Register February 2013 No. 686
Chapter Trans 309
Subchapter I—General Provisions
Purpose and scope; construction.
Specialized emergency medical care vehicles.
Sale or lease of new or used vehicles for use as ambulances.
Subchapter II—Vehicle Standards
Patient compartment interior dimensions.
Bumpers, steps and stepwells.
Tires and wheels.
Environmental climatic equipment.
Exterior ambulance lighting.
Interior ambulance lighting.
Siren and public address system.
Lettering and markings on ambulances.
Smoking in ambulances.
Subchapter III—Equipment Standards
Stretchers, cots and restraints.
Suction aspirator system.
Medical and surgical equipment.
Standard mandatory miscellaneous equipment.
Ch. Trans 309 Note
Chapter Trans 309
created effective November 1, 1986 replaces ch. Trans 157
The purpose of this chapter is to prescribe minimum vehicle and medical equipment specifications for ambulances and to establish administrative procedures for implementing the ambulance inspection program under s. 341.085
Trans 309.01 Note
To be licensed as an ambulance service provider in Wisconsin, all ambulances used by the ambulance service provider must be first inspected by Wisconsin DOT per ch. Trans 309
This chapter applies to all ambulances in service in this state.
This chapter shall be construed by the department to reasonably effectuate the legislative purpose of promoting safe, efficient emergency transportation for the sick, injured and disabled.
Vehicles subject to the standards and specifications prescribed in the chapter are also subject to any other administrative rule or statute governing motor vehicle design, construction or equipment. Unless the express terms or context requires otherwise, this chapter shall be construed as supplementing rather than conflicting with other such statutes or administrative rules.
This chapter prescribes minimum standards applicable to all ambulances subject to inspection under s. 341.085
, Stats. Ambulance service providers may exceed these minimum standards. Also, some ambulances may be subject to higher or more restrictive standards imposed as conditions for receiving federal assistance in connection with the acquisition of ambulance vehicles and equipment. Ambulance service providers are responsible for complying with all conditions and requirements, including those related to color and marking, contained in federal assistance grants or agreements.
Trans 309.01 History
Cr. Register, October, 1986, No. 370
, eff. 11-1-86; am. (3) (a), Register, April, 1994, No. 460
, eff. 5-1-94; am. (2), Register, February, 1999, No. 518
, eff. 4-1-99.
As used in this chapter:
"Advanced skill" has the meaning given in s. DHS 110.03 (3)
Trans 309.02 Note
Note: Section DHS 110.03 (3) was repealed eff. 1-1-11.
"Ambulance" means any authorized emergency motor vehicle as defined in s. 340.01 (3)
, Stats., whether privately or publicly owned, which is designed, constructed or equipped to transport patients.
"EMT-intermediate" means an emergency medical technician-intermediate as defined in s. 256.01 (7)
"In-service ambulance" means an ambulance that is ready to take calls, including emergencies, transfers or standing by at a special function.
"Inspector" means any officer or employee of the department who is authorized and assigned to conduct ambulance inspections under this chapter.
"Person" means any individual, corporation, partnership, association, the state and political subdivisions thereof and any municipal corporation.
"Reserve ambulance" means an ambulance kept in reserve in case an in-service ambulance needs to be taken out of service for repairs.
"Type I ambulance" means a motor truck with a modular unit having a rear window opening or a walk-through from the cab to the modular unit. "Type I ambulance" includes a vehicle that is used for a combination of fire and ambulance purposes.
"Type II ambulance" means a van type vehicle constructed or converted with a raised roof.
"Type III ambulance" means a specialty van and modular unit with a rear window opening or walk-through from the cab to the modular unit.