Tax 11.32(7) (7)Manufactured homes.
Tax 11.32(7)(a)(a) The sales price and purchase price do not include 35% of the amount from the sale of a new manufactured home as defined in s. 101.91 (11), Stats., not including leases and rentals.
Tax 11.32(7)(b) (b) If the exclusion under par. (a) applies to the sale of a manufactured home, no reduction in the sales price or purchase price is allowed for trade-ins.
Tax 11.32(7)(c) (c) Sales of manufactured homes as defined in s. 101.91 (2), Stats., to a contractor-consumer for use in real property construction activities outside Wisconsin are exempt from Wisconsin sales and use tax.
Tax 11.32(8) (8)Modular homes.
Tax 11.32(8)(a)(a) The sales price and purchase price from the sale of a "modular home," as defined in s. 101.71 (6), Stats., that is tangible personal property when sold, may be reduced by one of the following:
Tax 11.32(8)(a)1. 1. 35% of the sales price.
Tax 11.32(8)(a)2. 2. An amount equal to the sales price minus the cost of the materials that become an ingredient or component part of the modular home.
Tax 11.32(8)(b) (b) No credit is allowed for trade-ins if the sales price or purchase price is reduced under par. (a).
Tax 11.32(8)(c) (c) Once a retailer reduces the sales price or purchase price by the amount in par. (a) 1. or 2., the retailer shall continue to use that method of reduction for all sales of modular homes, that are tangible personal property when sold, until such time as the department approves in writing the use of the other method.
Tax 11.32 Note Example: Building Manufacturer sells a modular home, as defined in s. 101.71 (6), Stats., in Wisconsin to Dealer. Dealer will affix the modular home to real property in Wisconsin for Customer under a contract between Dealer and Customer. This is the first modular home, as defined in s. 101.71 (6), Stats., sold by Building Manufacturer pursuant to a contract entered into on or after December 1, 1997. Additional facts are as follows:
Tax 11.32 Note $40,000 is the cost of materials purchased by Building Manufacturer that become an ingredient or component part of the modular home.
Tax 11.32 Note $65,000 is the sales price of the modular home by Building Manufacturer to Dealer.
Tax 11.32 Note The amount subject to sales tax on the sale of the modular home to Dealer is one of the following:
Tax 11.32 Note (1) $42,250, which is the $65,000 sales price reduced by $22,750 (35% of the sales price).
Tax 11.32 Note (2) $40,000, which is the $65,000 sales price reduced by $25,000 (the sales price minus the cost of materials).
Tax 11.32 Note If Building Manufacturer chooses the method under (1) for computing the sales price from the sale of this modular home, it must use the method under (1) for computing the sales price from all future sales of modular homes, until the department approves in writing the use of the method under (2).
Tax 11.32(8)(d) (d) Sales of modular homes as defined in s. 101.71 (6), Stats., to a contractor-consumer for use in real property construction activities outside Wisconsin are exempt from Wisconsin sales and use tax.
Tax 11.32 Note Note: Section Tax 11.32 interprets ss. 77.51 (12m) (a) (intro.) and 2., 3. and 4., (b) 1., 5., 7. and 8. and (c), (15a), (15b) (a) (intro.), 2., 3., and 4., (b) 1., 5., 7. and 8. and (c), 77.54 (8), 77.585 (7), and 77.61 (3m), Stats.
Tax 11.32 Note Note: The interpretations in s. Tax 11.32 are effective under the general sales and use tax law on and after September 1, 1969, except: (a) The 5% sales and use tax rate became effective May 1, 1982 (previously the rate was 4%); (b) The 35% reduction of gross receipts from the sale of a new mobile home that is a primary housing unit became effective January 1, 1987, pursuant to 1985 Wis. Act 29; (c) The 35% reduction of gross receipts from the sale of a new mobile home transported in 2 sections became effective October 1, 1991, pursuant to 1991 Wis. Act 39; (d) The reduction of gross receipts and sales price for sales of manufactured buildings, as defined in s. 101.71 (6), Stats., became effective for sales of property pursuant to contracts entered into on or after December 1, 1997, pursuant to 1997 Wis. Act 27; (e) The term "manufactured building" was changed to "modular home" and the term "mobile home" was changed to "manufactured home" effective January 1, 2008 pursuant to 2007 Wis. Act 11; (f) The change of the term "gross receipts" to "sales price" and the separate impositions of tax on coins and stamps sold above face value under s. 77.52 (1) (b), Stats., certain leased property affixed to real property under s. 77.52 (1) (c), Stats., and digital goods under s. 77.52 (1) (d), Stats., became effective October 1, 2009, pursuant to 2009 Wis. Act 2; and (g) The exemption for modular homes and manufactured homes used in real property construction activities outside Wisconsin became effective September 1, 2011 pursuant to 2011 Wis. Act 32.
