GENERAL CLASSIFICATIONS AND DEFINITIONS
(1) Charter school.
"Charter school" means a school under contract with a school board under s. 118.40
or with one of the entities under s. 118.40 (2r) (b)
, or a school established and operated by one of the entities under s. 118.40 (2r) (b)
"Department" means the department of public instruction.
(3) Energy emergency.
"Energy emergency" means a period of disruption of energy supplies which poses a serious risk to the economic well-being, health or welfare of the citizens of this state, as certified by executive order of the governor.
(3d) Governing body of a private school.
"Governing body of a private school" and "governing body of a new private school" means a board elected or appointed to govern the private school or, if no board is appointed or elected to govern the school, any other person having direct charge of the private school.
(3g) Home-based private educational program.
"Home-based private educational program" means a program of educational instruction provided to a child by the child's parent or guardian or by a person designated by the parent or guardian. An instructional program provided to more than one family unit does not constitute a home-based private educational program.
(3m) Interim session.
"Interim session" means a period of time in a school year when school is held by a school in a school district to provide hours of direct pupil instruction in addition to the hours of direct pupil instruction provided by the school district as required under s. 121.02 (1) (f)
(3r) Private school.
"Private school" means an institution with a private educational program that meets all of the criteria under s. 118.165 (1)
or is determined to be a private school by the state superintendent under s. 118.167
(7) School board.
"School board" means the school board or board of school directors in charge of the schools of a school district.
(8) School district administrator.
"School district administrator" means the school district superintendent, supervising principal or other person who acts as the administrative head of a school district.
(10) School district clerk.
"School district clerk" means the school district clerk of a 3-member school board elected by the electors in a common or union high school district, the school district clerk elected by the school board in a unified, common or union high school district having a school board of more than 3 members and the clerk designated by the school board in a 1st class city school district.
(11) School nurse.
"School nurse" means a registered nurse licensed under ch. 441
or in a party state, as defined in s. 441.50 (2) (j)
, who submits evidence satisfactory to the department that he or she has successfully completed a course, determined to be satisfactory to the department, in public health or community health.
(12) School term.
"School term" means the time commencing with the first school day and ending with the last school day that the schools of a school district are in operation for attendance of pupils in a school year, other than for the operation of summer classes.
(13) School year.
"School year" means the time commencing with July 1 and ending with the next succeeding June 30.
"Session" means the time during a school term that the schools of a school district are operated for the attendance of pupils.
(15) State superintendent.
"State superintendent" means the state superintendent of public instruction.
"Tribal school" means an institution with an educational program that has as its primary purpose providing education in any grade or grades from kindergarten to 12 and that is one of the following:
Controlled by the elected governing body of a federally recognized American Indian tribe or band in this state.
Jointly controlled by the elected governing bodies of 2 or more federally recognized American Indian tribes or bands in this state.
Controlled by a tribal educational authority established by a federally recognized American Indian tribe or band in this state.
Controlled by a tribal educational authority established jointly by 2 or more federally recognized American Indian tribes or bands in this state.
(16) Virtual charter school.
"Virtual charter school" means a charter school under contract with a school board under s. 118.40
in which all or a portion of the instruction is provided through means of the Internet, and the pupils enrolled in and instructional staff employed by the school are geographically remote from each other.
(1) Public schools.
Public schools are the elementary and high schools supported by public taxation.
The educational work of the public schools is divided into 12 grades, besides kindergarten, which are numbered from one to 12 beginning with the lowest. The first 8 grades are the elementary grades. Where reference is made to "elementary grades", the reference includes kindergarten, where applicable. Where reference is made to "kindergarten", the reference includes both 4-year-old and 5-year-old kindergarten, except as otherwise specifically provided. The last 4 grades are the high school grades. A middle school is a school in which grades 5 to 8 are taught. A junior high school is a school in which grades 7 to 9 are taught. A senior high school is a school in which grades 10 to 12 are taught. This classification is not a limitation of the character of work or the studies that may be carried on in either the elementary or the high schools.
(3) School districts.
The school district is the territorial unit for school administration. School districts are classified as common, union high, unified and 1st class city school districts. A joint school district is one the territory of which is not wholly in one municipality.
Each school district shall be known by the designation "School District of" followed by the name of the municipalities in which any high schools operated by the district lie.
A school district which does not operate a high school shall be known by number and by the name of the municipalities in which it lies.
A school board may by resolution designate a different name for the school district if the revised name contains the words "school district".
(10) School day.
School days are days on which school is actually taught and the following days on which school is not taught:
Days on which school is closed by order of the school district administrator because of inclement weather and days on which parent-teacher conferences are held, not to exceed 5 days during the school term.
