SPS 316.017 History History: Cr. Register, September, 1999, No. 525, eff. 10-1-99; CR 08-047: renum. from Comm 16.67 Register February 2009 No. 638, eff. 3-1-09; CR 16-093: renum. from SPS 316.960 Register June 2018 No. 650, eff. 8-1-18.
subch. III of ch. SPS 316 Subchapter III — General Requirements
SPS 316.020 SPS 316.020 Construction and operation.
SPS 316.020(1) (1) General. All electrical power and communication equipment and lines shall be constructed, installed, operated, and maintained so as to minimize hazards to life and property. All electrical installations shall conform to the National Electrical Code, incorporated by reference in this chapter, and the requirements specified in this chapter.
SPS 316.020 Note Note: The federal and state Fair Housing Acts, the federal Americans with Disabilities Act, and the Wisconsin Commercial Building Code under chs. SPS 361 to 366 contain requirements relating to making buildings accessible to and usable by people with disabilities. Some of those requirements apply to the installation of various electrical devices. For example, in the federal Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines, devices such as light switches, electrical outlets, thermostats and other environmental controls would meet the requirements if operable parts of the controls are located no higher than 48 inches, and no lower than 15 inches, above the floor. If the reach is over an obstruction between 20 and 25 inches in depth, the maximum height is reduced to 44 inches for forward approach; or 46 inches for side approach, provided the obstruction is no more than 24 inches in depth. Complete copies of the federal Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines or the federal Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines can be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, New Orders, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954.
SPS 316.020(2) (2)Installations over 600 volts. Installations over 600 volts shall, in addition to the requirements of this chapter, comply with ch. PSC 114.
SPS 316.020 History History: Cr. Register, October, 1990, No. 418, eff. 11-1-90; CR 08-047: renum. from Comm 16.08 Register February 2009 No. 638, eff. 3-1-09; CR 16-093: renum. from SPS 316.009 and am. (1) Register June 2018 No. 650, eff. 8-1-18.
SPS 316.021 SPS 316.021 Maintenance. All electrical wiring installations and equipment shall be cleaned and inspected at intervals as experience has shown to be necessary. Any equipment or electrical wiring installation known to be defective so as to endanger life or property shall be promptly repaired, permanently disconnected or isolated until repairs can be made.
SPS 316.021 History History: Cr. Register, October, 1990, No. 418, eff. 11-1-90; CR 08-047: renum. from Comm 16.09 Register February 2009 No. 638, eff. 3-1-09; CR 16-093: renum. from SPS 316.010 and am. Register June 2018 No. 650, eff. 8-1-18.
SPS 316.022 SPS 316.022 Use of approved materials and construction methods.
SPS 316.022(1)(1) Materials. Materials, equipment, and products that do not comply with the requirements of this chapter shall not be used unless approved in writing by the department in an approval of a petition for variance. Approval of materials, equipment, and products shall be based on sufficient data, tests, and other evidence that prove the material, equipment, or product meets the intent of the requirements of this chapter. Data, tests, and other evidence shall be provided by a qualified independent third party.
SPS 316.022 Note Note: Examples of a qualified independent third party include a nationally recognized testing laboratory and a professional engineer.
SPS 316.022(2) (2)Methods of installation. Methods of installation that do not comply with the regulations of this chapter shall not be used unless approved in writing by the department in an approval of a petition for variance.
SPS 316.022(3) (3)New products, constructions or materials. The incorporated National Electrical Code® may require new products, constructions, or materials that may not be available at the time this chapter is adopted. In such event, the department may permit the use of the products, constructions or materials which comply with a previous edition of the National Electrical Code®.
SPS 316.022 History History: Cr. Register, October, 1990, No. 418, eff. 11-1-90; CR 02-072: r. and recr. (1) Register April 2003 No. 568, eff. 5-1-03; CR 08-047: renum. from Comm 16.11 Register February 2009 No. 638, eff. 3-1-09; CR 13-042: am. (1) to (3) Register November 2013 No. 695, eff. 12-1-13; CR 16-093: renum. from SPS 316.012 and am. (1), (2) Register June 2018 No. 650, eff. 8-1-18.