Tax 11.32 History History: Cr. Register, December, 1977, No. 264, eff. 1-1-78; am. (4) (a) and (b), (5) (b) and (c), r. and recr. (5) (a), Register, January, 1983, No. 325, eff. 2-1-83; am. (3) (c), Register, December, 1983, No. 336, eff. 1-1-84; emerg. am. (5) (a), eff. 3-24-86; am. (5) (a) and (am), Register, October, 1986, No. 370, eff. 11-1-86; cr. (6), Register, April, 1990, No. 412, eff. 5-1-90; cr. (7), am. (2), (3) (a) and (c) and (5) (d), Register, June, 1991, No. 426, eff. 7-1-91; am. (2), (4) (a) and (c), (5) (a), (am) and (b) and (7), Register, December, 1992, No. 444, eff. 1-1-93; cr. (4) (a) 1., 2., 3. and (6), am. (4) (b) and (c), r. and recr. (5), renum. (4) (a), (6) and (7) to be (4) (a) (intro.), (7) and (8) and am. (4) (a) (intro.), Register, October, 1997, No. 502, eff. 11-1-97; cr. (9), Register, August, 1999, No. 524, eff. 9-1-99; EmR0924: emerg. am. (title), (1) to (3), (4) (a) (intro.), (b) and (c), cr. (3) (d) and (7), r. and recr. (5), r. (6) and (8), renum. (7) and (9) to be (6) and (8) and am., eff. 10-1-09; CR 09-090: am. (title), (1) to (3), (4) (a) (intro.), (b) and (c), cr. (3) (d), (3m) and (7), r. and recr. (5), r. (6) and (8), renum. (7) and (9) to be (6) and (8) and am. Register May 2010 No. 653, eff. 6-1-10; CR 10-094: am. (2) Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10; CR 12-014: am. (6) (Example), renum. (7) to be (7) (a), cr. (7) (b), (c), (8) (d) Register August 2012 No. 680, eff. 9-1-12.
subch. V of ch. Tax 11 Subchapter V — Occasional Sales
Tax 11.33 Tax 11.33 Occasional sales.
Tax 11.33(1)(1) Scope. This section describes the general rules for exempt occasional sales.
Tax 11.33(2) (2)General. Sales of tangible personal property, items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d), Stats., and taxable services are not taxable if they are exempt "occasional sales." However, if the number, scope and character of the sales are such that they exceed the standards in the statutes and this section, a taxable sale occurs.
Tax 11.33(3) (3)Statutes.
Tax 11.33(3)(a)(a) "Occasional sale" is defined in s. 77.51 (9), Stats.
Tax 11.33(3)(b) (b) Section 77.54 (7), Stats., exempts most occasional sales from the sales and use taxes.
Tax 11.33(4) (4)Sales which are exempt occasional sales.. Sales which are exempt occasional sales include:
Tax 11.33(4)(a) (a) The sale of a motor vehicle, snowmobile, recreational vehicle as defined in s. 340.01 (48r), Stats., trailer, semitrailer, all-terrain vehicle or aircraft that is registered or titled in Wisconsin or required to be registered or titled in Wisconsin is an exempt occasional sale only if one of the following applies:
Tax 11.33(4)(a)1. 1. The sale is to a spouse, parent, stepparent, father-in-law, mother-in-law, child, stepchild, son-in-law, or daughter-in-law, of the transferor provided the property has been previously registered or titled in Wisconsin in the name of the transferor, if required to be registered or titled, and the transferor is not engaged in the business of selling this type of property.
Tax 11.33(4)(a)2. 2. The item is a motor vehicle and the transferor sells the motor vehicle to a corporation owned solely by the transferor or the transferor's spouse, provided the motor vehicle has been previously registered or titled in Wisconsin in the name of the transferor, if required to be registered or titled, and the transferor is not engaged in the business of selling motor vehicles. Transferor for purposes of this subdivision means a natural person.
Tax 11.33(4)(a)3. 3. The motor vehicle, snowmobile, recreational vehicle as defined in s. 340.01 (48r), Stats., trailer, semitrailer, all-terrain vehicle or aircraft is sold by a nonprofit organization meeting the requirements in s. Tax 11.35 (4).
