"Lower drillhole" means that part of a drillhole below the vertical zone of contamination or below the well casing pipe.
"Upper enlarged drillhole" means a drillhole larger in diameter than the well casing pipe.
"Drilling mud" means a fluid mixture of water, sodium bentonite, drill cuttings and any approved additives.
"Driven point well" or "sand point well" means a well constructed by joining a drive point with lengths of pipe, and driving the assembly into the ground with percussion equipment or by hand, but without first removing material below the 10-foot depth.
NR 812.07 Note
Note: All other types of wells, including those constructed by a combination of jetting and driving, are drilled wells.
"DSPS" means the department of safety and professional services.
"Dug well" means a well consisting of a large diameter hole, deeper than it is wide, constructed into the ground, usually by hand, but if by mechanical means, by methods other than drilling, jetting or boring; and within which the side walls are supported by a curbing.
"Established ground surface" means the permanent elevation of the surface of the site of a well.
"Existing installations" means water systems which were constructed or reconstructed before February 1, 1991.
"FDA" means U.S. food and drug administration.
"Feature" means any well construction or pump installation item for which there is a specification in this chapter.
"Filter strip" means an area of vegetation designed and constructed in accordance with Soil Conservation Service Standard 393 adjacent to an animal yard or animal shelter or adjacent to a manure storage facility, used to remove sediment and organic matter from the runoff from the facility.
"Floodfringe" means that portion of the floodplain outside of the floodway which is covered by flood water during the regional flood. The term floodfringe is generally associated with standing water rather than flowing water.
"Floodplain" means that land which has been or may be covered by flood water during the regional flood. The floodplain includes the floodway, floodfringe, shallow depth flooding, flood storage and coastal floodplain areas.
"Floodway" means the channel of a river or stream and those portions of the floodplain adjoining the channel required to carry the regional flood discharge.
"Flowing well" means a well from which groundwater flows above the ground surface without pumping.
"Flushing" means causing a rapid intermittent flow of water from a well by pumping, bailing or similar operation.
"Grease interceptor or trap" means a receptacle designed to intercept and retain grease or fatty substances.
"Groundwater" means subsurface water in a zone of saturation.
"Heating-airconditioning air shaft" means a vertical, lined excavation extending deeper than 10 feet below the ground surface used for the intake or exhaust of air to or from a heating or air conditioning.
"High capacity well" means a well constructed on a high capacity property.
"High capacity property" means one property on which a high capacity well system exists or is to be constructed.
"High capacity well system" means one or more wells, drillholes or mine shafts used or to be used to withdraw water for any purpose on one property, if the total pumping or flowing capacity of all wells,
drillholes or mine shafts on one property is 70 or more gallons per minute based on the pump curve at the lowest system pressure setting, or based on the flow rate.
"Holding tank" means a water tight receptacle used for the collection and holding of sewage.
"Hydrofracturing" means hydraulic fracturing of an aquifer by injecting a fluid into the well under pressures great enough to open the bedrock along bedding planes, joints and fractures and may include injecting sand or a similar approved material to hold the crevices open when the pressure is removed.
"Infiltration basin" means an excavation into permeable soils designed and constructed to temporarily store surface water runoff and allow it to infiltrate so as to provide flood control, groundwater recharge and to allow for the settling of pollutants.
"Influent sewer" means a sanitary collector sewer beyond the last manhole prior to a wastewater treatment plant.
"Landfill" means a solid waste disposal site or facility, not classified as a landspreading facility or a surface impoundment facility, where solid waste is disposed on land. This term includes existing, proposed and abandoned landfills, open dumps, one-time disposal sites as defined in ch. NR 502
, small demolition landfills as defined in ch. NR 502
, mining waste disposal sites as defined in ch. NR 182
and hazardous waste disposal facilities as defined in chs. NR 660
"Landing collar" means a metal ring welded near the bottom of the inside of a string of well casing pipe to prevent a drillable grouting plug from dropping out the bottom of the well casing pipe during cement grouting.
"Licensed" means registered by the department to engage in the business of well drilling or pump installing in Wisconsin.
"Lift station" means a wastewater collection and pumping structure that collects wastewater from collector sewers and pumps it through force main sewers.
"Limits of filling", for a landfill, means the outermost limit at which waste at a landfill facility has been disposed of, or approved, or proposed for disposal.
Protective well casing pipe installed subsequent to initial construction to seal off a zone of contamination; or
Well casing pipe installed during or subsequent to the initial well construction to seal off a caving or sloughing formation or to eliminate turbidity.
"Liquid waste" means process wastewater from food processing, product manufacturing and contaminated water removed from underground or open pit workings of a mine. This definition does not include clear water waste.
