100.30(2)(j) (j) "Terminal" means a motor vehicle fuel storage and distribution facility that is supplied by a pipeline or marine vessel, from which facility motor vehicle fuel may be removed at a rack and from which facility at least 3 refiners or wholesalers of motor vehicle fuel sell motor vehicle fuel.
100.30(2)(k) (k) In the case of retail sales of alcohol beverages, "trade discount" shall not include discounts in the form of cash or merchandise.
100.30(2)(L) (L) "Wholesaler" includes every person holding a permit as a multiple retailer under s. 139.30 (8) and every person engaged in the business of making sales at wholesale, other than sales of motor vehicle fuel at wholesale, within this state except as follows:
100.30(2)(L)1. 1. In the case of a person engaged in the business of selling both at wholesale and at retail, "wholesaler" applies only to the wholesale portion of that business.
100.30(2)(L)2. 2. In the case of a person holding a permit as a multiple retailer as defined in s. 139.30 (8), "wholesaler" applies to that portion of the person's business involving the purchase and sale of cigarettes and to any wholesale portion of that person's business.
100.30(2)(m) (m) "Wholesaler of motor vehicle fuel" includes any of the following:
100.30(2)(m)1. 1. A person who stores motor vehicle fuel and sells it through 5 or more retail outlets that the person owns or operates.
100.30(2)(m)2. 2. A person who acquires motor vehicle fuel from a refiner or as a sale at wholesale and stores it in a bulk storage facility other than a retail station for further sale and distribution.
100.30(2)(m)3. 3. A person engaged in the business of making sales at wholesale of motor vehicle fuel within this state.
100.30(2)(m)4. 4. A person engaged in the business of selling diesel fuel if that person's sales of diesel fuel accounted for at least 60% of that person's total sales of motor vehicle fuel in the previous year or, if that person did not engage in the business of selling diesel fuel in the previous year, if that person reasonably anticipates that sales of diesel fuel will account for at least 60% of that person's total sales of motor vehicle fuel in the current year.
100.30(2m) (2m)Definitions; construction.
100.30(2m)(a)(a) When one or more items of merchandise are furnished or sold in combination with or on condition of the purchase of one or more other items, or are so advertised, all items shall be included in determining cost under sub. (2) (am) or (c); and if any of the items included therein are separately priced, such separate price shall be subject to the requirements of this section.
100.30(2m)(b) (b) With respect to the sale of merchandise other than motor vehicle fuel, any retailer who also sells to other retailers shall use the invoice cost to other retailers in computing the selling price at retail under sub. (2) (am); and if that retailer is a manufacturer or producer, both sub. (2) (am) and (c) shall be used in computing the selling price at retail. In the absence of sales to other retailers, the manufacturer's or producer's invoice cost to wholesalers shall be used in computing the manufacturer's or producer's selling price at retail as provided in sub. (2) (am) and (c).
100.30(2m)(c) (c) When 2 or more terminals are included in the same geographic area by a petroleum price reporting service, they shall be considered one terminal for purposes of sub. (2) (am) 1m. a., b. and c.
100.30(3) (3)Illegality of loss leaders. Any sale of any item of merchandise either by a retailer, wholesaler, wholesaler of motor vehicle fuel or refiner, at less than cost as defined in this section with the intent or effect of inducing the purchase of other merchandise or of unfairly diverting trade from a competitor, impairs and prevents fair competition, injures public welfare and is unfair competition and contrary to public policy and the policy of this section. Such sales are prohibited. Evidence of any sale of any item of merchandise by any retailer, wholesaler, wholesaler of motor vehicle fuel or refiner at less than cost as defined in this section shall be prima facie evidence of intent or effect to induce the purchase of other merchandise, or to unfairly divert trade from a competitor, or to otherwise injure a competitor.
100.30(4) (4)Penalties. For any violation of sub. (3), the department or a district attorney may commence an action on behalf of the state to recover a forfeiture of not less than $50 nor more than $500 for the first violation and not less than $200 nor more than $2,500 for each subsequent violation.
