103.06(2)(e) (e) Appoint attorneys licensed to practice in this state as appeal tribunals to conduct hearings and issue decisions under sub. (6) (b).
103.06(3) (3)Compliance requirements.
103.06(3)(a)(a) For purposes of ensuring that an employer is properly classifying the persons performing services for the employer as employees and nonemployees, the department may require an employer to prove all of the following:
103.06(3)(a)1. 1. That the employer is maintaining records identifying all persons performing work for the employer, including the name, address, and social security number of each of those persons.
103.06(3)(a)2. 2. That the employer is maintaining worker's compensation coverage for its employees as required under s. 102.28 (2).
103.06(3)(a)3. 3. That the employer has provided to the department the information required under s. 103.05 with respect to each newly hired employee of the employer.
103.06(3)(a)4. 4. That the employer is maintaining records of the hours worked by its employees, the wages paid to those employees, any deductions from those wages, and any other information that the employer is required to keep under rules promulgated under s. 103.02 or 104.04, and is listing deductions from wages as required under s. 103.457.
103.06(3)(a)5. 5. That the employer is in compliance with ch. 108.
103.06(3)(b) (b) Any agreement between an employer and employee purporting to waive or modify any requirement under par. (a) is void.
103.06(4) (4)Compliance investigations.
103.06(4)(a)(a) The department may conduct investigations to ensure compliance with the requirements specified in sub. (3) (a). In conducting an investigation, the department may do any of the following:
103.06(4)(a)1. 1. Enter and inspect any place of business or place of employment and examine and copy any records that the employer is required to keep under rules promulgated under s. 103.02 or 104.04; any books, registers, payroll records, records of wage withholdings, records of work activity and hours of work, and records or indicia of the employment status of persons performing work for the employer; and any other records relating to compliance with the requirements specified in sub. (3) (a).
103.06(4)(a)2. 2. Determine the identity and activities of any person performing work at any location where the work described in s. 108.18 (2) (c) is being performed.
103.06(4)(a)3. 3. Interview and obtain statements in writing from any employer or person performing work or present at any location where the work described in s. 108.18 (2) (c) is being performed with respect to the names and addresses of persons performing work for the employer, the payment of wages to and hours worked by those persons, and any other information relating to the remuneration of those persons and the nature and extent of services performed by those persons.
103.06(4)(b) (b) The department may conduct the activities under par. (a) 1. to 3. at any location where the work described in s. 108.18 (2) (c) is performed by or for an employer. In addition, the department may conduct the activities specified under par. (a) 1. at any other location where the records specified in par. (a) 1. are maintained by an employer or an agent of an employer.
103.06(4)(c) (c) If in the course of an investigation of an employer the department determines that there is reason to believe that the employer is not the prime contractor of the work being performed by or for the employer, the department shall seek to determine the identity of the prime contractor. If the department identifies any person other than the employer that it believes to be the prime contractor of the work being performed, the department, for informational purposes, shall serve on that person copies of any notices or orders served on the employer under sub. (5) with respect to the work. Failure of the department to serve a copy of a notice or order under sub. (5) on a person believed to be a prime contractor does not relieve the employer from any liability arising out of the notice or order or impair the department from pursuing any remedy relating to the notice or order.
103.06(5) (5)Stop work orders and civil penalties.
103.06(5)(a)(a) If after an investigation under sub. (4) the department determines that an employer has failed to demonstrate compliance with any of the requirements specified in sub. (3) (a), the department may serve on the employer a notice of the department's intent to issue an order requiring the employer to stop work at the locations specified in the notice. The notice shall advise the employer that the order will be issued within 3 business days after the date of the notice unless within those 3 business days the employer provides information satisfactory to the department indicating that the employer is in compliance with the requirements specified in sub. (3) (a) at each location specified in the notice.