Tax 11.33(4)(b) (b) Any sale of a boat that is registered or titled in Wisconsin or required to be registered or titled in Wisconsin or under the laws of the United States, is an exempt occasional sale only if one of the following applies:
Tax 11.33(4)(b)1. 1. The sale is to a spouse, parent, stepparent, father-in-law, mother-in-law, child, stepchild, son-in-law, or daughter-in-law, of the transferor provided the property has been previously registered or titled in Wisconsin in the name of the transferor, if required to be registered or titled, and the transferor is not engaged in the business of selling boats.
Tax 11.33(4)(b)2. 2. The boat is sold by a nonprofit organization meeting the requirements in s. Tax 11.35 (4).
Tax 11.33(4)(c) (c) Except as provided in pars. (a) and (b), five or fewer auctions that are the sale of personal farm property or household goods and that are held by the same auctioneer at the same location during the year. For indoor locations, "location" means a building, except that in the case of a shopping center or shopping mall, "location" means a store.
Tax 11.33 Note Note: Refer to s. Tax 11.50 (4) and (5) regarding exempt occasional sales at auction of personal farm property and household goods.
Tax 11.33(4)(d) (d) Except as provided in pars. (a) and (b), sales of tangible personal property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d), Stats., by an individual who operates a sole proprietorship and who holds or is required to hold a seller's permit, which have not been used in the course of the person's business and the sales are not the type of property, items, or goods sold in the course of the person's business. However, all tangible personal property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d), Stats., sold by a corporation or partnership which holds or is required to hold a seller's permit shall be considered to be used or sold in the course of the organization's business activities and are taxable.
Tax 11.33 Note Example: A taxpayer operates a service station as a sole proprietor and holds a seller's permit for the purpose of selling cigarettes and repairing motor vehicles. The sales price from selling a refrigerator and stove used in the taxpayer's residence are not subject to the sales tax. However, the sales price from the sale of a desk and refrigerator which were used in the service station's business activities are subject to the sales tax.
Tax 11.33(4)(e) (e) Except as provided in pars. (a) and (b), the sale of a business or business assets, not including inventory held for sale, previously used by a seller to conduct its trade or business at a location after that person has ceased actively operating in the regular course of business as a seller of tangible personal property, items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d), Stats., or taxable services at that location.
Tax 11.33 Note Note: Refer to s. Tax 11.34 regarding the occasional sales exemption for the sale of a business or business assets.
Tax 11.33(4)(f) (f) Except as provided in pars. (a) and (b), sale of tangible personal property, items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d), Stats., or taxable services by a person who does not hold and is not required to hold a seller's permit, if the total taxable sales price from sales of tangible personal property, items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d), Stats., and taxable services are less than $1,000 during the calendar year. However, purchases of tangible personal property, items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d), Stats., or taxable services which when resold are exempt under this paragraph, are taxable purchases by that person. This paragraph does not apply to nonprofit organizations.
Tax 11.33 Note Examples: 1) If the sales price from a person's garage and rummage sales, lawn maintenance services, bait sales to fishermen, sales of books, charges for parking and other normally taxable receipts are less than $1,000 during the calendar year, that person's receipts are deemed exempt occasional sales under par. (g). However, purchases by the seller of the tangible personal property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d), Stats., which are sold are taxable.
Tax 11.33 Note 2) Sales of soft drinks by employee groups are not taxable if the sales price from soft drink sales does not exceed $1,000 per year. These groups are deemed consumers and the supplier's sales to them are taxable retail sales.
Tax 11.33(4)(g) (g) Sales by nonprofit organizations meeting the requirements in s. 77.54 (7m), Stats.
Tax 11.33 Note Note: Refer to s. Tax 11.35 regarding the occasional sales exemption for nonprofit organizations.
Tax 11.33(5) (5)Sales which are not exempt occasional sales. Sales which are not exempt occasional sales, except as provided in sub. (4), include:
Tax 11.33(5)(a) (a) Sales by a person who holds or is required to hold a seller's permit.
Tax 11.33 Note Example: Sales of used equipment by a retail store or vending machine retailer are not occasional sales and would be subject to sales or use tax.
Tax 11.33(5)(b) (b) Sales of a business or the assets of a business when the seller holds or is required to hold a seller's permit. The tax applies to the portion of the sales price reasonably attributable to the taxable personal property such as equipment, furniture and fixtures.
Tax 11.33 Note Example: The sale by a sole proprietor holding a seller's permit of a motor vehicle used in the sole proprietor's business is taxable unless it qualifies as an exempt occasional sale under s. Tax 11.33 (4) (a) 1. or 2.