100.30(5) (5)Special remedies. In addition to the penalties under sub. (4), both of the following remedies apply for a violation of sub. (3):
100.30(5)(a) (a) The department may issue a special order as provided in s. 93.18 against a retailer, wholesaler, wholesaler of motor vehicle fuel or refiner requiring the person to cease and desist from violating this section in the sale of cigarettes or other tobacco products, fermented malt beverages, intoxicating liquor or wine or motor vehicle fuel. The department or a district attorney may commence an action on behalf of the state against a retailer, wholesaler, wholesaler of motor vehicle fuel or refiner who violates a special order issued under this paragraph to recover a forfeiture of not less than $200 nor more than $5,000 for each violation.
100.30(5)(b) (b) The department or a district attorney may bring an action to enjoin a violation of this section without being compelled to allege or prove that an adequate remedy at law does not exist. An action under this paragraph may be commenced and prosecuted by the department or a district attorney, in the name of the state, in a circuit court in the county where the offense occurred or in Dane County, notwithstanding s. 801.50.
100.30(5m) (5m)Private cause of action. Any person who is injured or threatened with injury as a result of a sale or purchase of motor vehicle fuel in violation of sub. (3) may bring an action against the person who violated sub. (3) for temporary or permanent injunctive relief or an action against the person for 3 times the amount of any monetary loss sustained or an amount equal to $2,000, whichever is greater, multiplied by each day of continued violation, together with costs, including accounting fees and reasonable attorney fees, notwithstanding s. 814.04 (1). An action under this subsection may not be brought after 180 days after the date of a violation of sub. (3).
100.30(5r) (5r)Private cause of action; sale of tobacco products. Any person who is injured or threatened with injury as a result of a sale or purchase of cigarettes or other tobacco products in violation of this section may bring an action against the person who violated this section for temporary or permanent injunctive relief or an action against the person for 3 times the amount of any monetary loss sustained or an amount equal to $2,000, whichever is greater, multiplied by each day of continued violation, together with costs, including accounting fees and reasonable attorney fees, notwithstanding s. 814.04 (1).
100.30(6) (6)Exceptions.
100.30(6)(a)(a) The provisions of this section shall not apply to sales at retail or sales at wholesale where:
100.30(6)(a)1. 1. Merchandise is sold in bona fide clearance sales.
100.30(6)(a)2. 2. Perishable merchandise must be sold promptly in order to forestall loss.
100.30(6)(a)3. 3. Merchandise is imperfect or damaged or is being discontinued.
100.30(6)(a)4. 4. Merchandise is sold upon the final liquidation of any business.
100.30(6)(a)5. 5. Merchandise is sold for charitable purposes or to relief agencies.
100.30(6)(a)6. 6. Merchandise is sold on contract to departments of the government or governmental institutions.
100.30(6)(a)7. 7. The price of merchandise is made in good faith to meet an existing price of a competitor and is based on evidence in the possession of the retailer, wholesaler, wholesaler of motor vehicle fuel or refiner in the form of an advertisement, proof of sale or receipted purchase, price survey or other business record maintained by the retailer, wholesaler, wholesaler of motor vehicle fuel or refiner in the ordinary course of trade or the usual conduct of business.
100.30(6)(a)8. 8. Merchandise is sold by any officer acting under the order or direction of any court.
100.30(6)(a)9. 9. Motor vehicle fuel is sold by a person to a wholesaler of motor vehicle fuel, who may sell the motor vehicle fuel at either retail or wholesale.
100.30(6)(b) (b) No retailer or wholesaler may claim the exemptions under par. (a) 1. to 4. if he or she limits or otherwise restricts the quantity of such merchandise which can be purchased by any buyer or if he or she fails to conspicuously disclose the reason for such sale in all advertisements relating thereto and on a label or tag on such merchandise or on a placard where the merchandise is displayed for sale.
100.30(6)(c) (c) No person may claim the exemption under par. (a) 7. if that person holds a permit under subch. II of ch. 139.
100.30(6)(d) (d) No retailer or wholesaler may claim the exemption under par. (a) 7. if that wholesaler or retailer holds a permit under subch. II of ch. 139.
100.30(7) (7)Notification requirements.
100.30(7)(a)(a) If a retailer, wholesaler, wholesaler of motor vehicle fuel or refiner lowers in good faith the price of motor vehicle fuel below the applicable price specified under sub. (2) (am) 1m. to meet an existing price of a competitor, the person shall submit to the department notification of the lower price before the close of business on the day on which the price was lowered in the form and the manner required by the department.
