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11.12(6) (6) If any disbursement of more than $20 cumulatively is made to advocate the election or defeat of a clearly identified candidate by an individual or committee later than 15 days prior to a primary or election in which the candidate's name appears on the ballot without cooperation or consultation with a candidate or agent or authorized committee of a candidate who is supported or opposed, and not in concert with or at the request or suggestion of such a candidate, agent or committee, but such that the disbursement is not included in a preprimary or preelection report submitted under s. 11.20 (3), the individual or treasurer of the committee shall, within 48 hours of making the disbursement, inform the appropriate filing officer of the information required under s. 11.06 (1) in such manner as the board may prescribe. The information shall also be included in the next regular report of the individual or committee under s. 11.20. For purposes of this subsection, disbursements cumulate beginning with the day after the last date covered on the preprimary or preelection report and ending with the day before the primary or election. Upon receipt of a report under this subsection, the filing officer shall, within 24 hours of receipt, mail a copy of the report to all candidates for any office in support of or opposition to one of whom a disbursement identified in the report is made.
11.12 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also s. GAB 6.05, Wis. adm. code.
11.14 11.14 Deposit of contributions.
11.14(1) (1) Except as authorized in sub. (3) and as required by s. 11.16 (5), all funds received by a campaign or committee treasurer, group treasurer, candidate or other individual shall be deposited in a single separate campaign depository account designated in accordance with s. 11.16 (3). Except as authorized in sub. (3), the depository account shall be established by every candidate no later than the time prescribed in s. 11.10 (1), and by every other individual or treasurer no later than the 5th business day after becoming subject to a registration requirement under s. 11.05 and before making any disbursement. The depository account may be established with any financial institution as defined in s. 705.01 (3) which is authorized to transact business in this state. The individual or treasurer shall deposit all funds received in the campaign depository account no later than the 5th business day commencing after receipt. This subsection does not apply to a contributor committee or group which is exempt from registration under s. 11.05 (8).
11.14(2) (2) After deposit in the campaign depository account, funds may be transferred by the individual or treasurer to any other account which is identified under s. 11.05 (3) (L). Funds deposited in other accounts may not be directly disbursed but shall be returned to the depository account for purposes of disbursement. Disbursements shall be made only in accordance with s. 11.16 (3).
11.14(3) (3) Notwithstanding sub. (1), any candidate who serves as his or her own campaign treasurer and who is authorized to make and makes an indication on his or her registration statement under s. 11.05 (2r) that he or she will not accept contributions, make disbursements or incur obligations in an aggregate amount exceeding $1,000 in a calendar year, and will not accept any contribution or contributions from a single source, other than contributions made by the candidate to his or her own campaign, exceeding $100 in a calendar year, may designate a single personal account as his or her campaign depository account, and may intermingle personal and other funds with campaign funds. If a separate depository account is later established by the candidate, the candidate shall transfer all campaign funds in the personal account to the new depository account. Disbursements made from such personal account need not be identified in accordance with s. 11.16 (3).
11.16 11.16 Campaign contributions and disbursements; restrictions.
11.16(1)(1) Authorization; liability.
11.16(1)(a)(a) No disbursement may be made or obligation incurred by a candidate, or by any other person or committee to advocate the election or defeat of a clearly identified candidate, other than an individual who, or a committee which, has registered under s. 11.05 and filed an oath under s. 11.06 (7), except by the campaign treasurer of the candidate or other agent designated by the candidate and acting under his or her authority.
11.16(1)(b) (b) The treasurer of each committee and each individual who proposes to make a disbursement to advocate the election or defeat of a clearly identified candidate shall notify the treasurer or other agent designated under par. (a) of the candidate who is supported or whose opponent is opposed and obtain the authorization of the treasurer prior to making the disbursement. This paragraph does not apply to an individual or committee filing an oath under s. 11.06 (7) with respect to the candidate who is supported or opposed.
11.16(1)(c) (c) In the event that an obligation is incurred or disbursement made by the campaign treasurer or other authorized agent of the candidate, the action is imputable to the candidate for purposes of civil liability under this chapter.
11.16(1)(d) (d) This subsection does not apply to disbursements and obligations which are exempted from reporting under s. 11.06 (2).
11.16(2) (2)Limitation on cash contributions. Every contribution of money exceeding $50 shall be made by negotiable instrument or evidenced by an itemized credit card receipt bearing on the face the name of the remitter. No treasurer may accept a contribution made in violation of this subsection. The treasurer shall promptly return the contribution, or donate it to the common school fund or to a charitable organization in the event that the donor cannot be identified.
