SPS 377.05 SPS 377.05 Stairways.
SPS 377.05(1)(1) Inside stairways at a steeper angle than 45º with the horizontal are not accepted as exits. No stairway will be accepted as an exit if it is necessary to go up stairs in order to reach the head of the stairway.
SPS 377.05(2) (2) Outside stairways heretofore constructed on buildings not more than 2 stories in height will be accepted if properly constructed and in good condition.
SPS 377.05(3) (3) Stairways and steps which have more than 3 risers shall have handrails on both sides. Rails shall be not less than 2 feet 6 inches vertically above nose of treads, or 3 feet above a platform.
SPS 377.05(4) (4) If a closet is located under any non-fire-resistive stairway which serves as an exit from a theater or assembly hall, such closet shall not be used, but shall be kept empty and locked.
SPS 377.05 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 377.06 SPS 377.06 Exit doors.
SPS 377.06(1)(1) Exit doors shall be as required by s. SPS 375.24, but no rolling, sliding or revolving door shall be used as an exit from any theater or assembly hall.
SPS 377.06(2) (2) For exit lights and signs, see ss. SPS 377.14, 377.15.
SPS 377.06 History History: 1-2-56; renum. and am., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74; corrections made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, June, 1995, No. 474; correction in (1), (2) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672.
SPS 377.07 SPS 377.07 Width of exits.
SPS 377.07(1)(1) The total width of exits from every theater and assembly hall, and from every part thereof, shall not be less than the following:
SPS 377.07(1)(a) (a) Buildings of fire-resistive construction, 36 inches per 100 persons.
SPS 377.07(1)(b) (b) Buildings of ordinary construction, 40 inches per 100 persons.
SPS 377.07(1)(c) (c) Buildings of frame construction, 44 inches per 100 persons.
SPS 377.07 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 377.08 SPS 377.08 Seats.
SPS 377.08(1)(1) Where fixed seats are not used, the chairs or seats shall be fastened together in groups of 4 or more. There shall be not more than 12 seats in a row between aisles, nor more than 6 seats in a row which has an aisle on one side only.
SPS 377.08(2) (2) All seats, chairs and benches shall be placed not less than 32 inches back to back measured horizontally, except that this requirement does not apply where fixed seats have already been installed.
SPS 377.08(3) (3) Loose chairs or seats shall not be used unless a special permit is secured from the department.
SPS 377.08(4) (4) The requirements of this order do not apply to restaurants, dining rooms or dance halls.
SPS 377.08 History History: 1-2-56; renum. and am., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 377.09 SPS 377.09 Aisles. No wall aisle shall be less than 3 feet wide and no other straight aisle shall be less than 3 feet 6 inches wide except that where fixed seats were originally installed, the above dimensions may be reduced 6 inches.
SPS 377.09 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 377.10 SPS 377.10 Obstructions.
SPS 377.10(1)(1) All lobbies, aisles, passageways and doorways shall be kept free from furniture, drapes, display equipment, merchandise and other obstructions, and no person except an employee shall be allowed to stand in or occupy any of the aisles, foyers or passageways during any performance or public gathering.
SPS 377.10(2) (2) No vending equipment, booths or counters shall be placed in any lobby, foyer or other public space except as provided for in the state building code.
SPS 377.10 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 377.11 SPS 377.11 Proscenium curtain.
SPS 377.11(1)(1) In every theater or assembly hall having a stage which is more than 6 feet higher or wider than the proscenium opening, the proscenium opening shall be provided with a rigid metal curtain or a curtain of asbestos conforming to the following specifications, or of equivalent approved construction.
SPS 377.11(1)(a) (a) Asbestos curtains shall be substantially woven of asbestos fiber not less than 95% pure and shall weigh not less than 21/2 pounds per square yard. There shall be incorporated into the yarn before weaving, either monel metal, nickel, brass or other metal or alloy, having no less strength than these metals at temperatures up to 1700º Fahrenheit and no less resistance to corrosion at ordinary temperatures.
SPS 377.11(1)(b) (b) All seams shall be vertical, shall be lapped not less than one inch and sewed in 2 rows with not less than 1/16 inch pure asbestos twine. At the top and bottom of the curtain a 21/ 2 inch (or larger) steel pipe shall be placed and shall be securely fastened in and covered by the curtain. The curtain shall overlap the proscenium wall not less than 12 inches at each side and at the top, and shall be guided at each side by metallic loops or rings sliding on a 3/8 inch steel cable or No.
SPS 377.11(1)(b)6U.6 U. S. Standard gauge wire.
SPS 377.11(1)(c) (c) In addition to any decoration, the curtain shall be painted on both sides with a mineral paint, having a silicate of soda binder, which will completely fill the cloth. Filler paint shall have not less than 4 parts of casein in each 10 parts of silicate of soda. The paint shall be well brushed into the cloth so that no light or smoke can come through.
