111.321 Annotation Expanding Employer Liability for Sexual Harassment Under the Wisconsin Fair Employment Act: Jim Walter Color Separations v. Labor & Industry Review Commission. Edgar. 2000 WLR 885.
111.321 Annotation Expanding the Notion of “Equal Coverage": The Wisconsin Fair Employment Act Requires Contraceptive Coverage for All Employer-Sponsored Prescription Drug Plans. Mason. 2005 WLR 913.
111.321 Annotation Race, Crime, and Getting a Job. Pager. 2005 WLR 617.
111.321 Annotation Family Responsibility Discrimination: Making Room at Work for Family Demands. Finerty. Wis. Law. Nov. 2007.
111.322 111.322 Discriminatory actions prohibited. Subject to ss. 111.33 to 111.365, it is an act of employment discrimination to do any of the following:
111.322(1) (1)To refuse to hire, employ, admit or license any individual, to bar or terminate from employment or labor organization membership any individual, or to discriminate against any individual in promotion, compensation or in terms, conditions or privileges of employment or labor organization membership because of any basis enumerated in s. 111.321.
111.322(2) (2)To print or circulate or cause to be printed or circulated any statement, advertisement or publication, or to use any form of application for employment or to make any inquiry in connection with prospective employment, which implies or expresses any limitation, specification or discrimination with respect to an individual or any intent to make such limitation, specification or discrimination because of any basis enumerated in s. 111.321.
111.322(2m) (2m)To discharge or otherwise discriminate against any individual because of any of the following:
111.322(2m)(a) (a) The individual files a complaint or attempts to enforce any right under s. 103.02, 103.10, 103.11, 103.13, 103.28, 103.32, 103.34, 103.455, 104.12, 109.03, 109.07, 109.075, 146.997, or 995.55, or ss. 101.58 to 101.599 or 103.64 to 103.82.
111.322(2m)(b) (b) The individual testifies or assists in any action or proceeding held under or to enforce any right under s. 103.02, 103.10, 103.11, 103.13, 103.28, 103.32, 103.34, 103.455, 104.12, 109.03, 109.07, 109.075, 146.997, or 995.55, or ss. 101.58 to 101.599 or 103.64 to 103.82.
111.322(2m)(bm) (bm) The individual files a complaint or attempts to enforce a right under s. 49.197 (6) (d) or 49.845 (4) (d) or testifies or assists in any action or proceeding under s. 49.197 (6) (d) or 49.845 (4) (d).
111.322(2m)(d) (d) The individual's employer believes that the individual engaged or may engage in any activity described in pars. (a) to (bm).
111.322(3) (3)To discharge or otherwise discriminate against any individual because he or she has opposed any discriminatory practice under this subchapter or because he or she has made a complaint, testified or assisted in any proceeding under this subchapter.
111.322 Annotation Actions under subs. (1) and (2) do not involve wholly different elements of proof. Sub. (1) involves actual discrimination; the violation of sub. (2) is not in adopting a discriminatory policy, but rather the publication of it. The remaining elements are the same for both subsections. Sub. (2) is not limited to advertising for employees, it also applies to the printing of policies that affect existing employees. Racine Unified School District v. LIRC, 164 Wis. 2d 567, 476 N.W.2d 707 (Ct. App. 1991).
111.322 Annotation An unlawful practice occurs when an impermissible motivating factor enters into an employment decision, but if the employer can demonstrate that it would have taken the same action in the absence of the impermissible factor, the complainant may not be awarded monetary damages or reinstatement. Hoell v. LIRC, 186 Wis. 2d 603, 522 N.W.2d 234 (Ct. App. 1994).
111.322 Annotation The state is prevented from enforcing discrimination laws against religious associations when the employment at issue serves a ministerial or ecclesiastical function. While it must be given considerable weight, a religious association's designation of a position as ministerial or ecclesiastical does not control its status. Jocz v. LIRC, 196 Wis. 2d 273, 538 N.W.2d 588 (Ct. App. 1995), 93-3042.
111.322 Annotation The exclusive remedy provision in s. 102.03 (2) does not bar a complainant whose claim is covered by the workers compensation act from pursuing an employment discrimination claim under the fair employment act, subch. II, of ch. 111. Byers v. LIRC, 208 Wis. 2d 388, 561 N.W.2d 678 (1997), 95-2490.
111.322 Annotation A prima facie case of discrimination triggers a burden of production against an employer, but unless the employer remains silent in the face of the prima facie case, the complainant continues to bear the burden of proof on the ultimate issue of discrimination. Currie v. DILHR, 210 Wis. 2d 380, 565 N.W.2d 253 (Ct. App. 1997), 96-1720.