11.16(3) (3)Form of disbursements. Every disbursement which is made by a registered individual or treasurer from the campaign depository account shall be made by negotiable instrument. Such instrument shall bear on the face the full name of the candidate, committee, individual or group as it appears on the registration statement filed under s. 11.05 and where necessary, such additional words as are sufficient to clearly indicate the political nature of the registrant or account of the registrant. The name of a political party shall include the word "party". The instrument of each committee registered with the board and designated under s. 11.05 (3) (c) as a special interest committee shall bear the identification number assigned under s. 11.21 (12) on the face of the instrument.
11.16(4) (4)Earmarking.
11.16(4)(a)(a) The treasurer of a personal campaign committee may agree with a prospective contributor that a contribution is received to be utilized for a specific purpose not prohibited by law. Such purpose may not include a disbursement in support of or in opposition to another candidate or the transfer to an individual or committee acting in support of or in opposition to another candidate, except as authorized in an escrow agreement under s. 11.16 (5).
11.16(4)(b) (b) When a contribution is made to a political party or to an individual or committee other than a candidate or the candidate's personal campaign committee, the purpose may not be specified, except that if a contribution is received pursuant to an escrow agreement for transfer to a candidate in accordance with sub. (5), the contributor may specify the recipient of the contribution and if a contribution is received by a support committee established for adoption by a candidate in accordance with ss. 11.10 (1) and 11.18, the contributor may specify that the contribution shall be utilized for support of the candidate being supported by the committee.
11.16(4)(c) (c) Except for transfers of membership-related moneys between committees of the same political party and transfers made pursuant to escrow agreements authorized under sub. (5), no committee may act as a conduit for the earmarked contributions of others. Transfers of membership-related moneys between political party committees shall be treated in the same manner as other transfers.
11.16(5) (5)Escrow agreements. Any personal campaign committee, political party committee or legislative campaign committee may, pursuant to a written escrow agreement with more than one candidate, solicit contributions for and conduct a joint fund raising effort or program on behalf of more than one named candidate. The agreement shall specify the percentage of the proceeds to be distributed to each candidate by the committee conducting the effort or program. The committee shall include this information in all solicitations for the effort or program. All contributions received and disbursements made by the committee in connection with the effort or program shall be received and disbursed through a separate depository account under s. 11.14 (1) that is identified in the agreement. For purposes of s. 11.06 (1), the committee conducting the effort or program shall prepare a schedule in the form prescribed by the board supplying all required information under s. 11.06 (1) for the effort or program, and shall transmit a copy of the schedule to each candidate who receives any of the proceeds within the period prescribed in s. 11.06 (4) (c).
11.16 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also s. GAB 6.04, Wis. adm. code.
11.17 11.17 Treatment of loan guarantees.
11.17(1) (1) If any person guarantees a loan to a registrant made for a political purpose, the person makes a contribution to the registrant and the registrant incurs an obligation to the guarantor. If more than one person guarantees the same loan, the guarantors make contributions to the registrant and the registrant incurs obligations to the guarantors in equal shares, in the proportion that the number of guarantors bears to the total amount guaranteed, unless a different share is specified in the loan instrument.
11.17(2) (2) If a registrant reduces the unpaid balance of a loan to the registrant made for a political purpose by making a repayment to the lender or reimburses a guarantor from whom the lender has collected upon a guarantee, the amount of the guarantor's contribution and the amount of the obligation incurred by the registrant are reduced by the amount of the repayment or reimbursement. If more than one guarantor guarantees the same loan, the amounts of the guarantors' contributions and the amounts of the obligations incurred by the registrant are reduced in equal shares, in the proportion that the number of guarantors bears to the amount repaid or reimbursed, unless a different share is specified in the loan instrument.
11.17(3) (3) If a registrant defaults on a loan that is guaranteed, and the lender collects the amount guaranteed from the guarantor, the guarantor makes a contribution to the registrant and the registrant incurs an obligation to the guarantor in an amount equal to the amount collected by the lender from the guarantor. If more than one guarantor guarantees the same loan, the guarantors make contributions to the registrant and the registrant incurs obligations to the guarantors in equal shares, in the proportion that the number of guarantors bears to the total amount of the unpaid balance, unless a different share is specified in the loan instrument. If a registrant reports a contribution or incurred obligation in the form of a guarantee under s. 11.06 (1) at the time the guarantee is made, the registrant need not report the same contribution or incurred obligation at the time of a default and collection upon a guarantee.
11.17(4) (4) If a candidate secures a loan for both a political and a nonpolitical purpose, this chapter applies only to the portion of the loan made for a political purpose.
11.17 History History: 1979 c. 328; 1987 a. 370.
11.18 11.18 Support committee.