103.06(5)(b) (b) If within 3 business days after service of a notice under par. (a) an employer does not demonstrate compliance with the requirements listed under sub. (3) (a) with respect to a location specified in the notice, the department may serve an order on the employer requiring the employer to stop work at the locations specified in the order. The order shall advise the employer that the employer may request a hearing on the order under sub. (6) (a), describe how the employer may request a hearing, and be accompanied by a form for requesting a hearing. The order shall take effect as provided in the order and shall remain in effect until the employer provides evidence satisfactory to the department that it is in compliance with the requirements under sub. (3) (a) and pays the forfeiture under par. (c).
103.06(5)(c) (c) An employer that does not stop work as required under an order under par. (b) may be required to forfeit $250 for each day beginning on the day on which the order is served and ending on the day on which the employer provides evidence satisfactory to the department that it has stopped work as required under the order or is in compliance with sub. (3) (a), whichever occurs first.
103.06(5)(d) (d) An order under this subsection is final unless appealed under sub. (6). An order under this subsection is subject to review only as provided in sub. (6) and not as provided in ch. 227.
103.06(6) (6)Appeal of stop work order and civil penalty.
103.06(6)(a)(a) Any employer that is aggrieved by an order to stop work under sub. (5) (b) may appeal the order by filing with the department a written request for a hearing to review the order within 10 days after service of the order. If a request for a hearing is filed within those 10 days, the department shall hold the hearing within 14 days after receipt of the request. The order to stop work shall be automatically stayed from the filing of the request for a hearing until the date on which a decision on the appeal is issued under par. (b). Notwithstanding the stay of the order to stop work, the forfeiture under sub. (5) (c) shall continue to accrue as provided in sub. (5) (c).
103.06(6)(b)1.1. The hearing shall be held before an appeal tribunal and shall be conducted in the manner described in s. 108.09 (5). Within 7 days after the hearing, the appeal tribunal shall issue a decision in writing affirming, reversing, or modifying the order to stop work and forfeiture.
103.06(6)(b)2. 2. If the appeal tribunal finds that the employer has at all times been in compliance with the requirements specified in sub. (3) (a), the appeal tribunal shall reverse the order to stop work and forfeiture.
103.06(6)(b)3. 3. If the appeal tribunal finds that the employer has not complied with the requirements specified in sub. (3) (a), the automatic stay under par. (a) shall be lifted and the order to stop work shall remain in effect until the employer provides evidence satisfactory to the department that the employer is in compliance with the requirements specified in sub. (3) (a) and pays the forfeiture under sub. (5) (c).
103.06(6)(b)4. 4. A decision of an appeal tribunal under this paragraph is final unless a review of the decision is requested under par. (c). A decision of an appeal tribunal under this paragraph is subject to review only as provided in par. (c) and not as provided in ch. 227.
103.06(6)(c) (c) The employer or the department may request a review of an appeal tribunal's decision by petitioning the commission for review of the decision within 21 days after the decision was mailed to the employer's last-known address. The commission shall conduct the review in the manner described in s. 108.09 (6). An order to stop work that is in effect under par. (b) 3. shall remain in effect as provided in par. (b) 3. during the pendency of a review under this paragraph. A decision of the commission under this paragraph is final and the provisions of s. 108.10 (6) and (7) shall apply to the decision unless judicial review of the decision is requested under par. (d). A decision of the commission under this paragraph is subject to judicial review only as provided in par. (d) and not as provided in ch. 227.
103.06(6)(d) (d) The employer or the department may commence an action for the judicial review of a decision of the commission under par. (c) within 30 days after the decision was mailed to the employer's last-known address. The scope of judicial review under this paragraph, and the manner of that review insofar as is applicable, shall be the same as that provided in s. 108.09 (7). An order to stop work that is in effect under par. (b) 3. shall remain in effect as provided in par. (b) 3. during the pendency of a review under this paragraph.
103.06(6)(e) (e) In addition to any forfeiture for which the employer may be liable under sub. (5) (c) and any other penalty for which the employer may be liable for a violation of a requirement specified in sub. (3) (a), any employer that violates a final order to stop work of the department under sub. (5) (b) or final decision of an appeal tribunal, the commission, or a court affirming such an order under par. (b), (c), or (d) is subject to a forfeiture of $1,000 for each day of violation. An employer may seek review of a forfeiture imposed under this paragraph in the same manner as an order to stop work is reviewed under pars. (a) to (d).