111.322 Annotation A prima facie case for a violation of this section requires that the complainant: 1) was a member of a protected class; 2) was discharged; 3) was qualified for the position; and 4) was either replaced by someone not in the protected class or that others not in the protected class were treated more favorably. Knight v. LIRC, 220 Wis. 2d 137, 582 N.W.2d 448 (Ct. App. 1998), 97-1606.
111.322 Annotation The free exercise clause of the 1st amendment and the freedom of conscience clauses in Article I, Section 18, of the Wisconsin constitution preclude employment discrimination claims under ss. 111.31 to 111.395 for employees whose positions are important and closely linked to the religious mission of a religious organization. Coulee Catholic Schools v. LIRC, 2009 WI 88, 320 Wis. 2d 275, 768 N.W.2d 868, 07-0496.
111.322 Annotation LIRC's interpretation of sub. (1) was reasonable. LIRC has interpreted the “because of” language in sub. (1) as delineating 2 types of discrimination by employers: 1) that which occurs “in the form of an employer acting on the basis of actual discriminatory animus against an employee because that employee was an individual with a disability,” and 2) that which occurs “from the employer acting on the basis of dissatisfaction with a problem with that employee's behavior or performance which is caused by the employee's disability.” Under the second type of discrimination, causation is inferred based on the premise that if an employee is discharged because of unsatisfactory behavior that was a direct result of a disability, the discharge is, in legal effect, because of that disability. Wisconsin Bell, Inc. v. LIRC, 2017 WI App 24, 375 Wis. 2d 293, 895 N.W.2d 57, 16-0355.
111.322 Annotation Some “Hardship": Defending a Disability Discrimination Suit Under the Wisconsin Fair Employment Act. Hansch. 89 MLR 821 (2005).
111.322 Annotation Discrimination in advertising. Abramson, WBB March, 1985.
111.322 Annotation Employer Liability for Employment References. Mac Kelly. Wis. Law. May 2008.
111.322 Annotation2009 Wisconsin Act 20: Changes to Wisconsin's Fair Employment Law. Karls-Ruplinger. Wis. Law. Sept. 2009.
111.325 111.325 Unlawful to discriminate. It is unlawful for any employer, labor organization, licensing agency or person to discriminate against any employee or any applicant for employment or licensing.
111.33 111.33 Age; exceptions and special cases.
111.33(1)(1)The prohibition against employment discrimination on the basis of age applies only to discrimination against an individual who is age 40 or over.
111.33(2) (2)Notwithstanding sub. (1) and s. 111.322, it is not employment discrimination because of age to do any of the following:
111.33(2)(a) (a) To terminate the employment of any employee physically or otherwise unable to perform his or her duties.
111.33(2)(b) (b) To implement the provisions of any retirement plan or system of any employer if the retirement plan or system is not a subterfuge to evade the purposes of this subchapter. No plan or system may excuse the failure to hire, or require or permit the involuntary retirement of, any individual under sub. (1) because of that individual's age.
111.33(2)(d) (d) To apply varying insurance coverage according to an employee's age.
111.33(2)(e) (e) To exercise an age distinction with respect to hiring an individual to a position in which the knowledge and experience to be gained is required for future advancement to a managerial or executive position.
111.33(2)(f) (f) To exercise an age distinction with respect to employment in which the employee is exposed to physical danger or hazard, including, without limitation because of enumeration, certain employment in law enforcement or fire fighting.
111.33(2)(g) (g) To exercise an age distinction under s. 343.12 (2) (a) and (3).
111.33 History History: 1981 c. 334; 1983 a. 391, 538.
111.33 Annotation Sub. (2) (f) exempts the hiring of fire fighters from being the subject of age discrimination suits. A fire department need not show that it openly and consistently discriminated on the basis of age to be exempt under sub. (2) (f). Johnson v. LIRC, 200 Wis. 2d 715, 547 N.W.2d 783 (Ct. App. 1996), 95-2346.
111.33 Annotation An employee is physically unable to perform a job under sub. (2) if that employee is performing the job with a physical accommodation. Harrison v. LIRC, 211 Wis. 2d 681, 565 N.W.2d 572 (Ct. App. 1997), 96-1795.
111.33 Annotation A city charged under the federal Age Discrimination in Employment Act had the burden of establishing that a mandatory retirement age of 55 for law enforcement personnel was a bona fide occupational qualification. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v. City of Janesville, 630 F.2d 1254 (1980).