Tax 11.33(5)(c) (c) Sales of motor vehicles, aircraft, boats, recreational vehicles as defined in s. 340.01 (48r), Stats., snowmobiles, trailers, semitrailers and all-terrain vehicles. Unless exempt, a use tax or sales tax pursuant to s. Tax 11.14 (2) (c) shall be paid by the purchaser at the time the motor vehicle, aircraft, boat, recreational vehicle as defined in s. 340.01 (48r), Stats., snowmobile, trailer, semitrailer or all-terrain vehicle is registered or titled within Wisconsin.
Tax 11.33(5)(d) (d) Sales made by persons who hold themselves out to the public as engaged in business, even though their sales may be few and infrequent. This includes the sales of works of art, handmade articles, antiques or used property by artists or others who are pursuing a vocation or part-time business as a seller of this property.
Tax 11.33(5)(e) (e) Sales of bingo supplies to players or the sale, rental or use of regular bingo cards, extra regular cards and special bingo cards.
Tax 11.33(5)(f) (f) Sales by persons engaged primarily in the business of making nontaxable sales of tangible personal property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d), Stats., such as manufacturers and wholesalers. Since these persons are in the business of selling tangible personal property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d), Stats., the mere fact that only a small fraction of their total sales are taxable retail sales does not make these sales exempt occasional sales.
Tax 11.33 Note Note: Section Tax 11.33 interprets ss. 77.51 (9), 77.52 (1) and (2) (a) 2. and 77.54 (7) and (7m), Stats.
Tax 11.33 Note Note: The interpretations in s. Tax 11.33 are effective under the general sales and use tax law on and after September 1, 1969, except: (a) The exemption in sub. (3) (b) became effective March 1, 1979; (b) Non-retailer sales of all-terrain vehicles as described in sub. (4) (c) became taxable and the sale of an all-terrain vehicle as described in sub. (3) (c) and (d) became exempt effective September 1, 1987, pursuant to 1987 Wis. Act 27; (c) The exemption for the sale of a business or business assets in sub. (3) (e) became effective May 17, 1988, pursuant to 1987 Wis. Act 399; (d) The exemption for transfers of motor vehicles, boats, etc., to in-laws became effective August 15, 1991, pursuant to 1991 Wis. Act 39; (e) The occasional sales exemption for 5 or fewer auctions became effective January 1, 2000, pursuant to 1999 Wis. Act 9; (f) The term "mobile home" was changed to "recreational vehicle, as defined in s. 340.01 (48r), Stats." effective January 1, 2008, pursuant to 2007 Wis. Act 11; and (g) The change of the term "gross receipts" to "sales price" and the separate impositions of tax on coins and stamps sold above face value under s. 77.52 (1) (b), Stats., certain leased property affixed to real property under s. 77.52 (1) (c), Stats., and digital goods under s. 77.52 (1) (d), Stats., became effective October 1, 2009, pursuant to 2009 Wis. Act 2.
Tax 11.33 History History: Cr. Register, June, 1991, No. 426, eff. 7-1-91; am. (2), (4) (c) and (g), Register, April, 1993, No. 448, eff. 5-1-93; am. (4) (a) and (g), Register, August, 1999, No. 524, eff. 9-1-99; EmR0924: emerg. am. (2), (4) (a) to (d), (f), (g), (5) (b) to (d) and (f), eff. 10-1-09; CR 09-090: am. (2), (4) (a) to (d), (f), (g), (5) (b) to (d) and (f) Register May 2010 No. 653, eff. 6-1-10; CR 10-094: am. (4) (c) Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10; CR 12-014: r. and recr. (4), am. (5) (title), cr. (5) (b) (Example) Register August 2012 No. 680, eff. 9-1-12.
Tax 11.34 Tax 11.34 Occasional sales exemption for sale of a business or business assets.
Tax 11.34(1) (1) Scope. This section describes the exemption under s. 77.54 (7) (a), Stats., for the occasional sale of a business or business assets as described in s. 77.51 (9) (a) and (am), Stats.
Tax 11.34(2) (2)General.
Tax 11.34(2)(a)(a) The sale of business assets, consisting of tangible personal property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d), Stats., by a person who holds or is required to hold a seller's permit at the time of the sale is subject to sales tax, except as provided in sub. (3) (c).
Tax 11.34(2)(b) (b) Except as provided in sub. (3) (c), the tax applies if the business assets are sold as:
Tax 11.34(2)(b)1. 1. A disposition of surplus assets of a continuing business.
Tax 11.34(2)(b)2. 2. A single transaction or series of transactions prior to termination of a business.
Tax 11.34(2)(b)3. 3. Piecemeal sales, whether part of a continuing business or prior to termination.
