101.647(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
101.647(1)(a) (a) "Carbon monoxide detector" has the meaning given in s. 101.149 (1) (am).
101.647(1)(am) (am) Notwithstanding s. 101.61 (1), "dwelling" does not include a tourist rooming house, as defined in s. 254.61 (6).
101.647(1)(b) (b) "Fuel-burning appliance" means a device that is installed in a dwelling, that burns fossil fuel or carbon-based fuel, and that produces carbon monoxide as a combustion by-product.
101.647(2) (2)Installation and safety certification. The owner of a dwelling shall install any carbon monoxide detector required under this section according to the directions and specifications of the manufacturer of the carbon monoxide detector. A carbon monoxide detector required under this section shall bear an Underwriters Laboratories, Inc., listing mark and may be a device that is combined with a smoke detector.
101.647(3) (3)Requirements.
101.647(3)(a)(a) The owner of a dwelling shall install a functional carbon monoxide detector in the basement of the dwelling and on each floor level except the attic, garage, or storage area of each dwelling unit. A carbon monoxide detector wired to the dwelling's electrical wiring system shall have a backup battery power supply. Except as provided under par. (b), the occupant of the dwelling unit shall maintain any carbon monoxide detector in that unit. This paragraph does not apply to the owner of a dwelling that has no attached garage, no fireplace, and no fuel-burning appliance.
101.647(3)(am)1.1. If the building permit for the initial construction of a dwelling was issued on or after February 1, 2011, and the electrical service for the dwelling is provided by a public utility, as defined in s. 196.01 (5), the owner of the dwelling shall install each carbon monoxide detector required under par. (a) so that it is powered by the dwelling's electrical wiring system, except as provided under subd. 2.
101.647(3)(am)2. 2. The requirement that each carbon monoxide detector be installed in the manner provided under subd. 1. does not apply to a dwelling if the dwelling, when initially constructed, had no attached garage, no fireplace, and no fuel-burning appliance.
101.647(3)(b) (b) If any occupant who is not the owner of a dwelling, or any person authorized by state law or by city, village, town, or county ordinance or resolution to exercise powers or duties involving inspection of real or personal property, gives written notice to the owner that the carbon monoxide detector is not functional, the owner shall provide, within 5 days after receipt of that notice, any maintenance necessary to make that carbon monoxide detector functional.
101.647(4) (4)Inspection. The department or person authorized by state law or by city, village, town, or county ordinance or resolution to exercise powers or duties involving inspection of real or personal property may inspect new dwellings and, at the request of the owner or renter, may inspect the interior of a dwelling unit in a dwelling to ensure compliance with this section.
101.647(5) (5)Liability exemption. The owner of a dwelling is not liable for damages resulting from any of the following:
101.647(5)(a) (a) A false alarm from a carbon monoxide detector if the carbon monoxide detector was reasonably maintained by the owner of the dwelling.
101.647(5)(b) (b) The failure of a carbon monoxide detector to operate properly if that failure was the result of tampering with, or removal or destruction of, the carbon monoxide detector by a person other than the owner of the dwelling or the result of a faulty detector that was reasonably maintained by the owner of the dwelling.
101.647(6) (6)Tampering prohibited. No person may tamper with, remove, destroy, disconnect, or remove batteries from an installed carbon monoxide detector, except in the course of inspection, maintenance, or replacement of the detector.
101.647 History History: 2009 a. 158.
101.647 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. SPS 328, Wis. adm. code.
101.65 101.65 Municipal authority. Except as provided by s. 101.651, cities, villages, towns and counties:
101.65(1) (1) May:
101.65(1)(a) (a) Exercise jurisdiction over the construction and inspection of new dwellings by passage of ordinances, provided such ordinances meet the requirements of the one- and 2-family dwelling code adopted in accordance with this subchapter. Except as provided by s. 101.651, a county ordinance shall apply in any city, village or town which has not enacted such ordinance.
101.65(1)(b) (b) Under s. 66.0301, jointly exercise the jurisdiction granted under par. (a).
101.65(1)(c) (c) By ordinance establish and collect fees to defray the cost of jurisdiction exercised under par. (a) or (b).
101.65(1)(d) (d) By ordinance provide remedies and penalties for violation of the jurisdiction exercised under par. (a) or (b).
101.65(1m) (1m) May not issue a building permit to a person who is required to be certified under s. 101.654 unless that person, on applying for a building permit, produces a certificate issued by the department or other evidence satisfactory to the department showing that the person is in compliance with s. 101.654.
101.65(1r) (1r) Shall require an owner who applies for a building permit to sign a statement advising the owner that if the owner hires a contractor to perform work under the building permit and the contractor is not bonded or insured as required under s. 101.654 (2) (a), the following consequences might occur:
101.65(1r)(a) (a) The owner may be held liable for any bodily injury to or death of others or for any damage to the property of others that arises out of the work performed under the building permit or that is caused by any negligence by the contractor that occurs in connection with the work performed under the building permit.
