11.1111(5)(c)1. 1. Divide the number of question results received by each recipient by the total number of question results received by all recipients.
11.1111(5)(c)2. 2. Multiple the total cost of the poll or survey by the number determined under subd. 1.
11.1111(6) (6)If a person makes a contribution of opinion poll or voter survey results to a committee after the person has apportioned the value of the results to previous recipients under sub. (5), the person shall make a good faith effort to apportion the value to the committee, considering the value apportioned to other recipients under sub. (5), and shall report that value to the committee. For purposes of this subsection, the total value of the contributor's aggregate contributions may exceed the original cost of the poll or survey.
11.1111(7) (7)A person who contributes opinion poll or voter survey results shall maintain records sufficient to support the contribution's value and shall provide the contribution's value to the recipient.
11.1111 History History: 2015 a. 117.
11.1112 11.1112 Corporations, cooperatives, and tribes. No foreign or domestic corporation, no association organized under ch. 185 or 193, no labor organization, and no federally recognized American Indian Tribe may make a contribution to a committee, other than an independent expenditure committee or referendum committee, but may make a contribution to a segregated fund as provided under s. 11.1104 (6) in amounts not to exceed $12,000 in the aggregate in a calendar year.
11.1112 History History: 2015 a. 117.
11.1112 Annotation The government may regulate corporate political speech through disclaimer and disclosure requirements, but it may not suppress that speech altogether. Federal law prohibiting corporations and unions from using their general treasury funds to make independent expenditures for speech defined as an “electioneering communication" or for speech expressly advocating the election or defeat of a candidate is unconstitutional. Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, 558 U.S. 310, 130 S. Ct. 876, 175 L. Ed. 2d 753 (2010).
11.1113 11.1113 Sole proprietors, partnerships, and limited liability companies.
11.1113(1)(1)Sole proprietorships. A contribution made to a committee by a sole proprietorship is considered a contribution made by the individual who is the sole proprietor and subject to the limits under this subchapter.
11.1113(2) (2)Partnerships. A contribution made to a committee by a partnership is considered a contribution made by each of the contributing partners and subject to the limits under this subchapter. A partnership that makes a contribution to a committee shall provide to the committee the names of the contributing partners and the amount of the individual contribution made by each partner. For purposes of determining the individual contribution amounts made by each partner, the partnership shall attribute the individual contributions according to each partner's share of the partnership's profits, unless the partners agree to apportion the contribution in a different manner.
11.1113(3) (3)Limited liability companies.
11.1113(3)(a) (a) A contribution made to a committee by a limited liability company treated as a partnership by the federal internal revenue service pursuant to 26 CFR 301.7701-3 is considered a contribution made by each of the contributing members and subject to the limits under this subchapter. A limited liability company that makes a contribution under this paragraph shall affirm to the candidate committee that it is treated as a partnership for federal tax purposes and eligible to make the contribution. The company shall provide to the committee the names of the contributing members and the amount of the individual contribution made by each member. For purposes of determining the individual contribution amounts made by each member, the company shall attribute the individual contributions according to each member's share of the company's profits, unless the members agree to apportion the contribution in a different manner.
11.1113(3)(b) (b) A contribution made to a candidate committee by a single-member limited liability company in which the sole member is an individual is considered a contribution made by that individual and subject to the individual limits under s. 11.1101 (1). A limited liability company that makes a contribution under this paragraph shall affirm to the candidate committee that it is a single-member limited liability company in which the sole member is an individual and eligible to make the contribution.
11.1113 History History: 2015 a. 117; 2017 a. 366.
11.1114 11.1114 Two candidate committees.
11.1114(1)(1)If a candidate establishes a 2nd candidate committee under s. 11.0202 (2) to pursue a state or local office for which the contribution limit under this subchapter is higher than the contribution limit for the office that the candidate originally sought, the 2nd candidate committee may accept contributions up to the higher limit, but shall take into account the amount of any contributions transferred from the first candidate committee to the 2nd candidate committee to determine whether the 2nd candidate committee has reached or exceeded the higher limits.
11.1114(2) (2)If a candidate establishes a 2nd candidate committee under s. 11.0202 (2) to pursue a state or local office for which the contribution limit under this subchapter is lower than the contribution limit for the office that the candidate originally sought, the first candidate committee may transfer its contributions to the 2nd candidate committee in an amount not to exceed the contribution limits applicable to the 2nd candidate committee.
11.1114(3) (3)Upon termination of a 2nd candidate committee, the 2nd candidate committee may transfer any of its remaining funds to the first candidate committee in amounts not to exceed the contribution limits applicable to the persons who contributed to the first candidate committee.
11.1114 History History: 2015 a. 117.
subch. XII of ch. 11 SUBCHAPTER XII
PROHIBITED PRACTICES
11.1201 11.1201 False reports and statements. No person may prepare or submit a false report or statement to a filing officer under this chapter.
11.1201 History History: 2015 a. 117.
11.1202 11.1202 Earmarking.
