118.40(3)(c)1.b. b. If one or more school boards enter into an agreement with the board of control of a cooperative educational service agency to establish a charter school, the charter school shall be located within the boundaries of the cooperative educational service agency.
118.40(3)(c)1.c. c. If a school board enters into an agreement with a federally recognized American Indian tribe or band in this state to establish a charter school, the charter school shall be located within the school district or within the boundaries of the tribe's or band's reservation.
118.40(3)(c)1m. 1m. Subdivision 1. does not apply to the establishment of a virtual charter school.
118.40(3)(c)2. 2. A school board may not enter into a contract that would result in the conversion of a private, sectarian school to a charter school.
118.40(3)(f) (f) A contract with a school board, an entity under sub. (2r) (b), or the director under sub. (2x) may provide for the establishment of more than one charter school, and a charter school governing board may enter into more than one contract with a school board, an entity under sub. (2r) (b), or the director under sub. (2x).
118.40(3)(g)1.1. Except as provided in subds. 2. and 3. and sub. (4) (ar) 1., a contract with a school board, an entity under sub. (2r) (b), or the director under sub. (2x) shall require that if the capacity of the charter school is insufficient to accept all pupils who apply, the charter school shall accept pupils at random.
118.40(3)(g)2. 2. A charter school shall give preference in enrollment to pupils who were enrolled in the charter school in the previous school year and to siblings of pupils who are enrolled in the charter school.
118.40(3)(g)3. 3. A charter school may give preference in enrollment to the children of the charter school's founders, governing board members, and full-time employees, but the total number of such children given preference may constitute no more than 10 percent of the charter school's total enrollment.
118.40(3)(h) (h) A school board, an entity under sub. (2r), or the director under sub. (2x) may contract for the establishment of a charter school that enrolls only one sex or that provides one or more courses that enroll only one sex if the school board, entity under sub. (2r), or the director under sub. (2x) makes available to the opposite sex, under the same policies and criteria of admission, schools or courses that are comparable to each such school or course.
118.40(3m) (3m)Authorizing entity duties. A school board, an entity under sub. (2r) (b), and the director under sub. (2x) shall do all of the following:
118.40(3m)(a) (a) Solicit and evaluate charter school applications.
118.40(3m)(b) (b) When contracting for the establishment of a charter school under this section, adhere to the principles and standards for quality charter schools established by the National Association of Charter School Authorizers.
118.40(3m)(c) (c) Give preference in awarding contracts for the operation of charter schools to those charter schools that serve children at risk, as defined in s. 118.153 (1) (a).
118.40(3m)(d) (d) Approve only high-quality charter school applications that meet identified educational needs and promote a diversity of educational choices.
118.40(3m)(e) (e) In accordance with the terms of each charter school contract, monitor the performance and compliance with this section of each charter school with which it contracts.
118.40(3m)(f) (f) Annually, submit to the state superintendent and to the legislature under s. 13.172 (2) a report that includes all of the following:
118.40(3m)(f)1. 1. An identification of each charter school operating under contract with it, each charter school that operated under a contract with it but had its contract nonrenewed or revoked or that closed, and each charter school under contract with it that has not yet begun to operate.
118.40(3m)(f)2. 2. The academic and financial performance of each charter school operated under contract with it.
118.40(3m)(f)3. 3. The operating costs the school board, entity under sub. (2r) (b), or director under sub. (2x) incurred under pars. (a) to (e), detailed in an audited financial statement prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.
118.40(3m)(f)4. 4. The services the school board, entity under sub. (2r) (b), or director under sub. (2x) provided to the charter schools under contract with it and an itemized accounting of the cost of the services.
118.40(4) (4)Charter school governing board; duties, powers, and restrictions.
118.40(4)(ag)(ag) Governing board. Each charter school shall be governed by a governing board that is a party to the contract with the authorizing entity. No more than a minority of the governing board's members may be employees of the charter school or employees or officers of the school district in which the charter school is located.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (ag) is created eff. 9-1-15 by 2015 Wis. Act 55.
118.40(4)(ar) (ar) Duties. A charter school governing board shall do all of the following:
118.40(4)(ar)1. 1. If the charter school replaces a public school in whole or in part, give preference in admission to any pupil who resides within the attendance area or former attendance area of that public school.
118.40(4)(ar)2. 2. Be nonsectarian in its programs, admissions policies, employment practices and all other operations.
118.40(4)(b) (b) Restrictions. A charter school governing board may not do any of the following:
118.40(4)(b)1. 1. Charge tuition, except as otherwise provided in s. 121.83 (4).
118.40(4)(b)2. 2. Except as provided in sub. (3) (h), discriminate in admission or deny participation in any program or activity on the basis of a person's sex, race, religion, national origin, ancestry, pregnancy, marital or parental status, sexual orientation or physical, mental, emotional or learning disability.