11.18(1)(1) A committee may be organized to support the prospective candidacy of an individual. No such committee authorized under s. 11.05 (3) (p) may be organized during a period in which the individual on whose behalf the committee is organized is registered as a candidate or has a personal campaign committee registered on his or her behalf.
11.18(2) (2) A committee organized under sub. (1) shall register under s. 11.05 as a support committee.
11.18(3) (3) A support committee authorized under s. 11.05 (3) (p) may not act on behalf of more than one individual but may make a contribution to another committee. No more than one support committee authorized under s. 11.05 (3) (p) may be organized on behalf of the same individual. Any subcommittee of a support committee authorized under s. 11.05 (3) (p) shall be authorized by the individual on whose behalf the subcommittee acts. Any committee which is organized or acts with the cooperation of or upon consultation with a support committee or the individual on whose behalf a support committee is organized or which acts in concert with or at the request or suggestion of a support committee or the individual on whose behalf a support committee is organized is deemed a subcommittee of the support committee.
11.18(4) (4) Notwithstanding s. 11.12 (1), a support committee may make direct disbursements from its campaign depository account to pay for the expenses incurred for a political purpose to support the prospective candidacy of an individual on whose behalf it is organized during a period in which the committee is permitted to operate under sub. (1).
11.18(5) (5) Except as provided in s. 11.25 (2) (b), no support committee authorized under s. 11.05 (3) (p) may utilize a contribution for a purpose not authorized under sub. (1).
11.18(6) (6) If an individual on whose behalf a support committee is authorized to operate under s. 11.05 (3) (p) becomes a candidate, the committee shall be adopted by the candidate as his or her personal campaign committee. A support committee which files a statement under s. 11.06 (7) may not be adopted by a candidate as a personal campaign committee.
11.18 History History: 1985 a. 303.
11.185 11.185 Redirection of contributions made to conduits.
11.185(1)(1) In this section, "sponsor" means a committee, including a support committee, political party committee, legislative campaign committee, and special interest committee, but excluding a personal campaign committee, that is associated with a conduit.
11.185(2) (2) A conduit may redirect any contribution received from an individual or organization to a sponsor or, if there is no sponsor, to an administrative fund of the conduit if all of the following apply:
11.185(2)(a) (a) The conduit has held the contribution for at least 24 consecutive months, including the 24 months immediately preceding March 29, 2014, over which time the individual or organization that made the contribution has made no contact with the conduit.
11.185(2)(b) (b) Either of the following apply:
11.185(2)(b)1. 1. The conduit has, over the 24-month period described in par. (a), attempted in good faith to contact the individual or organization that made the contribution at least 10 times, and has documented each such attempt, but has been unable to make contact with the individual or organization. A conduit may satisfy the requirement to contact the individual or organization by telephoning the individual or organization at the last-known telephone number; by sending a text message to the individual or organization at the last-known cellular telephone number or pager number capable of receiving text messages; by sending a facsimile transmission to the individual or organization at the last-known facsimile transmission number; by sending a letter or postcard to the individual or organization by U.S. mail; by sending a message by electronic mail; or by any combination of the foregoing. A conduit may not satisfy the requirement to attempt in good faith to contact the individual or organization at least 10 times if all 10 attempted contacts occur within a period of 30 consecutive days.
11.185(2)(b)2. 2. The surviving spouse or executor of the estate of a deceased individual that made the contribution authorizes the redirection of the contribution.
11.185(3) (3) If a conduit redirects a contribution under this section, the conduit shall include in its report under s. 11.12 (5) or 11.20 for the reporting period during which the contribution is redirected the information about the original contributor required for reporting purposes under s. 11.06 (1) (a) and (b) for the dates on which the contribution is received and redirected and whether the contribution is redirected to a sponsor or to an administrative fund of the conduit.
11.185 History History: 2013 a. 153.
11.19 11.19 Dissolution of registrants; termination reports.
11.19(1)(1) Whenever any registrant disbands or determines that obligations will no longer be incurred, and contributions will no longer be received nor disbursements made during a calendar year, and the registrant has no outstanding incurred obligations, the registrant shall file a termination report with the appropriate filing officer. Such report shall indicate a cash balance on hand of zero at the end of the reporting period and shall indicate the disposition of residual funds. Residual funds may be used for any political purpose not prohibited by law, returned to the donors in an amount not exceeding the original contribution, or donated to a charitable organization or the common school fund. The report shall be filed and certified as were previous reports, and shall contain the information required by s. 11.06 (1). A registrant to which s. 11.055 (1) applies shall pay the fee imposed under that subsection with a termination report filed under this subsection. If a termination report or suspension report under sub. (2) is not filed, the registrant shall continue to file periodic reports with the appropriate filing officer, no later than the dates specified in s. 11.20. This subsection does not apply to any registrant making an indication under s. 11.05 (2r).