111.33 Annotation The federal Employment Retirement Income Security Act preempts sub. (2) (b) to the extent that it applies to employee benefit plans covered by it. Waukesha Engine Division v. DILHR, 619 F. Supp. 1310 (1985).
111.335 111.335 Arrest or conviction record; exceptions and special cases.
111.335(1m)(1m)Definitions. In this section:
111.335(1m)(a) (a) “Educational agency" means a school district, a cooperative educational service agency, a county children with disabilities education board, a state prison under s. 302.01, a juvenile correctional facility, as defined in s. 938.02 (10p), a secured residential care center for children and youth, as defined in s. 938.02 (15g), the Wisconsin Center for the Blind and Visually Impaired, the Wisconsin Educational Services Program for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing, the Mendota Mental Health Institute, the Winnebago Mental Health Institute, a state center for the developmentally disabled, a private school, a charter school, a private, nonprofit, nonsectarian agency under contract with a school board under s. 118.153 (3) (c), or a nonsectarian private school or agency under contract with the board of school directors in a 1st class city under s. 119.235 (1).
111.335(1m)(b) (b) “Exempt offense” means any of the following:
111.335(1m)(b)1. 1. A violation specified in ch. 940 or s. 948.02, 948.025, 948.03, 948.05, 948.051, 948.055, 948.06, 948.07, 948.075, 948.08, 948.085, or 948.095.
111.335(1m)(b)2. 2. A violation of the law of another jurisdiction that would be a violation described in subd. 1. if committed in this state.
111.335(1m)(c) (c) “State licensing agency” means a licensing agency that is an agency, as defined in s. 227.01 (1).
111.335(1m)(d) (d) “Violent crime against a child” means any of the following:
111.335(1m)(d)2. 2. A felony violation of s. 948.03 (3) or (5) (a) 4.
111.335(1m)(d)3. 3. A violation of the law of another jurisdiction that would be a violation described in subd. 1. or 2. if committed in this state.
111.335(2) (2)Discrimination because of arrest record; exceptions.
111.335(2)(a)(a) Employment discrimination because of arrest record includes, but is not limited to, requesting an applicant, employee, member, licensee or any other individual, on an application form or otherwise, to supply information regarding any arrest record of the individual except a record of a pending charge, except that it is not employment discrimination to request such information when employment depends on the bondability of the individual under a standard fidelity bond or when an equivalent bond is required by state or federal law, administrative regulation or established business practice of the employer and the individual may not be bondable due to an arrest record.
111.335(2)(b) (b) Notwithstanding s. 111.322, it is not employment discrimination because of arrest record to refuse to employ or license, or to suspend from employment or licensing, any individual who is subject to a pending criminal charge if the circumstances of the charge substantially relate to the circumstances of the particular job or licensed activity, except as provided in sub. (4) (a).
111.335(3) (3)Discrimination because of conviction record; exceptions.
111.335(3)(a)(a) Notwithstanding s. 111.322, it is not employment discrimination because of conviction record to refuse to employ or license, or to bar or terminate from employment or licensing, any individual if any of the following applies to the individual:
111.335(3)(a)1. 1. Subject to sub. (4) (b) to (d), the individual has been convicted of any felony, misdemeanor, or other offense the circumstances of which substantially relate to the circumstances of the particular job or licensed activity.
111.335(3)(a)2. 2. The individual is not bondable under a standard fidelity bond or an equivalent bond where such bondability is required by state or federal law, administrative regulation, or established business practice of the employer.
111.335(3)(b) (b) Notwithstanding s. 111.322, it is not employment discrimination because of conviction record to refuse to employ a person in a business licensed under s. 440.26 or as an employee specified in s. 440.26 (5) (b) if the person has been convicted of a felony and has not been pardoned for that felony.
111.335(3)(c) (c) Notwithstanding s. 111.322, it is not employment discrimination because of conviction record to refuse to employ as an installer of burglar alarms a person who has been convicted of a felony and has not been pardoned for that felony.
111.335(3)(d) (d) Notwithstanding s. 111.322, it is not employment discrimination because of conviction record to refuse to employ in a position in the classified service a person who has been convicted under 50 USC 3811 for refusing to register with the selective service system and who has not been pardoned.
111.335(3)(e) (e) Notwithstanding s. 111.322, it is not employment discrimination because of conviction record for an educational agency to refuse to employ or to terminate from employment an individual who has been convicted of a felony and who has not been pardoned for that felony.
111.335(3)(f) (f) Notwithstanding s. 111.322, it is not employment discrimination because of conviction record to refuse to employ or license, or to bar or terminate from employment or licensure, any individual who has been convicted of any offense under s. 440.52 (13) (c).