103.06(7) (7)Other enforcement action not precluded. An investigation, order, or decision under sub. (4), (5), or (6) does not preclude or otherwise impair or affect any other action that is required or permitted to enforce a requirement under this chapter or under ch. 101, 102, 104, 108, 109, or 111, including any investigation, order, or decision; any civil or criminal action or administrative proceeding; or any obligation for any payment, reimbursement, assessment, surcharge, forfeiture, or other remedy or penalty under any of those chapters.
103.06(8) (8)Recovery of unpaid forfeitures.
103.06(8)(a)(a) If an employer fails to pay a forfeiture imposed under sub. (5) (c) or (6) (e), the department has a perfected lien upon the employer's right, title, and interest in all of its real and personal property located in this state in the amount finally determined to be owed, plus costs. Except when creation of a lien is barred or stayed by bankruptcy or other insolvency law, the lien is effective when the stop work order or decision affirming the stop work order becomes final and shall continue until the amount owed, plus costs and interest to the date of payment, is paid. The employer shall pay interest on the amount owed at the rate of 1 percent per month or fraction of a month from the date on which the amount became due. If a lien is initially barred or stayed by bankruptcy or other insolvency law, the lien shall become effective immediately upon expiration or removal of the bar or stay. The perfected lien does not give the department priority over any lienholders, mortgagees, purchasers for value, judgment creditors, or pledges whose interests have been recorded before the lien of the department is recorded.
103.06(8)(b)1.1. If an employer fails to pay to the department any amount found to be due the department in proceedings under this section and if no proceeding for review is pending and the time for taking an appeal or review has expired, the department or any authorized representative of the department may issue a warrant directed to the clerk of circuit court for any county of the state. The clerk of circuit court shall enter in the judgment and lien docket the name of the employer mentioned in the warrant and the amount of the forfeiture, interest, costs, and other fees for which the warrant is issued and the date when the warrant is entered. A warrant so entered shall be considered in all respects to be a final judgment constituting a perfected lien upon the employer's right, title, and interest in all real and personal property located in the county where the warrant is entered. The lien is effective when the department issues the warrant and shall continue until the amount owed, including interest, costs, and other fees to the date of payment, is paid. After a warrant is entered in the judgment and lien docket, the department or any authorized representative of the department may file an execution with the clerk of circuit court for filing by the clerk of circuit court with the sheriff of any county where real or personal property of the employer is found, commanding the sheriff to levy upon and sell sufficient real and personal property of the employer to pay the amount stated in the warrant in the same manner as upon an execution against property issued upon the judgment of a court of record, and to return the warrant of the department and pay to the department the money collected by virtue of the execution within 60 days after receipt of the warrant.
103.06(8)(b)2. 2. The clerk of circuit court shall accept, file, and enter each warrant, satisfaction, release, or withdrawal under this subsection in the judgment and lien docket without prepayment of any fee, but the clerk of circuit court shall submit a statement of the proper fee semiannually to the department covering the period from January 1 to June 30 and July 1 to December 31 unless a different billing period is agreed to between the clerk of circuit court and the department. The fees shall then be paid by the department, but the fees provided by s. 814.61 (5) for entering the warrants shall be added to the amount of the warrant and collected from the employer when satisfaction or release is presented for entry.
103.06(8)(c) (c) When the penalties set forth in a warrant together with interest and other fees to the date of payment and all costs due the department have been paid to the department, the department shall issue a satisfaction of the warrant and file that satisfaction with the clerk of circuit court. The clerk of circuit court shall immediately enter a satisfaction of the judgment on the judgment and lien docket. The department shall send a copy of the satisfaction to the employer.