100.30(7)(b) (b) Failure to comply with par. (a) creates a rebuttable presumption that the retailer, wholesaler, wholesaler of motor vehicle fuel or refiner did not lower the price to meet the existing price of a competitor.
100.30(7)(c) (c) If a retailer, wholesaler, wholesaler of motor vehicle fuel or refiner complies with par. (a), all of the following apply:
100.30(7)(c)1. 1. The department may not proceed under sub. (5) against the retailer, wholesaler, wholesaler of motor vehicle fuel or refiner.
100.30(7)(c)2. 2. The retailer, wholesaler, wholesaler of motor vehicle fuel or refiner is immune from liability under sub. (5m).
100.30 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also s. ATCP 105.01, Wis. adm. code.
100.30 Annotation The state constitution protects the right to a trial by jury for a civil suit brought under this section. Village Food & Liquor Mart v. H & S Petroleum, Inc. 2002 WI 92, 254 Wis. 2d 478, 647 N.W.2d 100, 00-2493.
100.30 Annotation The only reasonable construction of "terminal closest to the retailer" under sub. (2) (am) 1m. c. is the terminal closest to the location where the retail sale occurs, not the corporate headquarters of the seller. Gross v. Woodman's Food Market, Inc. 2002 WI App 295, 259 Wis. 2d 181, 655 N.W.2d 718, 01-1746.
100.30 Annotation Sub. (3) prohibits a sale at less than statutory cost if the seller had either an intent proscribed by the statute or the sale had an effect proscribed by the statute. Gross v. Woodman's Food Market, Inc. 2002 WI App 295, 259 Wis. 2d 181, 655 N.W.2d 718, 01-1746.
100.30 Annotation This section is not so vague that it constitutes a denial of due process. That a seller may be penalized even if the seller lacks the intent to violate the section does not violate due process. Gross v. Woodman's Food Market, Inc. 2002 WI App 295, 259 Wis. 2d 181, 655 N.W.2d 718, 01-1746.
100.30 Annotation There is no requirement in sub. (7) that a retailer must conduct a price survey within any particular time period. DATCP by rule recommends that sellers maintain daily price surveys, but the department does not require or even recommend a survey every 24 hours. 22 Shawano, LLC v. R. C. Samanta Roy Institute of Science and Technology, Inc. 2006 WI App 14, 289 Wis. 2d 196, 709 N.W.2d 98, 05-0427.
100.30 Annotation "Competitor" in the phrase "existing price of a competitor" in sub. (2) (cj) is not limited to competitors located in Wisconsin. Go America L.L.C. v. Kwik Trip, Inc. 2006 WI App 94, 292 Wis. 2d 795, 715 N.W.2d 746, 05-1512.
100.30 Annotation Sub. (2) (Lm) [now (2) (k)] qualifies the term "trade discount" in determining "cost to retailer" under sub. (2) (a) for sales of fermented malt beverages and intoxicating liquors. Sub. (2) (Lm) [now (2) (k)] is not a catchall prohibition against all trade discounts and does not apply to bona fide quantity discounts. 63 Atty. Gen. 516.
100.30 Annotation This section does not violate federal antitrust laws or constitutional due process. 77 Atty. Gen. 163.
100.30 Annotation Flying J, Inc. v. Van Hollen, 597 F. Supp. 2d 848, is reversed. The minimum markup provisions are not preempted by the Sherman Antitrust Act and are enforceable. Flying J, Inc. v. Van Hollen, 621 F.3d 658 (2010).
100.30 Annotation Wisconsin's unfair sales act — Unfair to whom? Waxman, 66 MLR 293 (1983).
100.305 100.305 Prohibited selling practices during periods of abnormal economic disruption.
100.305(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
100.305(1)(a) (a) "Consumer goods or services" means goods or services that are used primarily for personal, family, or household purposes.
100.305(1)(b) (b) "Emergency" includes any of the following:
100.305(1)(b)1. 1. A tornado, flood, fire, storm, or other destructive act of nature.
100.305(1)(b)2. 2. A disruption of energy supplies to the degree that a serious risk is posed to the economic well-being, health, or welfare of the public.
100.305(1)(b)3. 3. Hostile action.
100.305(1)(b)4. 4. A strike or civil disorder.
100.305(1)(c) (c) "Hostile action" means an act of violence against a person or property in the United States by a foreign power or by a foreign or domestic terrorist.