101.65(1r)(b) (b) The owner may not be able to collect from the contractor damages for any loss sustained by the owner because of a violation by the contractor of the one- and 2-family dwelling code or an ordinance enacted under sub. (1) (a), because of any bodily injury to or death of others or damage to the property of others that arises out of the work performed under the building permit or because of any bodily injury to or death of others or damage to the property of others that is caused by any negligence by the contractor that occurs in connection with the work performed under the building permit.
101.65(2) (2) Shall contract with the department for those inspection services which the municipality does not perform or contract for under sub. (1) (a) or (b) and reimburse the department for its reasonable and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of such services pursuant to s. 101.63 (9).
101.65(3) (3) Shall use the standard building permit form prescribed and furnished by the department and file a copy of each such permit issued with the department.
101.65 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also s. SPS 320.06, Wis. adm. code.
101.65 Annotation Municipalities may contract with independent contractors to provide inspection services under this section. Giffin v. Poetzl, 2001 WI App 207, 247 Wis. 2d 906, 634 N.W.2d 901, 00-2633.
101.651 101.651 Special requirements for smaller municipalities.
101.651(1)(1) Definition. In this section, "municipality" means a city, village or town with a population of 2,500 or less.
101.651(2m) (2m)Enforcement options. A municipality shall exercise jurisdiction over the construction and inspection of new one- and 2-family dwellings by enacting ordinances under s. 101.65 (1) (a) or shall exercise the jurisdiction granted under s. 101.65 (1) (a) jointly under s. 101.65 (1) (b), unless any of the following conditions are met:
101.651(2m)(a) (a) The municipality adopts a resolution requesting under sub. (3) (a) that a county enforce this subchapter or an ordinance enacted under s. 101.65 (1) (a) throughout the municipality and that a county provide inspection services in the municipality to administer and enforce this subchapter or an ordinance enacted under s. 101.65 (1) (a).
101.651(2m)(c) (c) Under sub. (3) (b), the department enforces this subchapter throughout the municipality and provides inspection services in the municipality to administer and enforce this subchapter.
101.651(3) (3)Departmental and county authority in municipalities; generally.
101.651(3)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), the department or a county may not enforce this subchapter or provide inspection services in a municipality unless requested to do so by a person with respect to a particular dwelling or by the municipality. A request by a person or a municipality with respect to a particular dwelling does not give the department or a county authority with respect to any other dwelling. Costs shall be collected under s. 101.65 (1) (c) or ss. 101.63 (9) and 101.65 (2) from a person or municipality making a request under this subsection.
101.651(3)(b) (b) The department shall provide inspection services and shall enforce this subchapter throughout any municipality that does not exercise jurisdiction under sub. (2m) and that has not adopted a resolution under sub. (2m) (a).
101.651(4) (4)Data relating to housing starts in municipalities. Municipalities shall furnish statistical data relating to housing starts to the department as requested by the department.
101.651(5) (5)Effect of section on certain laws. This section does not affect the applicability of rules or an ordinance adopted under this subchapter to builders, designers and owners of dwellings located in a municipality.
101.651 History History: 1981 c. 20; 1989 a. 31; 1991 a. 309; 1999 a. 9; 2003 a. 90.
101.653 101.653 Construction site erosion control.
101.653(1) (1) Definition. In this section, "best management practices" means practices, techniques or measures that the department determines to be effective means of preventing or reducing pollutants of surface water generated from construction sites.
101.653(2) (2)Soil erosion prevention rules. The department shall promulgate rules that establish standards for practices to prevent soil erosion related to the construction of one- and 2-family dwellings, subject to all of the following requirements:
101.653(2)(a) (a) At a minimum, the rules shall require the use of best management practices.
101.653(2)(b) (b) The rules shall require the use of more restrictive or additional practices on an area with a slope that is greater than 12%.
101.653(2m) (2m)Rules for administration. The department shall promulgate rules for the administration of construction site erosion control under this subchapter by counties, cities, villages and towns, including provisions regarding the issuance of building permits and the collection and distribution of fees.
101.653(4) (4)Applicability of local subdivision regulation. All powers granted to a county, city, village or town under s. 236.45 may be exercised by it with respect to construction site erosion control regulation if the county, city, village or town has or provides a planning commission or agency.
101.653(5) (5)Municipal responsibilities; department review.
101.653(5)(a)(a) Each city, village, town or county that enforces those provisions of an ordinance enacted under s. 101.65 (1) (a) related to construction site erosion shall do all of the following:
101.653(5)(a)1. 1. Obtain the services of an inspector certified to conduct all inspections related to the soil erosion control standards under this section.
101.653(5)(a)2. 2. Obtain the services of a plan reviewer certified to review all erosion control plans submitted under this section.
101.653(5)(a)3. 3. Review erosion control plans, conduct inspections of erosion control practices and enforce the requirements of this section as provided in s. 101.65 (1) (d).
101.653(5)(a)4. 4. Complete the review of an erosion control plan no later than the 15th working day after the day that the erosion control plan is submitted.