11.1202(1)(1)The treasurer of a candidate committee may agree with a prospective contributor that a contribution is received to be used for a specific purpose not prohibited by law. That purpose may not include a disbursement to a committee to support or oppose another candidate.
11.1202(2) (2)When a contribution is made to a committee other than a candidate committee, the contributor may not direct the committee to make a disbursement to a committee to support or oppose another candidate.
11.1202(3) (3)Except for transfers of membership-related moneys between committees of the same political party, no committee may transfer to another committee the earmarked contributions of others. Transfers of membership-related moneys between political parties shall be treated in the same manner as other transfers.
11.1202 History History: 2015 a. 117.
11.1203 11.1203 Coordination.
11.1203(1)(1)No political action committee, independent expenditure committee, other person required to report under s. 11.1001, or individual may make an expenditure for express advocacy for the benefit of a candidate that is coordinated with that candidate, candidate's committee, or candidate's agent, nor with any legislative campaign committee of the candidate's political party, or a political party, in violation of the contribution limits under s. 11.1101 or the source restrictions under s. 11.1112.
11.1203(2) (2)
11.1203(2)(a)(a) For purposes of this section, an expenditure for express advocacy is coordinated if any of the following applies:
11.1203(2)(a)1. 1. The candidate, candidate's agent, legislative campaign committee of the candidate's political party, or the candidate's political party communicates directly with the political action committee, independent expenditure committee, other person, or individual making the expenditure to specifically request that the political action committee, independent expenditure committee, other person, or individual make the expenditure that benefits the candidate and the political action committee, independent expenditure committee, other person, or individual explicitly assents to the request before making the expenditure.
11.1203(2)(a)2. 2. The candidate, candidate's agent, legislative campaign committee of the candidate's political party, or the candidate's political party exercises control over the expenditure or the content, timing, location, form, intended audience, number, or frequency of the communication.
11.1203(2)(b) (b) If an expenditure for express advocacy is coordinated, but not in violation of the coordination prohibitions under sub. (1), all of the following apply:
11.1203(2)(b)1. 1. The political action committee or independent expenditure committee making the expenditure shall report the expenditure as required under this chapter.
11.1203(2)(b)2. 2. The candidate committee shall report the expenditure as a contribution.
11.1203(3) (3)None of the following are considered coordinated communications prohibited under this section:
11.1203(3)(a) (a) Candidates endorsing and soliciting contributions for other candidates.
11.1203(3)(b) (b) Candidates, candidate committees, legislative campaign committees, and political parties responding to inquiries about a candidate's or political party's position on legislative or policy issues.
11.1203(3)(c) (c) Using publicly available information to create, produce, or distribute a communication if sub. (2) does not apply to such use.
11.1203 History History: 2015 a. 117.
11.1204 11.1204 Unlawful political contributions.
11.1204(1)(1)Subject to sub. (2), no person may, directly or indirectly, make any contribution other than from funds or property belonging to the person. No person may, directly or indirectly, give funds or property to another person for the purpose of making a contribution in other than the first person's name.
11.1204(2) (2)A conduit releasing a contribution of money in the manner prescribed in s. 11.0704 does not violate sub. (1).
11.1204(3) (3)No person may intentionally receive or accept any contribution made in violation of this chapter.
11.1204 History History: 2015 a. 117.
11.1204 Annotation The unit of prosecution under s. 11.24 (1), 1977 stats., is every transfer of funds to another person accompanied by the false listing of any single contributor. An individual illegally furnishing funds from a corporate account may be convicted under s. 11.24 (1), 1977 stats. State v. Dreske, 88 Wis. 2d 60, 276 N.W.2d 324 (Ct. App. 1979).
11.1205 11.1205 Use of government materials by candidates.
11.1205(1)(a) (a) Except as provided in sub. (2), no person elected to state or local office who becomes a candidate for national, state, or local office may use public funds for the cost of materials or distribution for 50 or more pieces of substantially identical material distributed after:
11.1205(1)(a)1. 1. In the case of a candidate who is nominated by nomination papers, the first day authorized by law for circulation of nomination papers as a candidate.
11.1205(1)(a)2. 2. In the case of a candidate who is nominated at a primary election by write-in votes, the day the board of canvassers issues its determination that the person is nominated.
11.1205(1)(a)3. 3. In the case of a candidate who is nominated at a caucus, the date of the caucus.
11.1205(1)(a)4. 4. In the case of any other candidate who is nominated solely by filing a declaration of candidacy, the first day of the month preceding the month which includes the last day for filing the declaration.
11.1205(1)(b) (b) This subsection applies until after the date of the election or after the date of the primary election if the person appears as a candidate on a primary election ballot and is not nominated at the primary election.
11.1205(2) (2)This section does not apply to use of public funds for the costs of the following:
11.1205(2)(a) (a) Answers to communications of constituents.
11.1205(2)(b) (b) Actions taken by a state or local government administrative officer pursuant to a specific law, ordinance or resolution which authorizes or directs the actions to be taken.