Days on which school is closed by order of a local health officer, as defined in s. 250.01 (5)
, or the department of health services.
Days on which school is closed by order of the school district administrator because of a threat to the health or safety of pupils or school personnel, but not including inclement weather, unless the school board determines that the days will not count as school days.
The distance between home and school shall be measured from building to building along the usually traveled route.
Whenever an action may be taken by a percentage of electors in an area, that percentage shall be based on the number of electors who voted for governor at the last general election in that area.
If the area does not coincide with a municipality or part thereof for which election statistics are kept, the number of electors shall be determined as follows:
The area of the school district in square miles shall be divided by the area of the municipality in square miles in which it lies.
The vote for governor at the last general election in the municipality within which the school district lies shall be multiplied by the quotient determined under subd. 1.
to determine the required number of electors.
If a school district is in more than one municipality, the method of determination under par. (b)
shall be used for each part of the school district which constitutes only a fractional part of any area for which election statistics are kept.
STATE SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION
Subch. II of ch. 115 Cross-reference
See also PI
, Wis. adm. code.
The state superintendent shall:
(1) General supervision.
Ascertain the condition of the public schools, stimulate interest in education and spread as widely as possible a knowledge of the means and methods which may be employed to improve the schools.
Exclude all sectarian books and instruction from the public schools.
(3) Supervision of schools.
Supervise and inspect the public schools and day schools for children with disabilities, advise the principals and local authorities thereof and give assistance in organizing such schools.
(3m) Supervision of cooperative educational service agencies; rules. 115.28(3m)(a)(a)
Supervise and audit the receipts and expenditures of the cooperative educational service agencies, conduct program review of the agencies, supervise boundary reorganization where necessary, advise the administrators of the agencies and provide assistance in organizing the agencies throughout the state.
Promulgate rules establishing procedures for the reorganization of cooperative educational service agencies and boundary appeals.
(4) Public information.
By reports, bulletins, circulars, correspondence and public addresses, give the public information upon the different methods of school organization and management and the subject of education generally.
Examine and determine all appeals which by law are made to the state superintendent and prescribe rules of practice in respect thereto, not inconsistent with law.
See also ch. PI 1
, Wis. adm. code.
(6) Annual conventions.
Annually, hold conventions of school district administrators, supervisors and agency coordinators.
License all teachers for the public schools of the state; make rules establishing standards of attainment and procedures for the examination and licensing of teachers within the limits prescribed in ss. 118.19 (2)
, and 118.195
; prescribe by rule standards, requirements, and procedures for the approval of teacher preparatory programs leading to licensure, including a requirement that, beginning on July 1, 2012, and annually thereafter, each teacher preparatory program located in this state shall submit to the department a list of individuals who have completed the program and who have been recommended by the program for licensure under this subsection, together with each individual's date of program completion, from each term or semester of the program's most recently completed academic year; file in the state superintendent's office all papers relating to state teachers' licenses; and register each such license.
Subject to the same rules and laws concerning qualifications of applicants and granting and revocation of licenses or certificates under par. (a)
, the state superintendent shall grant certificates and licenses to teachers in private schools and tribal schools, except that teaching experience requirements for such certificates and licenses may be fulfilled by teaching experience in public, private, or tribal schools. An applicant is not eligible for a license or certificate unless the state superintendent finds that the private school or tribal school in which the applicant taught offered an adequate educational program during the period of the applicant's teaching therein. Private schools are not obligated to employ only licensed or certified teachers.
Subject to s. 118.19 (4m)
, license and make rules for the examination and licensing of persons, including teachers, employed to provide publicly funded special education and related services, as those terms are defined in s. 115.76 (14)
Annually, establish fees for the certification or licensure of school and public library personnel sufficient to fund certification and licensing administrative costs.
In this paragraph, "alternative education program" means an instructional program, approved by the school board, that utilizes successful alternative or adaptive school structures and teaching techniques and that is incorporated into existing, traditional classrooms or regularly scheduled curricular programs or that is offered in place of regularly scheduled curricular programs. "Alternative educational program" does not include a private school, a tribal school, or a home-based private educational program.
Promulgate rules establishing requirements for licensure as an alternative education program teacher and for the approval of teacher education programs leading to licensure as an alternative education program teacher. The rules shall include a requirement that each teacher education program described in this subdivision and located in this state shall, beginning on July 1, 2012, and annually thereafter, submit to the department a list of individuals who have completed the program and who have been recommended by the program for licensure under this subdivision, together with each individual's date of program completion, from each term or semester of the program's most recently completed academic year. The rules shall encompass the teaching of multiple subjects or grade levels or both, as determined by the state superintendent. The rules may require teacher education programs to grant credit towards licensure as an alternative education program teacher for relevant experience or demonstrated proficiency in relevant skills and knowledge.