118.40(4)(d) (d) Powers. Subject to the terms of its contract, a charter school governing board has all the powers necessary to carry out the terms of its contract, including all of the following:
118.40(4)(d)1. 1. To receive and disburse funds for school purposes.
118.40(4)(d)2. 2. To secure appropriate insurance.
118.40(4)(d)3. 3. To enter into contracts, including contracts with a University of Wisconsin institution or college campus, technical college district board, or private college or university, for technical or financial assistance, academic support, curriculum review, or other services.
118.40(4)(d)4. 4. To incur debt in reasonable anticipation of the receipt of funds.
118.40(4)(d)5. 5. To pledge, assign, or encumber its assets to be used as collateral for loans or extensions of credit.
118.40(4)(d)6. 6. To solicit and accept gifts or grants for school purposes.
118.40(4)(d)7. 7. To acquire real property for its use.
118.40(4)(d)8. 8. To sue and be sued in its own name.
118.40(5) (5)Charter revocation. A charter may be revoked by the school board, the entity under sub. (2r) (b), or the director under (2x) that contracted with the charter school if the school board or, if applicable, the entity under sub. (2r) (b) or the director under sub. (2x) finds that any of the following occurred:
118.40(5)(a) (a) The charter school violated its contract with the school board, the entity under sub. (2r) (b), or the director under sub. (2x).
118.40(5)(b) (b) The pupils enrolled in the charter school failed to make sufficient progress toward attaining the educational goals under s. 118.01.
118.40(5)(c) (c) The charter school failed to comply with generally accepted accounting standards of fiscal management.
118.40(5)(d) (d) The charter school violated this section.
118.40(6) (6)Program voluntary. No pupil may be required to attend a charter school without his or her approval, if the pupil is an adult, or the approval of his or her parents or legal guardian, if the pupil is a minor.
118.40(7) (7)Legal status; applicability of school laws.
118.40(7)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (am), the school board of the school district in which a charter school is located shall determine whether or not the charter school is an instrumentality of the school district. If the school board determines that the charter school is an instrumentality of the school district, the school board shall employ all personnel for the charter school. If the school board determines that the charter school is not an instrumentality of the school district, the school board may not employ any personnel for the charter school.
118.40(7)(am)1.1. Except as provided in subds. 2. and 3., if a charter school is established under sub. (2m) and located in the school district operating under ch. 119, the school board of that school district shall determine whether or not the charter school is an instrumentality of the school district. If the school board determines that a charter school is an instrumentality of the school district, the school board shall employ all personnel for the charter school. If the school board determines that a charter school is not an instrumentality of the school district, the school board may not employ any personnel for the charter school.
118.40(7)(am)2. 2. A charter school established under sub. (2r) or (2x) or a private school located in the school district operating under ch. 119 that is converted to a charter school is not an instrumentality of any school district and no school board may employ any personnel for the charter school. If the chancellor of the University of Wisconsin-Parkside contracts for the establishment of a charter school under sub. (2r), the board of regents of the University of Wisconsin System may employ instructional staff for the charter school. If the Gateway technical college district board contracts for the establishment of a charter school under sub. (2r), Gateway technical college may employ instructional staff for the charter school.
118.40(7)(am)3. 3. Notwithstanding subd. 2., if the city of Milwaukee contracts with an individual or group operating for profit to operate a school as a charter school, the charter school is an instrumentality of the school district operating under ch. 119 and the board of the school district operating under ch. 119 shall employ all personnel for the charter school.
118.40(7)(am)4. 4. If a school board enters into an agreement with a federally recognized American Indian tribe or band in this state to establish a charter school under sub. (3) (c) 1. c., that school board shall determine whether the charter school is an instrumentality of the school district regardless of the location of the charter school.
118.40(7)(ar) (ar) Nothing in this section affects the rights of personnel of a charter school that is an instrumentality of a school district to engage in collective bargaining pursuant to subch. IV of ch. 111.
118.40(7)(b) (b) Except as otherwise explicitly provided, chs. 115 to 121 do not apply to charter schools.
118.40(8) (8)Virtual charter schools.
118.40(8)(a)(a) Location. For the purposes of sub. (7) (a), (am), and (ar), a virtual charter school is considered to be located in the following school district:
118.40(8)(a)1. 1. If a school board contracts with a person to establish the virtual charter school, in the school district governed by that school board.
118.40(8)(a)2. 2. If 2 or more school boards enter into an agreement under s. 66.0301 to establish the virtual charter school, or if one or more school boards enter into an agreement with the board of control of a cooperative educational service agency to establish the virtual charter school, in the school district specified in the agreement.
118.40(8)(b) (b) Licensure.
118.40(8)(b)1.1. The governing body of a virtual charter school shall assign an appropriately licensed teacher for each online course offered by the virtual charter school. No person holding only a permit to teach exclusively in a charter school may teach in a virtual charter school, and no person holding both a license to teach exclusively in a charter school and a license to teach in other public schools may teach, in a virtual charter school, a subject or at a level that is not authorized by the latter license.