"Liquid waste disposal system" means a facility for disposing of liquid wastes consisting of a ridge and furrow system, a landspreading system including sludge drying beds at a wastewater treatment plant, a wastewater spray irrigation system, or an absorption, seepage, retention, storage or treatment pond or lagoon.
"Manure hopper or reception tank" means a liquid-tight concrete, steel or otherwise fabricated vessel primarily for the purpose of facilitating conveyance of liquid or solid manure from one point to another in an animal waste handling system.
"Manure stack" means solid manure stacked for more than 120 days on the ground surface or on a paved surface.
"Manure storage structure, earthen" means an impoundment made by excavation or mounding of soil for treatment or temporary storage of liquid or solid animal wastes. This term includes structures lined with clay, bentonite or synthetic film materials and structures consisting of slats or drainage openings ("picket dams") used to store solid or semi-solid animal waste material from which runoff occurs. This term also includes fabricated manure storage structures that are not watertight situated above, at or below ground grade.
"Manure storage structure, fabricated" means a concrete, steel or otherwise fabricated structure used for treatment or temporary storage of liquid or solid animal waste.
"Monitoring well" means a well or drillhole constructed for the purpose of obtaining information on the physical, chemical, radiological or biological characteristics of the groundwater.
"Near surface water" means water in the zone immediately below the ground surface. It includes, but is not limited to seepage from barnyards, leaching pools and disposal beds or leakage from sewers, drains and similar sources of contaminated water.
"Non-community water system" means a public water system that serves fewer than 25 year-round residents.
"Nominal diameter" means the inside pipe diameter for pipe sizes 1-inch diameter through 12-inch diameter and means the outside pipe diameter for pipe sizes greater than 12-inch diameter.
"Nonpotable" means water supplied for purposes other than human consumption, sanitary use or the preparation of food or pharmaceutical products.
"One property" means all contiguous land controlled by one owner, lessee, or any other person having a possessory interest. Lands under single ownership bisected by highways or railroad right-of-ways are considered contiguous.
"Outcrop" means bedrock exposed at the ground surface, including roadcuts.
"Percussion drilling method" means a drilling method using a cable-tool drilling machine or a drilling method whereby the permanent well casing pipe is driven, or is set into an upper enlarged drillhole and then driven; soil or rock material inside is broken up or crushed with a drill bit; and the drill cuttings are removed from inside or just below the casing pipe. This method may be performed with a cable-tool drilling machine, a rotary machine with a hammer or with a casing hammer.
"Permit" means a well location or pump installation permit issued by a county authorized to administer ch. NR 812
under ch. NR 845
"Person" means an individual, corporation, company, association, cooperative, trust institution, partnership, state, public utility, municipality, or federal, state or interstate agency.
"Pet waste disposal unit" means a dry well, seepage bed, seepage pit, seepage trench, seepage mound or an absorption field used for the disposal of pet waste material.
"Pit" means any structure that is completely or partially below the ground surface or below a building floor used for the housing of wells, offset pumps, pressure tanks or valves. Subsurface well or pumprooms, alcoves, adjoining a basement foundation structure are pits.
"Pitless adapter or unit" means a mechanical device attached to the well casing pipe, usually below the frost level, for underground conveyance of water from the well.
"Weld-on pitless adapter" means a pitless adapter attached to a cut opening in the well casing pipe by a weld applied at the well site.
"Factory assembled pitless unit" means a pitless unit assembled and pressure tested for leakage at the factory, including a unit fabricated with a pitless receiver tank.
"Potable" means water supplied for human consumption, sanitary use or for the preparation of food or pharmaceutical products.
"Preparation of food products" means washing, cooling, cooking, pasteurizing, bottling, canning or otherwise preparing food for human consumption and includes the washing of utensils and equipment used in the production or preparation of food.
"Pressure or box elbow" means a special concentric pipe fitting used to raise the horizontal pressurized concentric piping arrangement between a well and an offset pump vertically to the specified elevation above the floor.
"Private water system" means any water system supplying water that is not a public water system.
"Privy" means a building or structure located above a buried container or above an unlined excavation used for the deposition of human waste.
"Proposed landfill" means a solid waste disposal facility for which actual notice of the intention to develop the facility has been given to the owners of property located within 1,200 feet of the proposed facility or for which a request has been made under s. 289.22 (1m)
, Stats., provided that a feasibility report under s. 289.23
, Stats., is submitted to the department within 2 years after the applicable notice or request. Proposed landfill does not include a facility the department has determined to be not feasible under s. 289.23
, Stats., or a facility for which the department has determined that an approval for the facility is not being pursued with reasonable diligence.