SPS 316.023 SPS 316.023 Electric fences. The following are department rules in addition to the requirements of the NEC ®:
SPS 316.023(1) (1)Electric fence controllers.
SPS 316.023(1)(a)(a) Electric fence controllers shall be of a type listed by a nationally recognized testing laboratory.
SPS 316.023(1)(b) (b) Electric fence controllers shall be installed and used in the exact manner and for the exact purpose indicated by the manufacturer's instructions, markings, listings or labels.
SPS 316.023(2) (2)Grounding. Electric fence controllers shall be grounded as specified in NEC 250, except that where stray voltages in dairy barns or milking parlors create physical problems to the animals, the use of a single made electrode shall be permitted.
SPS 316.023(3) (3)Exception. Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to electric fence controllers designed and manufactured for the purpose of controlling humans.
SPS 316.023 Note Note: Under s. 101.18, Stats., the Department is responsible for establishing “reasonable standards, rules or regulations for the erection, construction, repair and maintenance of electric fences as shall render them safe."
SPS 316.023 History History: CR 08-047: cr. Register February 2009 No. 638, eff. 3-1-09; CR 16-093: renum. from SPS 316.013, cr. (3) Register June 2018 No. 650, eff. 8-1-18.
subch. IV of ch. SPS 316 Subchapter IV — Changes, Additions or Omissions to the NEC®
SPS 316.080 SPS 316.080 Changes, additions or omissions to NEC®. Changes, additions or omissions to the National Electrical Code® (NEC®) are specified in this subchapter and are rules of the department and not requirements of the NEC®.
SPS 316.080 Note Note: The referenced NEC® article or section number will correspond with the SPS designation number and title and will precede the text of the rule. Example: SPS 316.100 [NEC 100].
SPS 316.080 History History: CR 08-047: cr. Register February 2009 No. 638, eff. 3-1-09; CR 16-093: renum. from SPS 316.015 Register June 2018 No. 650, eff. 8-1-18.
SPS 316.090 SPS 316.090 Introduction. The requirements specified in 2011 and 2017 NEC 90.1, NEC 90.2, and NEC 90.4 are not included as part of this chapter.
SPS 316.090 History History: CR 08-047: cr. Register February 2009 No. 638, eff. 3-1-09; CR 13-042: am. (title) Register November 2013 No. 695, eff. 12-1-13; CR 16-093: am. Register June 2018 No. 650, eff. 8-1-18.
SPS 316.100 SPS 316.100 Definitions.
SPS 316.100(1)(1) Additions. The following are department definitions in addition to the definitions in NEC 100:
SPS 316.100(1)(a) (a) “Floors" means stories as specified in chs. SPS 361 to 366.
SPS 316.100(1)(b) (b) “Nonrated construction" means Types III, IV and V construction in accordance with chs. SPS 361 to 366 and is considered to be nonfire-rated for the purposes of this chapter.
SPS 316.100(1)(c) (c) “Private sewage system" has the meaning specified under s. 145.01 (12), Stats.
SPS 316.100 Note Note: Under s. 145.01 (12), Stats., “private sewage system" means a sewage treatment and disposal system serving a single structure with a septic tank and soil absorption field located on the same parcel as the structure. This term also means an alternative sewage system approved by the department including a substitute for the septic tank or soil absorption field, a holding tank, a system serving more than one structure or a system located on a different parcel than the structure. A private sewage system may be owned by the property owner or a special purpose district.
SPS 316.100(2) (2)Substitutions. The following department definition is a substitution for the respective definition in 2011 and 2017 NEC 100: “Special permission"means a petition for variance in accordance with s. SPS 316.005.
SPS 316.100 Note Note: See chs. SPS 361 to 366 for fire-resistance standards.
