72.01(44)(44) Juvenile minute record. A brief statement of in-court proceedings in actions commenced under ch. 48 or 938, stats., generally maintained in the case file: 4 years after the 18th birthday of the juvenile or child; except 75 years after the adjudication of the juvenile or child if he or she was adjudicated delinquent for committing an act that would be punishable as a felony if committed by an adult.
72.01(45)(45) Non-criminal case exhibits, paper, and non-paper. One year after the time for appeal has expired, provided that return of the exhibit has been offered to the proffering party or unless all parties have stipulated to an earlier return of exhibits.
72.01(46)(46) Criminal and juvenile delinquency case exhibits, paper, and non-paper. One year after the time for appeal has expired, provided that return of the exhibit has been offered to the proffering party.
72.01(46m)(46m) Criminal case exhibits containing biological material subject to forensic deoxyribonucleic acid testing under s. 974.07, stats. Any criminal case exhibit that is identified by the parties, the clerk, or the court as containing biological material and that remains in the court's custody shall be retained until the later of 50 years after entry of final judgment or until every person in custody as a result of the action or proceeding has reached his or her discharge date, or until the court otherwise orders the disposition of the evidence under s. 757.54 (2) (c) or 974.07, stats.
72.01(47)(47) Court reporter notes. Verbatim stenographic, shorthand, audio or video notes produced by a court reporter or any other verbatim record of in-court proceedings: 10 years after the hearing.
72.01(48)(48) Receipts. A receipt for money received by the clerk of circuit court or register in probate: 7 years after issuance.
72.01(49)(49) Bank transactions. Deposit slips, bank statements and canceled checks: 7 years after transaction.
72.01(50)(50) Trust account ledgers. Records of trust accounts maintained by a clerk of circuit court or register in probate: the retention period for case file from which the trust account emanates.
72.01(51)(51) Certificates of payment. A certificate or voucher authorized for payment by the court: 7 years after filing.
72.01(52)(52) Jury payroll. A record of jury fees paid: 7 years after filing.
72.01(53)(53) Juror questionnaires. A form sent to determine eligibility of prospective jurors: 4 years after panel service.
72.01(54)(54) Jury array. A list of qualified persons selected to serve as jurors: 4 years after panel service.
72.01(55)(55) Record of jurors. A record of jurors summoned to serve on juries: 4 years after panel service.
72.01(58)(58) Oaths of office. Oaths of office required to be filed with the clerk of circuit court by county officials and municipal judges: 7 years after expiration of term.
72.01(59)(59) Register of officials. A listing of the names and terms of appointment for court commissioners, deputy sheriffs, notaries public and municipal judges: 2 years after expiration of term.
72.01(60)(60) Naturalization records. Records of applications for U.S. citizenship and proceedings to grant U.S. citizenship: Transfer custody to the Wisconsin State Historical Society.
72.01(61)(61) Court records no longer created, utilized, or maintained. Records no longer created, utilized, or maintained by the court for legal purposes: 20 years after repeal, modification, supersession or amendment.
72.01(62)(62) Court records in book form. Court records kept in book form may contain various case and record types; depending upon the case and record type, one of the following shall be used to determine the longest minimum retention period as specified under this rule:
72.01(62)(a)(a) Beginning with the date of final entry for the most recently disposed case.
72.01(62)(b)(b) Beginning with the date of final entry for felony cases when maintained in books with other case types.
72.01(62)(c)(c) Beginning with the date of the 18th birthday of the youngest juvenile covered in the book when pertaining to proceedings commenced under chapter 48 of the statutes.
72.01(63)(63) Inquest records. Records of an inquest under s. 979.08, stats., including testimony, evidence, written instructions and findings of probable cause or verdict: No retention; record is delivered to the coroner or medical examiner for safekeeping.
72.01(64)(64) Incarcerated person records. Prisoner litigation correspondence, pleadings, and other documents kept until they are reviewed by a judge to determine if the action can be filed without the payment of filing fees and court costs: 5 years after date of submission.
NOTE: Sup. Ct. Order No.
states: "The Comments to SCR 72.01 are not adopted, but will be published and may be consulted for guidance in interpreting and applying SCR 72.01."
Comment, 2010: SCR 72.01 (28) contains a reference to s. 756.10, stats., which was renumbered s. 968.40, stats., by Sup. Ct. Order No.
, 207 Wis. 2d xv (1997); Wis. Stat. § 968.40 (1997). This reference is intended to clarify that sub. (28) includes matters commenced before the statutory renumbering.
