“Clear and present hazard" means a hazard found by the department to constitute a demonstrable danger to human safety, life or property.
“Fabric" means any material woven, knitted, felted or otherwise produced from or in combination with any natural or synthetic fiber, film or substitute therefor which is manufactured or designed for use and may reasonably be expected to be used in any product or to cover any product.
“Furnishing" means any type of furnishing made in whole or in part of fabric or related material and which is manufactured or designed for use and may reasonably be expected to be used in or around homes, offices or other places of assembly or accommodation.
“Product" means any article of wearing apparel, fabric or furnishing, including tents, awnings and knapsacks.
“Related material" means paper, plastic, rubber, synthetic film or synthetic foam which is manufactured or designed for use or which may reasonably be expected to be used in or on any product.
(2) Standards of flammability.
The department may by rule prescribe standards of flammability that have been promulgated pursuant to the federal act.
(3) Prohibited acts.
No person may manufacture for sale, sell or offer for sale in this state any furnishing, product, fabric or related material in violation of this section or of any standards or rules adopted by the department under this section, or which fails to conform with applicable standards under the federal act.
In addition to standards of flammability, the department may by rule prescribe labeling requirements that have been established by rules promulgated pursuant to the federal act, and may ban the sale of any product or material if it finds that its flammability is such as to constitute a clear and present hazard to personal safety or property.
(5) Removal from sale.
The department may summarily ban the sale or distribution of any furnishing, fabric, product or related material if it finds that the hazard of flammability is so great that such hazard should not be permitted to continue prior to the time a hearing can be held. The department shall follow the procedure specified in s. 93.18 (3)
History: 1975 c. 117
“Consumer product" means any article, or component part thereof, produced or distributed for sale, or sold to consumers for personal use, consumption or enjoyment in or around the home, or for recreational or other purposes; but does not include bullets or other ammunition, or gun powder for reloading ammunition, motor vehicles or motor vehicle equipment, aircraft or aircraft equipment, boats or marine equipment, pesticides, hazardous substances, food and drugs, including animal feeds and drugs, or other products to the extent that they are regulated under other state or federal laws, or the state is specifically preempted from further regulation under federal law.
“Labeling" means all labels and other written, printed or graphic matter on or attached to or accompanying any consumer product.
(2) Safety standards.
The department may by rule adopt consumer product safety standards that have been promulgated pursuant to the federal act.
(3) Removal from sale: repair or replacement. 100.42(3)(a)(a)
The department may summarily ban the sale of any consumer product manufactured, sold or distributed in violation of this section or any rule adopted under this section, or which presents an unreasonable risk of injury or imminent hazard to the public health, welfare and safety. Any such product may be summarily banned notwithstanding the existence of applicable safety standards or action taken toward the development or adoption of a standard. The department shall follow the procedure specified in s. 93.18 (3)
If the department determines that a product presents a substantial hazard or risk of injury, the department may, after notice and opportunity for hearing under s. 93.18
, order the manufacturer, distributor or retailer of such product:
To bring such product into compliance with requirements of applicable consumer product safety standards, to recall such product or to repair any defects in products which have been sold;
To replace such product with a like or equivalent product which complies with applicable consumer product safety standards or which does not contain the defect; or
(4) Prohibited acts; enforcement.
No person may manufacture, sell or distribute for sale any consumer product which is not in compliance with applicable consumer product safety standards under the federal act or rules of the department, or which has been banned as a hazardous product or ordered from sale by the department. No person may fail or refuse to comply with an order under sub. (3) (b)
or any other rule or order under this section. In addition to other penalties and enforcement procedures, the department may apply to any court of competent jurisdiction for a temporary or permanent injunction restraining any person from violating this section or rules adopted under this section.
Except with respect to a consumer product which is the subject of a temporary or permanent injunction or an order of the department banning its manufacture, sale or distribution, sub. (4)
does not apply to any person who holds a certificate issued in accordance with section 14 (a) of the federal act to the effect that such consumer product conforms to all applicable consumer product safety standards under such act, unless such person knows that such consumer product does not conform; or to any person who relies in good faith on the representation of the manufacturer or distributor of such product that the product is not subject to an applicable safety standard under the federal act.