SPS 316.100 History History: CR 08-047: cr. Register February 2009 No. 638, eff. 3-1-09; correction in (1) (a), (b), (c), (2) (b) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 6., 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672; CR 16-093: r. (1) (a), renum. (1) (b) to (d) to (1) (a) to (c), (2) (intro.), (b) consolidated and renum. to (2) and am., r. (2) (a) Register June 2018 No. 650, eff. 8-1-18.
SPS 316.110 SPS 316.110 Examination, identification, installation, use, and listing of equipment.
SPS 316.110(1) (1) Substitute the following wording for the requirements in 2011 NEC 110.3 (B): Listed or labeled equipment shall be installed or used, or both, in accordance with any instructions included in the listing or labeling, provided the instructions, listing, or labeling do not conflict with this chapter.
SPS 316.110(2) (2) This is a department exception to the requirements of 2017 NEC 110.3 (C): Exception: As provided under s. SPS 316.022 (1), product testing and evaluation may be conducted by a qualified independent third party, including a nationally recognized testing laboratory or a professional engineer.
SPS 316.110 History History: CR 08-047: cr. Register February 2009 No. 638, eff. 3-1-09; CR 13-042: am. Register November 2013 No. 695, eff. 12-1-13; CR 16-093: r. and recr. Register June 2018 No. 650, eff. 8-1-18; correction in numbering made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 1. Register June 2018 No. 650.
SPS 316.210 SPS 316.210 Branch circuits.
SPS 316.210(1)(1) Ground-fault circuit-interrupter protection for personnel.
SPS 316.210(1)(a)(a) The requirements in 2017 NEC 210.8 (A) (7) do not apply to sinks located in kitchens.
SPS 316.210(1)(b) (b) The requirements in 2017 NEC 210.8 (A) (9) and (10) are not included as part of this chapter.
SPS 316.210(1)(c) (c) Substitute the following wording for 2017 NEC 210.8 (B): All 125-volt, single-phase, 15- and 20-ampre receptacles installed in the following locations shall have ground-fault circuit interrupter protection for personnel.
SPS 316.210(1)(d) (d) This is a department exception to the requirements in 2011 NEC 210.8 (A) and 2017 NEC 210.8 (A) and (B): Exception: Ground-fault circuit-interrupter protection shall not be required for a single receptacle providing power for sump, sewage, or condensate pumps where an accessible ground-fault circuit-interrupter protected receptacle is located within 900 mm (3 ft) of the non-GFCI protected receptacle.
SPS 316.210(2) (2)Branch circuits required.
SPS 316.210(2)(a)(a) This is a department rule in addition to the requirements of 2011 NEC 210.11: Where an air conditioner sleeve is provided in a building wall, a receptacle outlet shall be located within 4 feet of the sleeve. If a circuit is not run to the outlet, a raceway shall be provided. When the air conditioner is installed in the sleeve, it shall be supplied by an individual branch circuit. A receptacle outlet installed for an air conditioner may not be counted as one of the receptacles required by NEC 210.52 (A).
SPS 316.210(2)(b) (b) The requirements in 2017 NEC 210.11 (C) (4) are not included as part of this chapter.
SPS 316.210(3) (3)Arc-fault circuit-interrupter protection. The requirements in 2017 NEC 210.12 (A) do not apply to kitchens.
SPS 316.210(4) (4)Branch circuit extensions or modifications — dwelling units and dormitory units. The requirements in 2011 NEC 210.12 (B) and 2017 NEC 210.12 (D) are not included as part of this chapter.
SPS 316.210(5) (5)Lighting outlets required. Substitute the following wording for 2011 NEC 210.70 (A) (1): At least one wall switch-controlled lighting outlet shall be installed in every habitable room, kitchen, and bathroom.
SPS 316.210(6) (6)Countertop receptacles. The requirements in 2011 NEC 210.52 (A) (4) are not included as part of this chapter.