11.19(2) (2) Notwithstanding sub. (1), any registrant who or which determines that obligations will no longer be incurred, contributions will no longer be made or received or disbursements made during a calendar year in an aggregate amount of more than $1,000 may file a suspension report with the appropriate filing officer. The report shall be filed and certified as were previous reports and shall contain the information required under s. 11.06 (1). Upon receipt of a properly executed report, the registrant shall be granted a suspension of the filing requirement under s. 11.20 (9) by the appropriate filing officer. Such suspension is effective only for the calendar year in which it is granted, unless the registrant alters its status before the end of such year or files a termination report under sub. (1).
11.19(3) (3) In no case may a candidate or personal campaign committee file a termination or suspension report covering any period ending sooner than the date of the election in which the candidate or committee is participating.
11.19(4) (4) If a registrant files a termination report under sub. (1) or (2) and within 60 days thereafter receives and accepts unanticipated contributions, the registrant may file an amended termination report. An amended report supersedes the previous report. The individual who certifies to the accuracy of the report shall also certify to a statement that the amended report is filed on account of the receipt of unanticipated contributions and the failure to file a correct termination report was not intentional.
11.20 11.20 Filing requirements.
11.20(1)(1) All reports required by s. 11.06 which relate to activities which promote or oppose candidates for state office or statewide referenda and all reports under s. 11.08 shall be filed with the board. All reports required by s. 11.06 which relate to activities which promote or oppose candidates for local office or local referenda shall be filed with the appropriate filing officer under s. 11.02, except reports filed under s. 11.08.
11.20(2) (2) Preprimary and preelection reports under s. 11.06 (1) shall be received by the appropriate filing officer no earlier than 14 days and no later than 8 days preceding the primary and the election.
11.20(2m) (2m) Election reports under s. 11.12 shall be received by the appropriate filing officer no earlier than 23 days and no later than 30 days after each special election, unless a continuing report is required to be filed under sub. (4) on or before the 30th day after the special election.
11.20(3) (3)
11.20(3)(a)(a) A candidate or personal campaign committee of a candidate at a primary shall file a preprimary and preelection report. If a candidate for a nonpartisan state office at an election is not required to participate in a primary, the candidate or personal campaign committee of the candidate shall file a preprimary report at the time prescribed in sub. (2) preceding the date specified in s. 5.02 (20) or (22) for the holding of the primary, were it to be required.
11.20(3)(b) (b) A candidate or personal campaign committee of a candidate at an election shall file a preelection report.
11.20(3)(bm) (bm) A candidate or personal campaign committee of a candidate at a special election shall file a postelection report whenever the report is required to be filed under sub. (2m).
11.20(3)(c) (c) A registered committee or individual other than a candidate or personal campaign committee making or accepting contributions, making disbursements or incurring obligations in support of or in opposition to one or more candidates for office at a primary, or supporting or opposing other committees or individuals who are engaging in such activities, shall file a preprimary and preelection report.
11.20(3)(d) (d) A registered committee or individual other than a candidate or personal campaign committee making or accepting contributions, making disbursements or incurring obligations in support of or in opposition to one or more candidates for office at an election, or supporting or opposing other committees or individuals who are engaging in such activities, shall file a preelection report.
11.20(3)(f) (f) A contribution, disbursement or obligation in support of or in opposition to a candidate at a primary which is made, accepted or incurred during the period covered by the preprimary report is considered to be made, accepted or incurred in support of or in opposition to that candidate at the primary, regardless of whether the candidate is opposed at the primary.
11.20(3)(g) (g) A contribution, disbursement or obligation in support of or in opposition to a candidate at an election which is made, accepted or incurred during the period covered by the preelection report is considered to be made, accepted or incurred in support of or in opposition to that candidate at the election, regardless of whether the candidate is opposed at the election.
11.20(3)(h) (h) A registrant who or which makes, accepts or incurs a contribution, disbursement or obligation in support of or in opposition to a candidate at a primary during the period covered by the preprimary report shall file both the preprimary and preelection reports, regardless of whether the registrant engages in such activity during the period covered by the preelection report.
11.20(3)(i) (i) Notwithstanding pars. (c) and (d), a registrant other than a candidate, personal campaign committee or political party committee who or which makes, accepts or incurs a contribution, disbursement or obligation in support of or in opposition to a candidate at a primary during the period covered by the preelection report, but does not engage in such activity during the period covered by the preprimary report, is not required to file a preprimary report.