101.653(5)(b) (b) The department shall review the construction site erosion control program for one- and 2-family dwellings of each city, village, town or county that enforces those provisions of an ordinance enacted under s. 101.65 (1) (a) related to construction site erosion to ascertain compliance with par. (a) and the rules promulgated under this section. This review shall include all of the following:
101.653(5)(b)1. 1. A performance audit of the erosion control program of the county, city, village or town.
101.653(5)(b)2. 2. A written determination by the department, issued every 3 years, of whether or not the county, city, village or town complies with par. (a).
101.653(6m) (6m)Review. The department and the department of natural resources shall enter into a memorandum of agreement that establishes a process for reviewing the standards established under sub. (2), periodically updating those standards and reviewing the training program. The memorandum of understanding shall ensure that local officials and other persons interested in the standards established under sub. (2) and the training program may participate in the process.
101.653(7) (7)Enforcement; remedies.
101.653(7)(a)(a) A county, city, village or town may submit orders to abate violations of those provisions of an ordinance enacted under s. 101.65 (1) (a) related to construction site erosion to the district attorney, the corporation counsel or the attorney general for enforcement. The district attorney, the corporation counsel or the attorney general may enforce those orders.
101.653(7)(b) (b) The department or a city, village, town or county may issue a special order directing the immediate cessation of work on a one- or 2-family dwelling until the necessary plan approval is obtained or until the site complies with the rules promulgated under sub. (2).
101.653(8) (8)Inapplicability. This section does not apply to a construction site that has a land disturbance area that is one acre or more in area.
101.653 History History: 1991 a. 309; 2013 a. 20.
101.653 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also s. SPS 321.125 and ch. SPS 360, Wis. adm. code.
101.654 101.654 Contractor certification; education.
101.654(1) (1)
101.654(1)(a)(a) Subject to par. (b), no person may obtain a building permit unless the person annually obtains from the department a certificate of financial responsibility showing that the person is in compliance with sub. (2), completes the continuing education requirements described under sub. (1m), and furnishes to the issuer of the permit proof of completion of those continuing education requirements.
101.654(1)(b) (b) Paragraph (a) does not apply to an owner of a dwelling who resides or will reside in the dwelling and who applies for a building permit to perform work on that dwelling.
101.654(1)(c)1.1. In this paragraph, "license" has the meaning given in s. 101.02 (21) (a).
101.654(1)(c)2. 2. The continuing education requirements under par. (a) and the rules promulgated by the department under sub. (1m) do not apply to any person who holds a current license issued by the department at the time that the person obtains a building permit if the work the person does under the permit is work for which the person is licensed.
101.654(1m) (1m)
101.654(1m)(a)(a) The department shall promulgate rules establishing continuing education requirements for persons seeking to obtain a building permit under sub. (1) (a).
101.654(1m)(b) (b) The rules promulgated under this subsection shall require all of the following:
101.654(1m)(b)1. 1. Completion every 2 years of at least 12 hours of continuing education relevant to the professional area of expertise of the person seeking to obtain a building permit, approved by the department.
101.654(1m)(b)2. 2. Attendance at one or more professional meetings or educational seminars designed for both building contractors and building inspectors.
101.654(1m)(b)3. 3. For a person who does not hold a certificate of financial responsibility on April 11, 2006, successful completion of an examination developed by the department on the continuing education courses required under this subsection.
101.654(1m)(c) (c) The rules promulgated under this subsection may not require a person who holds a certificate of financial responsibility on April 11, 2006, to take an examination on the continuing education courses required under this subsection.
101.654(1m)(cm) (cm) The rules promulgated under this subsection may not require a person to take continuing education courses, or to take an examination on continuing education courses, that are not relevant to that person's professional area of expertise.
101.654(1m)(d) (d) Subject to the continuing education requirements under pars. (b) and (c), the rules promulgated under par. (a) may specify different continuing education course requirements for persons who hold a certificate of financial responsibility on April 11, 2006, and for persons who do not hold a certificate of financial responsibility on April 11, 2006.
101.654(1m)(e) (e) The continuing education approved by the department under par. (b) 1. shall include courses offered by private organizations with whom the department contracts under s. 101.657. The department may approve courses that are offered by other states.
101.654(2) (2) An applicant for a certificate of financial responsibility shall provide to the satisfaction of the department proof of all of the following:
101.654(2)(a) (a) That the applicant has in force one of the following:
101.654(2)(a)1. 1. A bond endorsed by a surety company authorized to do business in this state of not less than $5,000, conditioned upon the applicant complying with all applicable provisions of the one- and 2-family dwelling code and any ordinance enacted under s. 101.65 (1) (a).
101.654(2)(a)2. 2. A policy of general liability insurance issued by an insurer authorized to do business in this state insuring the applicant in the amount of at least $250,000 per occurrence because of bodily injury to or death of others or because of damage to the property of others.
101.654(2)(b) (b) If the applicant is required under s. 102.28 (2) (a) to have in force a policy of worker's compensation insurance or if the applicant is self-insured in accordance with s. 102.28 (2) (b), that the applicant has in force a policy of worker's compensation insurance issued by an insurer authorized to do business in this state or is self-insured in accordance with s. 102.28 (2) (b).
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Dec. 13, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Dec. 13, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-13-14)