118.40(8)(b)2. 2. If a pupil attends a virtual charter school, any person providing educational services to the pupil in the pupil's home, other than instructional staff of the virtual charter school, is not required to hold a license or permit to teach issued by the department.
118.40(8)(b)3. 3. The department may not require a person licensed as provided under subd. 1. to complete professional development not required of any other individual required to be licensed under s. 118.19.
118.40(8)(c) (c) Staff duties. In a virtual charter school, an instructional staff member is responsible for all of the following for each pupil the instructional staff member teaches:
118.40(8)(c)1. 1. Improving learning by planned instruction.
118.40(8)(c)2. 2. Diagnosing learning needs.
118.40(8)(c)3. 3. Prescribing content delivery through class activities.
118.40(8)(c)4. 4. Assessing learning.
118.40(8)(c)5. 5. Reporting outcomes to administrators and parents and guardians.
118.40(8)(c)6. 6. Evaluating the effects of instruction.
118.40(8)(d) (d) Required days and hours. A virtual charter school shall do all of the following:
118.40(8)(d)1. 1. Provide educational services to its pupils for at least 150 days each school year.
118.40(8)(d)2. 2. Ensure that its teachers are available to provide direct pupil instruction for at least the applicable number of hours specified in s. 121.02 (1) (f) each school year. No more than 10 hours in any 24-hour period may count toward the requirement under this subdivision.
118.40(8)(d)3. 3. Ensure that its teachers respond to inquiries from pupils and from parents or guardians of pupils by the end of the first school day following the day on which the inquiry is received.
118.40(8)(e) (e) Parent advisory council. The governing body of a virtual charter school shall ensure that a parent advisory council is established for the school and that it meets on a regular basis. The governing body shall determine the selection process for members of the parent advisory council.
118.40(8)(f) (f) Required notices. At the beginning of each school term, the governing body of a virtual charter school shall inform the parent or guardian of each pupil attending the virtual charter school, in writing, the name of, and how to contact, each of the following persons:
118.40(8)(f)1. 1. The members of the school board that contracted for the establishment of the virtual charter school and the administrators of that school district.
118.40(8)(f)2. 2. The members of the virtual charter school's governing body, if different than the persons under subd. 1.
118.40(8)(f)3. 3. The members of the virtual charter school's parent advisory council established under par. (e).
118.40(8)(f)4. 4. The staff of the virtual charter school.
118.40(8)(g) (g) Pupil's failure to participate.
118.40(8)(g)1.1. Whenever a pupil attending a virtual charter school fails to respond appropriately to a school assignment or directive from instructional staff within 5 school days, the governing body of the virtual charter school shall notify the pupil's parent or guardian.
118.40(8)(g)2. 2. Subject to subd. 2m., the third time in the same semester that a pupil attending a virtual charter school fails to respond appropriately to a school assignment or directive from instructional staff within 5 school days, the governing body of the virtual charter school shall also notify the school board that contracted for the establishment of the virtual charter school, the school board of the pupil's resident school district, and the department. The school board that contracted for the establishment of the virtual charter school may transfer the pupil to his or her resident school district. If the pupil is a resident of the school district that contracted for the establishment of the virtual charter school, the school board may assign the pupil to another school or program within that school district. If the school board transfers or assigns a pupil, it shall notify the pupil's parent or guardian and the department.
118.40(8)(g)2m. 2m. If the parent or guardian of a pupil attending a virtual charter school notifies the virtual charter school in writing before a school assignment or directive is given that the pupil will not be available to respond to the assignment or directive during a specified period, the school days during that period do not count for purposes of subd. 2. The virtual charter school shall require the pupil to complete any assignment missed during the period. This subdivision applies to no more than 10 school days in a school year.
118.40(8)(g)3. 3. The parent or guardian of a pupil transferred to the pupil's resident school district under subd. 2. may appeal the transfer to the department within 30 days after receipt of the notice of transfer. The department shall affirm the school board's decision unless the department finds that the decision was arbitrary or unreasonable.
118.40 Annotation A public school district did not violate the equal protection clause of the U.S. constitution by refusing to bus the students of a charter school created under sub. (2r) located within its geographical boundaries. Racine Charter One, Inc. v. Racine Unified School District, 424 F.3d 677 (2005).
118.42 118.42 Low-performing school districts and schools; state superintendent interventions.
118.42(1) (1) If the state superintendent determines that a school district has been in need of improvement for 4 consecutive school years, the school board shall do all of the following:
118.42(1)(a) (a) Employ a standard, consistent, research-based curriculum that is aligned with the state's model academic standards, as determined by the state superintendent, and across grades in all schools.
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2013-14 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2015 Wis. Act 60 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before August 26, 2015. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after August 26, 2015 are designated by NOTES. (Published 8-26-15)