land if done in a manner not in accordance with a department plan approval or in a manner significantly different from past operations unless the department approves the proposed changes in writing.
"False groundwater standard exceedance" means a sample result that exceeds a groundwater standard due to a source other than a solid waste disposal facility or due to laboratory or sampling error.
"Fault" means a fracture or a zone of fractures in any material along which strata on one side have been displaced with respect to that on the other side.
NR 500.03 Note
Note: A feasibility report for a specific solid waste facility must describe the facility, surrounding area, and proposed operation in terms of land use, topography, soils, geology, groundwater, surface water, proposed waste quantities and characteristics, preliminary facility design concepts, environmental impacts, the need for the facility and waste reduction and recovery alternatives.
"Field blank" means a sample of reagent grade water which is processed in the field in the same manner as the groundwater samples.
"Fill area" means the area proposed to receive or which is receiving direct application of solid waste.
"Filter pack" means the sand, gravel or both in direct contact with or directly above the well screen.
"Final cover" means cover material that is applied upon closure of a landfill.
"Fine-grained soil environment" means a soil environment in which a majority of the material within 25 feet of the proposed sub-base of the facility has at least 50% by weight passing the #200 sieve and which contains no extensive and continuous deposits of coarse-grained or non-plastic soils.
NR 500.03 Note
The determination as to whether a soil environment meets the definition of a fine-grained soil environment shall be based on an interpretation of soil stratigraphy after consideration is given to the deposition and origin of the deposits and their engineering classification under the unified soil classification system specified in ASTM standard D2487-00 (2000). Copies of the standard may be obtained from ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, (610) 832-9585, www.astm.org
. Copies of the standard are available for inspection at the offices of the department of natural resources, the secretary of state and the legislative reference bureau.
"Finished compost" means compost that has been processed sufficiently to meet the maturity and stability criteria in Table 2 of s. NR 502.12
, and that is ready and suitable for sale, distribution or use.
"Floodplain" means the land which has been or may be hereafter covered by flood water during the regional flood as defined in ch. NR 116
, and includes the floodway and the flood fringe as defined in ch. NR 116
"Food chain crops" means tobacco and crops grown for human consumption, and pasture, forage and feed grain for animals whose products are consumed by humans.
"Food residuals" means unconsumed raw or cooked compostable material that results from handling, preparation, cooking, sale or consumption of food, and includes whole, ground and pulped food scraps, as well as compostable food packaging, utensils, tableware, kitchenware, and food containers that meet either the ASTM – D-6400 or the D-6868 standard. "Food residuals" includes vegetable and non-vegetable food residuals, but does not include rendering or slaughterhouse wastes or animal carcasses.
NR 500.03 Note
Copies of ASTM standards D-6400 and D-6868 may be obtained from ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, (610) 832-9585, www.astm.org
. Copies of the standard are available for inspection at the offices of the department of natural resources and legislative reference bureau.
"Fracture frequency" means the average number of natural fractures or bedding planes calculated from a rock core collected from a boring.
NR 500.03 Note
Note: Fracture frequency is calculated by dividing the number of natural fractures or bedding planes in a rock core by the total length of the core in feet.
"Free liquids" means liquids which readily separate from the solid portion of a waste under ambient temperature and pressure.
NR 500.03 Note
Free liquids shall be determined using the paint filter liquids test, Method 9095, in "Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods," EPA Publication SW-846, third edition, November 1986, as amended by Updates I in July 1992, II in September 1994, IIA in August 1993, IIB in January 1995, III in December 1996 and IIIA in April 1998. The test methods are available at no cost at www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/test/main.htm
. Copies of the test methods are available for inspection at the offices of the department of natural resources, the secretary of state and the legislative reference bureau. Copies may be obtained from the superintendent of documents, U.S. government printing office, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954, (866) 512-1800, www.gpoaccess.gov
. Copies may also be obtained from the National Technical Information Service, U.S. department of commerce, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161, (800) 553-6847, www.ntis.gov
NR 500.03 Note
Section NR 447.02 (16)
defines friable asbestos material to mean "any material containing more than 1% asbestos as determined using the method specified in Appendix E to Subpart E, 40 CFR part 763
, section 1, Polarized Light Microscopy, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.04
, that, when dry, can be crumbled, pulverized or reduced to powder by hand pressure. If the asbestos content of the friable ACM is less than 10%, as determined by a method other than point counting by polarized light microscopy (PLM), the asbestos content shall be verified by point counting using PLM."
"Gas condensate" means the liquid generated as a result of gas recovery process at the landfill.
"GCL" or "geosynthetic clay liner" means factory manufactured geosynthetic product consisting of a layer of bentonite contained between geotextiles that are attached by adhesion, stitch bonding or needlepunching or a layer of bentonite attached to a geomembrane by adhesion.