SPS 316.210(7) (7)Garages. Substitute the following wording for 2017 NEC 210.52 (G) (1): In each attached garage and in each detached garage with electric power.
SPS 316.210(8) (8)Meeting rooms. The requirements in 2017 NEC 210.71 do not apply to this chapter.
SPS 316.210 History History: CR 08-047: cr. Register February 2009 No. 638, eff. 3-1-09; CR 13-042: r. (2) (a), (c), renum. (2) (b) to (2), r. and recr. (4), renum. (6) to (5), cr. (6) Register November 2013 No. 695, eff. 12-1-13; CR 16-093: r. and recr. (1) to (6), cr. (7), (8) Register June 2018 No. 650, eff. 8-1-18.
SPS 316.220 SPS 316.220 Branch-circuit, feeder and service calculations.
SPS 316.220(1)(1) General. This is a department exception to the requirements in 2011 NEC 220.10: Circuit load calculations may use unit load values lower than those identified in NEC Table 220.12 for lighting loads calculated using the maximum electrical energy conservation values specified under ch. SPS 363 for public buildings and places of employment.
SPS 316.220(2) (2)Exception. This is a department exception to the requirements in 2011 and 2017 NEC 220.40: Exception: Under the supervision of a Wisconsin professional engineer, architect or designer of electrical systems, the feeder or service size may be computed using diversity factors or historical data of a similar type of building, other than one- and 2-family dwelling units.
SPS 316.220 History History: CR 08-047: cr. Register February 2009 No. 638, eff. 3-1-09; CR 13-042: r. and recr. (1) Register November 2013 No. 695, eff. 12-1-13; CR 16-093: am. (1), (2) Register June 2018 No. 650, eff. 1-1-18.
SPS 316.225 SPS 316.225 Outside branch circuits and feeders.
SPS 316.225(1)(1) Clearances from buildings for conductors not over 600 volts. Substitute the following wording for 2011 NEC 225.19 (A) Exception No. 4: The requirement for maintaining the vertical clearance 3 feet from the edge of the roof does not apply to the final conductor span to the building.
SPS 316.225(2) (2)Number of supplies. The following are department rules in addition to the requirements in 2011 and 2017 NEC 225.30:
SPS 316.225(2)(a) (a) For the purpose of this section, multiple feeders that are supplied from the same distribution point, having a total rating of 300 amperes or more, and that supply not more than 6 disconnecting means grouped at the same location shall be considered as one supply.
SPS 316.225(2)(b) (b) Multi-occupancy buildings or structures may have one set of branch circuit conductors installed from a dwelling unit to the second building or structure's respective occupied space.
SPS 316.225(3) (3)Location. This is a department rule in addition to the requirements of 2011 and 2017 NEC 225.32: The building disconnect required by NEC 225.31 shall be located in accordance with s. SPS 316.230 (3).
SPS 316.225 Note Note: See ch. PSC 114 regarding clearances of conductors of over 600 volts and for prohibition of constructing dwellings under or near overhead lines.
SPS 316.225(4) (4)Clearances over roadways, walkways, rail, water and open land. Substitute the following wording for the note to 2011 and 2017 NEC 225.60 (C): Note: For clearances of conductors of over 600 volts, see ch. PSC 114.
SPS 316.225(6) (6)Clearances over buildings and other structures. Substitute the following wording for the note to 2011 and 2017 NEC 225.61 (B): Note: See ch. PSC 114 regarding clearances of conductors of over 600 volts and for prohibition of constructing dwellings under or near overhead lines.
SPS 316.225 History History: CR 08-047: cr. Register February 2009 No. 638, eff. 3-1-09; correction in (4) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672; CR 13-042: r. (1), renum. (2) to (5) to (1) to (4) and am. (2) (a) Register November 2013 No. 695, eff. 12-1-13; CR 16-093: am. (1), (2) (intro.), (3), (4), (6) Register June 2018 No. 650, eff. 1-1-18.