Federal preemption—The consumer product safety act of 1976 and its effect on Wisconsin law. 1977 WLR 813.
See also ch. ATCP 139
, Wis. adm. code.
Packaging standards; poison prevention. 100.43(1)(a)
“Cosmetic" means articles other than soap, applied to the human body or any part thereof for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance, or any component of any such article.
“Household substance" means any substance customarily produced, distributed for sale, or sold to individuals for consumption or use in or about the household, or which is customarily kept or stored by individuals in or about the household, and which is a hazardous substance, a pesticide, a food, drug or cosmetic, or a substance intended for use as fuel when stored in a portable container and used in the heating, cooking, or refrigeration system of a house.
“Labeling" means all labels and other written, printed, or graphic matter upon any household substance or its package, or accompanying such substance.
“Package" means the immediate container or wrapping in which any household substance is contained for consumption, use or storage by individuals in or about the household and, for purposes of labeling conventional packaging under sub. (3)
, includes any outer container or wrapping used for retail display of any such substance to consumers. The term does not apply to shipping containers or wrappings used solely for the transportation of household substances in bulk or quantity to manufacturers, packers, or processors, or to wholesale or retail distributors thereof, or to containers or wrappings used by retailers to ship or deliver household substances to consumers, unless they are the only containers or wrappings used to ship or deliver the household substance to the consumer.
“Special packaging" means packaging designed or constructed to make it significantly difficult for children under 5 years of age to open or obtain a toxic or harmful amount of the household substance contained therein within a reasonable time, but which may be readily opened by normal adults.
(2) Packaging standards.
The department may by rule adopt special packaging standards that have been promulgated pursuant to the federal act.
(3) Conventional packaging exemptions. 100.43(3)(a)(a)
The manufacturer or packer of a household substance subject to special packaging standards may, as necessary to make such substance available to elderly or handicapped persons unable to use such substances when packaged in compliance with such standards, package any household substances subject to such standards in conventional packaging of a single size which does not comply with such standard if:
The manufacturer or packer also supplies such substance in packages which comply with applicable standards; and
The packages bear conspicuous labeling stating: “This package for households without young children", or such other statement as may be prescribed under applicable standards.
If it is determined that a household substance packaged in noncomplying package is not also being supplied by the manufacturer or packer in popular size packages which comply with special packaging standards, the department may by special order require the manufacturer or packer of such substance to package it exclusively in special packaging complying with applicable standards.
A household substance, subject to special packaging standards, which is dispensed pursuant to a prescription of a physician, dentist, or other licensed medical practitioner may be sold in conventional or noncomplying packages when directed in such prescription or requested by the purchaser.
No person may manufacture, distribute or sell any household substance which is not packaged in compliance with applicable special packaging standards under the federal act or rules of the department. No person may violate this section or any rule or order issued under this section.
The department may summarily ban the sale or distribution of any household substance which is sold or offered for sale in violation of this section or of any rules or order issued under this section. The department shall follow the procedure specified in s. 93.18 (3)
The department may apply to any court of competent jurisdiction for a temporary or permanent injunction restraining any person from violating this section, or any rule or order issued under this section.
See also ch. ATCP 139
, Wis. adm. code.
Identification and notice of replacement part manufacturer. 100.44(1)(a)
“Motor vehicle" means any motor-driven vehicle required to be registered under ch. 341
or exempt from registration under s. 341.05 (2)
, including a demonstrator or executive vehicle not titled or titled by a manufacturer or a motor vehicle dealer. “Motor vehicle" does not mean a moped, semitrailer or trailer designed for use in combination with a truck or truck tractor.
“Replacement part" means a replacement for any of the nonmechanical sheet metal or plastic parts that generally constitute the exterior of a motor vehicle, including inner and outer panels.
(2) Identification on replacement part.