Tax 11.34(2)(c) (c) The tax does not apply to merchandise inventory sold to another retailer who purchases it for resale and sells it in the regular course of that retailer's business.
Tax 11.34(3) (3)Effect of holding a seller's permit.
Tax 11.34(3)(a)(a) Pursuant to s. 77.51 (9) (a) and (am), Stats., a person holding or required to hold a seller's permit at the time of disposition of business assets may not claim that a sale of a business asset is an occasional sale, except as provided in par. (b).
Tax 11.34(3)(b) (b) A sale, other than a sale described in par. (bg) or (br), is exempt from sales and use tax as an occasional sale if all of the following conditions are met:
Tax 11.34(3)(b)1. 1. The sale is of personal property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d), Stats., other than inventory held for sale, previously used by a person to conduct a trade or business at a location.
Tax 11.34(3)(b)2. 2. The sale occurs after the person ceased actively operating in the regular course of business as a seller of tangible personal property, items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d), Stats., or taxable services at that location.
Tax 11.34(3)(bg) (bg) A sale of a motor vehicle, snowmobile, recreational vehicle as defined in s. 340.01 (48r), Stats., trailer, semitrailer, all-terrain vehicle or aircraft that is registered or titled in Wisconsin or required to be registered or titled in Wisconsin, is subject to tax unless s. Tax 11.33 (4) (a) 1. or 2. apply.
Tax 11.34 Note Example: A business has four business locations in Wisconsin and has ceased all of its business activities at one location. All of the business assets at the location where the business has ceased operating, including one motor vehicle that it used in its business, are being sold. The business is required to continue to hold a seller's permit for its other three locations. The motor vehicle is sold, but the purchaser is not a person described in s. Tax 11.33 (4) (a) 1. or 2. The sale of the motor vehicle is not an exempt occasional sale of a business asset and the seller is required to collect tax on its sale of the motor vehicle.
Tax 11.34(3)(br) (br) A sale of a boat that is registered or titled or required to be registered or titled in Wisconsin or under the laws of the United States is subject to tax unless s. Tax 11.33 (4) (b) 1. applies.
Tax 11.34(3)(c) (c) A sale meeting the conditions in par. (b) is exempt from sales or use tax even though the person holds a seller's permit for one or more other locations.
Tax 11.34(3)(d) (d) The holder of a seller's permit shall wait until ceasing business before requesting the inactivation of the permit because a person may not continue regular business operations without a permit.
Tax 11.34(4) (4)Inactivation of seller's permit.
Tax 11.34(4)(a)(a) A permit holder may request that the department inactivate its seller's permit by providing the department with the permit holder's name, address, seller's permit number, and the date the permit holder ceased business. The request may be made in any one of the following ways:
Tax 11.34(4)(a)1. 1. A permit holder may make a written request for seller's permit inactivation. The department shall presume that the request was made at 12:01 a.m. on the postmark date of a postpaid properly addressed envelope, if the envelope and its contents are actually received by the department. If the retailer desires assurance that the department has received the request, the permit holder may use certified mail, return receipt requested.
Tax 11.34 Note Note: A person making a written request for seller's permit inactivation should send its request to Wisconsin Department of Revenue, P.O. Box 8902, Madison, WI 53708-8902.
Tax 11.34(4)(a)2. 2. A permit holder may make a request for seller's permit inactivation by telephone. The department shall presume that the request was made at 12:01 a.m. on the day the department received the telephone call.
Tax 11.34 Note Note: A person requesting seller's permit inactivation by telephone should call (608) 266-2776.
Tax 11.34(4)(a)3. 3. A permit holder may make a request for seller's permit inactivation by electronic mail. The department shall presume that the request was made at 12:01 a.m. on the day the department received the electronic mail message.
Tax 11.34 Note Note: A person requesting seller's permit inactivation by electronic mail should send its request to sales10@revenue.wi.gov.
Tax 11.34(4)(a)4. 4. A permit holder may make a request for seller's permit inactivation in person at one of the department's income, sales and excise tax division offices. The department shall presume that the request was made at 12:01 a.m. on the day the department received the request.
Tax 11.34(4)(b) (b) A person who has requested inactivation of its seller's permit may not qualify for the occasional sale exemption if the person contemplates resumption of those activities which would require that the person hold a seller's permit, unless the person qualifies for exemption under sub. (3) (b).
Tax 11.34(4)(c) (c) The fact that a business ceases operating and no longer conducts its day-to-day sales of tangible personal property, items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d), Stats., or taxable services does not result in the automatic inactivation of its seller's permit.
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