SPS 316.230 SPS 316.230 Services.
SPS 316.230(1)(1) Number of services.
SPS 316.230(1)(a)(a) This is a department informational note to be used under 2011 and 2017 NEC 230.2 (intro.): Note: It is recommended that the electric utility or cooperative supplying electric current be contacted prior to service equipment installations for any special requirements.
SPS 316.230(1)(b) (b) Substitute the following wording for NEC 230.2 (B) (2): Two or more service drops or laterals for the same class of service if located more than 150 feet apart, measured in a straight line, and provided that all electrical wiring supplied by each service has no common raceway or connection with any other service.
SPS 316.230(1)(c) (c) This is a department rule in addition to the requirements of 2011 NEC 230.2 (B): For a building which is not more than 3 stories in height and which contains only 3 or more attached, vertically separated, side-by-side, or back-to-back dwelling units, with each dwelling unit served by an individual exterior exit within 6 feet of the exit discharge grade, a separate service drop or lateral shall be permitted for each 2 attached units.
SPS 316.230(2) (2)Number of service-entrance conductor sets. The requirements specified in 2011 and 2017 NEC 230.40 Exception No. 3 are not included as part of this chapter.
SPS 316.230(3) (3)Service equipment — disconnecting means.
SPS 316.230(3)(a)(a) General. This is a department rule in addition to the requirements of 2011 and 2017 NEC 230.70: Disconnecting means shall be provided to disconnect the utility wiring from the premises wiring at any point where utility wiring terminates and premises wiring extends overhead or underground to more than one building or structure.
SPS 316.230(3)(b) (b) Location. This is a department rule in addition to the requirements of 2011 and 2017 NEC 230.70 (A): Raceways containing service conductors or cables, or service entrance cable not contained within a raceway, may not extend longer than 8 feet into a building to the service disconnect or the first service disconnect of a group of disconnects as permitted by NEC 230.71. The raceways or conductors shall be considered to have entered the building at the point where they pass through the outer surface of the building exterior, except as permitted by NEC 230.6.
SPS 316.230(4) (4)Rating of service disconnecting means 2011 NEC. This is a department rule in addition to the requirements of 2011 NEC 230.79:
SPS 316.230(4)(a) (a) Two- or multi-family dwellings. Except as provided in par. (b), for 2-family or multi-family dwellings, the service equipment shall have a rating of not less than 150 amperes, 3-wire or 4-wire. Where the combined rating of all service disconnecting means is 150 amperes or larger, the service or feeder equipment rating for each dwelling unit shall have a rating of not less than 60 amperes.
SPS 316.230(4)(b) (b) Exception. Service equipment having a rating of not less than 100 amperes, 3-wire or 4-wire, may be installed in an existing 2-family dwelling only where both of the following conditions are complied with:
SPS 316.230(4)(b)1. 1. The load computed in accordance with NEC 220 does not exceed 80 amperes.
SPS 316.230(4)(b)2. 2. Specific written approval is granted by the municipal inspection department having jurisdiction.
SPS 316.230(5) (5)Rating of service disconnecting means — 2017 NEC. This is a department rule in addition to the requirements of 2017 NEC 230.79: For 2-family or multi-family dwellings, the service equipment shall have a rating of not less than 150 amperes, 3-wire or 4-wire.
SPS 316.230 History History: CR 08-047: cr. Register February 2009 No. 638, eff. 3-1-09; CR 13-042: renum. (3) to (3) (b) and am. (3) (b) (title), renum. (4) to (3) (a) and am. (3) (title), (3) (a) (title), renum. (5) to (4) Register November 2013 No. 695, eff. 12-1-13; CR 16-093: am. (1) (a) (intro.), (c), (2), (3) (a), (b), (4) (intro.), cr. (5) Register June 2018 No. 650, eff. 8-1-18.
SPS 316.240 SPS 316.240 Overcurrent protection. The requirements in 2017 NEC 240.67 do not apply to this chapter.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.