"Geomembrane" means a highly impermeable membrane made from plastic or rubber-based material by polymerization.
"Geotextile" means a porous fabric manufactured from synthetic materials.
"Groundwater" means any waters of the state, as defined in s. 280.01 (2)
, Stats., occurring in a saturated subsurface geological formation of rock or soil.
"Groundwater standard" means a preventive action limit, alternative concentration limit or enforcement standard established in accordance with ch. NR 140
and s. NR 507.27
"Home generator of infectious waste" means a person who generates infectious waste through self-administration of medication or who receives injected medication at home from other members of the household or from employees of a home care or hospice program.
"Holocene" means the most recent epoch of the Quaternary period, extending from the end of the Pleistocene Epoch to the present.
"Household waste" means any solid waste including garbage, trash, and sanitary waste in septic tanks which is derived from households, including single and multiple residences, hotels and motels, bunkhouses, ranger stations, crew quarters, campgrounds, picnic grounds, and day-use recreation areas.
"Human tissue" means tissue removed from human beings. Human tissue does not include hair or nails, but does include teeth.
NR 500.03 Note
A tooth containing mercury amalgam may be both an infectious waste and a hazardous waste. See s. NR 526.11 (2) (f)
for how to manage teeth containing mercury amalgam.
"Hydraulic connection" means groundwater interflow within the zone of saturation occurring between 2 formations which may or may not be separated by an intermediate layer.
"Incinerator" means a processing facility designed and operated for controlled burning of solid wastes primarily to achieve volume and weight reduction or to change waste characteristics. Incinerator does not include a facility that uses solid waste as a supplemental fuel where less than 30% of the heat input to the facility is derived from such supplemental fuel.
"Industrial waste" means solid waste generated by manufacturing or industrial processes that is not a hazardous waste regulated under chs. NR 660
. Industrial waste may include, but is not limited to, waste resulting from the following manufacturing processes; electric power generation; fertilizer and agricultural chemicals; food and related products and by-products; inorganic chemicals; iron and steel manufacturing; leather and leather products; nonferrous metals manufacturing and foundries; organic chemicals; plastics and resins manufacturing; pulp and paper industry; rubber and miscellaneous plastic products; stone, glass, clay, and concrete products; textile manufacturing; transportation equipment; and water treatment. This term does not include mining waste or oil and gas waste.
"Infectious waste generator" means a person or group of persons under the same corporate ownership and located on the same property who produces infectious waste.
"Infectious waste treatment" means rendering an infectious waste non-infectious. For human tissue, this term means rendering the waste both non-infectious and unrecognizable as human tissue. For sharps, this term means rendering the sharp non-infectious and rendering the sharp broken and not able to be reused, such as by a grinding or shredding process.
"Initial site report" means a report submitted under ch. NR 509
which describes a proposed solid waste disposal facility in sufficient detail to allow the department to give a written opinion on whether or not a feasibility report should be prepared.
"In-situ testing" means hydraulic conductivity tests performed on the in-place soils.
"Interest bearing accounts" means escrow accounts, trust accounts or cash deposits with the department.
"Intermediate size construction and demolition waste landfill" means a landfill with a design capacity of at least 50,000 cubic yards but no more than 250,000 cubic yards and used for the disposal of only construction and demolition wastes.
"Karst terranes" means areas where karst topography, with its characteristic surface and subterranean features, is developed as the result of dissolution of limestone, dolomite, or other soluble rock. Characteristic physiographic features present in karst terranes include, but are not limited to, sinkholes, sinking streams, caves, large springs, and blind valleys.
"Land disposal facility" means a solid waste facility where solid waste is placed in a landspreading facility, a landfill, or surface impoundment facility for disposal purposes.
"Landfill" means a land disposal facility, not classified as a landspreading facility or surface impoundment facility, where solid waste is disposed on land by utilizing the principles of engineering to confine the solid waste to the smallest practical area, to reduce it to the smallest practical volume, and to cover it with a layer of earth or other approved material as required.
"Landfill organic stability" means a landfill has reached an organically stable state when landfill gas production has effectively ceased, landfill leachate levels have no significant organic component, the organic fraction of the waste mass will not readily decompose when placed in ideal moisture and temperature conditions, and there is no longer any measurable settlement of the landfill surface.
"Landfill stability" means a landfill has reached a stable state when maintenance and engineering systems are no longer necessary to protect human health and the environment.
"Landspreading facility" means a land disposal facility where solid waste is discharged, deposited, placed or injected in thin layers onto the land surface of the facility, or is incorporated into the top several feet of the surface soil, for agricultural, silvicultural or waste disposal purposes.