11.1205(2)(c) (c) Communications between members of the legislature regarding the legislative or deliberative process while the legislature is in session.
11.1205(2)(d) (d) Communications not exceeding 500 pieces by members of the legislature relating solely to the subject matter of a special session or extraordinary session, made during the period between the date that the session is called or scheduled and 14 days after adjournment of the session.
11.1205 History History: 2015 a. 117.
11.1205 Annotation Section 11.33, 1979 stats., applies to persons elected to state office who are seeking reelection or election to a different office and to the use of public funds for political purposes. 69 Atty. Gen. 259.
11.1206 11.1206 Travel by public officers.
11.1206(1)(1)No person may use any vehicle or aircraft owned by the state or by any local governmental unit for any trip which is exclusively for the purposes of campaigning to support or oppose any candidate for national, state, or local office, unless use of the vehicle or aircraft is required for purposes of security protection provided by the state or local governmental unit.
11.1206(2) (2)No person may use any vehicle or aircraft owned by the state or by any local governmental unit for purposes that include campaigning to support or oppose any candidate for national, state, or local office, unless the person pays to the state or local governmental unit a fee which is comparable to the commercial market rate for the use of a similar vehicle or aircraft and for any services provided by the state or local governmental unit to operate the vehicle or aircraft. If a trip is made in part for a public purpose and in part for the purpose of campaigning, the person shall pay for the portion of the trip attributable to campaigning, but in no case less than 50 percent of the cost of the trip. The portion of the trip attributable to campaigning shall be determined by dividing the number of appearances made for campaign purposes by the total number of appearances. Fees payable to the state shall be prescribed by the secretary of administration and shall be deposited in the account under s. 20.855 (6) (h). Fees payable to a local governmental unit shall be prescribed by the governing body of the governmental unit.
11.1206 History History: 2015 a. 117.
11.1207 11.1207 Political solicitation involving public officials and employees restricted.
11.1207(1)(a) (a) Except as provided in par. (b), no person may solicit or receive from any state officer or employee or from any officer or employee of the University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority any contribution during established hours of employment or while the officer or employee is engaged in his or her official duties.
11.1207(1)(b) (b) Paragraph (a) does not apply to communications about a referendum.
11.1207(2) (2)No person may solicit or receive from any officer or employee of a political subdivision of this state any contribution during established hours of employment or while the officer or employee is engaged in his or her official duties.
11.1207(3) (3)Every person who has charge or control in a building, office, or room occupied for any purpose by this state, by any political subdivision thereof, or by the University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority shall prohibit the entry of any person into that building, office, or room for the purpose of making or receiving a contribution.
11.1207(4) (4)No person may enter or remain in any building, office, or room occupied for any purpose by the state, by any political subdivision thereof or by the University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority or send or direct a letter or other notice thereto for the purpose of requesting or collecting a contribution.
11.1207(5) (5)This section does not apply to a response by a legal custodian or subordinate of the custodian to a request to locate, reproduce, or inspect a record under s. 19.35 if the request is processed in the same manner as the custodian or subordinate responds to other requests to locate, reproduce, or inspect a record under s. 19.35.
11.1207 History History: 2015 a. 117.
11.1208 11.1208 Unlawful political disbursements and obligations.
11.1208(1)(1)No person may intentionally receive or accept anything of value, or any promise or pledge thereof, constituting a disbursement made or obligation incurred contrary to law.
11.1208(2) (2)
11.1208(2)(a)(a) Except as provided in pars. (b) and (c), a committee may not make a disbursement or incur an obligation for the committee's or an individual's strictly personal use.
11.1208(2)(b) (b) A committee may accept contributions and make disbursements from a campaign depository account for any of the following:
11.1208(2)(b)1. 1. For the purpose of making disbursements in connection with a campaign for national office.
11.1208(2)(b)2. 2. For payment of civil penalties incurred by the committee under this chapter but not under any other chapter.
11.1208(2)(b)3. 3. For the purpose of making a donation to a charitable organization or the common school fund.
11.1208(2)(b)4. 4. For payment of the expenses of nonpartisan campaigns to increase voter registration or participation.
11.1208(2)(c) (c) A candidate committee may accept contributions and make disbursements from a campaign depository account for payment of inaugural expenses of an individual who is elected to state or local office. Inaugural expenses paid from contributions made to the campaign depository account are reportable under s. 11.0204 (1) as disbursements and are subject to the limits under s. 11.1101.
11.1208(3) (3)No contributions to or disbursements from a committee's depository account may be invested for the purpose of producing income unless the investment is in direct obligations of the United States and of agencies and corporations wholly owned by the United States, commercial paper maturing within one year from the date of investment, preferred shares of a corporation, or securities of an investment company registered under the federal investment company act of 1940 (15 USC 80a) and registered for public offer and sale in this state of the type commonly referred to as a “money market fund".
11.1208(4) (4)No person may make or accept a contribution, make a disbursement, make an expenditure, or incur an obligation in violation of 11 CFR 110.20 and 52 USC 30121.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on October 1, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after October 1, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-1-19)