11.20(3)(j) (j) Notwithstanding pars. (c) and (d), a registrant other than a candidate, personal campaign committee or political party committee who or which makes, accepts or incurs a contribution, disbursement or obligation in support of or in opposition to a candidate at an election during the period covered by the report which follows the preelection report, but does not engage in such activity during the period covered by the preelection report, is not required to file a preelection report.
11.20(3)(k) (k) A registered group or individual making or accepting contributions, making disbursements or incurring obligations in support of or in opposition to a referendum appearing on a primary ballot shall file a preprimary and preelection report.
11.20(3)(L) (L) A registered group or individual making or accepting contributions, making disbursements or incurring obligations in support of or in opposition to a referendum appearing on an election ballot shall file a preelection report.
11.20(4) (4) Continuing reports under s. 11.06 (1) by committees or individuals supporting or opposing candidates for office, including committees of a political party, and by individuals, groups or corporations supporting or opposing a referendum shall be received by the appropriate filing officer no earlier than January 1 and no later than January 31; and no earlier than July 1 and no later than July 20. Individuals, committees, groups and corporations to which s. 11.055 (1) applies shall pay the fee imposed under that subsection with their continuing reports filed in January of each year.
11.20(4m) (4m) An individual who or committee which supports or opposes an effort to circulate and file a petition to recall an officer shall file a report with the appropriate filing officer no later than 30 days after registration of the petitioner for recall of the officer under s. 9.10 (2) (d), if the petition has not been offered for filing within 5 days of that date, and no later than 5 days after a petition is offered for filing demanding the recall of the officer.
11.20(5g) (5g) Notwithstanding sub. (3), a personal campaign committee which is not formed to support or oppose a candidate in a partisan primary or election need only comply with sub. (3) for purposes of a partisan primary and election if it makes a disbursement for the purpose of influencing the outcome of that primary or election in a form other than a contribution which is reported by the recipient.
11.20(5r) (5r) Notwithstanding sub. (3), a personal campaign committee which is not formed to support or oppose a candidate in a nonpartisan primary or election need only comply with sub. (3) for the purposes of a nonpartisan primary or election if it makes a disbursement for the purpose of influencing the outcome of that primary or election in a form other than a contribution which is reported by the recipient.
11.20(7) (7) In the event that any report is required to be filed under this section on a nonbusiness day, it may be filed on the next business day thereafter.
11.20(8) (8) Reports filed under subs. (2), (4), and (4m) shall include all contributions received and transactions made as of the end of:
11.20(8)(a) (a) The 15th day preceding the primary or election in the case of the preprimary and preelection report.
11.20(8)(b) (b) December 31 in the case of the continuing report required by January 31.
11.20(8)(c) (c) June 30 in the case of the continuing report required by July 20.
11.20(8)(d) (d) Five days preceding the deadline for filing of the report in the case of the report required under sub. (4m).
11.20(8)(e) (e) The 22nd day following the special election in the case of the postelection report required under sub. (2m).
11.20(9) (9) Except as provided in ss. 11.05 (2r) and 11.19 (2), the duty to file reports under this section continues until a termination report is filed in accordance with s. 11.19.
11.20(10) (10)
11.20(10)(a)(a) Where a requirement is imposed under this section for the filing of a financial report which is to be received by the appropriate filing officer no later than a certain date, the requirement may be satisfied either by actual receipt of the report by the prescribed time for filing at the office of the filing officer, or by filing a report with the U.S. postal service by first class mail with sufficient prepaid postage, addressed to the appropriate filing officer, no later than the date provided by law for receipt of such report.
11.20(10)(b) (b) In any case where the postal service is employed by a person subject to a filing requirement as the agent for transmittal of a report, the burden is upon such person to show that a report has been filed with the postal service.
11.20(10)(c) (c) It is presumed until the contrary is established that the date shown by the postal service cancellation mark on the envelope containing the report is the date that it was deposited in the mail.
11.20(11) (11) All reports required by this chapter shall be open to public inspection.
11.20(12) (12) If a candidate is unopposed in a primary or election, the obligation to file the reports required by this chapter does not cease. Except as provided in ss. 11.05 (2r) and 11.19 (2), a registrant who makes or receives no contributions, makes no disbursements or incurs no obligations shall so report on the dates designated in subs. (2) and (4).
11.20(13) (13) In the event of failure of a candidate or treasurer to file a report or statement required by this chapter by the time prescribed by law, action may be commenced against the candidate, the campaign treasurer, or the candidate's personal campaign committee, if any, or any combination of them.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before June 30, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 1, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-1-14)