"Public water system" means a system for the provision to the public of piped water for human consumptions if such system has at least 15 service connections or regularly serves an average of at least 25 individuals daily at least 60 days per year. A public water system is either a "community water system" or a "non-community water system." Such system includes:
Any collection, treatment, storage, and distribution facilities under control of the operator of such system and used primarily in connection with such system, and
Any collection or pretreatment storage facilities not under such control which are used primarily in connection with such system.
"Pump installer" has the meaning designated in s. 280.01 (4)
NR 812.07 Note
Section 280.01 (4), Stats., was renumbered to s. 280.01 (2e) by 2005 Wis. Act 360
, and amended to change "pump installer" to "licensed pump installer."
NR 812.07 Note
Note: The statutory definition of "pump installer" is any person, firm or corporation who has registered as such with the department and shall have paid the annual registration fee and obtained a permit to engage in pump installing.
"Pump installing" means installing, replacing or reinstalling equipment or material needed to withdraw water from a well or spring, making an entrance to a well, establishing safeguards to prevent contamination, including installing, replacing or reinstalling a pitless adapter or pitless unit, a pressure tank, a pump, associated discharge piping that connects a pump to a pressure tank or reservoir, a water treatment device between a well and a pressure tank, controls needed to operate a pump or a well cap or seal.
"Pumping water level" means the elevation of the surface of the water in a well after a period of pumping at a given rate.
"Quarry" means an open or surface working in bedrock for the extraction of nonmetallic materials, usually construction stone.
"Reconstruction" means modifying the original construction of a well. Reconstruction includes, but is not limited to deepening, lining, installing or replacing a screen, underreaming, hydrofracturing and blasting.
"Regional flood" means a flood determined to be representative of large floods known to have generally occurred in Wisconsin and which may be expected to occur on a particular stream because of like physical characteristics. The flood frequency of the regional flood is such that there is a one percent chance of a flood in any given year.
"Reservoir" means a facility for storage of water constructed entirely above or partially below the ground surface.
"Rotary drilling method" means a drilling method whereby an upper enlarged drillhole is constructed using a circular rotating action applied to a string of hollow drilling rods having a drill bit attached to the bottom.
"Salvage yard" means a site or facility at which salvageable materials are stored or at which wrecking, dismantling or demolition of salvageable materials are conducted. Salvage yards also include those yards with 25 or more inoperable vehicles.
"Sanitary building drain" means the horizontal piping which conveys only sewage located within or under a building and installed below the lowest fixture on the lowest floor level from which fixtures can drain by gravity to the building sewer.
"Sanitary building sewer" means that part of the drain system which conveys only sewage, is not located within or under a building, and which conveys its discharge to a public sewer, private interceptor main sewer, private sewage system or other point of disposal.
"Sanitary collector sewer" means a sanitary sewer serving 2 or more sanitary building sewers.
"Sanitary condition" means, when referring to a well or reservoir:
That the construction of the well or reservoir and the installation of the pumping equipment are such that the well or reservoir is effectively protected against entrance of surface contamination, and
That the location and the surrounding area are free from debris or filth of any character and not subject to flooding.
"School" means a public or private educational facility in which a program of educational instruction is provided to children in any grade or grades from kindergarten through the 12th grade. Water systems serving athletic fields, school forests, environmental centers, home-based schools, day-care centers and Sunday schools are not school water systems.
"Septic tank" means a tank which receives and partially treats sewage through processes of sedimentation, oxygenation, flotation and bacterial action so as to separate solids from liquids in the sewage and discharges the liquid to a soil absorption unit.
"Sinkhole" means a depression or opening on the land surface, usually funnel-shaped, generally formed by solution or collapse of limestone, dolomite or to a lesser extent sandstone bedrock occurring at or near the surface. Sinkholes may be partially or completely filled with unconsolidated material and solution enlargement of vertical passages often extend to the water table. Collapse of mine workings in other consolidated formations are also considered sinkholes.
"Sodium bentonite" means a clay formed from the decomposition and recrystallization of volcanic ash and is largely composed of the clay mineral montmorillonite (Na.33 (Al1.67Mg.33) Si4O
10 (OH)2), commonly referred to as "western" or "Wyoming" bentonite, and has extensive ability to absorb water and swell to many times its original volume.
"Soil absorption unit" means an absorption field, dry well, seepage bed, seepage pit, seepage mound or seepage trench designed for the disposal of wastewater effluent or clear water wastes by soil absorption. Soil absorption unit includes units both regulated and not regulated by ch. SPS 383
and units abandoned within 3 years.