SPS 377.11(1)(d) (d) For curtains of any type, the connections between curtain and wall shall be made as nearly smoke-proof as possible. Smoke grooves or pockets shall be of structural steel shapes and plates not less than 1/4 inch thick. These grooves or pockets shall be not less than 14 inches deep and 6 inches wide and shall be set back from the face of the arch at least 6 inches. They shall extend from the stage floor to a point 3 feet above the top of the raised curtain, and shall be securely bolted to the proscenium wall.
SPS 377.11(1)(e) (e) Provisions shall be made to prevent the curtain from leaving or binding on the guides under any conditions. Appropriate limit chains shall be provided to stop the downward travel of the top of the curtain at a line not less than 12 inches above the top of the proscenium opening. No part of a curtain, nor any of the curtain guides, or equipment, shall be supported by, or fastened to, any combustible material.
SPS 377.11(1)(f) (f) The hoisting apparatus for the curtain shall be designed with a factor of safety of 8 or more.
SPS 377.11(1)(g) (g) Besides the regular operating mechanism there shall be an emergency device which will allow the curtain to drop by gravity. The device shall be so arranged that it can be easily operated by hand from each side of the stage and from the fly galleries, and also that its operation will be controlled by 135º fusible links, or other approved heat release devices, placed on each side of the stage, and when thus operated it shall descend at its normal rate of speed.
SPS 377.11(1)(h) (h) The curtain and its operating mechanism shall be so designed and constructed at all points, whether specifically mentioned or not, as to form an efficient and reliable barrier against fire and smoke, according to the best practice.
SPS 377.11(1)(i) (i) Detailed plans and specifications for all curtains and their operating mechanism shall be submitted to the department for approval before installation.
SPS 377.11 History History: 1-2-56; renum. and am., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 377.12 SPS 377.12 Automatic smoke outlet. Where a proscenium curtain is required or provided, the stage shall be provided with one or more automatic smoke outlets, constructed of metal or other incombustible material, placed near the center and above the highest part of the stage, and having a combined area equal to not less than 8% of the area of the stage floor. Vertical louver openings shall be placed not less than 3 feet above the roof and shall be not less than twice the area of the shaft. The smoke outlet shall be designed and constructed so as to open by gravity, and so as to effectively overcome the effects of neglect, rust, dirt, frost, snow, heat, twisting, or warping of the framework. The louvers or dampers, in the openings shall be held closed by cotton or hemp cords running to the stage floor close to each stage door. Fusible links, or other approved heat release devices, shall be inserted in each cord near the outlets.
SPS 377.12 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 377.13 SPS 377.13 Lights, oil and gas. No oil lamp or gas lighting of any kind shall be used on or about any stage containing scenery.
SPS 377.13 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 377.14 SPS 377.14 Exit lights and signs.
SPS 377.14(1) (1) In every theater and assembly hall, except church auditoriums, exit lights shall be provided immediately over all exit doorways, and in such other places as may be necessary to direct the occupants to exit doorways and to a street, alley or exit court. The installation of such exit lights shall comply in all respects with the provisions of the Wisconsin state electrical code.
SPS 377.14(2) (2) Every light over an exit doorway shall be a red illuminated sign bearing the word EXIT or OUT in plain letters not less than 5 inches in height.
SPS 377.14(3) (3) All exit lights shall remain lighted during each occupancy and until the occupants have left the building.
SPS 377.14 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 377.15 SPS 377.15 Ventilation. In all theaters and assembly halls a heating and ventilating system complying with the requirements of the heating, ventilation and air conditioning code shall be provided, maintained and operated.
SPS 377.15 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 377.16 SPS 377.16 Fire extinguishers.
SPS 377.16(1)(1) Standard fire extinguishers (s. SPS 377.27) shall be provided as follows:
SPS 377.16(1)(a) (a) Theaters:
SPS 377.16(1)(a)1.1. Two on stage (if more than 1500 square feet of scenery is used).
SPS 377.16(1)(a)2. 2. One on stage (if not more than 1500 square feet of scenery is used).
SPS 377.16(1)(a)3. 3. One in motion picture booth, or in ticket office if there is no booth.
SPS 377.16(1)(a)4. 4. One in dressing room section.
SPS 377.16(1)(b) (b) Assembly halls:
SPS 377.16(1)(b)1.1. One on or near stage or platform and one in or near ticket office.
SPS 377.16(1)(b)2. 2. Extinguishers shall be properly exposed to view and always accessible.
SPS 377.16 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74; correction made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, June, 1995, No. 474; correction in (1) (intro.) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672.
SPS 377.17 SPS 377.17 False openings. No false openings giving the appearance of a door or window, where none exists, shall be permitted in any part of a theater or assembly hall used by the public.
SPS 377.17 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 377.18 SPS 377.18 Motion picture machine booths, general. Every motion picture machine using nitro-cellulose film, together with all auxiliary and associated equipment, shall be enclosed in a booth so arranged as to permit the operator to walk freely on either side and in back of the machine. At least 48 square feet in area shall be provided for one machine, and 24 square feet additional for each machine over one. The ceiling height shall be not less than 7 feet.