See also ch. PI 34
, Wis. adm. code.
The department may not charge a fee for the issuance of a license, permit, or certificate to an individual who is eligible for the veterans fee waiver program under s. 45.44
Notwithstanding s. 118.19 (3)
, and (12)
, grant a charter school teaching license to any person who has a bachelor's degree and demonstrates, based upon criteria established by the department, that the person is proficient in the subject or subjects that he or she intends to teach. The license authorizes the person to teach that subject or those subjects in a charter school. The license is valid for 3 years and is renewable for 3-year periods.
Notwithstanding s. 118.19 (8)
, and (11)
, grant an initial charter school principal license to any person who is licensed, or otherwise credentialed, to be a school principal in another state if the person holds the license or other credential in good standing, has completed at least 3 years of full-time classroom teaching, and is eligible for licensure under s. 118.19 (4)
. The license authorizes the person to be a principal of a charter school. The license is valid for 5 years and is renewable for 5-year periods.
Promulgate a rule requiring an applicant for a license to provide his or her home address.
(7g) Evaluation of teacher preparatory programs. 115.28(7g)(a)(a)
The department shall, in consultation with the governor's office, the chairpersons of the committees in the assembly and senate whose subject matter is elementary and secondary education and ranking members of those committees, the Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System, and the Wisconsin Association of Independent Colleges and Universities, do all of the following:
Determine how the performance of individuals who have recently completed a teacher preparatory program described in s. 115.28 (7) (a)
and located in this state or a teacher education program described in s. 115.28 (7) (e) 2.
and located in this state will be used to evaluate the teacher preparatory and education programs. The determination under this subdivision shall, at minimum, define "recently completed" and identify measures to assess an individual's performance, including the performance assessment made prior to making a recommendation for licensure.
Determine how the measures of performance of individuals who have recently completed a teacher preparatory or education program identified as required under subd. 1.
will be made accessible to the public.
Develop a system to publicly report the measures of performance identified as required under subd. 1.
for each teacher preparatory and education program identified in subd. 1.
Beginning in the 2013-14 school year, the department shall use the system developed under par. (a) 3.
to annually report for each program identified in par. (a) 1.
the passage rate on first attempt of students and graduates of the program on examinations administered for licensure under s. 115.28 (7)
and any other information required to be reported under par. (a) 1.
Beginning in the 2013-14 school year, each teacher preparatory and education program shall prominently display and annually update the passage rate on first attempt of recent graduates of the program on examinations administered for licensure under s. 115.28 (7)
and any other information required to be reported under par. (a) 1.
on the program's Web site and provide this information to persons receiving admissions materials to the program.
(7m) Certification of school nurses.
Certify school nurses, make rules for the examination and certification of school nurses and file in the state superintendent's office all papers relating to school nurses certification and register each such certification.
(9) Federal aids.
Accept federal funds for any function over which the state superintendent has jurisdiction and act as the agent for the receipt and disbursement of such funds.
See also ch. PI 23
, Wis. adm. code.
(10) Educational assessment.
Develop an educational assessment program to measure objectively the adequacy and efficiency of educational programs offered by public schools in this state. The program shall include methods by which pupil achievement in reading, mathematics, writing, science, social science and other areas of instruction commonly offered by public schools will be objectively measured each year. Assessment shall be undertaken at several grade levels on a uniform, statewide basis.
(11) Driver education courses.
Approve driver education courses offered by school districts, county children with disabilities education boards, and technical college districts for the purposes of s. 343.16 (1) (c) 1.
and establish minimum standards for driver education courses offered in private schools and tribal schools for the purposes of s. 343.16 (1) (c) 3.
All driver education courses approved or for which standards are established under this subsection shall do all of the following:
Acquaint each student with the hazards posed by farm machinery and animals on highways and provide instruction in safely dealing with such hazards.
Provide at least 30 minutes of instruction relating to organ and tissue donation and organ and tissue donation procedures.
Provide at least 30 minutes of instruction on motorcycle awareness, as approved by a recognized motorcycle safety and awareness organization, and pedestrian and bicycle awareness, as approved by a recognized pedestrian and bicycle safety and awareness organization.
Include instruction relating to passing stopped emergency vehicles, tow trucks, and highway machinery equipment.
Acquaint each student with the hazards posed by railroad highway grade crossings and provide at least 30 minutes of instruction in safely dealing with these hazards.