103.06(8)(d) (d) If the department finds that the interests of the state will not be jeopardized, the department, upon such conditions as it may exact, may issue a release of any warrant with respect to any real or personal property upon which the warrant is a lien or cloud upon title. The clerk of the circuit court shall enter the release upon presentation of the release to the clerk and payment of the fee for filing the release and the release shall be conclusive proof that the lien or cloud upon the title of the property covered by the release is extinguished.
103.06(8)(e) (e) If the department issues an erroneous warrant, the department shall issue a notice of withdrawal of the warrant to the clerk of circuit court for the county in which the warrant is filed. The clerk shall void the warrant and any liens attached by the warrant.
103.06(9) (9)Levy for delinquent forfeitures. If any employer who is liable for any forfeiture under sub. (5) (c) or (6) (e) neglects or refuses to pay that forfeiture after the department has made demand for payment, the department may collect that forfeiture and expenses of the levy by levy upon any property belonging to the employer. Section 108.225 applies to a levy under this subsection except as follows:
103.06(9)(a) (a) For purposes of a levy under this subsection, "debt" as used in s. 108.225 means a delinquent forfeiture under sub. (5) (c) or (6) (e) or any liability of a 3rd party for failure to surrender to the department property or rights to property subject to levy after proceedings under ss. 108.10 and 108.225 to determine that liability.
103.06(9)(b) (b) Section 108.225 (16) (a) and not s. 108.225 (16) (am) applies to a levy under this subsection.
103.06 History History: 2009 a. 292.
103.10 103.10 Family or medical leave.
103.10(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
103.10(1)(a) (a) "Child" means a natural, adopted, or foster child, a stepchild, or a legal ward to whom any of the following applies:
103.10(1)(a)1. 1. The individual is less than 18 years of age.
103.10(1)(a)2. 2. The individual is 18 years of age or older and cannot care for himself or herself because of a serious health condition.
103.10(1)(am) (am) "Christian Science practitioner" means a Christian Science practitioner residing in this state who is listed as a practitioner in the Christian Science journal.
103.10(1)(ar) (ar) "Domestic partner" has the meaning given in s. 40.02 (21c) or 770.01 (1).
103.10(1)(b) (b) Except as provided in sub. (1m) (b) 2., "employee" means an individual employed in this state by an employer, except the employer's parent, spouse, domestic partner, or child.
103.10(1)(c) (c) Except as provided in sub. (1m) (b) 3., "employer" means a person engaging in any activity, enterprise or business in this state employing at least 50 individuals on a permanent basis. "Employer" includes the state and any office, department, independent agency, authority, institution, association, society or other body in state government created or authorized to be created by the constitution or any law, including the legislature and the courts.
103.10(1)(d) (d) "Employment benefit" means an insurance, leave or retirement benefit which an employer makes available to an employee.
103.10(1)(e) (e) "Health care provider" means a person described under s. 146.81 (1) (a) to (p), but does not include a person described under s. 146.81 (1) (hp).
103.10(1)(f) (f) "Parent" means a natural parent, foster parent, adoptive parent, stepparent, or legal guardian of an employee or of an employee's spouse or domestic partner.
103.10(1)(g) (g) "Serious health condition" means a disabling physical or mental illness, injury, impairment or condition involving any of the following:
103.10(1)(g)1. 1. Inpatient care in a hospital, as defined in s. 50.33 (2), nursing home, as defined in s. 50.01 (3), or hospice.
103.10(1)(g)2. 2. Outpatient care that requires continuing treatment or supervision by a health care provider.
103.10(1)(h) (h) "Spouse" means an employee's legal husband or wife.
103.10(1m) (1m)Statewide concern; uniformity.
103.10(1m)(a)(a) The legislature finds that the provision of family and medical leave that is uniform throughout the state is a matter of statewide concern and that the enactment of an ordinance by a city, village, town, or county that requires employers to provide employees with leave from employment, paid or unpaid, for any of the reasons specified in par. (c) would be logically inconsistent with, would defeat the purpose of, and would go against the spirit of this section. Therefore, this section shall be construed as an enactment of statewide concern for the purpose of providing family and medical leave that is uniform throughout the state.