100.305(1)(d) (d) "Period of abnormal economic disruption" means a period of time during which normal business transactions in the state or a part of the state are disrupted, or are threatened to be disrupted, due to an emergency.
100.305(1)(e) (e) "Seller" means a manufacturer, producer, supplier, wholesaler, distributor, or retailer.
100.305(2) (2)Prohibition. No seller may sell, or offer to sell, in this state at wholesale or at retail, consumer goods or services at unreasonably excessive prices if the governor, by executive order, has certified that the state or a part of the state is in a period of abnormal economic disruption.
100.305(3) (3)Rules. The department shall promulgate rules to establish formulas or other standards to be used in determining whether a wholesale or retail price is unreasonably excessive.
100.305(4m) (4m)Enforcement; penalty. If a seller violates sub. (2), the department or, after consulting with the department, the department of justice, may do any of the following:
100.305(4m)(a) (a) Issue to the seller a warning notice specifying the action that the seller is required to take in order not to be in violation of sub. (2).
100.305(4m)(b) (b) Commence an action against the seller in the name of the state to recover a civil forfeiture of not more $10,000 or to temporarily or permanently restrain or enjoin the seller from violating sub. (2), or both.
100.305 History History: 2005 a. 450.
100.305 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. ATCP 106, Wis. adm. code.
100.31 100.31 Unfair discrimination in drug pricing.
100.31(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
100.31(1)(a) (a) "Drug" means any substance subject to 21 USC 353 (b).
100.31(1)(b) (b) "Purchaser" means any person who engages primarily in selling drugs directly to consumers.
100.31(1)(c) (c) "Seller" means any person who trades in drugs for resale to purchasers in this state.
100.31(2) (2)Price discrimination prohibited. Every seller shall offer drugs from the list of therapeutically equivalent drugs published by the federal food and drug administration to every purchaser in this state, with all rights and privileges offered or accorded by the seller to the most favored purchaser, including purchase prices for similar volume purchases, rebates, free merchandise, samples and similar trade concessions. Nothing in this subsection prohibits the giving of a discount for volume purchases.
100.31(3) (3)Treble damages. Any purchaser damaged by violation of this section may bring an action against the seller to recover treble damages sustained by reason of such violation.
100.31(4) (4)Penalties. For any violation of this section, the department or a district attorney may commence an action on behalf of the state to recover a forfeiture of not less than $100 nor more than $10,000 for each offense. Each delivery of a drug sold to a purchaser at a price in violation of this section and each separate day in violation of an injunction issued under this section is a separate offense.
100.31(5) (5)Special remedies. The department or a district attorney may bring an action to enjoin a violation of this section without being compelled to allege or prove that an adequate remedy at law does not exist. An action under this subsection may be commenced and prosecuted by the department or a district attorney, in the name of the state, in a circuit court in the county where the offense occurred or in Dane County, notwithstanding s. 801.50.
100.31 History History: 1975 c. 168, 421, 422; 1983 a. 188, 189; 1993 a. 352.
100.31 Annotation State and local units of government are not "purchasers" under sub. (1), and sellers of drugs are not prohibited from offering or according to them pricing arrangements that are not made available to other purchasers. 65 Atty. Gen. 59.
100.31 Annotation "Most favored purchaser" under sub. (2) does not refer to purchasers outside Wisconsin. The constitutionality of this statute is upheld. K-S Pharmacies v. American Home Products, 962 F.2d 728 (1992).
100.313 100.313 Solicitation of a fee for providing a public record.
100.313(1)(1) In this section:
100.313(1)(a) (a) "Local unit of government" means a political subdivision of this state, a special purpose district in this state, an instrumentality or corporation of such a political subdivision or special purpose district, or a combination or subunit of any of the foregoing.
100.313(1)(b) (b) "Record" means any material on which written, drawn, printed, spoken, visual, or electromagnetic information is recorded or preserved, regardless of physical form or characteristics, which has been created or is being kept by a local unit of government or a state agency.
100.313(1)(c) (c) "Solicit" means to directly advertise or market through writing or graphics and via mail, telefax, or electronic mail to an individually identified person, residence, or business location. "Solicit" does not include any of the following:
100.313(1)(c)1. 1. Communicating through a mass advertisement, including a catalog, a radio or television broadcast, or a website.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Oct. 4, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Oct. 4, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-4-14)