SCRs 72.01 (32) through (34) contain references to ch. 880, which was repealed and replaced with Wis. Stat. ch. 54. 2005 Wis. Act 387, § 100 (effective May 25, 2006). These references are intended to clarify that subs. (32) through (34) include matters commenced before the statutory renumbering.
Wisconsin's New Rules of Professional Conduct for Attorneys. Pierce & Dietrich. Wis. Law. Feb. 2007.
History: Sup. Ct. Order Nos. 93-08 and 93-09, 176 Wis. 2d xvii (1993); Sup. Ct. Order No.
, 216 Wis. 2d xiii (1998); Sup. Ct. Order No.
, 2005 WI 66, 279 Wis. 2d xvii; Sup. Ct. Order No.
, 2006 WI 36, 287 Wis. 2d xxvii; Sub. Ct. Order No. 09-02, 2010 WI 24, 322 Wis. 2d xiii.
72.02SCR 72.02 Procedure for disposal of court records.
72.02(1)(1) A clerk of court, register in probate or other court records custodian may destroy records in his or her custody after minimum retention periods under SCR 72.01 have expired and after compliance with SCR 72.04.
72.02(2)(2) Records defined as confidential by rule or statute shall be destroyed in accordance with sub. (1) by burning, shredding or other means that will obliterate the records.
72.03SCR 72.03 Destruction of original court record after microfilming or electronically or optically storing.
72.03(1)(1) In this rule, "suitably microfilmed or microphotographed" means being microfilmed or microphotographed, to the extent practicable, in accordance with the minimum standards for microfilming and microphotographing as established by the American National Standards Institute.
72.03(2)(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of SCR 72.01, any record of a court that has been suitably microfilmed may be destroyed in accordance with SCR 72.02 (1) or (2) 2 years after entry of final order in the action for which the record is maintained or 2 years after filing for records not specifically related to court actions.
72.03(3)(3) Any record of a court that has been electronically or optically stored and preserved in accordance with SCR 72.05 may be destroyed in accordance with SCR 72.02 (1) and (2) one year after entry of a final order in the action for which the record is maintained or one year after filing for records not specifically related to court actions.
History: Sup. Ct. Order Nos. 93-08 and 93-09, 176 Wis. 2d xvii (1993).
72.04SCR 72.04 Offer of title to historical society. The custodian of the court record, prior to its destruction under this chapter, shall give at least 60 days' notice of such destruction in writing to the historical society, which may preserve any records it determines to be of historical interest. Notice is not required for any records for which destruction has previously been approved by the historical society or in which the historical society has indicated, by blanket waiver, that it has no interest for historical purposes.
72.05SCR 72.05 Retention of court records maintained as official or original information on electronic or optical storage systems.
72.05(1)(a)(a) "Accessible" means arranged, identified, indexed and maintained in a manner that permits the location and retrieval of the information in a readable format within a reasonable time by use of the proper hardware and software.
72.05(1)(b)(b) "Accurately reproduce" means that, when displayed on a retrieval device or reproduced on paper, all information exhibits a high degree of legibility and readability.
72.05(1)(c)(c) "Authenticity" means actually and reliably what is claimed and implies the ability to substantiate what is claimed.
72.05(1)(d)(d) "Legible" means that, when displayed on a retrieval device or reproduced on paper, the quality of the letters, numbers or symbols enables the user to identify them positively and quickly to the exclusion of all other letters, numbers or symbols.
72.05(1)(e)(e) "Readable" means that the quality of a group of letters, numbers or symbols is recognized as words, complete numbers or distinct symbols.
72.05(2)(2) Court records specified in SCR 72.01 and maintained as official or original information on electronic or optical storage systems shall be retained in the custody of the court for the minimum time periods specified in SCR 72.01. The system maintaining the court records shall meet all of the following requirements:
72.05(2)(a)(a) The information retained shall be in a legible and accessible format capable of accurately reproducing the original, or of sustaining readability, for the time periods specified in SCR 72.01.
72.05(2)(b)(b) Operational and technical system procedures shall protect the authenticity, confidentiality, accuracy and reliability of the information captured and provide the appropriate level of security to safeguard the integrity of the electronic or optically imaged information.
72.05(2)(c)(c) The legibility and readability of a statistically significant sampling of electronic or optically imaged records shall be verified to ensure, to a 99.5% degree of confidence, that the information or images are legible and readable. Original optical images that are not legible or readable shall be flagged and rescanned for optimum image enhancement. Illegible images shall contain the scanned notation "best possible image".