111.335(4) (4)Discrimination in licensing.
111.335(4)(a) (a) It is employment discrimination because of arrest record for a licensing agency to refuse to license any individual under sub. (2) (b) or to suspend an individual from licensing under sub. (2) (b) solely because the individual is subject to a pending criminal charge, unless the circumstances of the charge substantially relate to the circumstances of the particular licensed activity and the charge is for any of the following:
111.335(4)(a)1. 1. An exempt offense.
111.335(4)(a)2. 2. A violent crime against a child.
111.335(4)(b) (b) It is employment discrimination because of conviction record for a licensing agency to refuse to license any individual under sub. (3) (a) 1. or to bar or terminate an individual from licensing under sub. (3) (a) 1. because the individual was adjudicated delinquent under ch. 938 for an offense other than an exempt offense.
111.335(4)(c)1.1. If a licensing agency refuses to license an individual under sub. (3) (a) 1. or bars or terminates an individual from licensing under sub. (3) (a) 1., the licensing agency shall, subject to subd. 2., do all of the following:
111.335(4)(c)1.a. a. State in writing its reasons for doing so, including a statement of how the circumstances of the offense relate to the particular licensed activity.
111.335(4)(c)1.b. b. Allow the individual to show evidence of rehabilitation and fitness to engage in the licensed activity under par. (d). If the individual shows competent evidence of sufficient rehabilitation and fitness to perform the licensed activity under par. (d), the licensing agency may not refuse to license the individual or bar or terminate the individual from licensing based on that conviction.
111.335(4)(c)2. 2. The requirements under subd. 1. a. and b. do not apply if a conviction is for an exempt offense.
111.335(4)(d)1.1. Competent evidence of sufficient rehabilitation and fitness to perform the licensed activity under par. (c) 1. b. may be established by the production of any of the following:
111.335(4)(d)1.a. a. The individual's most recent certified copy of a federal department of defense form DD-214 showing the person's honorable discharge, or separation under honorable conditions, from the U.S. armed forces for military service rendered following conviction for any offense that would otherwise disqualify the individual from the license sought, except that the discharge form is not competent evidence of sufficient rehabilitation and fitness to perform the licensed activity if the individual was convicted of any misdemeanor or felony subsequent to the date of the honorable discharge or separation from military service.
111.335(4)(d)1.b. b. A copy of the local, state, or federal release document; and either a copy of the relevant department of corrections document showing completion of probation, extended supervision, or parole; or other evidence that at least one year has elapsed since release from any local, state, or federal correctional institution without subsequent conviction of a crime along with evidence showing compliance with all terms and conditions of probation, extended supervision, or parole.
111.335(4)(d)2. 2. In addition to the documentary evidence that may be provided under subd. 1. to show sufficient rehabilitation and fitness to perform the licensed activity under par. (c) 1. b., the licensing agency shall consider any of the following evidence presented by the individual:
111.335(4)(d)2.a. a. Evidence of the nature and seriousness of any offense of which he or she was convicted.
111.335(4)(d)2.b. b. Evidence of all circumstances relative to the offense, including mitigating circumstances or social conditions surrounding the commission of the offense.
111.335(4)(d)2.c. c. The age of the individual at the time the offense was committed.
111.335(4)(d)2.d. d. The length of time that has elapsed since the offense was committed.
111.335(4)(d)2.e. e. Letters of reference by persons who have been in contact with the individual since the applicant's release from any local, state, or federal correctional institution.
111.335(4)(d)2.f. f. All other relevant evidence of rehabilitation and present fitness presented.
111.335(4)(e) (e) A state licensing agency that may refuse to license individuals under sub. (3) (a) 1. or that may bar or terminate an individual from licensure under sub. (3) (a) 1. shall publish on the agency's Internet site a document indicating the offenses or kinds of offenses that may result in such a refusal, bar, or termination.
111.335(4)(f)1.1. A state licensing agency that may refuse to license individuals under sub. (3) (a) 1. or that may bar or terminate individuals from licensing under sub. (3) (a) 1. shall allow an individual who does not possess a license to, without submitting a full application and without paying the fees applicable to applicants, apply to the agency for a determination of whether the individual would be disqualified from obtaining the license due to his or her conviction record.
111.335(4)(f)2. 2. A state licensing agency shall make a determination under subd. 1. in writing and send the determination to the applicant no later than 30 days after receiving the application for a determination.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 367 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before June 13, 2018. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after June 13, 2018 are designated by NOTES. (Published 6-13-18)