103.10(1m)(b) (b) In this subsection:
103.10(1m)(b)1. 1. "Domestic abuse" has the meaning given in s. 968.075 (1) (a).
103.10(1m)(b)2. 2. "Employee" has the meaning given in s. 104.01 (2) (a).
103.10(1m)(b)3. 3. "Employer" has the meaning given in s. 104.01 (3) (a).
103.10(1m)(b)4. 4. "Family member" means a spouse or domestic partner of an employee; a parent, child, sibling, including a foster sibling, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, grandparent, stepgrandparent, or grandchild of an employee or of an employee's spouse or domestic partner; or any other person who is related by blood, marriage, or adoption to an employee or to an employee's spouse or domestic partner and whose close association with the employee, spouse, or domestic partner makes the person the equivalent of a family member of the employee, spouse, or domestic partner.
103.10(1m)(b)5. 5. "Health condition" means a physical or mental illness, injury, impairment, or condition.
103.10(1m)(b)6. 6. "Sexual abuse" means conduct that is in violation of s. 940.225, 944.30 (1m), 948.02, 948.025, 948.05, 948.051, 948.055, 948.06, 948.085, 948.09, or 948.10 or that is in violation of s. 940.302 (2) if s. 940.302 (2) (a) 1. b. applies.
103.10(1m)(b)7. 7. "Stalking" means to engage in a course of conduct, as defined in s. 940.32 (1) (a), that meets the criteria of s. 940.32 (2) (a).
103.10(1m)(c) (c) Subject to par. (d), a city, village, town, or county may not enact and administer an ordinance requiring an employer to provide an employee with leave from employment, paid or unpaid, for any of the following reasons:
103.10(1m)(c)1. 1. Because the employee has a health condition, is in need of medical diagnosis, care, or treatment of a health condition, or is in need of preventive medical care.
103.10(1m)(c)2. 2. To care for a family member who has a health condition, who is in need of medical diagnosis, care, or treatment of a health condition, or who is in need of preventive medical care.
103.10(1m)(c)3. 3. Because the employee's absence from work is necessary in order for the employee to do any of the following:
103.10(1m)(c)3.a. a. Seek medical attention or obtain psychological or other counseling for the employee or a family member to recover from any health condition caused by domestic abuse, sexual abuse, or stalking.
103.10(1m)(c)3.b. b. Obtain services for the employee or a family member from an organization that provides services to victims of domestic abuse, sexual abuse, or stalking.
103.10(1m)(c)3.c. c. Relocate the residence of the employee or of a family member due to domestic abuse, sexual abuse, or stalking.
103.10(1m)(c)3.d. d. Initiate, prepare for, or testify, assist, or otherwise participate in any civil or criminal action or proceeding relating to domestic abuse, sexual abuse, or stalking.
103.10(1m)(c)4. 4. To deal with any other family, medical, or health issues of the employee or of a family member.
103.10(1m)(d) (d) This subsection does not affect an ordinance affecting leave from employment of an employee of a city, village, town, or county.
103.10(1m)(e) (e) Any city, village, town, or county ordinance requiring an employer to provide an employee with leave from employment, paid or unpaid, for any of the reasons specified in par. (c) that is in effect on May 20, 2011, is void.
103.10(2) (2)Scope.
103.10(2)(a)(a) Nothing in this section prohibits an employer from providing employees with rights to family leave or medical leave which are more generous to the employee than the rights provided under this section.
103.10(2)(b) (b) This section does not limit or diminish an employee's rights or benefits under ch. 102.
103.10(2)(c) (c) This section only applies to an employee who has been employed by the same employer for more than 52 consecutive weeks and who worked for the employer for at least 1,000 hours during the preceding 52-week period.
103.10(3) (3)Family leave.
103.10(3)(a)1.1. In a 12-month period no employee may take more than 6 weeks of family leave under par. (b) 1. and 2.
103.10(3)(a)2. 2. In a 12-month period no employee may take more than 2 weeks of family leave for the reasons specified under par. (b) 3.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Sept. 3, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Sept. 3, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-3-14)