A replacement part that is not made by or for a person who manufactures motor vehicles shall have the logo or name of the manufacturer of the replacement part affixed to or inscribed on the replacement part. The logo or name shall be placed on the replacement part so that to the extent practicable it is visible after installation.
(3) Sale of unlabeled replacement parts.
On or after January 1, 1993, no person may sell in this state or deliver for sale in this state a replacement part that is not made by or for a person who manufactures motor vehicles unless the replacement part identifies its manufacturer as required under sub. (2)
Any person who violates sub. (3)
may be required to forfeit not more than $500 for each violation. Each day of violation constitutes a separate offense.
For any violation of sub. (3)
, the department may, on behalf of the state, bring an action in any court of competent jurisdiction for the recovery of forfeitures authorized under sub. (4)
, for temporary or permanent injunctive relief and for any other appropriate relief. The court may make any order or judgment that is necessary to restore to any person any pecuniary loss suffered because of a violation of sub. (3)
if proof of the loss is shown to the satisfaction of the court.
History: 1991 a. 176
Mobile air conditioners. 100.45(1)(a)
“Approved refrigerant recovery equipment" means equipment that the department or an independent standards testing organization approved by the department determines will minimize the release of ozone-depleting refrigerant when the equipment is used to transfer ozone-depleting refrigerant from mobile air conditioners into storage tanks.
“Approved refrigerant recycling equipment" means equipment that the department or an independent standards testing organization approved by the department determines will treat ozone-depleting refrigerant removed from a mobile air conditioner so that the ozone-depleting refrigerant meets the standard of purity for recycled refrigerant from mobile air conditioners established under sub. (5) (a) 1.
“Manufacturer" has the meaning given in s. 218.0101 (20)
, except that, if more than one person satisfies the definition in s. 218.0101 (20)
with respect to a motor vehicle, “manufacturer" means the person who installs the mobile air conditioner that is in the motor vehicle when the motor vehicle is distributed for sale in this state.
“Mobile air conditioner" means mechanical vapor compression refrigeration equipment used to cool the driver or passenger compartment of a motor vehicle.
“Ozone-depleting refrigerant" means a substance used in refrigeration that is or contains a class I substance, as defined in 42 USC 7671
(3) or a class II substance, as defined in 42 USC 7671
“State agency" means any office, department, agency, institution of higher education, association, society, or other body in state government created or authorized to be created by the constitution or any law which is entitled to expend moneys appropriated by law, including the legislature and the courts, the Wisconsin Housing and Economic Development Authority, the Bradley Center Sports and Entertainment Corporation, the University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority, the Wisconsin Health and Educational Facilities Authority, the Wisconsin Aerospace Authority, the Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation, and the Fox River Navigational System Authority.
“Trailer refrigeration equipment" means mechanical vapor compression refrigeration equipment used to cool a trailer designed for carrying property wholly on its own structure and for being drawn by a motor vehicle.
(2) Distribution of mobile air conditioners. 100.45(2)(a)(a)
A manufacturer or distributor may not distribute for sale in this state a mobile air conditioner that contains ozone-depleting refrigerant and that is original equipment in a new motor vehicle.
The department may waive the application of par. (a)
to a manufacturer or distributor for a period of one year if any of the following applies:
All substitutes for ozone-depleting refrigerant are toxic and their use is not safe for consumers, industry or the environment.
Substitutes for ozone-depleting refrigerant are not available in sufficient quantities for the manufacturer or distributor to comply with par. (a)
An acceptable mobile air conditioner cannot be manufactured in sufficient quantities for the manufacturer to comply with par. (a)
and the progress made by the manufacturer or distributor toward complying with par. (a)
is comparable with the progress made by other manufacturers and distributors toward complying with par. (a)
After December 31, 1990, no person may sell or offer to sell any ozone-depleting refrigerant in a container holding less than 15 pounds of ozone-depleting refrigerant.
No person may sell or offer to sell new or reclaimed ozone-depleting refrigerant for use in a mobile air conditioner or in trailer refrigeration equipment except to one of the following:
A person who intends to resell the ozone-depleting refrigerant.