SPS 377.18 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 377.19 SPS 377.19 Construction of booth. The floor of each motion picture booth shall be constructed of masonry or reinforced concrete, or shall be covered with not less than 2 inches of fire-resistive material. The walls and ceiling shall be not less than 2-hour fire-resistive construction as specified in s. Ind 51.05, 1956.
SPS 377.19 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 377.20 SPS 377.20 Doors.
SPS 377.20(1)(1) The door to the booth shall be not larger than necessary for the safe and proper use and maintenance of the booth and equipment, but in no case shall its dimensions be smaller than 2 feet by 5 feet or larger than 3 feet by 7 feet. The top of the door shall be not less than 12 inches below the ceiling of the booth.
SPS 377.20(2) (2) The door shall be a tight-fitting self-closing fire door, shall open outwardly, and shall not be equipped with any latch.
SPS 377.20 Note Note: See s. Ind 51.09, 1956.
SPS 377.20 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74; correction made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, June, 1995, No. 474.
SPS 377.21 SPS 377.21 Openings.
SPS 377.21(1)(1) Two openings for each motion picture machine may be provided. The one for the operator's view shall not be larger than 200 square inches and the one for projection not larger than 120 square inches. Where separate stereopticon, spot, or floodlight machines are installed, not more than one opening shall be provided for each such machine for both the operator's view and the projection of light. All such openings shall be as small as practicable.
SPS 377.21(2) (2) Each opening shall be provided with an approved gravity shutter set into guides not less than one inch at sides and bottom, and overlapping the top of the opening by at least one inch when closed. Shutters shall be not less than No. 10 U. S. standard gauge iron or equivalent, arranged to move freely in guides of like material and thickness bolted to the wall. Each shutter shall be suspended by a cord, and shall be so arranged that closing is by gravity action. A fusible link shall be provided in the cord over each shutter. A link shall also be provided over each magazine, which on operating will close all shutters. A manual release shall be provided near each exit door by which all shutters can be closed simultaneously. Shutters shall not be blocked open nor held open in any manner except by the harness of cords and links as herein described.
SPS 377.21 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 377.22 SPS 377.22 Ventilation of booths. Every booth or room housing projection, sound or any other equipment which vitiates good air conditions or requires the attention of an attendant shall be ventilated as required by ch. Ind 64 issued by the department. Fresh air intakes in booth walls, except for outside air, shall not exceed 72 square inches in area, nor be more than 3 inches above the floor. They shall be equipped with automatic shutters as described for projection openings.
SPS 377.22 History History: 1-2-56; renum. and am., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74; correction made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, June, 1995, No. 474.
SPS 377.23 SPS 377.23 Relief outlets. Every booth or room housing projection, sound or other equipment which constitutes a fire, smoke, explosion or fuming hazard shall be equipped with one or more gravity outlets extending upward from the ceiling through the roof. The net area of such gravity relief outlets shall be equal to one percent of the room or booth floor area, but not less than 12 inches in diameter. Such outlets shall be constructed as sheet metal ducts having double walls with 1/2 inch air spaces between, or better construction. Where a relief outlet passes through, or is within 18 inches of any combustible construction, or passes through any other occupancy, approved masonry flues as specified for chimneys, shall be used. The relief outlets shall be equipped, at the booth or room outlets, with a gravity shutter which will open automatically under excessive heat conditions. The automatic shutter shall normally be tightly closed where mechanical exhaust ventilation is required in the same room.
SPS 377.23 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 377.24 SPS 377.24 Electrical wiring. All lights and electrical wiring, also motors, arc lamps, rheostats, and associated electrical equipment shall conform in type and arrangement to the requirements of the Wisconsin state electrical code.
SPS 377.24 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 377.25 SPS 377.25 Motion picture machine. Every projection machine shall be securely fastened to the floor, and together with sound head and other associated equipment, shall be of safe design. No part of the film shall be outside of a tight metal enclosure during projection, and the feed and take-up reels shall have riveted, flanged, or welded joints. A shutter shall be placed in front of the condenser, arranged so as to be closed except when held open by the operator, or by some mechanical device which will assure immediate closure when operation of the machine is stopped.
SPS 377.25 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 377.26 SPS 377.26 Fire protection in booth; care and use of film.
SPS 377.26(1)(1) All shelves, furniture and fixtures shall be incombustible. No combustible material shall be permitted to be within such booth, except films and film cement not exceeding one pint. Smoking is prohibited. Heating equipment in booths shall be limited to steam, warm air, hot water or electric convection heaters with low surface temperature elements. Radiators shall be protected by 1/4 inch mesh screen with the top sloped at least 45º to the horizontal.
SPS 377.26(2) (2) Films not in process of rewinding, examination or projection shall be kept in metal containers. Up to 40 pounds of film may be kept in the projection booth in interstate commerce commission shipping containers. Excess over 40 pounds shall be kept in an approved film cabinet, but the total quantity of film in any booth shall not exceed 125 pounds.
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Published under authority of s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is alwaycurrent. The date shown on each chapter is the date the chapter was last published.