72.05(2)(d)(d) A suitable technical level of security shall be provided to protect electronic or optically imaged records that are required to be sealed, impounded or confidential and procedures shall be implemented to restrict access to only those persons authorized by statute or court order to access those records.
72.05(2)(e)(e) Suitable hardware and software shall be provided to retrieve, read and timely reproduce on paper any record retained on electronic or optical storage systems.
72.05(2)(f)(f) Procedures shall be in place and timely implemented for the backup, recovery and storage of electronically or optically stored records to protect those records against media destruction or deterioration and information loss.
72.05(2)(g)(g) For disaster recovery purposes, at least one electronically or optically stored backup copy of all automated or optically imaged records shall be maintained using accepted computer backup procedures; backup copies shall be stored in a separate location under appropriate environmental storage conditions; and a schedule to regularly update or supplement backup copies as a normal part of operations shall be implemented.
72.05(2)(h)(h) At least one set of documentation for the electronic or optical systems that produced the automated or optically imaged records shall be maintained for the retention period of those records, and documentation shall be regularly updated or supplemented when revisions are made.
72.05(2)(i)(i) Inspection of a statistically significant sampling of electronic or optically imaged records shall be conducted at least once every 3 years to verify, to a 99.5% degree of confidence, that there has been no degradation of the electronic medium or of the image quality.
72.05(2)(j)(j) A media retention and conversion review schedule shall be established to ensure that electronically or optically stored information is reviewed for data conversion or recertification at least once every 3 years or more frequently when necessary to prevent the physical loss of data or technological obsolescence of the medium.
72.05(2)(k)(k) Off-line electronic data or records stored on optical disk shall be transferred to new media or new optical disk and verified prior to the expiration of one-half of the useful life of the original media or disk as determined by the manufacturer's certified disk playback stability measured in years.
72.05(2)(L)(L) Court records electronically or optically stored, including records stored off-line and on backup media, that are expunged by court order under ss. 938.355 (4m) and 973.015, stats., shall be expunged by sealing or removing the record, obliterating the index to the record, or otherwise restricting access to the record.
72.05(3)(3) Electronically or optically stored records with historical or research value beyond the retention periods specified in SCR 72.01 shall be protected from destruction or media deterioration and transferred to the state historical society of Wisconsin in a computer-industry-accepted standard universal format, together with technical documentation.
72.05(4)(4) Records electronically or optically stored that have reached the minimum retention period specified in SCR 72.01 and that do not have historical or research value may be destroyed. For the circuit court automation program or other electronic court data systems and for write-once-read-many-times optical disk systems, records should be organized and formatted to permit the off-line disk or optical disk as a whole to be destroyed. For write-once-read-many-times disks, the destruction or sealing of the specific index reference to the obsolete record is sufficient.
72.05(5)(5) A written plan shall be provided to the director of state courts for prior approval to ensure compliance with this rule before a new electronic or optical imaging system is implemented and before an existing system is enhanced. The plan shall indicate all of the following:
72.05(5)(a)(a) That a feasibility study was conducted and an analysis made of the system's cost and conversion costs compared to ongoing current costs.
72.05(5)(b)(b) That a data migration plan has been developed for the retention period of electronically or optically stored records.
72.05(5)(c)(c) If the system is an optical imaging system, that the custodian of the record has executed a statement of intent and purpose indicating all of the following:
72.05(5)(c)1.1. The case type of record and years to be reproduced or transferred.
72.05(5)(c)2.2. The subsection of SCR 72.01 that pertains to the type of court record being imaged.
72.05(5)(c)3.3. The physical disposition of the original paper records.
72.05(5)(c)4.4. If the system is a county system, the county resolution or ordinance authorizing optical imaging.
72.05(5)(c)5.5. The certification of the records as received or created and transferred to optical disk format in the normal course of business.
72.05(5)(d)(d) That the statement of intent and purpose was provided to the office of the director of state courts.
History: Sup. Ct. Order Nos. 93-08 and 93-09, 176 Wis. 2d xvii (1993); Sup. Ct. Order No.
, 216 Wis. 2d xiii (1998).
72.06SCR 72.06 Expunction. When required by statute or court order to expunge a court record, the clerk of the court shall do all of the following:
72.06(1)(1) Remove any paper index and nonfinancial court record and place them in the case file.
72.06(2)(2) Electronically remove any automated nonfinancial record, except the case number.
72.06(4)(4) Destroy expunged court records in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
History: Sup. Ct. Order No.
, 214 Wis. 2d xiii (1997).